Recent State Updates

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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California

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption – updated 12/27/2022

Compressed natural gas, hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. Purple stickers expire January 1, 2023; orange stickers expire January 1, 2024; blue stickers expire January 1, 2025; and yellow stickers expire September 30, 2025.

Residents with an annual income at or below 80% of California’s median income level may participate in the Income-Based CAV (IB-CAV) Decal Program, which allows used vehicles with previously issued CAV decals to retain eligibility for a CAV decal. IB-CAV decals are valid through January 1, 2024. Additional requirements apply.

The California Department of Transportation must publish a report by June 1, 2023, detailing the number of stickers issued under this program. Vehicles originally issued white, green, or red decals are no longer eligible to participate in this program. Vehicles with stickers are also eligible for reduced rates on or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. For more information and restrictions, including a list of qualifying vehicles and additional eligibility requirements, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Stickers website.

(Reference California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)

California’s National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning – updated 11/16/2022

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the California Department of Transportation to submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office by August 1, 2022, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. Plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.

For more information about California’s NEVI planning process, see the California Energy Commission NEVI website. For more information about California’s NEVI plan, see the Joint Office’s State Plans for EV Charging website.

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Exemption – added 1/9/2023

Vehicles purchased using a grant from the Clean Cars 4 All Program are exempt from sales tax. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference Senate Bill 1382, 2022 and California Revenue and Taxation Code 6368.2)

Zero Emission Transportation System Support – added 1/9/2023

Private, nonprofit entities that provide services to zero emission transportation may enter into a joint power agreement with a public agency to facilitate the development of a zero-emission transportation system. The system must reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce vehicle congestion and vehicle miles traveled, and improve public transit options.

(Reference Senate Bill 1226, 2022)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates – PG&E – added 1/9/2023

Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) offers residential customers rebates of up to $500 for a Level 2 EV charging station and $2,000 for electric panel upgrades necessary to support the EV charging station. Eligible participants must meet household income requirements. For more information, including income thresholds, see the PG&E Empower EV Program website.

Colorado

Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Black Hills Energy – updated 11/17/2022

Black Hills Energy offers residential customers a $500 rebate for the purchase and installation of a Level 2 EV charging station. Low-income residents are eligible for a rebate of up to $1,300. For more information, including application details, see the Residential Rebate website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate – Black Hills Energy – added 11/17/2022

Black Hills Energy offers TOU rates to commercial customers that operate EV charging stations. For more information, see the Black Hills Energy Ready EV website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Adoption Support – added 1/6/2023

Beginning July 1, 2021, the Colorado Energy Office and Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDHPE) must publish an annual report detailing the progress made toward meeting the EV adoption goals established in the Colorado EV Plan 2020 and the transportation greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals set in the Colorado Greenhouse Gas Pollution Reduction Roadmap. For more information, including the annual report, see the CDPHE Clean Fleet Enterprise website.

(Reference Colorado Revised Statutes 24-38.5-110)

Fleet Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Technology Grants – added 1/27/2023

The Clean Fleet Vehicle and Technology Grant Program, administered by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) through the Clean Fleet Enterprise, offers grants to business and government fleets for the purchase of new AFVs or the conversion of existing fleet vehicles to operate on alternative fuels. Eligible projects include light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles, and eligible alternative fuels include electricity, hydrogen, and compressed natural gas. Incentive amounts vary based on vehicle technology and gross vehicle weight rating. For more information, including additional eligibility criteria, see the CDPHE Clean Fleet Enterprise website and the Clean Fleet Vehicle Technology Grant Program guide.

Connecticut

Diesel Emissions Reductions Grants – added 12/23/2022

The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) provides U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) funding for projects that reduce diesel emissions in Connecticut. Funding for eligible project costs is available for government agencies organizations, and businesses that reduce diesel emissions by converting engines to alternative fuels, retrofitting exhaust controls, purchasing new vehicles, or adding idle reduction equipment. DEEP prioritizes projects that benefit environmental justice communities. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including funding amounts and how to apply, see the DEEP DERA Grants website.

District of Columbia

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Acquisition Requirement – added 12/13/2022

Beginning January 1, 2026, the District of Columbia government may only purchase or lease ZEVs when procuring fleet vehicles. Internal combustion engine vehicles that do not have readily available ZEV-equivalent models are exempt from this requirement.

