Recent State Updates

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Alabama

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Replacement Rebates – added 9/6/2019

The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) offers grants for the replacement of qualified medium- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles with new diesel or alternative fuel vehicles. Rebates are available for medium- and heavy-duty trucks; school, shuttle, and transit buses; freight switchers; airport ground support equipment; and forklifts and port cargo handling equipment. Vehicles must meet model year requirements. Funding amounts are based on vehicle type, fuel type (e.g., diesel, alternative fuel, all-electric), and applicant type (e.g., government, non-government). The program is funded by Alabama’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including program guidance and the application, see the ADECA Volkswagen Settlement website.

Alabama Research and Development Enhancement Fund (ARDEF) Program – added 9/6/2019

The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) administers the ARDEF Program. The purpose of the ARDEF Program is to encourage new and continuing efforts to conduct research and development activities within the state for the purpose of increasing employment opportunities, and products and services available to the citizens of Alabama. The production of biofuel and biodiesel fuels not made in petroleum refineries and blended with purchased refined petroleum are eligible for ARDEF funding. For additional information, see the ADECA Energy Division website.

Arizona

Reduced Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) License Tax – updated 6/28/2019

The vehicle license tax for an AFV registered in Arizona is $4 for every $100 in assessed value. The minimum amount of the annual AFV license tax is $5. AFV assessed values are determined as follows:

  • AFVs registered prior to January 1, 2022: 1% of the manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP)
  • AFVs initially registered between January 1, 2022 and December 31, 2022: 20% of the MSRP.
For each succeeding year, for the purpose of calculating the license tax, the value of the AFV is reduced by 15% from the value from the preceding year.

For the purpose of this tax, AFVs include those powered exclusively by propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, or a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas. For more information, see the ADOT AFV website. The reduced alternative fuel vehicle license tax does not apply to any vehicle purchased on or after December 31, 2022.

(Reference Senate Bill 1332, 2019, and Arizona Revised Statutes 28-5801)

Arkansas

Electric Equipment and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - Entergy – added 8/5/2019

Qualified Entergy customers are eligible to receive incentives in varying amounts for the purchase of select on- and off-road electric vehicles and Level 2 EVSE. For more information, including eligible technologies, see the Entergy eTech website.

California

Zero-Emission Transit Bus Requirement – added 7/24/2019

By 2040, all public transit agencies must transition to 100% zero-emission bus fleets. Zero-emission bus technologies include all-electric or fuel cell electric. Transit agencies must purchase or operate a minimum number of zero-emission buses according to the following schedules:

Large Transit AgencySmall Transit Agency
January 1, 202325% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission busesNo requirement
January 1, 202650% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission buses25% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission buses
January 1, 2029All new bus purchases must be zero-emission busesAll new bus purchases must be zero-emission buses

Each transit agency will submit a plan demonstrating how it will purchase clean buses, develop infrastructure, train personnel, and other required details. Large transit agencies must submit a plan in 2020 and small agencies must submit a plan in 2030. Additional rules and requirements apply.

For more information, including definitions of large and small transit agencies and additional terms and conditions, see the California Air Resources Board’s Innovative Clean Transit website.

(Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2023.1)

Zero-Emission Airport Shuttle Requirement – added 7/24/2019

By 2035, all airport fixed-route shuttle fleets must transition to 100% zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). Zero-emission shuttle technologies include all-electric or fuel cell electric technologies. Starting in 2022, shuttle fleets must report the details of their vehicles to the California Air Resources Board (ARB). Starting in 2023, if fleets replace a ZEV shuttle, the replacement must be a ZEV. For additional terms and conditions, see ARB’s Zero-Emission Airport Shuttle website. (Reference Resolution Number 19-8, 2019)

Colorado

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Tax Credit – updated 7/2/2019

Qualified all-electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) titled and registered in Colorado are eligible for a tax credit. Light-duty PEVs purchased, leased, or converted between January 1, 2017, and January 1, 2026, are eligible for a tax credit equal to the amounts below:

Category2019202020232026
Light-duty EV or PHEV$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,000 for lease$2,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease$2,000 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease
Light-duty electric truck$7,000 for purchase or conversion; $3,500 for lease$5,500 for purchase or conversion; $2,750 for lease$3,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease$2,800 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease
Medium-duty electric truck$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $4,000 for lease$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease
Heavy-duty electric truck$20,000 for purchase or conversion; $10,000 for lease$16,000 for purchase or conversion; $8,000 for lease$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease

The credit amount for any qualifying truck is limited to the difference in manufacturer's suggested retail price between the qualifying truck and a comparable truck that operates on either gasoline or diesel fuel. The credit that may be claimed for converting a truck to a qualifying truck is limited to the cost of conversion.

Eligible purchased vehicles must be new, and eligible leased vehicles must have a lease with a term of not less than two years. A purchaser may assign the tax credit generated through the purchase, lease, or conversion to any of the above categories of vehicle to the financing entity, allowing the purchaser to realize the value of the tax credit at the time of purchase, lease, or conversion. The financing entity may collect an administrative fee of no more than $150.

