Recent State Updates

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Alaska

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Credit – Chugach Electric Association (CEA) – updated 5/11/2021

CEA provides eligible residential customers a $200 bill credit per residential charger, up to two chargers per household, for sharing information on plug-in electric vehicles, EVSEs, and average miles driven per year. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CEA Electric Vehicles page.

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - Chugach Electric Association (CEA) – added 5/11/2021

CEA offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Applicant TypeRebate Amounts
Workplace$5,000 per EVSE; up to $15,000 per location
HotelUp to $2,500 per location
Fleet$1,500 per EVSE; up to $3,000 per location
Rental Car Companies at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport$1,500 per EVSE; up to $3,000 per location
Commercial$500 per EVSE; up to $1,000 per location

Fleet recipients must agree to share observations regarding the use and economy of an electric vehicle in their fleet with CEA. Workplace recipients must agree to provide information about the usage of EVSE with CEA for 36 months after installation. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CEA Electric Vehicles page.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate – Alaska Power and Telephone (AT&P) – added 5/11/2021

ATP offers a rebate of $1,000 to residential customers who own a new or used EV, including electric motorcycles, with a minimum battery size of at least 16 kilowatts. For more information, see the ATP Amp-Up website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Time-of-Use (TOU) Rate – Alaska Electric Light & Power (AELP) – added 5/11/2021

AELP offers a TOU rate to residential customers that own or lease PEVs with batteries greater than 16 kilowatts. For more information, see the AELP Electric Vehicle

California

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Inland Counties – added 5/3/2021

The Inland Counties Incentive Project, funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates in the following amounts for installations at new, replacement, or make-ready sites:

Project TypeMaximum Rebate - in disadvantaged communities (DACs)Maximum Rebate - outside DACs
Direct current (DC) fast EVSE between 50 kilowatt (kW) and 99.99 kW75% of total project costs, up to $40,00075% of total project costs, up to $30,000
DC fast EVSE greater than 100 kW75% of total project costs, up to $80,00075% of total project costs, up to $60,000
Level 2 EVSE$4,00075% of total project costs, up to $3,500
Level 2 EVSE (multi-unit dwelling)$6,000$5,500

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and applicants must reserve rebates prior to purchasing and installing EVSE. Eligible applicants include businesses, California Native American Tribes listed with the Native American Heritage Commission, or government entities. Qualifying installation sites must be located in Butte, El Dorado, Imperial, Kings, Merced, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Solano, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tulare, or Yolo County. DC fast installations must be publicly accessible 24 hours a day. Additional site requirements apply. For more information, including funding availability, see the Inland Counties Incentive Project website.

Illinois

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation – added 5/4/2021

An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for parking and charging PEVs unless the motor vehicle is a PEV. Violators may be subject to a fine of up to $100, in addition to costs associated with the removal of the vehicle from the parking spot. (Reference 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes 5/11-1308)

Iowa

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – MidAmerican Energy – added 5/11/2021

MidAmerican Energy offers residential customers a rebate of $500 for the purchase or lease of a new PEV. For more information, see the MidAmerican Energy Electric Vehicle Rebates website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – MidAmerican Energy – added 5/11/2021

MidAmerican energy offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of Level 2 EVSE for workplace charging. For more information, see the MidAmerican Energy Electric Vehicle Rebates website.

Maine

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Deployment Goal and Emissions Reductions Requirements – added 4/29/2021

Maine must limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to achieve the following reductions:

  • By January 1, 2030, reduce overall GHG emissions in the state to 45% below 1990 levels;
  • By January 1, 2040, be on an annual trajectory to achieve the 2050 annual emissions level; and
  • By January 1, 2050, reduce overall GHG emissions to 80% below 1990 levels.
By July 1, 2021, the Maine Department of Environmental Protection must adopt rules to track and report to the Legislature on gross annual and net annual GHG emissions.

The Maine Climate Council released Maine Won’t Wait, a framework to meet these emissions reductions goals by 2030 and 2050. The report sets a state goal for 41,000 light-duty PEVs on the road in Maine by 2025, and 219,000 PEVs on the road by 2030. The report identifies other strategies, including increasing efficiency and alternative fuels and reducing vehicle miles traveled, to achieve emissions reductions goals. For more information, see the Maine Climate Council website.