(Reference Council Bill 240267, 2022)

Florida

Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates - Duke Energy – updated 11/22/2022

Duke Energy offers rebates to commercial customers for the installation of Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Rebate amounts vary by EV charging station technology and applicant type. Eligible applicants may receive up to 10 rebates per location. For more information, including rebate amounts, see the Duke Energy Commercial Charger Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Credit - Duke Energy – added 11/22/2022

Duke Energy offers a $10 monthly credit to residential customers who charge EVs during off-peak hours. Eligible customers must have a Level 2 EV charging station. Participation is limited and available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the Duke Energy Off-Peak Charging Credit website.

Illinois

Hydrogen Development Support – added 11/10/2022

The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity must convene a Hydrogen Economy Task Force (Task Force). The Task Force must:

  • Establish a plan to create, support, develop, or partner with a Hydrogen Hub (Hub) in Illinois, and determine how to maximize federal financial incentives to support Hub development;

  • Identify opportunities to integrate hydrogen in the transportation, energy, industrial, agricultural, and other sectors;

  • Identify barriers to the widespread development of hydrogen, including within environmental justice communities; and,

  • Recommend government policies to catalyze the deployment of hydrogen in Illinois.

The Task Force must publish a report of its activities, findings, and recommendations by December 1, 2022.

(Reference Public Act 102-1086)

Utility Electric Vehicle (EV) Program Development Requirements – added 1/27/2023

The Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) must convene a workshop to collect input for the design of utility beneficial electrification programs. The workshop must evaluate barriers, incentives, rate structures, investment opportunities, and other considerations for facilitating EV adoption. In March 2022, ICC published a report on workshop findings and recommendations for utility transportation electrification investments and incentives.

By July 1, 2022, electric utilities serving more than 500,000 customers must file a beneficial electrification plan with the ICC. Utility filings must take into consideration the ICC workshop report. The ICC must review and approve proposals by March 28, 2023. For more information, see the ICC Beneficial Electrification Workshops website.

(Reference Senate Bill 2940, 2022 and 20 Illinois Compiled Statutes 627/45)

Indiana

Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Duke Energy – added 11/22/2022

Duke Energy offers rebates of up to $500 to commercial customers for the installation of Level 2 EV charging stations at workplaces, multi-unit dwellings, fleets, or publicly available locations. For more information, including application requirements and rebate amounts, see the Duke Energy Commercial Charger Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rental Program – Duke Energy – added 11/22/2022

Duke Energy allows residential and commercial customers to rent Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations for a flat rate each month. For more information, see the Duke Energy EV Programs website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Deployment Impact Assessment – added 12/13/2022

The Indiana 21st Century Energy Policy Development Taskforce (Taskforce) explores the impacts that fuel transitions and emerging technologies have on the Indiana electric grid. The Taskforce must, among other things, evaluate the impact of EV deployment on the electric grid capacity and reliability as well as EV charging station ownership and responsibility. The Taskforce published a report of their findings and recommendations in October 2022.

(Reference Indiana Code 2-5-45.1)

Iowa

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates - Iowa Association of Electric Cooperatives (IAEC) – added 12/9/2022

Members of IAEC may offer rebates to residential and commercial customers for the installation of qualifying Level 2 EV charging stations. Local cooperatives that may currently offer these incentives include:

  • Allamakee-Clayton Electric Cooperative
  • Butler County Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Calhoun County Electric Cooperative Association
  • Consumers Energy
  • Eastern Iowa Light & Power Cooperative
  • Farmers Electric Cooperative
  • Franklin Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Guthrie County Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Harrison County Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Iowa Lakes Electric Cooperative
  • Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Maquoketa Valley Electric Cooperative
  • Midland Power Cooperative
  • MiEnergy Cooperative
  • Pella Cooperative Electric Association
  • Prairie Energy Cooperative
  • Raccoon Valley Electric Cooperative
  • Southwest Iowa Rural Electric Cooperative
  • T.I.P. Rural Electric Cooperative
  • Western Iowa Power Cooperative

For more information, including a full list of member cooperatives and available incentives, see the IAEC website.

Maryland

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Workplace Rebate – Pepco – added 12/13/2022

Pepco offers a rebate to workplaces for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EV charging stations. Rebate awards are up to $5,000 per port, and $30,000 per property. Eligible applicants include small businesses and nonprofit organizations. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements, see the Pepco Workplace Charger Rebate Program website.

