Examples of Local Laws and Incentives

There are a variety of local laws and incentives that encourage or require individuals and/or public and private organizations to use alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and strategies to decrease fuel use or increase fuel economy. Local city and county governments create such laws and incentives to ensure people use vehicles and transportation fuels safely and efficiently.

The featured laws and incentives below are a small sampling of existing laws and incentives that local governments have created. For specific laws and incentives in your area, contact your local government.

Vehicle Purchase and Infrastructure Development Incentives

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) Taxicab Pilot Program - New York City, NY

The New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission (Commission) administers the BEV Taxi Pilot Program, allowing taxi drivers to operate a BEV as a yellow taxi. To be eligible, taxi medallion owners must select a pre-qualified BEV model. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the Commission BEV Taxi Pilot Program website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Incentives – Long Beach, CA

The City of Long Beach offers free EV charging stations to Long Beach residents who obtain a permit and own or lease an electric vehicle. Additionally, eligible residents may qualify for an expedited permit for installing EV charging stations. Eligible applicants include residents of single-family homes and owner-occupied units of multifamily residences with four units or less. For more information, including application and eligibility information, see the City of Long Beach EV Charging Station Giveaway and Permit Center websites.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Pilot – Seattle, WA

The City of Seattle and Seattle City Light are installing publicly accessible direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations throughout the utility’s service area to support Seattle’s Drive Clean initiative. EV charging station parking spaces are limited to actively charging EVs. Parking enforcement will be managed by the City of Seattle and other local jurisdictions within King County. For more information, including EV charging station locations, see the Seattle City Light EV website.

Expedited Permitting and Inspection for Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Stations - Los Angeles, CA

The City of Los Angeles offers instant, online home EV charging station permitting approval and expedited EV charging station inspection and meter installation. For more information, see the PermitLA website.

Heavy-Duty Truck and Alternative Fueling Station Incentives - Chicago, IL

The Chicago Department of Transportation’s (CDOT) Drive Clean Chicago program provides vouchers and grants to fund the purchase and conversion of qualified fleet vehicles and fueling infrastructure. Vehicles must operate in the Chicago six-county area at least 75% of the time and fueling stations must be proposed in the six-county area. Vouchers of 80% of the incremental or conversion costs are available for qualified all-electric and hybrid Class 2 to Class 8 vehicle purchases. Vouchers are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and voucher amounts are capped based on the gross vehicle weight rating and vehicle type (e.g., zero emission vehicle, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, or hybrid electric vehicle). Rebates are also available for up to 30% of the capital cost to develop compressed natural gas fueling stations and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Terms and conditions apply. For more information see the Drive Clean Chicago website.

Parking Incentives

Electric Vehicle (EV) Parking – Cincinnati, OH

The Cincinnati Electric Car Incentive program offers free EV parking at any parking meter or street parking space within the City of Cincinnati limits, and at one City-owned garage. Parking in the designated City-owned garage will be on a first-come, first-served basis with no overnight privileges. This free parking program is for EVs only and does not include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. EV owners must apply for this exemption on the Free Parking For All-Electric Vehicles website.

Green Parking Permit – Nashville, TN

Davidson County provides Green Parking Permits for clean technology vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), or non-hybrid vehicles with very high gas mileage and very low exhaust emissions. Green Parking Permits provide free parking at metered spaces located within the Downtown Central Business Improvement District of Nashville. Examples of eligible alternative fuel vehicles include, flexible fuel vehicles, fuel cell electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and HEVs. For more information, see the Davidson County Clerk Green Parking Permit website.

Vehicle Acquisition Requirements

Fleet Emissions and Electrification Requirements – Alexandria, VA

The City of Alexandria (City) adopted an Alternative Fuel Fleet Policy to increase the use of fuel efficient vehicles and reduce municipal greenhouse gas emissions. As part of this policy, the City must decrease its total vehicle emissions by 25% by fiscal year (FY) 2030-2031, based on FY 2019-2020 emissions. The City plans to electrify all fleet vehicles by 2024 and adopted an Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Readiness Strategy (Strategy) to support the adoption of EVs and deployment of EV charging stations in the community. The Strategy includes recommendations for meeting charging demand; improving community awareness, strengthening zoning, codes, and permitting; advocating for opportunities that support EV adoption and EV charging station deployment; and, developing business models for EV charging stations. The Strategy is part of the City’s goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For more information, see the City’s EV website.

