National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) NEVI Formula Program provides funding to states to strategically deploy electric vehicle (EV) charging stations and to establish an interconnected network to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability. Funding is available for up to 80% of eligible project costs, including:

  • The acquisition, installation, and network connection of EV charging stations to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability;
  • Proper operation and maintenance of EV charging stations; and,
  • Long-term EV charging station data sharing.

EV charging stations must be non-proprietary, allow for open-access payment methods, be publicly available or available to authorized commercial motor vehicle operators from more than one company, and be located along designated FHWA Alternative Fuel Corridors (AFCs). If a state and DOT determine that all AFCs in the state have been fully developed, then the state can propose alternative public locations and roads for EV charging station installation.

FHWA must distribute the NEVI Program Formula Program funds made available each fiscal year (FY) through FY 2026, so that each state receives an amount equal to the state FHWA funding formula determined by 23 U.S. Code 104. To receive funding, states must submit plans to the FHWA and the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation for review and public posting annually, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. The FHWA announced approval of all initial state plans on September 27, 2022, and FY2024 plans were approved in 2023.

Additionally, 10% of NEVI Formula funding is set aside each FY for DOT to fund grants for states and localities requiring additional assistance to strategically deploy EV charging stations under this Program. Additional funding eligibility and considerations will apply.

For additional information, see the FHWA NEVI website and the Joint Office website.

(Reference Public Law 117-58 and 23 U.S. Code 165)

Jurisdiction: Federal

Type: Incentives

Agency: U.S. Department of Transportation

Enacted: Nov 15, 2021

Technologies: EVs, PHEVs

See all Federal Laws and Incentives.