Massachusetts

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Rebate Program Authorization – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) must establish a rebate program for the purchase or lease of ZEVs. Rebates between $3,500 and $5,000 must be available for the purchase or lease of new or pre-owned light-duty ZEVs. Eligible light-duty ZEVs may not have a purchase price above $55,000. DOER must also offer a rebate of at least $4,500 for the purchase or lease of medium- or heavy-duty ZEVs or for the trade-in of a light-duty internal combustion engine vehicle for the purchase of a light-duty ZEV. DOER must offer low-income residents an additional rebate of $1,500. Eligible applicants include residents, corporate fleets, and tribal entities.

DOER must publish rebate program data annually and assess program effectiveness in reducing greenhouse gas emissions on a triennial basis. DOER may promulgate regulations to ensure effective program implementation. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022 and Chapter 25A, Section 19)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Deployment Support – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs must facilitate an intergovernmental coordinating council (Council) to develop and implement an EV charging station deployment plan for the creation of an equitable, interconnected, accessible, and reliable EV charging network. The deployment plan must:

  • Comply with state emission reduction requirements;
  • Meet existing EV and EV charging station deployment benchmarks;
  • Facilitate ending the sale of non-zero emission vehicles by December 31, 2035; and,
  • Advance the accessibility and affordability of EV charging stations.

The deployment plan must also assess:

  • The present and future condition of transportation electrification;
  • The number and type of EV charging stations needed on public and private property;
  • Opportunities for EV charging stations in urban, suburban, rural, and low- and moderate-income areas;
  • The distribution, transmission, and energy storage infrastructure and technology needed to support EV charging station deployment;
  • Present and future costs of EV charging station deployment;
  • Technological advancements in EV charging stations and related infrastructure;
  • Maintenance strategies for EV charging stations;
  • EV charging station installation recommendations and best practices for public and private sector officials; and,
  • Policies, laws, and regulatory actions that may facilitate the deployment of charging stations and related infrastructure.

The Council must publish the deployment plan by August 11, 2023, and revise the plan biannually.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Guide – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) must develop a guide and website to provide information about the costs and availability of EVs. MassCEC must also publish EV market projections by August 11, 2023, and update them annually.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Public Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Evaluation and Deployment – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) must review and analyze EV charging station operation problems and challenges at service plazas located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, in commuter rail station parking lots, and in subway station parking lots that occurred between July 1, 2021, and June 30, 2022. The analysis must include:

  • A record of charging station service outages by location;
  • Maintenance and repair service records;
  • Software or hardware malfunctions that contributed to excessive equipment downtime;
  • Recommendations to address EV charging station malfunctions and minimize downtime; and,
  • Recommendations for effective future deployment of EV charging infrastructure.

The analysis must be complete by February 7, 2023. Additionally, by July 1, 2023, MassDOT, MBTA, and regional transit authorities must establish provisions for the installation and maintenance of public EV charging stations at the following locations:

  • All service plazas located on the Massachusetts Turnpike;
  • A minimum of five commuter rail station parking lots;
  • A minimum of five subway station parking lots; and,
  • A minimum of one ferry terminal parking lot.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Public Utility Electric Vehicle (EV) Off-Peak Rebate Proposal Requirements – added 11/11/2022

By February 11, 2023, public electric utilities must submit proposals to offer rebates to customers that charge their EVs during off-peak hours to the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU). Proposed rebate amounts must be based on the following:

  • Avoided energy, capacity, transmission, and distribution costs;
  • Improved grid reliability;
  • Demand-induced price reduction effects; and,
  • Avoided greenhouse gas emissions and public health benefits.

DPU must review and approve rebate proposals by June 30, 2023.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Vehicle Registration Database – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT), in collaboration with other state agencies, must create and maintain a database of vehicle registrations in the Commonwealth. The database must contain the total number of registrations for:

  • Passenger fossil fuel-powered vehicles;
  • Passenger hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs);
  • Passenger zero emission vehicles (ZEVs);
  • Commercial fossil fuel-powered vehicles;
  • Commercial HEVs; and,
  • Commercial ZEVs.