Fleet Vehicle Purchasing Requirements – Louisville, KY

Louisville Metro Government agencies and departments must prioritize the purchase of electric and hybrid vehicles, green equipment, and necessary infrastructure to support the vehicle fleet’s transition to electric vehicles. For more information, see Executive Order 2021-005.

Green Fleet Policy - Minneapolis, MN

Minneapolis is implementing a Green Fleet Policy to minimize the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and economic costs associated with current and future fleet vehicles. The overall objectives of the policy include:

  • Measure and report fleet-wide GHG emissions;
  • Optimize fleet size through the elimination or reassignment of under-used vehicles;
  • Reduce tailpipe emissions through advanced emissions controls;
  • Purchase, when necessary, new vehicles that provide the best available net reduction in vehicle fleet emissions, taking life-cycle economic and environmental impacts into consideration; and
  • Encourage and educate city staff on eco-driving best practices and promote carpooling across departments.

A Green Fleet Team will oversee the implementation of the Green Fleet Policy and will include representatives from the Fleet Services Division, Environmental Services, Sustainability Initiative, and a selected rotation of departments. The Green Fleet Team will present annual reports of findings and progress to the City of Minneapolis Environmental Coordinating Team and to Results Minneapolis. For more information, see the City of Minneapolis Green Fleet Policy website.

Promotion Initiatives

Clean Fleet and Infrastructure Initiatives – New York City, NY

New York City (City) must reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its fleet operations by 50% by 2025 and 80% by 2035 based on 2005 levels. By 2040, all fleet vehicles must be electric. Additionally, as part of the City’s Clean Fleet Transition Plan, the City must develop strategies for increasing electric vehicle (EV) charging station installations throughout its five boroughs, including:

  • Installing 80 city-operated direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations;
  • Equipping 20% of municipal parking paces with Level 2 EV charging stations by 2025 and 40% by 2030;
  • Developing a network of 1,000 Level 2 curbside EVS charging stations by 2025 and 10,000 by 2030;
  • Developing a user-supplied cord charging system that integrates with existing street infrastructure;
  • Advocating for funding and supportive policies from the federal government;
  • Working with utilities and regulators to facilitate EV charging station installation;
  • Educating stakeholders to help them understand EVs and EV charging stations; and,
  • Increasing public awareness of EV charging stations and EVs.

For more information, see the New York City Clean Fleet Plan and Executive Order 53, 2020.

Dealership Education Program - Austin, TX

Dealerships that sell electric vehicles (EVs) may enroll in Austin Energy training sessions to provide general education on EVs, EV benefits, and other programs and incentives available for EVs and dealerships. Participating dealerships may be featured in Austin Energy’s EV Buyer’s Guide. For more information, see the Austin Energy Plug-In Austin EVs website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Stations at Public Facilities - Pittsburgh, PA

Pittsburgh launched the EV Charging Strategic Plan (Plan) in 2021, which set a goal of installing 200 publicly accessible EV charging stations on public property and 2,000 private EV charging stations by 2025. The Plan also aims to guarantee all residents are within a 10-minute walk to a Level 2 EV charging station and a 10-minute drive to a direct current fast charging (DCFC) station.

Electric Vehicle (EV) and Infrastructure Initiatives – Phoenix, AZ

The City of Phoenix (City) developed a Transition Electrification Action Plan that includes the following recommendations:

  • Adopt guiding principles for City action;
  • Support accelerated EV adoption in the community;
  • Expand access to public EV charging;
  • Support access to home, business, and workplace EV charging;
  • Develop and pilot a local model of e-mobility investment in an underserved community; and,
  • Lead by example.