For more information, see the Colorado Department of Revenue's Income 69 FYI publication.

(Reference House Bill 19-1159, 2019, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.7 and 39-22-516.8)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Credit – updated 7/2/2019

AFVs titled and registered in Colorado are eligible for a tax credit. For the purpose of the credit, AFVs are defined as dedicated or bi-fuel natural gas and propane vehicles. The tax credit is equal to the amounts listed below:

Category2019202020232026
Light-duty passenger motor vehicle$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,000 for lease$2,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease$2,000 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease
Light-duty truck$7,000 for purchase or conversion; $3,500 for lease$5,500 for purchase or conversion; $2,750 for lease$3,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease$2,800 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease
Medium-duty truck$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $4,000 for lease$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease
Heavy-duty truck$20,000 for purchase or conversion; $10,000 for lease$16,000 for purchase or conversion; $8,000 for lease$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease

Eligible purchased vehicles must be new, and eligible leased vehicles must have a lease with a term of not less than two years. A purchaser may assign the tax credit generated through the purchase, lease, or conversion to any of the above categories of vehicle to the financing entity, allowing the purchaser to realize the value of the tax credit at the time of purchase, lease, or conversion. The financing entity may collect an administrative fee of no more than $150.

For more information, see the Colorado Department of Revenue's Income 69 FYI publication.

(Reference House Bill 19-1159, 2019, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.7 and 39-22-516.8)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards – updated 7/11/2019

Colorado established ZEV standards, pursuant to Colorado’s authority under Section 177 of the Clean Air Act, Title 42 of the U.S. Code, section 7507. The rule will be adopted into the Code of Colorado Regulations before October 30, 2019, and will be effective in 2022. All Model Year 2022 and later passenger cars and light- and medium-duty vehicles must meet California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. For more information, see the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment LEV Standards website. (Reference Executive Order B 2019 002, 2019 and 5 Code of Colorado Regulations 1001-24)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Regulations – added 7/2/2019

Any vehicle that is not actively charging may not park in designated PEV charging parking spaces. A PEV is presumed to not be charging if it is parked at a charging station and is not connected to the charger for longer than 30 minutes. Some exclusions apply, including for PEVs parked at lodging or airports, and between the hours of 11pm and 5am. The penalty for violation is $182. (Reference House Bill 19-1298, 2019, and Colorado Revised Statutes 42-1-102, 42-4-1213, and 42-4-1701)

Public Electric Utility Services Authorization – added 7/11/2019

Public electric utilities may provide electricity to charge plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) as unregulated or regulated services, and may recover the costs of distribution system and infrastructure investments to accommodate PEV charging. The Colorado Public Utilities Commission (Commission) should consider revenues from charging PEVs in the utilities service territory in evaluating the retail rate impact from the development of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), which cannot exceed 0.005% of the total annual revenue requirements of the utility.

Public electric utilities are required to file an application with the Commission for widespread transportation electrification programs within their respective service territories by May 15, 2020, and every three years thereafter. Programs may include investments or incentives to facilitate the deployment of customer- or utility-owned EVSE and associated electrical equipment, facilitate electrification of public transit and other vehicle fleets, rate designs or programs that encourage PEV charging, and customer education, outreach, and incentive programs that increase awareness of transportation electrification.

(Reference Senate Bill 19, 077, 2019, and Colorado Revised Statutes 41-1-103.3, 41-3-116, and 40-5-107)

Transportation Impacts Stakeholder Group – added 7/11/2019

The Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) will convene and engage with a stakeholder group comprised of representatives of potentially affected industries, workers, governmental entities, planning organizations, and interest groups to examine and address impacts of new transportation technologies and business models. The topics include funding transportation infrastructure needed to support the adoption of zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) and incentivizing the adoption of ZEVs for use in commercial applications. CDOT is required to report on the progress and policy recommendations of the stakeholder group during the 2019 presentation to legislative oversight committees and implement actions by October 1, 2020. (Reference Senate Bill 19-239, 2019, and Colorado Revised Statutes 43-1-125)

Connecticut

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Requirement – added 9/10/2019

An individual may not park a motor vehicle in a parking space equipped with a public charging station unless that vehicle is a PEV. Effective October 1, 2019, an infraction applies for non-PEVs that park in spaces with public charging stations. (Reference House Bill 7140, 2019 and Public Act 19-161)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and EV Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - Norwich Utilities – added 9/10/2019

Norwich Utilities offers customers rebates on the purchase or lease of a new or used PEV and the purchase and installation of qualified EVSE.

Vehicle TypeRebate Amount
New Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)$500
New All Electric Vehicle (EV)$1,000
Used PHEV, Model Year (MY) 2017 or newer$250
Used EV, MY 2017 or newer$500

EVSE TypeRebate Amount
Residential Level 2 $500
Commercial, workplace or multifamily Level 2$1,500
Commercial, Public Level 2$2,000

For more information, including how to apply, see the Norwich Utilities Electric Vehicle Rebate Program website.

