Recent State Updates

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Alabama

Commercial Electric Vehicle Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rates - Alabama Power – added 7/22/2021

Alabama Power offers a discounted Business Electric Vehicle TOU (BEVT) rate to commercial and industrial customers to charge fleet-owned plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) or to provide electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) for the purpose of public charging. Eligible customers electricity usage must be separately metered from all other electrical load and be for the exclusive purpose of charging PEVs. For more information, see the Alabama Power BEVT rate website.

Alaska

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Credit – Chugach Electric Association (CEA) – updated 5/11/2021

CEA provides eligible residential customers a $200 bill credit per residential charger, up to two chargers per household, for sharing information on plug-in electric vehicles, EVSEs, and average miles driven per year. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CEA Electric Vehicles page.

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - Chugach Electric Association (CEA) – added 5/11/2021

CEA offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Applicant TypeRebate Amounts
Workplace$5,000 per EVSE; up to $15,000 per location
HotelUp to $2,500 per location
Fleet$1,500 per EVSE; up to $3,000 per location
Rental Car Companies at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport$1,500 per EVSE; up to $3,000 per location
Commercial$500 per EVSE; up to $1,000 per location

Fleet recipients must agree to share observations regarding the use and economy of an electric vehicle in their fleet with CEA. Workplace recipients must agree to provide information about the usage of EVSE with CEA for 36 months after installation. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CEA Electric Vehicles page.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate – Alaska Power and Telephone (AP&T) – added 5/11/2021

AP&T offers a rebate of $1,000 to residential customers who own a new or used EV, including electric motorcycles, with a minimum battery size of at least 16 kilowatts. For more information, see the AP&T Amp-Up website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Time-of-Use (TOU) Rate – Alaska Electric Light & Power (AELP) – added 5/11/2021

AELP offers a TOU rate to residential customers that own or lease PEVs with batteries greater than 16 kilowatts. For more information, see the AELP Electric Vehicle website.

Arizona

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Pilot Program - Arizona Public Service Company (APS) – added 6/11/2021

APS offers free EVSE, installation, maintenance, and educational services to its workplace, fleet, and multi-unit dwelling customers through the Take Charge AZ pilot program. For more information, including eligibility, see the Reference Take Charge AZ website.

Commercial Electrification Rebates - Salt River Project (SRP) – added 6/11/2021

SRP offers commercial customers rebates for the purchase or lease of electric forklifts, electric truck refrigeration units (TRUs) charging infrastructure, truck charging bays, electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), and custom electrification projects. Equipment must be installed between May 1, 2021 and April 30, 2022. Rebate amounts for each technology type are as follows:

TechnologyRebate Amounts
Class 1 or 2 Electric ForkliftUp to $2,000 per forklift
Electric Forklift Charger$150 per charger
Electric TRU Charger$1,000 per plug
Truck Stop and Truck Fleet Charging Bay$1,000 per bay
Level 2 EVSE$1,500 per port; up to 50 ports
Custom Electrification Project$0.10 per annual kilowatt-hour load added by each piece of medium- or heavy-duty equipment

Applicants may receive up $50,000 in rebates through the Business Solutions Electric Technology Program. For more information, including eligibility requirements, visit the Electrification Rebates website.

Commercial Electrification Assessment Incentives - Salt River Project (SRP) – added 6/11/2021

SRP offers funding to trained vendors who study electrification opportunities for commercial non-road equipment through the Electric Qualified Service Provider Assessment (eQSP) Program and on-road electrification opportunities for fleets under the Fleet Advisory Services (FAS) Program. Maximum funding amounts for each study through the eQSP and FAS Program are $10,000 and $20,000, respectively. For more information, including eligibility requirements, visit the Electrification Rebates website.

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Operation Requirements – added 6/11/2021

An AV may be operated without a driver physically present in the vehicle if a law enforcement interaction plan is submitted to the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and the Department of Public Safety. Additionally, a written statement must be submitted to ADOT acknowledging the AV meets the following requirements:

  • It is in compliance with applicable federal laws and federal motor vehicle safety standards;
  • It can achieve a minimal risk condition if the vehicle is unable to perform an intended task or exists its operational design domain;
  • It is in compliance with applicable state traffic and motor safety laws;
  • It meets all applicable certificate of title, registration, licensing, and insurance requirements.
An AV is defined as a motor vehicle that is equipped with the hardware and software that is collectively capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis.

(Reference House Bill 2813, 2021)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Salt River Project (SRP) – added 6/14/2021

SRP offers residential customers a $1,000 rebate for the purchase or lease of a PEV. For more information, including how to apply, see the SRP Drive Electric website.

