Natural Gas Laws and Incentives in Ohio

The list below contains summaries of all Ohio laws and incentives related to natural gas.

Laws and Regulations

Alternative Fuel Signage

The Ohio Turnpike Commission allows businesses to place their logos on directional signs within the right-of-way of state turnpikes. An alternative fuel retailer may include a marking or symbol within their logo indicating that it sells one or more types of alternative fuel. Alternative fuels are defined as E85, fuel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel (B20), natural gas, propane, hydrogen, or any fuel that the U.S. Department of Energy has determined is substantially not petroleum.For more information, see the Ohio Turnpike Commission website. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 125.831 and 5537.30)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Fuel Use Requirements

With the exception of law enforcement vehicles, all newly acquired state agency vehicles must be capable of using an alternative fuel and must use the relevant alternative fuel if it is reasonably priced and available. Alternative fuel is defined as E85, fuel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel (B20), natural gas, propane, hydrogen, electricity, or any other fuel that the U.S. Department of Energy has determined is substantially not petroleum. State agencies must also meet the annual average fuel economy requirement set by the Ohio Department of Administrative Services on all passenger automobiles purchased. Law enforcement and emergency rescue work vehicles are exempt from this requirement. The Office of the Ohio Treasurer established a biodiesel revolving fund in which funds appropriated by the Ohio General Assembly can be used to pay for the incremental cost of biodiesel used in state owned or leased diesel vehicles. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 123.01, 125.831-125.832, 125.834, and 125.836)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Conversion

It is unlawful to tamper with vehicle emissions control systems unless the action is for the purpose of converting a motor vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel and is in compliance with the standards adopted under the Clean Air Act Amendments. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 3704.16-3704.162)

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement

LNG is measured in motor fuel gallon equivalents. One gallon of LNG is the equivalent of one gallon of motor fuel. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 5735.012 and 5735.011)

State Incentives

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Grant Program

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency will administer a one-time, $5 million grant program to replace or convert Class 7 and Class 8 diesel or gasoline trucks to natural gas or propane trucks. Vehicles must be used for business purposes and operate in Ohio at least 50% of the time. Maximum grant awards will be 50% of the fuel components of the new vehicle or 50% of the cost of the conversion parts, up to $25,000. Total grants to any recipient may not exceed $400,000. Grants are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional applications will be put on a waitlist. For more information, see the AFV Grants website. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 122.076)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption

Vehicles powered exclusively by electricity, propane, or natural gas are exempt from state motor vehicle emissions inspections after receiving a one-time verification inspection. For more information, see the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency's E-Check website. (Reference Ohio Administrative Code 3745.26)

Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Incentive

The Ohio Development Services Agency administers the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program, which provides financial assistance to businesses, non-profit organizations, school districts, and local governments for the purchase and installation of alternative fueling, blending, and distribution facilities or terminals. The program is not currently accepting applications (verified November 2018). For more information, see the Ohio Development Services Agency Alternative Fueling Stations website. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 122.075 and 125.831)

Point of Contact
Preston Boone
Energy Program Analyst
Ohio Development Services Agency, Office of Community Assistance
Phone: (614) 644-8864
preston.boone@development.ohio.gov

Diesel Emissions Reduction Grant Program

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency administers a Diesel Emissions Reduction Grant Program for the purpose of reducing emissions from diesel engines in trucks, school and transit buses, marine fleets, and locomotives, as well as highway construction equipment. Eligible entities may use this funding for:

  • Projects related to certified engine configurations, including new, rebuilt, or remanufactured engine configurations the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board has certified;
  • The purchase or use of hybrid electric and alternative fuel vehicles that are allowed under U.S. Federal Highway Administration Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement program guidance; or
  • Installation of verified technology including pollution control devices, retrofits, and development of truck stop electrification and auxiliary power units.
To be eligible for funding, fleets must operate at least 65% of the time in Ohio counties that have been designated nonattainment or maintenance for particulate matter (PM) 2.5 and/or ozone. Private fleets are eligible, but they must establish a public-private partnership with a government organization that is eligible for CMAQ funds in order to apply for funding. A minimum 20% non-state and non-federal funding match is required. For more information, including application periods, see the Diesel Emissions Reduction Grant Program website.

(Reference Ohio Revised Code 122.861)

Point of Contact
Carolyn Watkins
Chief, Office of Environmental Education; Administrator, Diesel Emission Reduction Grants
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Phone: (614) 644-3768
carolyn.watkins@epa.ohio.gov

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Emissions Reduction Grants

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides matching grants of $50,000 to $2 million for the replacement or repower of medium- and heavy-duty, on- and off-road vehicles with new clean diesel or natural gas, propane, hybrid electric, or all-electric vehicles and equipment. Owners of eligible medium- and heavy-duty diesel fleets in priority counties must match at least 25% of funds, with larger matches required for some project categories. This grant program is funded by Ohio's portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. Additional terms and conditions apply. The program is not currently accepting applications (verified November 2018). For more information, including application periods, see the Ohio EPA website.

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption

An NGV may exceed the gross vehicle weight restrictions by 2,000 pounds, except on the interstate system or a highway, road, or bridge that is subject to maximum weight restrictions. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 5577.044)

More Laws and Incentives

To find laws and incentives for other alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, search all laws and incentives.