State Fleet Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction – added 9/10/2019

A Steering Committee on State Sustainability (Committee) will direct executive branch agencies to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from vehicle fleets by expanding the “Lead by Example” program. The Committee will develop actions to achieve GHG reduction goals set by the governor. For more information and updates, see the Lead By Example website. (Reference Executive Order 2019-1)

State Building Electric Vehicle Charging Station Standards – added 9/10/2019

The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environment must develop standards for construction of state buildings, which include standards electric vehicle charging stations and meet or exceed Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver levels. (Reference House Bill 5002, 2019, and Public Act 19-35)

Florida

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation – added 7/1/2019

An AV or on-demand AV network may operate in Florida if the driving system complies with all applicable federal and state traffic and motor vehicle safety, insurance, and registration laws and regulations. All local governments must facilitate the proper operation of AVs. AVs are motor vehicles equipped with automated driving system technology that allows vehicle automation to perform the entire driving task on a sustained basis. The Florida Turnpike Enterprise may enter into one or more agreements to fund, construct, and operate facilities for the advancement of autonomous and connected technologies to improve safety and reduce congestion. Other conditions apply. (Reference House Bill 311, 2019)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - KUA – added 7/9/2019

Kissimmee Utility Authority (KUA) provides rebates of $100 to residential customers for the purchase of a new EV and $100 for the purchase and installation of a home EVSE. The EV must be registered to the customer’s address and a proof of purchase is required. The EVSE must be installed by a licensed electrical contractor and must meet all state and local codes. Rebates are limited to one rebate per vehicle and one EVSE rebate per household. For more information, see the KUA Rebates and Participating Contractors website.

Illinois

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Registration Fee Reduction – updated 7/18/2019

EVs are eligible for a reduced biennial vehicle registration fee of $35. To qualify for the reduced fee, the EV must weigh 8,000 pounds or less and be propelled by an electric engine. This fee reduction is valid until January 1, 2020. For more information, including the application documentation, see the Electric Vehicle License Plate Guide website. (Reference Senate Bill 1939, 2019, and 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes 5/3-805)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Fee – added 7/18/2019

Effective January 1, 2020, EV owners must pay an annual fee of $100 in addition to standard registration fees. A portion of the fees contribute to the Illinois Road Fund. (Reference Senate Bill 1939, 2019, and 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes 5/3-805)

Iowa

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Demonstration Grant Authorization – updated 7/9/2019

The Iowa Department of Natural Resources (Department) may award demonstration grants to individuals who purchase vehicles that operate on alternative fuels, including but not limited to E85, biodiesel, compressed natural gas, electricity, solar energy, or hydrogen. Individuals may use the grants to conduct research connected with the fuel or vehicle. Grant funding to purchase the vehicle is available if the Department retains the title of the vehicle, the vehicle is used for research, and the proceeds from the eventual sale of the vehicle are used for additional research. Grants are subject to funding availability. (Reference House File 750, 2019, and Iowa Code 214A.19)

Alternative Fuel Tax – updated 7/9/2019

Alternative fuels used as vehicle fuel are taxed as follows:

  • Compressed natural gas is subject to the state fuel excise tax of $0.31 per gasoline gallon equivalent, measured at 5.66 pounds (lbs.) or 126.67 cubic feet at a base temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit and a pressure of 14.73 lbs. per square inch;
  • Liquefied natural gas is subject to the excise tax of $0.325 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE), measured at 6.06 lbs.;
  • Propane is subject to the excise tax of $0.30 per gallon;
  • E85 is subject to the excise tax of $0.290 per gallon;
  • Hydrogen is subject to the excise tax of $0.65 per DGE, measured at 2.49 lbs.; and
  • Electricity is subject to the excise tax of $0.026 per kilowatt-hour of fuel delivered or placed into a battery or other energy storage device of an electric motor vehicle at any location in Iowa other than a residence.
(Reference House File 767, 2019, and Iowa Code 452A.2 and 452A.86)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – updated 7/9/2019

Alliant Energy offers rebates to residential customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE. The rebate is $250 for non-networked EVSE and $500 for networked EVSE. The EVSE must be purchased and installed between January 1, 2019, and December 31, 2019. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy Electric Vehicle Chargers website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – updated 7/9/2019

Alliant Energy offers a rebate to commercial and industrial customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE for use by employees, tenants, or the public. The rebate is $500 for the purchase of a single port EVSE, $1,000 for a dual port EVSE, and $1,500 for a dual port networked EVSE. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements and how to apply, see the Alliant Energy Electric Vehicle Chargers website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Study – updated 7/9/2019

The Iowa Economic Development Authority (IEDA), in collaboration with the Iowa Department of Transportation and Iowa utility industry, conducted a study of PEV charging infrastructure to evaluate costs and benefits associated with different options for PEV infrastructure support. IEDA submitted the study report to the general assembly in February 2019. For more information, see the IEDA Energy Plans and Reports website.