(Reference 38 Maine Revised Statutes 576-A and 577-A)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Deployment and Emissions Reduction Roadmap – added 4/29/2021

The Governor’s Energy Office and the Governor’s Office of Policy Innovation and the Future will work with state agencies to develop a Clean Transportation Roadmap to 2030 (Roadmap). The Roadmap will identify policies, programs, and regulatory changes needed to accelerate widespread adoption of PEVs and other clean transportation technologies to meet Maine’s transportation emission reductions and PEV goals. It will include recommendations to accelerate the PEV market in Maine, expand electric vehicle supply equipment, evaluate the impact on electric utilities and grid, and prioritize equitable implementation. The agencies must submit the Roadmap to the governor by December 31, 2021. (Reference Executive Order 36, 2021)

Recognition Program for Plug-In Electric Vehicles – added 4/29/2021

The Governor’s Energy Office will work with the Efficiency Maine Trust to launch a governor's clean vehicle recognition program. This program will recognize leading Maine dealerships, businesses, local governments, and others who are advancing achievement of Maine's transportation targets. The program will recognize, through events and ongoing promotion, private and public sector clean vehicle achievements in vehicle sales, charging infrastructure, fleet conversions, and educational programming. (Reference Executive Order 36, 2021)

Massachusetts

Direct Current (DC) Fast Charger Alternative Rate Structure Requirement – added 3/8/2021

Public electric utilities must file at least one commercial tariff or program with the Department of Public Utilities to provide DC fast charger alternative rate structures for demand charges. Each tariff or program must evaluate the relative costs and benefits associated with rate designs for multiple PEV adoption scenarios and be filed by July 14, 2021. (Reference House Bill 5248, 2020)

Zero-Emission Truck Rebates – added 3/8/2021

Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources' Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) Trucks Program offers rebates to public and private fleets for the purchase of all-electric and fuel cell electric trucks with a purchase price of more than $50,000 and gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 8,500 pounds (lbs.). Rebate amounts are available in a declining three block rate structure, determined by the number of trucks per weight group. Rebates will be offered in the following amounts:

GVWR (lbs.)Block Size (Number of Trucks, per Block)Block 1Block 2Block 3
8,501-10,000200$7,500$6,735$5,419
10,001-14,000200$15,000$12,750$10,838
14,001-16,000100$30,000$25,500$21,675
16,001-19,500100$45,000$38,250$32,513
19,501-26,000100$60,000$51,000$43,350
26,001-33,00050$75,000$63,750$54,188
33,001+50$90,000$76,500$65,025

Purchasers of vehicles with a GVWR of greater than 14,000 lbs. can apply for a voucher to reserve a rebate at the current rebate block value. A voucher may be provided to an applicant who has demonstrated an intent to purchase, which may be evidenced by a completed purchase order. Applicants must apply for a rebate following the purchase and registration of the truck in Massachusetts and must retain ownership of the truck for a minimum of 36 months. MOR-EV Trucks rebates cannot be combined with funds from the Department of Environmental Protection Volkswagen Settlement-Funded Grant & Incentive Programs.

Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, visit the MOR-EV Rebate Program website.

Direct Current (DC) Fast Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Grants – added 3/11/2021

The DC Fast Charging Program provides grants to non-residential entities of up to 80% of the cost of DC fast EVSE and installation and a maximum of $50,000 per street address for hardware and installation costs. Installations at government property qualify for 100% of the cost, up to $50,000. Qualified EVSE at public locations must be available to the public 24 hours per day. EVSE at educational campuses must be available to all students and staff with plug-in electric vehicles. This program is part of the Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Incentive Program (MassEVIP) and is funded by Massachusetts’ portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including future funding availability, application, and eligibility requirements, visit the Apply for MassEVIP DC Fast Charging Incentives website.