The database must also track the annual number of vehicle miles traveled per vehicle type. Beginning January 1, 2035, MassDOT must update the database and publish a data summary report annually.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Transportation Network Company (TNC) Emission Reduction Requirements – added 11/11/2022

By October 1, 2023, the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities TNC Division must promulgate requirements for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and vehicle electrification for TNCs. As part of these requirements, TNCs must submit biennial plans to increase zero emission vehicles and reduce GHG emissions to meet state emission reduction goals. The promulgated requirements must be in effect by April 1, 2024. The TNC Division must minimize any adverse impacts the requirements may have on drivers from low- and moderate-income communities.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022 and Massachusetts General Law Chapter 159 ½ , Section 12, and Chapter 25 Section 23)

Zero Emission Transit Bus Acquisition Requirement – added 11/11/2022

By December 21, 2030, all passenger buses purchased or leased by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) must be zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). By December 31, 2024, all passenger buses operated by the MBTA must be ZEVs.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022 and Session Law Chapter 448, Section 6A, 2016)

Zero Emission Transit Bus Deployment Plans and Support – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority capital investment program for mass transportation must include a five-year rolling plan to prioritize the deployment of zero emission buses on routes that service underserved and low-income communities. Each plan must report on the progress of public transit electrification goals, including the number of non-zero emission transit buses, barriers to zero emission transit bus deployment, and legislative recommendations to address adoption barriers.

Additionally, the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) must support regional transit authorities in creating electric transit bus adoption plans. Plans must include:

  • A goal to transition to zero emission buses;
  • The types of zero emission bus technologies a regional transit authority may deploy;
  • A schedule for the construction or upgrade of facilities and other infrastructure necessary to deploy and maintain a zero emission bus fleet;
  • A schedule for zero emission and internal combustion engine bus purchases and leases;
  • The prioritization of zero emission bus deployment in underserved communities;
  • A training plan for zero emission bus operators and maintenance staff; and,
  • Potential funding sources.

By February 11, 2022, MassDOT must develop and issue recommendations for incentive programs that regional transit authorities may use to deploy and maintain zero emission vehicles.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022, Session Law Chapter 448, Section 6A, 2016, and Massachusetts General Law Chapter 25A, Section 1 and 5, and Chapter 161A, Section 5)

Zero Emission School Bus Study – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) must prepare a report that analyzes:

  • The number of internal combustion engine (ICE) school buses and zero emission school buses in the Commonwealth;
  • The annual cost of operating zero emission school buses;
  • The purchase price of ICE school buses and zero emission school buses;
  • The estimated cost to replace ICE school buses with zero emission school buses;
  • The estimated environmental benefits of replacing ICE school buses with zero emission school buses; and,
  • The number of school districts that own, rent, lease, or contract for school bus services.

The report must also include recommendations for the creation of an incentive program to support the replacement of ICE school buses with zero emission school buses. DESE must publish the report by June 15, 2023.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Grid Modernization Plan – added 11/11/2022

The Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) must direct each electric utility to develop a modernization plan to upgrade electricity distribution and transmission systems. Plans must include, among other things, a discussion on how distribution system improvements will facilitate transportation electrification. Utilities must submit their plans by April 1, 2023, and update them every five years.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022 and Massachusetts General Law Chapter 184, Section 92B)

Public Utility Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate Proposal Requirement – added 11/16/2022

By August 11, 2023, public electric utilities must submit EV TOU rate proposals to offer EV TOU rates to the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU). When evaluating the TOU rate proposals, DPU must consider the effects on energy conservation, optimal and efficient use of facilities and resources, benefits to transmission and distribution systems, equitable rates for electric consumers, and greenhouse gas emissions reductions. DPU must issue a minimum of one order related to the TOU rate proposals by October 21, 2025.

(Reference House Bill 5060, 2022)

Michigan

Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates – Consumers Energy – updated 11/10/2022

Consumers Energy offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) EV charging stations. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

EV Charging Station Type Applicant Type Maximum Rebate Amount
Level 2 Multi-unit dwelling $7,500
Level 2 Hospitality and recreation $5,000
Level 2 Fleet $5,000
DCFC Fleet $35,000
DCFC Fleet - public access $70,000

Rebates are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional requirements apply. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the Consumers Energy Public Charger Rebates and PowerMIFleet websites.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Incentive – Consumers Energy – added 11/10/2022

Consumers Energy offers residential customers a $10 monthly incentive for charging EVs overnight with a Level 2 EV charging station. For more information, see the Consumers Energy Bring Your Own Charger Pilot website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) and EV Charging Station Rebates – Presque Isle Electric & Gas Co-Op (PIEG) – added 11/10/2022

PIEG offers residential customers a $600 rebate for the purchase of an ENERGY STAR qualified Level 2 EV charging station; a $1,500 rebate for the purchase of a new EV; and a $750 rebate for the purchase of a pre-owned EV. For more information, including application materials, see the PIEG Energy Optimization website.