Electricity Dealer License – added 7/9/2019

A person may not sell or dispense electricity as a vehicle fuel at a location other than a residence or otherwise act as a licensed electricity fuel dealer or user unless the person holds a valid license issued by the Iowa Department of Revenue (Department). To obtain a license, a person must file an application with the Department. (Reference House File 767, 2019, and Iowa Code 452A.42)

Biofuel Quality Program – added 7/9/2019

The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship must establish and administer programs to audit motor fuel facilities, including biofuel processing and production plants, to screen and test motor fuel, including renewable fuel, and to inspect motor fuel sold by dealers, including retail motor fuel dealers. Biofuels include ethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel. Renewable fuel is defined as a combustible liquid derived from biomass or produced from a biogas source, such as biofuel and biofuel blended with gasoline. (Reference Senate File 609, 2019, and Iowa Code 214A.1)

Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Incentive – MidAmerican Energy – added 9/11/2019

MidAmerican Energy offers residential customers a $500 incentive on new EVs purchased between March 8 and December 31, 2019. For more information, including eligibility, see the MidAmerican Energy website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive – MidAmerican Energy – updated 9/13/2019

MidAmerican Energy offers non-residential customers a $1,500 incentive to purchase and install a Level 2 charging station between March 15 and December 31, 2019. For more information, including eligibility, see the MidAmerican Energy website.

Kansas

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate Pilot Program - Kansas Gas Service – updated 9/13/2019

Kansas Gas Service offers rebates for NGV purchases or conversions in the amount of $3,000 for a dedicated or bi-fuel vehicle. Each applicant is limited to three rebates per calendar year. Compressed natural gas (CNG) equipment must be certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or California Air Resources Board. Kansas Gas Service will distribute rebates on a first-come, first-served basis, until program funds are exhausted. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the online rebate application form, please see the CNG Rebate Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Fees – added 8/7/2019

Beginning January 1, 2020, the annual registration fee for all-electric vehicle owners is $100 and the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle and HEV annual fee is $50. (Reference House Bill 2214, 2019)

Kentucky

Public Utility Definition – added 7/1/2019

An entity that owns or operates an electric vehicle supply equipment is not defined as a public utility. (Reference Kentucky Public Service Commission 2018-00372)

Louisiana

Electric Equipment and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - Entergy – added 8/5/2019

Qualified Entergy customers are eligible to receive incentives in varying amounts for the purchase of select on- and off-road electric vehicles and Level 2 EVSE. For more information, including eligible technologies, see the Entergy eTech website.

Maine

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebates – added 9/6/2019

Efficiency Maine’ EV Accelerator provides rebates to Maine residents, businesses, government entities, and tribal governments for the purchase or lease of a qualified battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at participating Maine dealerships. Rebates are offered based on participant type for vehicles purchased or leased between August 29, 2019 to December 21, 2021:

Type of Vehicle Individuals, Businesses, Organizations Qualified Low-Income Maine Resident Maine Governmental Entity or Tribal Government
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)$2,000$3,000$7,500
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) $1,000$1,500$2,000

The program is funded by Maine’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including eligible vehicles and preapproval requirements, see Efficiency Maine’s EV Accelerator website.

(Reference House Paper 442, 2019)

Maryland

Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Grants – updated 7/23/2019

The Maryland Energy Administration administers the Maryland Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Program (AFIP), which provides grants to plan, install, and operate public access alternative fueling and charging infrastructure. Private access natural gas and propane fueling stations are eligible for funding. Only Maryland-based private businesses are eligible, and projects must take place in the state. Grant award amounts are based on the alternative fuel technology and are capped at 50% of project costs. Applicant cost share must be at least 50%.

Station TypeMaximum Grant Award per Station
Direct Current (DC) Fast Charger$55,000
Ethanol$35,000
Hydrogen$300,000
Natural Gas$500,000
Propane$100,000

Applications are being accepted until December 31, 2019 (verified July 2019). For more information, including application requirements, see the Maryland AFIP Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - BGE – added 6/28/2019

Baltimore Gas and Electric (BGE) provides rebates to residential and multifamily customers toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 and direct current (DC) fast charging EVSE. BGE offers residential customers a $300 rebate for a Level 2 smart EVSE. BGE offers customers that own or operate multifamily properties a rebate of 50% of the purchase and installation cost of Level 2 smart EVSE, up to $5,000 per port, and 50% of the purchase and installation cost of eligible DC fast charging EVSE, up to $15,000 per port. There is a maximum rebate of $25,000 per multifamily site. Only chargers purchased and installed after July 1, 2019, are eligible. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the BGE EVsmart website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Pepco – added 6/28/2019

Pepco provides rebates to residential and multifamily customers toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 EVSE. Pepco offers residential customers a $300 rebate for a Level 2 smart EVSE. Only chargers purchased and installed after July 1, 2019, are eligible. Pepco offers customers that own or operate multifamily properties a 50% discount on the purchase of eligible Level 2 smart EVSE and a 100% discount on the accompanying installation. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the Pepco EVsmart website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Delmarva Power – added 6/28/2019

Delmarva Power provides rebates to residential and multifamily customers toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 EVSE. Delmarva Power offers residential customers a $300 rebate for a Level 2 smart EVSE. Only chargers purchased and installed after July 1, 2019, are eligible. Delmarva Power offers customers that own or operate multifamily properties a 50% discount on the purchase of eligible Level 2 smart EVSE and a 100% discount on the accompanying installation. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the Delmarva Power EVsmart website.