State Emissions Reductions Requirements – added 4/29/2021

Building upon the framework in the Massachusetts 2050 Decarbonization Roadmap Report, the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EEA) and Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) must adopt a statewide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions limit that achieves net zero statewide GHG emissions by 2050, or at least 85% below the 1990 level. By 2025, and every five years thereafter until 2050, EEA and DOER must set interim statewide GHG emissions limit, accompanied by a roadmap to achieve that limit. (Reference Senate Bill 9, 2021, and Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 21N, Section 3)

Mississippi

Natural Gas Weight Exemption – added 4/12/2021

A vehicle powered by compressed natural gas or liquified natural gas may exceed the state's gross vehicle weight limits by up to 2,000 pounds on all interstate highways. (Reference Mississippi Senate Bill 2467, 2020)

New Jersey

Medium-Duty Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Voucher Program – updated 4/14/2021

The New Jersey Zero Emission Incentive Program (NJ ZIP) will pilot a voucher program for the purchase of new, medium-duty ZEVs registered in New Jersey. Commercial, industrial, or institutional organizations located, or primarily operating, within the Greater Camden and Newark areas are eligible to apply. Vouchers are available for up to 100% of purchase price amounts, based on the following weights:

Vehicle WeightVehicle ClassAmount
8,501 - 10,000 pounds (lbs.)Class 2b$25,000
10,0001 - 14,000 lbs.Class 3$55,000
14,001 - 16,000 lbs.Class 4$75,000
16,001 - 19,500 lbs.Class 5$85,000
19,501 - 26,000 lbs.Class 6$100,000

Vehicles must be purchased through qualified vendors, after receiving voucher approval. Funding may not be combined with any state incentive program. This program is funded by Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative proceeds. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the NJ ZIP Program website. (Reference New Jersey Administrative Code7:27D)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Condominiums – added 5/10/2021

Condominium associations may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EVSE in a homeowner’s designated parking space. Condominium associations may put reasonable restrictions on EVSE, but the policies may not significantly increase the cost of the EVSE or prohibit installation. Homeowners must comply with applicable health and safety codes and architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, and provide a certificate of insurance. The homeowner is responsible for the cost of the installation, operation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the station in their parking space, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE or surrounding area. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 45:22A-43)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installation Policies – added 5/10/2021

A developer of a single-family residence that includes a designated parking space must offer to install an EVSE at the residence of the prospective owner, unless the installation of EVSE is already included in the sale of the unit. The New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, and New Jersey Board of Public Utilities must provide information to developers and prospective owners on the environmental benefits and potential energy cost savings associated with EVSE, and available incentives. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 52:27D-141.11)

New Mexico

Biomass Tax Credit – added 4/9/2021

Dairy or feedlot owners may receive a tax credit of up to $5 per wet ton of agricultural biomass that is used to generate electricity or to make liquid or gaseous fuel for commercial use. (Reference New Mexico Statutes 7-2-18.26)

New York

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Program - ConEdison – added 4/12/2021

ConEdison PowerReady Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Program provides business and municipal customers with installation and funding support for the installation of approved Level 2 or direct current (DC) fast EVSE. Additional funding is available for eligible projects located within disadvantaged communities. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the participant guide and application, see the ConEdison PowerReady EV Charging Infrastructure Program website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Program - Central Hudson – added 4/12/2021

Central Hudson Gas & Electric Level 2 and Direct Current (DC) Fast Charger Make Ready Program provides business and municipal customers with installation and funding support to install approved Level 2 or DC fast EVSE. Additional funding is available for eligible projects located within disadvantaged communities. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the participation guide and application, see the Central Hudson Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Make-Ready Program website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Program - Orange & Rockland Utilities (O&R) – added 4/12/2021

The O&R Level 2 and Direct Current (DC) Fast Charger Make Ready Program provides commercial customers with installation and funding support to install approved Level 2 or DC fast EVSE. Additional funding is available for eligible projects located within disadvantaged communities. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the participant guide and application, see the O&R Electric Vehicle Make-Ready Program website.