Missouri

Biodiesel Retailer Tax Credit – added 12/9/2022

Beginning January 1, 2023, retail dealers that sell biodiesel fuel blends at a retail service station or distributors that sell a biodiesel blend directly to users are eligible for a state tax credit. Biodiesel blends containing a minimum of 5% biodiesel (B5) are eligible for a tax credit of $0.02 per gallon. Biodiesel blends containing a minimum of 11% biodiesel (B11) are eligible for a tax credit of $0.05 per gallon. The tax credit is refundable. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference House Bill 3, 2022 and Missouri Revised Statutes 135.755)

Ethanol Retailer Tax Credit – added 12/9/2022

Beginning January 1, 2023, retailers that sell ethanol fuel blends containing between 15% ethanol (E15) and 85% ethanol (E85) directly to users are eligible for a state tax credit of $0.05 per gallon. The tax credit may not exceed the taxpayer’s liability for the taxable year and each year’s unused credit amount may be carried forward for up to five taxable years. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference House Bill 3, 2022 and Missouri Revised Statutes 135.755)

New Jersey

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Grants – added 11/11/2022

The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities’ (NJBPU) MUD EV Charger Incentive Program offers grants of up to $4,000 to owners and operators of MUDs for the purchase and installation of eligible Level 2 EV charging stations. MUDs in overburdened municipalities are eligible for grants of up to $6,000. For more information, including how to apply, see the NJBPU EV Incentive Program website.

Public Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Grants – added 11/11/2022

The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities’ (NJBPU) EV Tourism Program offers grants to local businesses and municipalities for the purchase of up to six Level 2 and two direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations for installation at New Jersey tourism sites and landmarks. Level 2 EV charging stations are eligible for grants of up to $5,000, and DCFC are eligible for grants of up to $50,000. Eligible sites include boardwalks, parks, attractions, and overnight lodging establishments. For more information, including eligibility criteria and funding availability, see the NJBPU EV Incentive Program website.

New York

Fleet Electrification Assessment – NYSEG – added 11/13/2022

New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG) offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Eligible applicants must be NYSEG customers and include any commercial, private, or public fleet with light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles. For more information, see the NYSEG Fleet Assessment Services website.

Fleet Electrification Assessment – Rochester Gas and Electric (RG&E) – added 11/13/2022

RG&E offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Eligible applicants must be RG&E customers and include any commercial, private, or public fleet with light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles. For more information, see the RG&E Fleet Assessment Services website.

Fleet Electrification Assessment – National Grid – added 11/13/2022

National Grid offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Eligible applicants must be National Grid customers and include any commercial, private, or public fleet with light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles. For more information, see the National Grid Fleet Advisory Services Program website.

Fleet Electrification Assessment – Orange & Rockland (O&R) – added 11/13/2022

O&R offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Eligible applicants must be O&R customers and include any commercial, private, or public fleet with light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles. For more information, see the O&R Fleet Owners and Operators website.

Alternative Fuel Quality Standards – added 11/14/2022

The Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets may adopt rules and regulations and set standards related to alternative fuel quality, specifications, and sampling and testing methods. Alternative fuels include ethanol, methanol, butanol, and other non-petroleum liquid or gaseous fuels derived from biological materials for use in motor vehicles.

(Reference Assembly Bill 7567, 2021 and New York Agriculture and Markets Law 3-179)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Policies for Homeowners' Associations – added 12/13/2022

Homeowner associations may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of an EV charging station in a homeowner’s designated parking space. Associations may put reasonable restrictions on EV charging stations located on property owned by associations or in common spaces. The EV charging station owner is responsible for the cost of installation and maintenance. Residents are required to comply with all local, state, and federal laws and health and safety standards. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference Assembly Bill 6165, 2022 and New York Consolidated Laws Real Property Section 343)

North Carolina

Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Pilot Program - Duke Energy – added 11/22/2022

Duke Energy offers free EV charging station equipment, installation, maintenance, warranty, and network connection services to businesses through the Park & Plug Program. Participation is limited and available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, see the Duke Energy Park & Plug website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Incentives - Touchstone Energy Network – updated 12/9/2022

Touchstone Energy member cooperatives may offer EV incentives to residential customers. Local cooperatives that may currently offer incentives include:

  • Edgecombe-Martin County Electric Membership Corporation
  • Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation
  • Cape Hatteras Electric Cooperative
  • Randolph Electric Membership Corporation
  • Roanoke Electric Cooperative
  • Surry-Yadkin Electric Membership Corporation

For more information, including a full list of member cooperatives and available incentives, see the Touchstone Energy Cooperative Network website.