Michigan

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – DTE Energy – added 7/2/2019

DTE Energy offers a $500 rebate for the installation of a Level 2 EVSE for qualified residential customers that purchase or lease a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) and enroll in the PEV Charging Rates. For more information, including eligibility, see the DTE Energy Charging Forward website.

Propane Vehicle Conversion Rebate – Michigan Propane Gas Association – added 7/2/2019

Vehicles converted to run on propane that are model year 2015 or newer are eligible for a $4,000 rebate through December 31, 2019. For more information, including vehicle restrictions and requirements, see the Michigan Propane Gas Association Grant Opportunities website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Consumers Energy – added 9/5/2019

The Consumers Energy PowerMIDrive program offers rebates to residential and commercial customers who install Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) EVSE. Residential customers are eligible for a $400 rebate to install a qualified Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers installing qualified, publicly accessible EVSE are eligible for rebates up to $5,000 per Level 2 and up to $70,000 per DCFC EVSE installed. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the PowerMIDrive website.

Minnesota

Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) Advisory Council and Support – updated 8/6/2019

The Governor's Advisory Council on Connected and Automated Vehicles (Advisory Council) was established to study, assess, and prepare for widespread adoption of CAVs, and provide advice and support to the governor, Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT), and the Department of Public Safety. The Advisory Council must meet at least four times annually to discuss advancements in CAV technologies, evaluate potential partnerships to prepare for the adoption of CAVs, and propose laws and regulations to safely test and implement CAVs.

The Advisory Council published a report in December 2018 that recommends changes to statutes, rules, and policies related to CAVs. Report recommendations include funding pilot projects to ensure that CAV technology is safely implemented, developing laws to adapt to CAVs, prioritizing equitable implementation of CAVs, and conducting public education and outreach on CAVs. The Advisory Council must review the December 2018 report and implement recommendations in the report where appropriate. The Advisory Council must also prepare an annual report for the governor by February 1, 2020, and every year thereafter, with updates on the activities and actions need to ensure Minnesota is advancing CAVs.

MnDOT and the Department of Public Safety will establish guidelines for development, testing, and deployment of CAV technologies, and will support safe and effective testing and use at every level of autonomy, including driverless technology. MnDOT will form the Interagency CAV Team to implement the tasks outlined above.

For more information, see the MnDOT CAVs website.

(Reference Executive Order 19-18, 2019)

Advanced Technology Business Incentives – added 8/6/2019

The Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development’s Launch Minnesota program will provide business development and financial assistance to high technology Minnesota businesses, including cellulosic ethanol businesses. The goal of Launch Minnesota is to encourage and support the development of new private sector technologies and spur growth of emerging technology-based companies. (Reference House File 2, 2019)

Propane Vehicle and Conversion Incentive - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) – added 8/6/2019

MPA offers incentives of up to $4,000 to Minnesota residents, companies, fleets, or industry members who purchase a new original equipment manufacturer propane vehicle or convert a vehicle to propane using a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-certified conversion kit. Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and are limited to three per entity. For more information, see the MPA Autogas website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction and EVSE Rebate - Otter Tail Power – added 8/6/2019

Otter Tail Power Company customers that have installed Level 2 electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) may receive a reduced rate for the electricity used to charge PEVs between specified off-peak hours.

Otter Tail Power Company also offers a $400 rebate for the installation of a Level 2 EVSE.

For more information, see the Otter Tail Power Company Electric Vehicles website.

Mississippi

Electric Equipment and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - Entergy – added 8/5/2019

Qualified Entergy customers are eligible to receive incentives in varying amounts for the purchase of select on- and off-road electric vehicles and Level 2 EVSE. For more information, including eligible technologies, see the Entergy eTech website.

Nebraska

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - OPPD – updated 7/1/2019

Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers residential customers rebates of $2,500 toward the purchase of a new EV and qualified Level 2 EVSE, $500 toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 EVSE, and $100 toward residential installation. Participants must purchase the EVSE through OPPD. For more information, including rebate availability, see the OPPD EV Rebate Program website.

