Fuel Economy at Various Driving Speeds

45 55 65 75
Midsize Conventional Gasoline Car 43 45 38 32
Midsize Conventional Diesel Car 57 55 45 37
Midsize Hybrid Electric Car 55 46 38 33
Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Transportation Energy Data Book #36, Table 4.28.
This chart shows how fuel economy varies with driving speed for three fuel types of midsize cars, as modeled by Argonne National Laboratory's Autonomie model. Midsize conventional gasoline cars achieve their best fuel economy at 55 mph. The fuel economy of midsize conventional diesel cars declines gently from 45 to 55 mph then drops quickly thereafter. The midsize hybrid electric vehicle loses efficiency more evenly between 45 and 75 mph than the other two vehicles.

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