California

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Inland Counties – added 5/3/2021

The Inland Counties Incentive Project, funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates in the following amounts for installations at new, replacement, or make-ready sites:

Project TypeMaximum Rebate - in disadvantaged communities (DACs)Maximum Rebate - outside DACs
Direct current (DC) fast EVSE between 50 kilowatt (kW) and 99.99 kW75% of total project costs, up to $40,00075% of total project costs, up to $30,000
DC fast EVSE greater than 100 kW75% of total project costs, up to $80,00075% of total project costs, up to $60,000
Level 2 EVSE$4,00075% of total project costs, up to $3,500
Level 2 EVSE (multi-unit dwelling)$6,000$5,500

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and applicants must reserve rebates prior to purchasing and installing EVSE. Eligible applicants include businesses, California Native American Tribes listed with the Native American Heritage Commission, or government entities. Qualifying installation sites must be located in Butte, El Dorado, Imperial, Kings, Merced, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Solano, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tulare, or Yolo County. DC fast installations must be publicly accessible 24 hours a day. Additional site requirements apply. For more information, including funding availability, see the Inland Counties Incentive Project website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Time-of-Use (TOU) Rate – Liberty Utilities – added 6/11/2021

Liberty Utilities offers residential and commercial customers TOU rates for charging PEVs. For more information, see Liberty’s Electric Vehicle Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Liberty Utilities – added 6/11/2021

Liberty Utilities offers residential customers a rebate of $1,500 and commercial customers a rebate of $2,500 for the purchase and installation of EVSE at their home or small business. For more information, see Liberty’s Electric Vehicle Program website.

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - TID – added 6/14/2021

Turlock Irrigation District (TID) offers residential customers a $500 rebate for the purchase or lease of a qualifying new or used PEV. Customers may also be eligible for a $300 rebate for the installation of a qualifying Level 2 EVSE. Low-income customers enrolled in the TID CARES Program are eligible for additional rebates of $700 per vehicle and $100 per charger. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the TID Residential Electric Vehicle Rebates and CARES Program website.

Commercial Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - TID – added 6/14/2021

Turlock Irrigation District (TID) offers commercial customers a rebate for the purchase or lease of a qualifying new or used PEV. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Vehicle CategoryRebate Amounts
Light-Duty$500
Medium-Duty$1,500
Heavy-Duty$5,000
School Bus$5,000

Customers may also be eligible for a $1,000 rebate per Level 2 EVSE. Up to ten rebates may be claimed for PEVs and EVSE per commercial account, respectively. For more information, including vehicle category details and eligibility requirements, see the TID Commercial Electric Vehicles Rebates website.

Electric Forklift Rebate - Turlock Irrigation District (TID) – added 6/14/2021

TID offers commercial customers $1,000 rebate for the purchase of a new, all-electric Class 1 or Class 2 forklift. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the TID Commercial Electric Vehicles Rebates website.

Colorado

Climate Action Plan – added 7/14/2021

The Air Quality Control Commission (Commission) must adopt rules and regulations to meet state-wide goals of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% by 2025, 50% by 2050, and 90% by 2050, compared to 2005 GHG emission levels. To develop rules and regulations, the Commission must identity and solicit input from communities that are disproportionally impacted by GHG pollution and environmental risk, such as minority, low-income, tribal, and indigenous populations. The Division of Administration of the Department of Public Health and Environment (Division) must report to the general assembly on a bi-annual basis regarding the progress towards the GHG reduction targets and make recommendation on future legislative actions to address climate change.

On January 14, 2021, the Division released the GHG Pollution Reduction Roadmap with recommendations to reduce GHG pollution in the transportation sector by 25% by 2025, 40% by 2030, and nearly 100% by 2050 to meet state-wide GHG emission targets. Recommendations include securing new revenue to fund infrastructure and incentives for electric cars, trucks, and buses and that the Colorado Energy Office develop an Electric Vehicle (EV) Equity Study to identify frontline communities who are disproportionately affected by transportation pollution or experience barriers to equitably access electric transportation.

(Reference Colorado Revised Statutes 25-7-102, 25-7-103, and 25-7-105)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Funding Authorization – updated 7/14/2021

The Colorado Community Enterprise, a government-owned business, is authorized to implement grant, loan, or rebate programs for EVSE. Funding may be issued for the following:

  • Public, workplace, transportation network company, and multi-unit dwelling EVSE installations;
  • EVSE installations for communities, including disproportionately impacted communities;
  • EVSE for medium- and heavy- duty electric vehicles (EVs) including, electrified refrigerated trailers;
  • Networks and plazas of direct current (DC fast) fast charging infrastructure; and,
  • Infrastructure needs to support the powering of hydrogen fuel cell motor vehicles.
(Reference Senate Bill 260, 2021)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Special License Plate – added 7/14/2021

The Department of Revenue must issue a special license plate for PEVs. The taxes and fees for the PEV license plates is the same as the amount as the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates. (Reference House Bill 1141, 2021)

Clean Energy Career Program – added 7/14/2021

The State Council and the Department of Natural Resources must create an industry driven energy sector career pathway for implementation before the 2022-2023 academic year. The energy sector includes occupations and activities relating to the development, installation, and maintenance of products or technologies in the areas of plug-in electric vehicles, electric vehicle supply equipment, hydrogen fuel cell technology, and renewable natural gas. (Reference House Bill 1149, 2021)

Connecticut

Hydrogen and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – updated 7/27/2021

The Connecticut Hydrogen and Electric Automobile Purchase Rebate Program (CHEAPR) offers rebates for the incremental cost of the purchase or lease of a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), all-electric vehicle (EV), or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV).