Ethanol Infrastructure Grant Authorization – added 9/10/2019

Beginning January 1, 2020, the Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy (DEE) will establish the Renewable Fuel Infrastructure Program to provide grants for the installation, replacement, or conversion of ethanol fueling infrastructure. Eligible equipment must store and dispense 15% ethanol by volume (E15) or more than 70% or more ethanol by volume (E85) and comply with federal and state standards. Grants may cover 50% of the estimated costs of the project, up to $30,000, whichever is less, for a three-year cost-share agreement, or 70% of the estimated costs of the project, up to $50,000, whichever is less, for a five-year cost-share agreement. Nebraska DEE may award up to $1 million in grants in any calendar year. Additional terms and conditions apply. (Reference Legislative Bill 585, 2019)

Nevada

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Demonstration Program Requirements – updated 9/10/2019

The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Demonstration Program (Program) requires Nevada utilities to promote and incentivize the deployment of EVSE. Utilities must submit an annual plan for implementing the Program in their service areas to the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN). Plans may include, but are not limited to, the following measures:

  • Payment of incentives to customers that install EVSE;
  • Time-of-use rates for electricity used to charge plug-in electric vehicles;
  • EVSE education and awareness programs for customers; and
  • Technical assistance programs for government fleets and private organizations.

Customers may include public schools that install EVSE on-site or purchase electric school buses. Incentives may cover up to 75% of the installation or purchase cost.

Utilities may request to recover the costs associated with carrying out the Program, including customer incentives, by filing an application with the PUCN.

(Reference Senate Bill 299, 2019, and Nevada Revised Statutes 701B.670 and 704.110)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Grant - Nevada Utilities – updated 7/1/2019

Public school districts are eligible for grants that cover 75% of the cost of an EVSE installation on school property or purchase all-electric school buses. (Reference Senate Bill 299, 2019)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation – added 9/10/2019

Beginning October 1, 2019, an individual may not park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for charging PEVs. Eligible PEVs must be in the process of charging to park in the space. A person found responsible for a violation is subject to fines. (Reference Senate Bill 428, 2019)

Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Use and Cost Recovery Authorization – added 9/10/2019

Effective October 1, 2019, the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada must adopt regulations authorizing a public utility which purchases natural gas for resale to engage in RNG activities and to recover reasonable costs associated with RNG activities that provide certain environmental benefits. RNG activities include but are not limited to, investing in or building and operating an RNG facility, extending the transmission or distribution system of a public utility, or purchasing RNG. Additionally, a public utility which purchases natural gas for resale must attempt to incorporate RNG into its gas supply portfolio. Additional terms and conditions apply. RNG is defined as processed biogas that meets quality standards to be injected into the natural gas pipeline. (Reference Senate Bill 154, 2019)

New Jersey

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Initiative – added 6/19/2019

The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, and the New Jersey Economic Development Authority signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to increase the number of ZEVs in the State and meet the State’s goal of registering 330,000 ZEVs by 2025 through involvement in the New Jersey Partnership to Plug-In (Partnership). The responsibilities of the Partnership include:

  • Mapping existing and potential locations for electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE);
  • Reviewing state- and municipal-level permit processes for the installation of EVSE and identifying best practices to streamline these processes;
  • Expanding existing efforts to educate consumers about ZEVs;
  • Evaluating strategies to finance an EVSE network;
  • Developing a rebate program to incentivize the purchase of new and used ZEVs;
  • Creating a method to track the usage of EVSE throughout the State;
  • Identifying programs and resources that can be used to attract ZEV-related companies to the State; and
  • Coordinating with other state agencies and departments to further implement the goals of the Partnership.
For more information, see the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative website.

North Carolina

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Funding – added 7/18/2019

The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality’s (DEQ) Diesel Bus and Vehicle Programs provide funding for heavy-duty on-road new diesel or alternative fuel vehicles or engine repowers and replacements, as well as off-road repowers and replacements. Both government and non-government entities that own and operate diesel fleets and equipment are eligible for funding. Vehicles and equipment that qualify for replacement or repower include:

  • Model Year (MY) 2009 or older Class 4-8 school buses, shuttle buses, and transit buses;
  • MY 1992-2009 Class 4-7 local freight trucks;
  • MY 1992-2009 Class 8 local freight trucks and port drayage trucks; and
  • Freight switchers, ferries and tugs, marine vessel shorepower, airport ground equipment, and forklifts and port cargo handling equipment.
DEQ is accepting applications through September 30, 2019. This program is funded by North Carolina’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including how to apply, see the DEQ Diesel Bus and Vehicle Programs website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Funding – added 7/18/2019

The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality’s (DEQ) Zero Emission Vehicle Direct Current (DC) Fast Charge Infrastructure Program provides funding for the purchase and installation of public access DC fast EVSE. The program will prioritize EVSE installed along specific highway corridors. DEQ is accepting applications through September 30, 2019. This program is funded by North Carolina’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including how to apply, see the DEQ DC Fast Charge Program website.

Oklahoma

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas – updated 8/6/2019

Oklahoma Natural Gas (ONG) offers rebates for the purchase or conversion of NGVs. Rebates are available for up to $5,000 for Class 1 and Class 2 vehicles and up to $10,000 for Class 3 through Class 8 vehicles. ONG also offers $5,000 toward the cost of a compressed natural gas home fueling station. Rebates are available on a first come, first served basis. For more information, see the ONG CNG Rebate Program website.

