Aug. 28, 2015

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Aid in Emergency Recovery Efforts (Text Version)

This is a text version of the video segment Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Aid in Emergency Recovery Efforts, which aired on Aug. 28, 2015.

JOHN DAVIS: Pelting rain, high winds, and surging water pummeled the Eastern seaboard in November of 2012 as Hurricane Sandy chewed up the East Coast, leaving in its wake a swath of loss and destruction.

After the storm passed, power outages and a crippled delivery infrastructure led to gasoline shortages that lasted for weeks, hindering cleanup efforts and paralyzing entire cities.

Atlantic City, New Jersey, took a heavy toll in physical damage, with numerous homes and boardwalk attractions damaged beyond repair. But thanks to a program begun in 2009, the city's recovery began more quickly than most.

With help from the U.S. Department of Energy through the Recovery Act, Atlantic City, New Jersey's Jitney bus operators were able to replace their aging fleet of 190 minibuses with new models running on clean, compressed natural gas fuel.

As Hurricane Sandy approached, these vehicles were pressed into action for the evacuation. And because of their dedicated CNG fuel, the Jitneys were just about the only vehicles moving during and after the storm.

FRANK BECHTEL: Some bayfront properties got whacked real bad. But the boardwalk that was damaged is right over there. The boardwalk actually came up through the force of the storm and relocated itself several blocks. We saw on the news, up in New York and Staten Island, I mean, people were fighting over gasoline.

We never had an issue where a bus couldn't perform an emergency service or a convenience service because we weren't going to be able to get fuel. It was a complete, uninterrupted compressed natural gas supply.

JOHN DAVIS: In similar fashion, Hurricane Sandy showed other municipalities the unexpected benefits of diversifying their fuel sources.

The city of New Richmond, Wisconsin, sent this Eaton hybrid utility truck as part of a mutual aid mission to help with the Hurricane Sandy cleanup. The hybrid powertrain allowed crews to shut down the truck's diesel engine while working to restore electricity to the millions affected by the storm. But aside from the fuel savings, a more critical benefit was to workers' safety.

KEVIN BLADER: You've got traffic going by. The linemen might be up 50, 55 feet up in the air. Having a diesel truck, it's hard to hear over the diesel noise, whereas a hybrid, you can actually yell to the lineman, and he can hear you. You can communicate a lot better. It's a huge advantage.

JOHN DAVIS: As a result of these alt fuel successes, more community planners and federal and state emergency management agencies are now taking a fresh look at alternative fuels as a key part of their disaster preparedness strategies.

The National Association of State Energy Officials, with help from the Department of Energy's Clean Cities program, is revving up iREV, or the Initiative for Resiliency in Energy through Vehicles, to provide emergency fleet managers with information about alternative fuels, vehicles, and infrastructure, along with strategies for using them in emergency scenarios.

DAVID TERRY: We saw a need in the transportation sector for emergency vehicles, utility first responders, other critical infrastructure vehicles to have a diversity of fuel mix. A diversity of fuel mix means they have more options, more opportunities. If gasoline supplies are down, diesel supplies are down, etc., they can turn to propane, biofuels, electric vehicles, natural gas, and other sources, including efficiency, and help strengthen the system, make it more resilient.

JOHN DAVIS: During and after a natural disaster, the need for evacuation, electric utility repair, and emergency response vehicles is obvious, but services like trash removal, ambulance transport, and food delivery are critical as well.

Through programs like iREV, alternative-fueled vehicles to carry out these functions are being identified now so that when disaster strikes, they can be ready to lend a helping hand to those in need.

And with National Preparedness Month coming up, now's a good time to look at your own emergency plan…and plan to be a survivor, not a statistic.

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