CHEAPR offers rebates of up to $9,500 for the purchase or lease a new eligible FCEV, EV, or PHEV. The manufacturer suggested retail price for new eligible vehicles may not exceed $60,000 for FCEV models and $42,000 for EV and PHEV models.

CHEAPR offers an additional rebate, Rebate Plus, for all applicants that participate in a state or federal income qualified program. Connecticut residents that participate in certain income qualified programs are also eligible to receive a rebate for the purchase or lease of a used eligible vehicle.

Rebates are offered in the following amounts:

Vehicle TypeCHEAPR StandardRebate Plus - New VehicleRebate Plus - Used Vehicle
PHEV$750$1,500$1,125
EV$2,250$2,000$3,000
FCEV$7,500$2,000$7,500

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection CHEAPR website.

(Reference House Bill 7424, 2019)

District of Columbia

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Time-Of-Use Rate – Pepco – added 7/13/2021

Pepco offers a TOU rate to residential customers that own or least PEVs with an electric range of greater than 30. For more information, see the Pepco Rates & Tariffs website.

Public Utility Definition – added 7/21/2021

A person or entity that owns or operates electric vehicle supply equipment, an electric vehicle charging station service company, or an electric vehicle charging station service provider is not defined as a public utility. (Reference District of Columbia Code 34–214)

Hawaii

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Rental Requirements – updated 7/13/2021

State and county agencies must purchase light-duty vehicles that reduce petroleum consumption. Vehicle purchasing priority is as follows:

  1. Zero-emission vehicles;
  2. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PEVs);
  3. Other alternative fuel vehicles; and
  4. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).

Exemptions may apply. State agencies must purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicle available that meets agency needs, use alternative fuels and ethanol blended gasoline when available, evaluate a purchase preference for biodiesel blends, and promote the efficient operation of vehicles. For the purpose of this requirement, an alternative fuel is defined as an alcohol fuel, an alcohol fuel blend containing at least 85% alcohol, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, biodiesel, a biodiesel blend containing at least 20% biodiesel, a fuel derived from biological materials, or electricity generated from off-board energy sources.

State employees renting a vehicle for government business must rent either PEVs or HEVs. Rental rates for PEVs and HEVs must be comparable to that of a conventional internal combustion engine vehicle equivalent.

For more information, see the Hawaii State Energy Office's Vehicle Purchasing Guidelines website. (Reference House Bill 552, 2021, House Bill 424, 2021, and Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-412 and 196-9)

Hydrogen Implementation Support – updated 7/13/2021

The Director of the Hawaii Center for Advanced Transportation Technologies serves as the state hydrogen implementation coordinator and is responsible for promoting hydrogen fuel through the establishment of hydrogen infrastructure and policies and chairs the Hawaii Hydrogen Implementation Working Group (H2IWG). H2IWG facilitates the establishment of infrastructure and policies across all state agencies with the goal of promoting the expansion of hydrogen-based energy in Hawaii. The H2IWG submitted recommendations to the state legislature in 2015. (Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 206M-23)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate Program Authorization – updated 7/13/2021

The Hawaii Public Utility Commission (PUC) is authorized to establish an EVSE rebate program. The PUC may contract with a third-party, non-government entity to administer, operate, and manage the rebate program. The EVSE rebate program may award up to $500,000 annually. The Hawaii Legislature established a special fund within the PUC to support the EVSE Rebate Program. The special fund receives $0.03 of the tax collected from each barrel of petroleum product sold by a distributor to any retail dealer or end user in Hawaii. (Reference House Bill 1142, 2021, and Hawaii Revised Statutes 269-72 and 269-73)

Propane Vehicle Rebate – Pacific Propane Gas Association (PPGA) – added 6/21/2021

PPGA offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of a new propane vehicle or propane conversion. Rebates are available until December 31, 2021, on a first-come, first-served basis. Eligible vehicles must be purchased in 2021. For more information, see the PPGA Pacific Runs on Propane website.

Transportation Electrification Loan Program – added 7/13/2021

The Green Infrastructure Special Fund offers loans and a revolving credit line of up to $50,000,000 to eligible entities for the purchase or lease of electric vehicles and the installation of electric vehicle supply equipment. Eligible entities include public, private, and non-profit borrowers. For more information, see the Hawaii Green Infrastructure Authority website. (Reference Senate Bill 932, 2021, and Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-65)

Illinois

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation – added 5/4/2021

An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for parking and charging PEVs unless the motor vehicle is a PEV. Violators may be subject to a fine of up to $100, in addition to costs associated with the removal of the vehicle from the parking spot. (Reference 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes 5/11-1308)

Indiana

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Indiana Michigan Power – added 6/10/2021