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Regulation Authorization – added 8/8/2019

Only the State of Oklahoma may enact a law or take any other action to regulate the operation of AVs in Oklahoma. An AV is defined as a vehicle equipped with automated driving system technology that allows vehicle automation to perform the entire driving task on a sustained basis. A county or municipality may not prohibit, restrict, or regulate the operation of AVs. (Reference Senate Bill 365, 2019)

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Pilot Program – added 8/8/2019

The Oklahoma Office of Mobility and Public Transit will establish rules for transit agencies to implement AV pilot programs. (Reference House Bill 1365, 2019)

Pennsylvania

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Rebate – updated 8/20/2019

The AFV Program offers rebates to assist eligible residents with the incremental cost of the purchase or lease of new AFVs, including all-electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, and propane vehicles. Eligible FCEVs must have a total purchase price not exceeding $75,000, all other eligible AFVs must have a total purchase price not exceeding $50,000. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Vehicle TypeRebate Amount
EV and FCEV$1,500
PHEV or electric motorcycle$1,000
CNG and propane vehicle$1,000
One-time preowned AFV$1,000

An additional rebate of $1,000 is available for all vehicles if an applicant meets the low-income requirement, as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Applications much be received within six months of vehicle purchase. Rebates are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis through December 31, 2019. For more information, including forms and detailed requirements and restrictions, see the AFV Rebates website.

(Reference Title 73 Pennsylvania Statutes, Chapter 18E, Section 1647.3)

Texas

Electric Equipment and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - Entergy – added 8/5/2019

Qualified Entergy customers are eligible to receive incentives in varying amounts for the purchase of select on- and off-road electric vehicles and Level 2 EVSE. For more information, including eligible technologies, see the Entergy eTech website.

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Grant Program – added 8/12/2019

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) provides funding for eligible medium- and heavy-duty on-road new diesel or alternative fuel vehicles or engine repowers and replacements, as well as for associated electric vehicle and hydrogen fueling infrastructure. Both government and non-government entities that own and operate diesel fleets and equipment are eligible for funding. This grant program is funded by Texas’ portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including how to apply, see the TCEQ Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Program website.

Vermont

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Acquisition Requirements – updated 6/19/2019

The Vermont Department of Buildings and General Services (Department) must, to the extent possible, purchase or lease HEVs or PEVs for state use. At least 50% of the vehicles purchased or leased annually must be HEVs or PEVs. Beginning July 1, 2021, at least 75% of the vehicles purchased or leased annually must be HEVs or PEVs. The Department must acquire the lowest-cost make and model that meets the State’s needs. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019, and Vermont Statutes Title 29, Chapter 49, Section 903)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Rebate - Burlington Electric Department (BED) – updated 7/9/2019

BED customers are eligible for a $1,200 rebate on the purchase or lease of a new qualifying all-electric vehicle (EV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). Moderate income customers are eligible for an additional $600 rebate for an EV or an additional $300 rebate for a PHEV. Vehicles must have a manufacturer's suggested retail price of less than $50,000 and be registered in Burlington, VT. Rebates are available through December 31, 2019. For more information, including how to apply, see the BED Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - Green Mountain Power (GMP) – updated 7/9/2019

GMP residential customers are eligible for a free Level 2 EVSE when they purchase a new all-electric vehicle. For more information about these incentives, see GMP's In-Home Level 2 EV Charger website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Green Mountain Power (GMP) – updated 7/9/2019

GMP provides rebates of $1,500 for the purchase of new all-electric vehicles, $1,000 for the purchase of new plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and $750 for the purchase of used PEVs. Customers with qualifying low and moderate household incomes are eligible for an additional $1,000 rebate. Vehicles must have a manufacturer's suggested retail price that is less than or equal to $60,000. For more information, see the GMP EV Rebate website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Analysis – updated 7/9/2019

The Vermont Public Utility Commission (Commission) completed a report that evaluated PEVs and PEV charging in the state. The Commission was to provide public notice, opportunity for submission of written comments, and one or more workshops on PEVs before the evaluation is conducted. In its report, the Commission was required to include analysis and recommendations on the following topics regarding electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) owned by electric utilities:

  • Removal of barriers to EVSE installation, including strategies to reduce operating costs for EVSE users;
  • Strategies to manage the impact of PEV charging on the electric transmission and distribution system;
  • Strategies to facilitate the services provided by PEVs to the electric transmission and distribution system;
  • Benefits and costs to the electric system of PEV charging, electric utility planning for PEV charging, and rate design for PEV charging; and
  • The role of electric utilities with respect to the deployment and operation of EVSE.
For EVSE owned or operated by non-utility entities, the Commission was also to report on its analysis and recommendations for:

  • How and when these EVSE stations will obtain electricity;
  • Safety standards for EVSE;
  • The role of the Commission and other relevant state agencies in managing these EVSE;
  • Regulations, if any, on pricing structures for EVSE, including transparency to the consumer of any rates or prices; and
  • Billing and complaint procedures for EVSE.
The Commission also was to consider:

  • Options for PEV drivers to contribute toward the cost of maintaining the State's transportation infrastructure;
  • The accuracy of electric metering and submetering technology for PEV charging;
  • Strategies to encourage PEV adoption and achieve the State's Comprehensive Energy Plan and greenhouse gas reduction goals; and
  • Any other topics that the Commission believes are relevant to fair, cost-effective, and accessible PEV charging.
The Commission published a report with its findings on June 27, 2019.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Incentive – added 6/19/2019

The Vermont Agency of Transportation will administer the PEV Incentive Program, which provides financial incentives to low- and moderate-income residents for the purchase or lease of a new PEV. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle and Emission Reduction Incentives – added 6/19/2019

The Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) will administer the High Fuel Efficiency Vehicle Incentive and Emissions Repair Program, which provides incentives to replace eligible vehicles with a used vehicle that has a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) combined city/highway fuel economy of at least 40 miles per gallon (mpg) and vouchers of up to $2,500 for the repair of vehicles that failed the on-board diagnostic (OBD) systems inspection. Eligible vehicles for replacement include those that have failed the OBD systems inspection or those that are more than 15 years old and have an EPA combined city/highway fuel economy of less than 25 mpg. Eligible vehicles for a repair voucher are those that have failed the OBD systems inspection, require repairs that are not under warranty, and will be able to pass the inspection once the repairs are made.

The Vermont Department of Labor, in consultation with VTrans and other Vermont agencies, must evaluate whether to establish the Emissions Repair Program and submit a report to the legislature regarding how to fund the program on or before February 1, 2020.

(Reference House Bill 529, 2019)

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation Requirements – added 6/19/2019

AVs may be operated on public highways for testing purposes if there is a licensed vehicle operator seated in the driver's seat monitoring the safe operation of the AV and capable of taking immediate manual control of the vehicle in the event that the automated driving system fails. Before an AV may be tested on public highways, the Vermont Traffic Committee (Committee) must approve a permit application that defines the scope of the test and demonstrates the ability of the AV tester to comply with testing requirements. An approved AV tester is required to submit a report to the Committee annually, including information about AV safety, traffic operations, interaction with roadway infrastructure, and any public comments, until testing is complete.

By January 1, 2021, the Vermont Agency of Transportation will publish an Automated Vehicle Testing Guide that includes a list of municipalities that have preapproved the testing of AVs in their jurisdictions. An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver.

(Reference Senate Bill 149, 2019, and Vermont Statutes Title 23, Chapter 41, Sections 4201-4203)

Public Utility Definition – added 6/19/2019

An entity that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge plug-in electric vehicles is not defined as a public utility and may charge for this electricity by the kilowatt-hour. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019, and Vermont Statutes Title 30, Chapter 5, Section 203)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Fee Analysis – added 6/19/2019

By December 15, 2019, the Vermont Public Utility Commission (Commission), in consultation with electric utilities, the Vermont Agency of Transportation, the Vermont Department of Public Service, and Efficiency Vermont, must submit a report to the legislature evaluating:

  • The steps necessary for electric utilities to implement a PEV charging fee;
  • A PEV charging tariff design for electric utilities with more than 17,000 customers;
  • Whether the Commission should require electric utilities to submit regular reports on PEV charging-related activities;
  • The amount of additional revenue electric utilities expect to be generated by PEVs over the next 10 years; and
  • How to address the use of net metering and net metering energy credits for PEV charging.
(Reference House Bill 529, 2019)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Fee Authorization – added 6/19/2019

Any Vermont agency or department that owns or controls EVSE may establish and set user fees. The agency or department may establish fees that are less than or equal to the cost of charging or the retail rate charged for the use of EVSE available to the public. Fees collected must be deposited into the same fund or account from which the EVSE expenses originated. This authorization expires on July 1, 2022. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019, and Vermont Statutes Title 32, Chapter 7, Section 604)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Code Reporting – added 6/19/2019

On or before December 1, 2019, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets (Agency) must submit a report to the legislature that provides an update on the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s (NIST) progress toward adopting a code on EVSE and makes a recommendation for an annual licensing fee for EVSE available to the public. If NIST has not adopted a code on EVSE by December 1, 2020, the Agency must submit an additional report on or before that date that provides an update on NIST’s progress toward adopting a code. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Incentive Analysis – added 6/19/2019

On or before October 15, 2019, the Vermont Agency of Transportation must complete a study and submit a report to the legislature determining whether to implement a rebate program for individuals to purchase or lease fuel-efficient vehicles that is funded by fees collected from individuals that purchase or lease inefficient vehicles. The report must also assess how this incentive program could function with other Vermont incentive programs to reach the plug-in electric vehicle goal in the Vermont Comprehensive Energy Plan. (Reference House Bill 529, 2019)

Wisconsin

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Fees – updated 7/24/2019

In addition to standard registration fees, all-electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $100. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $75. (Reference Wisconsin Statutes 341.25(1)(L) and Wisconsin Act 9, 2019)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - Madison Gas and Electric (MGE) – added 8/5/2019

MGE offers a time-of-use (TOU) electricity rate for customers with a PEV. For more information, see the MGE Shift & Save website.