Ohio

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Grants – added 12/9/2022

The Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) offers grants to EV charging companies to design, install, maintain, and operate EV charging stations at 30 locations along designated alternative fuel corridors in Ohio. These grants are funded by Ohio’s portion of the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program program. For more information, see the Drive Ohio NEVI website.

Oregon

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Pacific Power – added 11/17/2022

Pacific Power offers rebates to residential and commercial customers for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EV charging stations. Rebates are available in the following amounts:

Customer Type Charging Station Rebate Maximum Number of Ports
Residential $500 1
Multi-family dwelling $3,000 12
Business $1,000 6

Low-income residential costumers are eligible for a rebate of up to $1,000. For more information, including the application, see the Pacific Power EVs website.

Pennsylvania

Idle Reduction, Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV), and Electric Vehicle (EV) Weight Exemption – updated 12/12/2022

A vehicle equipped with qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the state’s gross and axle weight limits by up to 400 pounds (lbs.) to compensate for the additional weight of the idle reduction technology. A vehicle primarily powered by natural gas or electricity may exceed the state’s gross vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and fueling system, or EV battery, and the weight of a comparable vehicle with a diesel tank and fueling system. Any NGV and EV may exceed the limits by up to 2,000 lbs.

(Reference Title 35 Pennsylvania Statutes, Chapter 23B, Section 4604 and Title 75 Pennsylvania Statutes, Part IV, Chapter 49, Subchapter C, Section 4941)

Diesel Emission Reduction Grants – added 12/12/2022

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) administers the Pennsylvania State Clean Diesel Grant Program for diesel emission reduction projects. Projects are funded by Pennsylvania’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) Program. For more information, including funding availability, see the DEP Driving PA Forward website.

Medium- and Heavy-Duty (MHD) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Grant – added 12/12/2022

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) offers grants for the replacement of Class 4-8 local freight trucks with new zero-emission trucks through the MHD ZEV Fleet Pilot Grant Program. Eligible zero-emission technologies include all-electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. Grants are available in the following amounts:

Applicant Type Maximum Grant Funding Amount
Non-government entity Up to 75% of project costs
Government entity Up to 90% of project costs
Financially distressed municipality Up to 100% of project costs

Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profits, government entities, tribal entities, planning organizations, and air quality and transportation organizations. Priority will be given to projects located in environmental justice communities. This program is funded by Pennsylvania’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including program guidelines, see the DEP Driving Pennsylvania Forward website.

Off-Road Electric Equipment Grants – added 12/12/2022

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) offers grants for the replacement of airport ground support equipment, forklifts, and port cargo handling equipment with an all-electric equivalent. For more information, see the DEP Driving Pennsylvania Forward website.

Heavy-Duty Emission Reduction Grants – added 12/12/2022

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) offers grants for the repower or replacement of ferries, tugboats, and freight switcher locomotives with any new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or California Air and Resource Board-certified diesel, alternative fuel, or all-electric equivalent. For more information, see the DEP Drive Pennsylvania Forward website.

Hydrogen and Natural Gas Tax Credit – added 12/12/2022

Businesses may receive a tax credit for the purchase of hydrogen or natural gas from a Regional Clean Hydrogen Hub in Pennsylvania. Tax credits may be equal to $0.81 per kilogram of hydrogen and $0.47 per one thousand cubic feet of natural gas purchased for use in manufacturing at a facility that is part of a Regional Clean Hydrogen Hub. Additional requirements apply.

(Reference House Bill 1059, 2021)

Automotive Fuel Testing Program and Labeling Requirement – added 12/12/2022

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture may test automotive fuel, including alternative fuels, on a random, unannounced basis. For the purpose of this testing requirement, alternative fuels include, but are not limited to, methanol; mixtures of gasoline containing 85% or more by volume of methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; liquefied natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas; and coal-derived liquid fuels. Automotive fuel retailers must label fuel dispensers with the appropriate automotive fuel rating.

(Reference Title 3 Pennsylvania Statutes, Chapter 41, Sections 4187.2, 4187.3, 4187.5)

South Carolina

South Carolina's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning – added 11/16/2022

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) to submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office by August 1, 2022, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. Plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.