Indiana Michigan Power offers commercial, fleet, and multi-unit dwelling customers a rebate of $250 per Level 2 EVSE port installed or five years’ worth of revenue credits to apply against construction costs of new business facilities to serve newly installed EVSE. Incentives are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the Indiana Michigan Power Charge at Work in Indiana website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Production Support – added 6/10/2021

The Electric Vehicle Commission (Commission) is established to assess the PEV market and labor force in Indiana. The Commission must:

  • Evaluate PEV production facilities and capabilities;
  • Take inventory of skilled and non-skilled workers, training needs, and opportunities in the PEV industry;
  • Identify and leverage manufacturing competencies within the automotive industry to increase PEV production; and,
  • Identify opportunities for PEV related research and development industry.
The Commission must submit a report to the Indiana Economic Development Corporation by September 30, annually.

(Reference House Bill 1168, 2021)

Iowa

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – MidAmerican Energy – added 5/11/2021

MidAmerican Energy offers residential customers a rebate of $500 for the purchase or lease of a new PEV. For more information, see the MidAmerican Energy Electric Vehicle Rebates website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – MidAmerican Energy – added 5/11/2021

MidAmerican energy offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of Level 2 EVSE for workplace charging. For more information, see the MidAmerican Energy Electric Vehicle Rebates website.

Kansas

Flex Fuel Grant Program - Kansas Corn Commission (KCC) – added 6/14/2021

KCC offers fuel retailers grants to cover the cost of upgrading refueling stations to accommodate flex fuel dispensers. The maximum grants are available in the following amounts:

Ethanol Blend OfferedMaximum GrantEligible Equipment
E15$2,500 per pump; up to $50,000 per locationDispensers and hanging hardware, and signage and marketing materials
Multiple blends (e.g., E15, E30) and E85 $25,000 per blender pump; up to $75,000 per locationDispensers (minimum UL 87A E25) and hanging hardware

For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the KCC Flex Fuel Pump Grant Program website.

Maryland

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) New Construction Requirement – added 7/13/2021

Builders must provide buyers the option to include a Level 2 EVSE or electric pre-wiring to support a Level 2 EVSE in all new homes which include a garage, carport, or driveway. The builder must provide buyers with notice of EVSE make-ready options and information about all available rebate programs for EVSE purchase and installation. (Reference House Bill 784, 2021)

Zero Emission Bus Acquisition Requirement – added 7/13/2021

Beginning in 2023 the Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) may only purchase zero emission buses for the state transit bus fleet. If the MTA determines that there are no zero emission buses that meet performance requirements, an alternative fuel bus may be purchased instead. The MTA must also develop charging infrastructure to support zero emission buses throughout the state and submit an annual report to the legislature beginning on January 1, 2022. (Reference Senate Bill 137, 2021)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Associations – added 7/13/2021

Homeowner associations or condominium associations may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EVSE in a homeowner’s designated parking space. Associations may put reasonable restrictions on EVSE, but the association must treat EVSE installation in the same manner as any unit architectural modification. Residents are required to comply with all relevant building codes and safety standards and engage a licensed EVSE contractor. The residential EVSE owner is responsible for the cost of the installation, operation, maintenance, repair, insurance, removal, or replacement of the station, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE or surrounding area. (Reference House Bill 0110, 2021, and Senate Bill 0144, 2021)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Financial Impact Analysis – added 7/13/2021

The Maryland Energy Administration and the Maryland Department of Transportation must submit a report to the legislature that examines the fiscal impact of ZEVs registered in Maryland and a survey of measures enacted by other states or jurisdictions to minimize the impacts of ZEVs on state transportation funds. (Reference House Bill 44, 2021)

Massachusetts

State Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Deployment Requirements – added 6/8/2021

Effective July 1, 2021, all Massachusetts executive branch agencies and public institutions of higher education must collectively work to meet the following targets, to the extent feasible:

Acquire ZEVs so that the total state fleet consists of:

  • 5% ZEVs in 2025;
  • 20% ZEVs in 2030;
  • 75% ZEVs in 2040; and
  • 100% ZEVs in 2050
Starting in the following years, all listed vehicle acquisitions must be ZEVs:
  • Fiscal year (FY) 2023, all vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 8,500 pounds (lbs.) or less.
  • FY 2025, all vehicles with a GVWR of 14,000 lbs. or less.
  • FY 2030, all vehicles with a GVWR of 14,000 lbs. or more.
Increase the total number of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) on state properties to:
  • 350 EVSE in 2025; and
  • 500 EVSE in 2030.
All agencies must assess and implement strategies to reduce vehicle fossil fuel use to the greatest extent feasible, including, but not limited to, acquiring the most fuel-efficient and appropriately-sized vehicle models, conducting fleet optimization evaluations, identifying opportunities to reduce vehicle miles traveled, and educating employees on efficient driving practices. Additionally, agencies must prioritize vehicle deployment at facilities located in environmental justice communities.

Police vehicles are exempt from these requirements, but public safety agencies are encouraged to meet these requirements as long as vehicles meet operational needs.

