Corn Production and Portion Used for Fuel Ethanol

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total Production 8.226 7.1313 4.928681 7.531953 7.934028 7.474765 9.476698 6.33773 10.05052 7.400051 9.232557 9.206832 9.758685 9.430612 9.915051 9.50258 8.966787 10.087292 11.805581 11.112187 10.531123 13.037875 12.043203 13.067156 12.42533 12.313956 10.755111 13.828964 14.215532 13.6 15.148 14.6 14.34 13.66
Ethanol Use 0.29 0.279146 0.287445 0.321446 0.349068 0.398264 0.42551 0.458259 0.532793 0.39568 0.428721 0.48773200000000005 0.5178200000000001 0.5658472 0.6298271999999999 0.70723846154 0.99550393701 1.1675477273 1.3232125283 1.6033244444 2.1194938519 3.0492140741 3.70888904 4.591157 5.018741 5 4.641 5.134 5.175 5.22 5.43 5.6 5.6 5.38
Source: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Feed Grain Yearbook. "Total Production" and "Feed and Residual Use" categories (see spreadsheet) are collected from Table 4; "Other Uses" and "Ethanol Use" categories are collected from Table 31.
Notes: “Other Uses” (see spreadsheet) is the sum of food, seed, and industrial use other than for ethanol production.
This chart shows total U.S. corn use from 1986 to 2019. The overall trend has been one of increasing production with a small decline in 2019. The amount of corn used for ethanol production increased substantially between 2001 and 2010, as nearly all gasoline was transitioned to 10% ethanol. The amount of corn used for each category has remained consistent in the past few years.

To view additional categories, details, and notes, please download the Excel spreadsheet.