For more information about South Carolina’s NEVI planning process, see the SCDOT Electric Vehicle Charging Plan website. For more information about South Carolina’s NEVI plan, see the Joint Office’s State Plans for EV Charging website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Deployment Support – added 12/9/2022

The South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) must convene an Interagency EV Working Group (Working Group) to develop a comprehensive plan for the deployment of EV-related resources and infrastructure. The plan must provide recommendations for the deployment of EV charging infrastructure, prioritizing locations along the interstate highway system and in rural areas. The Working Group must also identify funding streams and evaluate potential implementation methods.

(Reference Executive Order 2022-31)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Deployment Support – added 12/9/2022

The South Carolina Department of Commerce established the South Carolina EV Economic Development Initiative (Initiative) to support the EV industry in South Carolina. The Initiative must create and implement a strategic approach to identify, encourage, and incentivize EV research, development, and production in South Carolina. The Initiative must also collaborate with the Interagency EV Working Group to develop a comprehensive statewide EV deployment plan.

(Reference Executive Order No. 2022-31)

Diesel Emissions Reduction Grants – added 12/9/2022

The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) provides U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) funding for projects that reduce diesel emissions in South Carolina. Funding for eligible project costs is available to universities, private organizations, businesses, and local government entities that reduce diesel emissions by retrofitting engines, installing idle reduction technologies, or replacing vehicles and equipment. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including funding amounts and how to apply, see the SCDHEC DERA Grants website.

South Dakota

Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – added 1/6/2023

Black Hills Energy offers $500 rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of a Level 2 EV charging station. For more information, see the Black Hills Energy South Dakota Electric Residential Rebates website.

Washington

Electric Vehicle (EV) Fee – updated 1/20/2023

Owners of all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles with an all-electric range of at least 30 miles must pay an annual registration fee of $150 and a $75 transportation electrification fee in addition to standard vehicle fees. The transportation electrification fee contributes to state programs supporting the adoption of EVs and deployment of EV charging infrastructure. Hybrid electric vehicles and electric motorcycles are also subject to an additional annual fee of $75 and $30, respectively.

(Reference Senate Bill 5085, 2022 and Revised Code of Washington 46.17.323-324)

Wisconsin

Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rates – Xcel Energy – added 12/9/2022

Xcel Energy offers TOU rates to residential customers that own an EV. For more information, see the Xcel Energy EV Accelerate at Home website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Incentive – Xcel Energy – added 12/9/2022

The Xcel Energy EV Accelerate at Home program offers to install and maintain Level 2 EV charging stations at residential locations. Participants will also be enrolled in a TOU rate for electricity used to charge EVs. For more information, including how to apply, see the Xcel Energy EV Accelerate at Home website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Incentives – Touchstone Energy Network – added 12/9/2022

Touchstone Energy member cooperatives may offer EV incentives to residential customers. Local cooperatives that may currently offer incentives include:

  • Barron Electric Cooperative
  • Chippewa Valley Electric Cooperative
  • Clark Electric Cooperative
  • East Central Energy
  • Price Electric Cooperative
  • Riverland Energy Cooperative
  • Pierce Pepin Cooperative Services

For more information, including a full list of member cooperatives and available incentives, see the Touchstone Energy Cooperative Network website.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Financing Program Authorization – added 12/9/2022

The Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program allows property owners to borrow funds to pay for energy efficiency improvements, including EV charging stations. Cities, villages, towns, or counties are authorized to establish PACE programs. For more information, see the PACE Wisconsin website.

(Reference Senate Bill 692, 2021 and Wisconsin Statutes 66.06277(1)(ao), 66.0627 (8)(a), and 66.0627(8)(d))

Wyoming

Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – added 1/6/2023

Black Hills Energy offers $500 rebates to residential customers in Weston County for the purchase and installation of a Level 2 EV charging station. For more information, see the Black Hills Energy Wyoming Electric Commercial Rebates - Weston County website.

Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Rebate – added 1/9/2023

Black Hills Energy offers non-residential customers in Laramie County rebates for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EV charging stations. Government and non-profit entities may receive rebates of up to $3,000 per port. Publicly available and workplace chargers may receive rebates of up to $2,000 per port. Applicants may receive a maximum of four rebates. For more information, including application details, see the Black Hills Energy Commercial Rebates website.