Additional conditions apply. For more information, see the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources Leading by Example Program website.

(Reference Executive Order 594, 2021)

Biodiesel Use Requirement – added 6/8/2021

All agencies that purchase and store diesel fuel at their own facilities as of July 1, 2021, must purchase and use a biodiesel blend that contains at least 5% biodiesel (B5) in any diesel-powered vehicle owned or operated by the state. To the highest level practical, agencies must identify opportunities to increase the biodiesel portion of vehicle fuel consumed. Agencies may be exempt from this requirement if biodiesel is not readily available, cost-prohibitive, or if a specific performance constraint is identified. (Reference Executive Order 594, 2021)

Diesel Emissions Reductions Grants – added 6/11/2021

The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) provides U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) funding for projects that reduce diesel emissions in Massachusetts. Funding for eligible project costs is available for local or state agencies and public colleges and universities that reduce diesel emissions by converting engines to alternative fuels, retrofitting exhaust controls, purchasing new vehicles, or adding idle reduction equipment. MassDEP prioritizes projects that benefit environmental justice communities. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including funding amounts and how to apply, see the MassDEP Apply for a DERA Open Solicitation Grant website.

Michigan

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates – Consumers Energy – added 7/13/2021

The Consumers Energy PowerMIFleet pilot program offers rebates to commercial and government customers for the purchase and installation of EVSE. To be eligible, applicants must provide proof of purchase or lease of at least one plug-in electric fleet vehicle, dedicate one parking space per EVSE port, and provide EVSE charging data to Consumers Energy for the duration of the pilot program. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

EVSE TechnologyFleet-Use OnlyPublicly Accessible
Level 2Up to $5,000 per dual port EVSE; up to $50,000 per siteUp to $50,000 per dual port EVSE; up to $50,000 per site
Direct Current (DC) FastUp to $35,000 per EVSEUp to $70,000 per EVSE

Rebate amounts may not exceed total project cost and are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the Consumers Energy PowerMIFleet website.

Montana

Carbon Penalty Prohibition – added 6/11/2021

Local governments are prohibited from imposing penalties, fees, or taxes on carbon or carbon use, including but not limited to the carbon content of fuels or electricity in the transportation sector. (Reference Senate Bill 257, 2021)

Public Utility Definition – added 6/11/2021

An entity that operates electric vehicle supply equipment is not defined as a public utility. Reference Montana Code Annotated 69-8-803)

Nevada

Low-Level Ethanol Blend Support – added 7/13/2021

Regulations adopted by the State Board of Agriculture (Board) must allow the sale of motor vehicle fuel containing no more than 15% ethanol (E15) by volume. The Board must adopt rules governing the sale of E15 by July 2022. (Reference Nevada Assembly Bill 411, 2021)

Transportation Electrification Investment Authorization – added 7/13/2021

Utilities must file a plan to accelerate transportation electrification in Nevada with the Public Utilities Commission by September 1, 2021. Two or more utilities that share common ownership or transmission systems must include a plan to allocate up to $100,000,000 on transportation electrification. Plans must be designed to accelerate transportation electrification between January 1, 2022, and December 31, 2024. All plans must include:

  • An Interstate Corridor Charging Depot Program to increase the availability of public charging infrastructure along state highways and support tourism;
  • An Urban Charging Depot Program to help customers that are unable to charge vehicles at home or work;
  • A Public Agency Electric Vehicle Charging Program to serve the public, workplace, and government fleet charging needs;
  • A Transit, School Bus, and Transportation Electrification Custom Program to serve the needs of transit agencies, public schools, planning organizations, and commercial entities; and,
  • An Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Program to support tourism and outdoor recreation entities.

(Reference Senate Bill 448, 2021)

Public Utility Definition – added 7/21/2021

A person who owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to charge electric vehicles is not defined as a public utility. (Reference Nevada Code 704.021)

New Jersey

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Condominiums – added 5/10/2021

Condominium associations may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EVSE in a homeowner’s designated parking space. Condominium associations may put reasonable restrictions on EVSE, but the policies may not significantly increase the cost of the EVSE or prohibit installation. Homeowners must comply with applicable health and safety codes and architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, and provide a certificate of insurance. The homeowner is responsible for the cost of the installation, operation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the station in their parking space, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE or surrounding area. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 45:22A-43)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installation Policies – added 5/10/2021

A developer of a single-family residence that includes a designated parking space must offer to install an EVSE at the residence of the prospective owner unless the installation of EVSE is already included in the sale of the unit. The New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, and New Jersey Board of Public Utilities must provide information to developers and prospective owners on the environmental benefits and potential energy cost savings associated with EVSE, and available incentives. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 52:27D-141.11)

New Mexico

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Powering New Mexico (PNM) – added 7/23/2021

PNM offers residential customers a $300 rebate for the purchase of a Level 2 ENERGY STAR certified EVSE. Customers that purchase a qualified EVSE may also be eligible for an additional electrical panel upgrade rebate of up to $1,000. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PNM EV Discounts and Rebates website.