Direct Current (DC) Fast Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) - Central Hudson – added 4/12/2021

Owners of DC fast EVSE may receive an annual incentive per connector. To be eligible, owners of DC fast EVSE must:

  • Ensure each qualifying plug is capable of dispensing 50 kW or more;
  • Use a commonly accepted non-proprietary standard connector; and,
  • Be publicly accessible, without restriction or fees for parking.
The full incentive is available for EVSE rated with power capacity of 75 kW and higher, and a 60% incentive is available for plugs rated 50 kW to 74 kW. Payments are made annually from the date equipment is placed in service, through 2025.

Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including annual incentive amounts, see the Central Hudson DC Fast Charging Stations website.

Direct Current (DC) Fast Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) - NYSEG – added 4/12/2021

Owners of DC fast EVSE may receive an annual incentive per connector. To be eligible, owners of DC fast EVSE must:

  • Ensure each qualifying plug is capable of dispensing 50 kW or more;
  • Use a commonly accepted non-proprietary standard connector; and,
  • Be publicly accessible, without restriction or fees for parking.
The full incentive is available for EVSE rated with power capacity of 75 kW and higher, and a 60% incentive is available for plugs rated 50 kW to 74 kW. Payments are made annually from the date equipment is placed in service, through 2025.

Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including annual incentive amounts, see the New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG) DC Fast Charging Incentive Program website.

Direct Current (DC) Fast Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) - Orange & Rockland Utilities – added 4/12/2021

Owners of DC fast EVSE may receive an annual incentive per connector. To be eligible, owners of DC fast EVSE must:

  • Ensure each qualifying plug is capable of dispensing 50 kW or more;
  • Use a commonly accepted non-proprietary standard connector; and,
  • Be publicly accessible, without restriction or fees for parking.
The full incentive is available for EVSE rated with power capacity of 75 kW and higher, and a 60% incentive is available for plugs rated 50 kW to 74 kW. Payments are made annually from the date equipment is placed in service, through 2025.

Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including annual incentive amounts, see the O&R Electric Vehicle Fast Charging Per-Plug Incentive website.

Direct Current (DC) Fast Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) - RG&E – added 4/12/2021

Owners of DC fast EVSE may receive an annual incentive per connector. To be eligible, owners of DC fast EVSE must:

  • Ensure each qualifying plug is capable of dispensing 50 kW or more;
  • Use a commonly accepted non-proprietary standard connector; and,
  • Be publicly accessible, without restriction or fees for parking.
The full incentive is available for EVSE rated with power capacity of 75 kW and higher, and a 60% incentive is available for plugs rated 50 kW to 74 kW. Payments are made annually from the date equipment is placed in service, through 2025.

Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including annual incentive amounts, see the Rochester Gas and Electric (RG&E) DC Fast Charging Incentive Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Rate Incentive - Central Hudson – added 4/12/2021

Central Hudson Gas & Electric offers a time-of-use (TOU) rate for residential customers that own or lease a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle or all-electric vehicle. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to enroll, see the Central Hudson Electric Vehicle TOU Rate website.

Smart Charging and Time-of-Use (TOU) Incentives - Orange & Rockland Utilities (O&R) – added 4/12/2021

Eligible plug-in electric vehicle customers can receive up to $450 by participating in the Charge Smart Program and charging during off-peak hours. Under the voluntary TOU rate, residential customers will pay a reduced price for electricity used during the designated off-peak period. For more information, including how to enroll, see the O&R Electric Vehicle Rates and Charge Smart Program websites.

Oregon

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Commercial Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE) – added 5/11/2021

PGE offers commercial customers rebates for the installation of Level 2 EVSE. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

LocationMaximum Rebate Amount per Port
Workplace$500
Multifamily Property$2,300

For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Business Electric Vehicle Charging Rebates website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Residential Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE) – added 5/11/2021

PGE offers residential customers a rebate of $500 for the purchase of a Level 2 EVSE. Customers that earn up to 80% median income for their household size are eligible for a rebate of $1,000. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Home EV Charging Rebates website.

