U.S. Biodiesel Production, Exports, and Consumption

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Production 8.577 10.484 14.21 27.982 90.787 250.439 489.825 678.106 515.802 343.434 967.4280000000001 990.711 1359 1279 1263 1568 1596
Net Exports -1.636278 -5.6844480000000015 0.6769560000000001 1.1040540000000005 -0.03994199999999992 -10.48719 136.116918 374.5505400000001 194.888904 85.00842 38.14628999999999 92.51600400000001 -146 -109 -265 -621 -300
Consumption 10.213 16.168 13.533 26.878 90.827 260.584 353.708 303.556 321.832 260.075 885.877 899 1429 1417 1494 2085 1985
Source: EIA Monthly Energy Review, Table 10.4
Notes: EIA tracking shown here because it has a longer time frame and separates exports. However, the EPA has also started tracking biodiesel consumption as part of their Renewable Fuel Standard program.
This chart shows trends in U.S. biodiesel production, exports, and consumption from 2001 to 2017. Exports of biodiesel peaked in 2008 largely due to an unintended effect of a biodiesel tax credit in the European Union. Exports then dropped after the effect was eliminated. The increased production and consumption from 2011 onward is largely driven by the Renewable Fuel Standard. The net export of biodiesel changed from positive to negative in 2013, meaning the quantity of biodiesel imported by the U.S. exceeded quantity exported. The positive growth of net exports since 2013 is likely due to the continued effort of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and expanding regulations.