New York

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Rebate and ZEV Fueling Infrastructure Grant for Municipalities – updated 6/11/2021

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's (NYSDEC) Municipal ZEV Program offers rebates to cities, towns, villages, counties, and New York City boroughs for the purchase or lease of eligible ZEVs and grants for purchase and installation of eligible ZEV fueling infrastructure. To qualify, ZEVs must be purchased or leased on or after March 1, 2020, at a dealership within the state, and leases must be at least 36 months in length. ZEV fueling infrastructure must be installed primarily for public use. Maximum rebate and grant amounts are as follows:

Maximum Rebate Amount
ZEV Purchase or Lease$7,500 per vehicle (200 miles or greater electric range); $5,000 per vehicle (101-200-mile electric range); $2,500 per vehicle (50-100-mile electric range)
ZEV Infrastructure$250,000 per location

A municipality may apply for multiple ZEV rebates, up to $150,000, and multiple ZEV infrastructure grants, up to $500,000 per ZEV infrastructure grants. A single municipality may receive up to 50% of the total available funds towards ZEVs and infrastructure. All equipment expenses must be incurred on June 1, 2020, or later. Additional rules and conditions apply.

Rebates are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis, until all funds are exhausted, or October 29, 2021, whichever comes first.

For more information, including eligible projects and application periods, see the NYSDEC Grant Funding for Municipalities website.

North Carolina

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate and Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - Roanoke Electric Cooperative – added 6/11/2021

Roanoke Electric Cooperative offers member a TOU rate to charge PEVs during non-peak hours. Members pay a flat fee of $50 per month for a Level 2 charging station and up to 450kW of electricity. In addition to the discounted rate, the first 10 participants will receive a $1,000 rebate. For more information, see the EV Program website.

North Dakota

Idle Reduction Weight Exemption – added 7/6/2021

Any motor vehicle equipped with qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the state gross, axle, tandem, or bridge weight limits by up to 550 pounds to account for the weight of the technology. The additional weight may not exceed the actual weight of the idle reduction unit. To qualify for the exemption, the vehicle operator must also be able to prove the weight of the idle reduction technology and demonstrate that the technology is fully functional. For more information, see the North Dakota Highway Patrol Legal Vehicle Size and Weight Guide. (Reference North Dakota Century Code 39-12-01).

Oregon

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Rebate – updated 7/13/2021

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Program provides rebates to Oregon residents, businesses, non-profit organizations, and government agencies for the purchase or lease of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) or plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). New PEVs with a battery capacity greater than 10 kilowatt-hours (kWh) are eligible for a rebate of $2,500 and new PEVs with a battery capacity of less than 10 kWh are eligible for a rebate of $1,500.

New zero-emission electric motorcycles are eligible for a rebate of $750. Eligible PEVs may not have an MSRP of more than $50,000 and eligible FCEVs may not have an MSRP of more than $60,000. For more information, see the Clean Vehicle Rebate Program website.

(Reference House Bill 2165, 2021, and Oregon Revised Statutes 468.148-468.157)

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE) – added 5/11/2021

PGE offers commercial customers rebates for the installation of Level 2 EVSE. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

LocationMaximum Rebate Amount per Port
Workplace$500
Multifamily Property$2,300

For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Business Electric Vehicle Charging Rebates website.

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE) – added 5/11/2021

PGE offers residential customers a rebate of $500 for the purchase of a Level 2 EVSE. Customers that earn up to 80% median income for their household size are eligible for a rebate of $1,000. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Home EV Charging Rebates website.

Propane Vehicle Rebate – Pacific Propane Gas Association (PPGA) – added 6/21/2021

PPGA offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of a new propane vehicle or propane conversion. Rebates are available until December 31, 2021, on a first-come, first-served basis. Eligible vehicles must be purchased in 2021. For more information, see the PPGA Pacific Runs on Propane website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – added 7/13/2021

The Charge Ahead Rebate Program offers low- and medium-income Oregon residents a rebate of up to $5,000 for the purchase or lease of a new or used PEV. Qualifying residents are considered households with income levels that do not exceed 400% of the federal poverty line. For more information, see the Charge Ahead Rebate Program website. (Reference House Bill 2165, 2021, and Oregon Revised Statutes 468.148-468.157)

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Grant – Consumers Power Inc. (CPI) – added 7/13/2021

CPI offers commercial customers a grant for 50% of the cost of a Level 2 EVSE, up to $5,000 per unit, and 50% of the cost for a direct current fast (DC Fast) EVSE, up to $20,00 per site. Customers may receive up to $10,000 per year for Level 2 EVSE and up to $20,000 per year for DC Fast EVSE. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CPI Commercial Electric Vehicle Charger Grant website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate – Consumers Power Inc. (CPI) – added 7/13/2021

CPI offers customers a $50 rebate, in the form of a bill credit, for qualifying EVSE installed after April 1, 2020. For more information, including eligibility requirements and qualifying EVSE, see the CPI Electric Vehicle Charger Rebate website.