South Dakota

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Fee – added 4/10/2021

PEVs owners must pay an annual fee of $50, in addition to standard vehicle registration fees. (Reference South Dakota House Bill 1053, 2021)

Utah

Propane and Electricity Tax Exemptions – updated 3/10/2021

Propane and electricity used to operate motor vehicles are exempt from state motor fuel taxes. For more information, see the Utah State Tax Commission Fuel Taxes website. (Reference Utah Code 59-13-102, 59-13-201, and 59-13-301)

Qualified Heavy-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Credit – updated 3/10/2021

Taxpayers may be eligible for a tax credit for the purchase of a qualified heavy-duty AFV. Qualifying fuels include natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen. Each qualified heavy-duty AFV is eligible for the following tax credit amounts:

YearCredit Amount
2021$15,000
2022$13,500
2023$12,000
2024$10,500
2025$9,000
2026$7,500
2027$6,000
2028$4,500
2029$3,000
2030$1,500

At least 50% of the qualified vehicle's miles must be driven in the state. A single taxpayer may claim credits for up to 10 AFVs or $500,000 annually. If more than 30% of the total available tax credits in a single year have not been claimed by May 1, a taxpayer may apply for credits for an additional eight AFVs. Up to 25% of the tax credits are reserved for taxpayers with small fleets of less than 40 vehicles. Additional conditions and restrictions may apply. For more information, see the Alternative Fuel Heavy Duty Vehicle Tax Credit Program website.

(Reference Utah House Bill 91, 2021 and Utah Code 59-7-618, 59-10-1033, and 59-13-201)

Virginia

State Energy Plan – updated 5/11/2021

The Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) is responsible for creating the Virginia Energy Plan (Plan) to assess the commonwealth's primary energy sources and recommends actions to meet state energy goals. The Plan must include policies to promote alternative fuel use, transportation electrification, efficient driving techniques, and reducing vehicle miles traveled. The Plan must assess statewide EV charging infrastructure and consider the impact of statewide policies, electric vehicle (EV) market projections, and statewide EV registration data to support the state’s 2045 net-zero carbon target in the transportation sector. The DMME must submit the Plan to the governor, the State Corporation Commission, and the General Assembly by October 1 of each year following the election of a new governor. For more information, see the Virginia Energy Plan website.

(Reference Senate Bill 1223, 2021, and Virginia Code 67-101 and 67-102)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirement and Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards – added 4/13/2021

The Virginia Air Pollution Control Board (Board) may adopt the California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations and create an Advanced Clean Cars Program. These regulations may apply to new vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of up to 14,000 pounds and may require manufacturers to meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements. This program must be applicable to vehicles by model year 2025.

(Reference House Bill 1965, 2021, and Virginia Code 10.1-1307.04)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Grant Authorization – added 5/11/2021

Local governments are authorized to establish a green bank to promote investment in clean energy technologies, including alternative fuel vehicles and related infrastructure. (Reference House Bill 1919, 2021)

Transportation Electrification Study – added 5/11/2021

The State Corporation Commission (Commission) must propose policies to govern public, investor-owned electric utility programs and accelerate widespread transportation electrification in Virginia. The Commission must evaluate:

  • Utility and public investments that complement private efforts to deploy electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), focusing on low-income, minority, and rural communities;
  • Smart growth policies that can advance transportation electrification; and,
  • Utility actions that can facilitate EVSE deployment and transportation electrification.
The report must address how transportation electrification will impact ratepayers, grid management, renewable energy development, and vehicle charging costs. The Commission must publish the report by May 1, 2022.

(Reference House Bill 2282, 2021)

Utility Electrification Investment Recovery Requirement – added 5/11/2021

Beginning July 1, 2021, costs incurred by investor-owned electric utilities associated with investments in transportation electrification may only be recovered through the utility’s rates for electricity generation and distribution. (Reference House Bill 2282, 2021)

Washington

Low Carbon Fuel Standard – added 5/4/2021

The Washington Department of Ecology will develop rules to establish a Clean Fuels Program (Program) that reduces the overall carbon intensity of transportation fuels used in the state by 20% below 2017 levels by 2035. The Program standards must be based on the carbon intensity of gasoline, gasoline substitutes, diesel, and diesel substitutes. The Program must go into effect no later than January 1, 2023. (Reference House Bill 1091, 2021)