The City also established a goal to develop 500 City-hosted public charging stations by 2030 and will adopt an EV purchasing policy for municipal fleet vehicles. For more information, see the City’s EV website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) and Infrastructure Promotion - City of Beaverton, OR

The City of Beaverton (City) adopted a Climate Action Plan that includes the adoption of EVs and construction of EV charging stations. The City’s strategy includes incentivizing EV charging station deployment, encouraging EV use, simplifying the EV charging station permitting process, exploring fleet electrification, and adopting consistent EV charging station signage. For more information, see the City’s Sustainability website.

Idle Reduction Requirements

Idle Reduction Requirement - Denver, CO

The city and county of Denver prohibit the idling of any vehicle for more than five minutes in any one-hour period. Failure to comply may result in fines. This prohibition does not apply when ambient outside air temperatures have been less than 20 degrees Fahrenheit for the previous 24 hours or when the current ambient outside air temperature is less than 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Emergency vehicles, vehicles engaged in traffic operations, vehicles being serviced, vehicles that must idle to operate auxiliary equipment, and vehicles that are idling due to traffic congestion are also exempt. For more information, see the Denver Revised Municipal Code, Title II, Section 4-43.

Idle Reduction Requirement - Philadelphia, PA

The City of Philadelphia prohibits the idling of any heavy-duty diesel motor vehicle for more than two minutes. Failure to comply may result in fines. Exceptions apply when the ambient temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or below or when the ambient temperature is equal to or greater than 75 degrees Fahrenheit and the heavy-duty vehicle is a bus equipped with air conditioning and non-operable windows. For more information, see the City of Philadelphia Air Management Regulation IX.

Infrastructure Requirements

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Partnership – Fort Worth, TX

In 2021, the City of Fort Worth (City) requested proposals for third-party partnerships with EV charging station providers and EV charging station business models. The EV charging provider must be able to install, operate, maintain, and own publicly accessible EV charging stations on City property. For more information, see the City EV Charging Infrastructure on City Property website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Requirements for Associations – Boston, MA

The City of Boston (City) prohibits homeowners’ associations, community associations, and condominium associations from preventing the installation of EV charging stations. The EV charging station must be installed by a licensed contractor or electrician at the owner’s expense and comply with all legislative requirements. Associations may require owners to submit applications before installing EV charging stations. For more information, see the Recharge Boston: EV Resources website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Right-of-Way Permit Requirements – Montgomery County, MD

Montgomery County offers permits for the installation of Level 1 and 2 EV charging stations in the public right-of-way. Both right-of-way and electrical permits are required for all EV charging station installations and parking. EV charging station owners must prove they are unable to install EV charging stations on their property or that there is not sufficient room for the EV charging station on their property. EV charging station owners must pay for all installation costs, including trenching under public sidewalks. For more information, see the Residential EV Charging Permitting Guidelines.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Parking Space Requirements - Kansas City, MO

The City of Kansas City requires that EV parking spaces be reserved for parking and charging EVs only. EV parking spaces may not impede pedestrian, bicycle, or wheelchair movement or create safety hazards, and must have signage identifying any applicable use, fee, or safety information and indicating that the space is reserved for charging purposes only. EV parking spaces in off-street parking facilities may be counted toward the off-street parking space requirements outlined in City of Kansas City Zoning & Development Code, Section 88-420-04. For more information, see the Zoning & Development Code, Section 88-305-10 or contact the Kansas City Planning & Development Department (816-513-1468).

Electric Vehicle (EV) Ready Building Requirements – Middletown, CT

New developments that require 25 or more parking spaces in Middletown must have a minimum of 3% of the total number of spaces established as EV parking spaces. EV parking spaces must have a Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) station or connection. Developments that exceed the minimum 3% requirement for EV parking spaces may request a reduction in the total number of required parking spaces. This reduction may be equal to the number of EV parking spaces above the 3% minimum requirement, but the reduction may not exceed 10% of the total amount of parking spaces for the proposed development. For more information, see the Middletown Planning and Zoning Code Section 40.02.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Ready Building Requirements – Orlando, FL

The City of Orlando (City) requires all new construction to install Level 2 EV charging stations at 2% of parking spaces. New construction must also install 40 ampere panel capacity and conduit for the future installation of EV charging stations at a minimum of 10% of parking spaces. Additional requirements and conditions apply. For more information, see the City of Orlando’s EV Readiness Policy website and Ordinance No. 2021-47.