Fleet Electrification Support – Portland General Electric (PGE) – added 7/13/2021

The PGE Fleet Partner Program offers commercial customers a fleet analysis, recommendations for electrification infrastructure, and a custom incentive and turnkey design for electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) siting and installation. For more information, see the PGE Fleet Partner Program website.

Low-Level Ethanol Blend Support – added 7/23/2021

Fuel wholesale, retail, and nonretail dealers may not sell gasoline fuel unless the fuel contains at least 10% denatured ethanol by volume. The Oregon Department of Agriculture must adopt standards for gasoline blended with denatured ethanol that meet ASTM D4806 specifications. (Reference House Bill 3051, 2021)

Rhode Island

Climate Change Action Plan – added 6/14/2021

The Rhode Island Executive Climate Change Coordinating Council must develop a plan for an equitable transition to net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050. The plan must includer environmental justice considerations and strategies to reduce GHG emissions in the transportation sector. The plan must be submitted to the governor and general assembly no later than December 31, 2025, and every 5 years thereafter. (Reference Rhode Island House Bill 5445, 2021)

Public Utility Definition – added 7/21/2021

A company that provides alternative fuel or energy sources for use as a motor vehicle fuel or energy source is not defined as a public utility. (Reference Rhode Island Code 39-1-2)

South Carolina

Plug-in Electric (PEV) Vehicle Charging Rebate - Duke Energy – added 6/14/2021

Duke Energy offers residential customers a rebate of up to $1,000 for participating in a managed charging program for PEVs. For more information, visit the Duke Energy Electric Vehicles website.

Tennessee

Commercial Time-of-Use Rate (TOU) – Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) – added 7/14/2021

TVA offers a commercial TOU rate for customers with direct current fast (DC fast) charger electric vehicle supply equipment. TOU rates are available through TVA Local Power Company partners. For more information on eligible power companies, see TVA's Local Power Company Partners page.

Texas

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rate Incentives - CPS Energy – added 6/14/2021

CPS Energy offers a time-of-use (TOU) rate for residential customers with PEVs. CPS also offers a $250 bill credit to residential customers who allow CPS to make remote adjustments to their Level 2 electric vehicle supply equipment when the demand for energy is high. For more information, visit the CPS FlexEV Rewards website.

Virginia

State Energy Plan – updated 5/11/2021

The Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) is responsible for creating the Virginia Energy Plan (Plan) to assess the commonwealth's primary energy sources and recommends actions to meet state energy goals. The Plan must include policies to promote alternative fuel use, transportation electrification, efficient driving techniques, and reducing vehicle miles traveled. The Plan must assess statewide EV charging infrastructure and consider the impact of statewide policies, electric vehicle (EV) market projections, and statewide EV registration data to support the state’s 2045 net-zero carbon target in the transportation sector. The DMME must submit the Plan to the governor, the State Corporation Commission, and the General Assembly by October 1 of each year following the election of a new governor. For more information, see the Virginia Energy Plan website.

(Reference Senate Bill 1223, 2021, and Virginia Code 67-101 and 67-102)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Grant Authorization – added 5/11/2021

Local governments are authorized to establish a green bank to promote investment in clean energy technologies, including alternative fuel vehicles and related infrastructure. (Reference House Bill 1919, 2021)

Transportation Electrification Study – added 5/11/2021

The State Corporation Commission (Commission) must propose policies to govern public, investor-owned electric utility programs and accelerate widespread transportation electrification in Virginia. The Commission must evaluate:

  • Utility and public investments that complement private efforts to deploy electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), focusing on low-income, minority, and rural communities;
  • Smart growth policies that can advance transportation electrification; and,
  • Utility actions that can facilitate EVSE deployment and transportation electrification.
The report must address how transportation electrification will impact ratepayers, grid management, renewable energy development, and vehicle charging costs. The Commission must publish the report by May 1, 2022.

(Reference House Bill 2282, 2021)

Utility Electrification Investment Recovery Requirement – added 5/11/2021

Beginning July 1, 2021, costs incurred by investor-owned electric utilities associated with investments in transportation electrification may only be recovered through the utility’s rates for electricity generation and distribution. (Reference House Bill 2282, 2021)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Residential Rebate – Dominion Energy – added 6/21/2021

Dominion Energy offers residential customers a rebate of $125 for the purchase of a new Level 2 EVSE. To be eligible, customers must enroll in Dominion Energy’s demand response program and register their EVSE on or after March 1, 2021. Customers will also receive an annual payment of $40 on the anniversary of their enrollment in the demand response program. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements, see the Dominion Energy EV Charger Rewards website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) New Construction and Building Renovation Requirement – added 7/23/2021

Any executive branch agency or institution designing new building construction of more than 5,000 square feet, or a renovation that costs more than 50% of the value of the building, must include EVSE infrastructure. EVSE infrastructure must be sufficient to support charging for every centralized fleet vehicle based at that building. (Reference Virginia Code 2.2-1183 and 2.2-1183)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Infrastructure New Building Requirement for Localities – added 7/23/2021

Any locality designing new building construction of more than 5,000 square feet, or a renovation that costs more than 50% of the value of the building, must include sufficient ZEV charging and fueling infrastructure. The building must be capable of supporting projected ZEV charging and fueling demand over the first 10 years following building occupancy. Alternatively, the building must earn a ZEV or electric vehicle charging credit from the Virginia Energy Conservation and Environmental Standards (VEES), the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building rating standard, or the Green Building Initiative's Green Globes building standard. (Reference Virginia Code 15.2-1804.1)

Washington

Electric Drive Vehicle Fee – updated 6/14/2021

All-electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $150 in addition to standard registration fees. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles with an all-electric range of at least 30 miles are subject to a fee of $75. Hybrid electric vehicles are subject to a fee of $75. (Reference Revised Code of Washington 46.17.323-324)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Signage and Parking Regulations – updated 6/14/2021

A public PEV charging station is defined as a public parking space that is served by charging equipment. Public PEV charging stations must have vertical signage that identifies the station and indicates that it is only for PEV charging. The signage must be consistent with the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration's Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.

By 2023, all public PEV charging stations must also display all charges and fees associated with operation. Any person who parks a vehicle in a public PEV charging station parking space and does not connect to the equipment is subject to a fine of $124.

By 2023, the Department of Agriculture must adopt rules requiring electric vehicle service providers (EVSP) to meet interoperability standards and offer multiple payment methods at public PEV charging stations. EVSPs must report inventory and payment information to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory annually. EVSE installed before January 1, 2024 are exempt from the rules until January 1, 2034.

(Reference House Bill 1287, 2021, Senate Bill 5192, 2021, and Revised Code of Washington 46.08.185)

Low Carbon Fuel Standard – added 5/4/2021

The Washington Department of Ecology will develop rules to establish a Clean Fuels Program (Program) that reduces the overall carbon intensity of transportation fuels used in the state by 20% below 2017 levels by 2035. The Program standards must be based on the carbon intensity of gasoline, gasoline substitutes, diesel, and diesel substitutes. The Program must go into effect no later than January 1, 2023. (Reference House Bill 1091, 2021)

Support for Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) – added 6/11/2021

The Department of Commerce must develop and maintain a publicly available mapping and forecasting tool that locates and provides information on electric vehicle charging and refueling infrastructure. Electric utilities with more than 25,000 customers must analyze how their resource plans support and account for anticipated levels of ZEV use, relevant infrastructure forecasts and associated energy impacts, and information from the utilities' transportation electrification plans. (Reference House Bill 1287, 2021)

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Tax Exemption – added 6/14/2021

Beginning July 1, 2022, 50% of the retail sales and state use tax of 6.5% does not apply to the sale or lease of the first 650 new FCEV passenger vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles powered by fuel cells. Additionally, all used FCEV sales and leases are exempt from the tax. The FCEV exemption may not be combined with the Retail Sales and Use tax Exemption (Reference Senate Bill 5000, 2021)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Snohomish Public Utility District – added 6/14/2021

Snohomish Public Utility District offers residential customers a $500 rebate for the purchase and installation of qualified Level 2 EVSE. For more information, see the PUD Electric Vehicle website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive – Clark Public Utilities (CPU) – updated 6/14/2021

CPU offers customers rebates for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Eligible CustomersEVSE TypeRebate Amount
ResidentialNon-ENERGY STAR certified; No Wi-Fi connection$100
Residential, Commercial, and IndustrialENERGY STAR certified; Wi-Fi enabled $500
For more information, including funding availability, see the CPU Electric Vehicle Program website.

Used Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate – Clark Public Utilities (CPU) – updated 6/14/2021

CPU offers rebates to low-income customers for the purchase of a used EV. EVs must be $20,000 or less in value and must be registered in Clark County. For more information, see the CPU Electric Vehicle Program website.

Public Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive – Clark Public Utilities (CPU) – added 6/14/2021

CPU offers limited grants to install publicly accessible EVSE in Clark County. Rebates of up to 50% of the project costs are available to municipalities, local government agencies, and non-profits in Clark County. For more information, see the CPU Electric Vehicle Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Fees – added 6/14/2021

EVSE ports are subject to the following annual registration fees:

  • $20 per Level 2 port
  • $40 per Direct Current (DC) Fast port
The Department of Agriculture may adopt additional registration fees and consider differential fees for electric vehicle service providers operating less than 25 public EVSEs in Washington.

EVSE found to be an economic detriment to the customer may be subject to a $200 penalty for the first violation, and $400 penalty for the second violation.

(Reference SenateBill 5192, 2021)

Propane Vehicle Rebate – Pacific Propane Gas Association (PPGA) – added 6/21/2021

PPGA offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of a new propane vehicle or propane conversion. Rebates are available until December 31, 2021, on a first-come, first-served basis. Eligible vehicles must be purchased in 2021. For more information, see the PPGA Pacific Runs on Propane website.