Recent State Updates
Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.
Investor-owned utilities (IOUs) may install and own public direct current fast charging stations. IOUs must allow site hosts to install a metering device for measuring electricity sold at the EV charging station and choose the EV charging station equipment vendor and network service. IOUs must submit an annual report to the Public Service Commission on the construction and operation of the public EV charging stations.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) certifies new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles as ZEVs if the vehicles produce zero exhaust emissions of any criteria pollutant (or precursor pollutant) under all possible operational modes and conditions. Manufacturers with annual sales between 4,501 and 60,000 vehicles may comply with the ZEV requirements through multiple alternative compliance options that include producing low emission vehicles and obtaining ZEV credits. Manufacturers with annual sales of 4,500 vehicles or less are not subject to this regulation.
CARB’s emissions control program for MY 2017 through 2025 combines the control of smog, soot, and greenhouse gases (GHGs) and requirements for ZEVs into a single package of standards called Advanced Clean Cars (ACC). In December 2012, CARB finalized new regulatory requirements that allow vehicle manufacturer compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) GHG requirements for MY 2017 through -2025 to serve as compliance with California’s adopted GHG emissions requirements for those same model years.The accounting procedures for MY 2018 through-2025 are based on a credit system as shown in the table below. The minimum ZEV requirement for each manufacturer includes the percentage of passenger cars and light-duty trucks produced by the manufacturer and delivered for sale in California. The regulation also includes opportunities for compliance with transitional zero emission vehicles, which must demonstrate certain exhaust emissions standards, evaporative emissions standards, on-board diagnostic requirements, and extended warranties.
|2025 and later||22%|
In November 20222, CARB finalized another rule in addition to the ACC emissions control program for MY 2026 through 2035 called Advanced Clean Cars II (ACCII), requiring an increasing percentage of ZEVs in new vehicle sales beyond 2025. ZEV sales requirements under ACCII are shown in the table below.
|2035 and later||100%|
For more information, see the CARB ZEV Program website.
EV charging station service providers may not charge a subscription fee or require membership for use of their public charging stations. In addition, providers must disclose the actual charges for using public EV charging stations at the point of sale; allow contactless payment and pay-by-phone payment methods; install the Open Charge Point interoperability billing standard on each EV charging station; and disclose the EV charging station geographic location, schedule of fees, accepted methods of payment, and network roaming charges to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Beginning July 10, 2024, direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations must also include Plug-and-Charge payment capabilities Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the California Air Resources Board EV Charging Station Standards website.
The California Building Standards Commission (CBSC) published mandatory building standards requiring pre-wiring for EV charging station installation in parking spaces at one- and two-family dwellings with attached private garages, multi-family dwellings, commercial facilities, and public buildings in the California Green Building Standards Code within the California Building Standards Code.
New one- and two-unit single family dwellings or townhouses with attached private garages must have electrical conduit installed that is capable of supporting a Level 2 EV charging station. For new multifamily dwellings and hotels, 10% of parking spaces must be EV-capable and 25% of parking spaces must be EV-ready. New multifamily dwellings and hotels with more than 20 units must install Level 2 EV charging stations at 5% of all parking spaces.For public parking facilities, minimum EV charging station prewiring installation requirements are based on the number of parking spaces, per parking facility, as follows:
|Total Actual Parking Spaces||Required EV Charging Station Spaces|
|0 to 9||2|
|10 to 25||5|
|26 to 50||11|
|51 to 75||19|
|76 to 100||26|
|101 to 151||38|
|151 to 200||53|
|201 and over||30% of total parking spaces|
Public facilities must also install handicap-accessible EV charging stations when installing new or additional EV charging stations. Minimum accessible EV charging station installation requirements, per parking facility, are as follows:
|Total EV Charging Stations||Van Accessible EV Charging Stations||Standard Accessible EV Charging Stations||Ambulatory Accessible EV Charging Stations|
|1 to 4||1||0||0|
|5 to 25||1||1||0|
|26 to 50||1||1||1|
|51 to 75||1||2||2|
|76 to 100||1||3||3|
|101 and over||1, plus 1 for each 300, or fraction thereof, over 100||3, plus 1 for each 60, or fraction thereof, over 100||3, plus 1 for each 50, or fraction thereof, over 100|
In cases in which EV charging stations can simultaneously charge more than one vehicle, the number of EV charging stations provided shall be considered equivalent to the number of electric vehicles that can be simultaneously charged.
Beginning January 1, 2023, CBSC must convene a workshop to evaluate demand for EV charging infrastructure, electric load forecasts, and statewide transportation electrification goals and use the workshop’s findings to recommend updates to EV charging station building standards. The workshop must convene and propose recommendations on a triennial basis. CBSC must also publish guidance and best practices for installing EV charging stations.
Additional requirements may apply. For more information, including exemptions and additional regulations, see the CBSC website.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) offers grants to income-qualifying individuals for the purchase or lease of a new or pre-owned EV, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), or fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). EVs and FCEVs are eligible for grants of up to $7,500 and PHEVs are eligible for grants of up to $7,000. Applicants may also be eligible to receive a grant of up to $2,000 for the purchase and installation of a Level 2 EV charging station. For more information, including income requirements, see the Clean Vehicle Assistance Program website.
By January 1, 2024, the California Energy Commission (CEC) in collaboration with the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) must develop uptime recordkeeping and reporting standards for EV charging stations purchased through a state incentive program or rate payer charges. The CEC must hold a public workshop to identify best practices for supporting EV charging station reliability and incorporate them into the uptime recordkeeping and reporting standards. Standards may vary by technology type, power level, number of chargers per site, and site ownership model. EV charging station uptime data must be reported for a minimum of six years. These standards only apply to EV charging stations installed on or after January 1, 2024, and do not apply to residential dwellings with less than five units.
CEC and CPUC must adopt tools to increase charging station uptime, including uptime requirements, operation and maintenance requirements, or operation and maintenance incentives. By January 1, 2025, CEC must set standards for how station operators notify customers about availability and accessibility of public EV charging infrastructure.
Beginning January 1, 2025, the CEC must assess the uptime of EV charging stations. The assessment must include considerations for equitable access to EV charging stations in low-, moderate-, and high-income communities. The assessment must be updated every two years.
(Reference Assembly Bill 126, 2023)
The Golden State Priority Project, funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates for the purchase and installation of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Rebates will fund 50% of project costs, up to the following amounts:
|Power Output Rating||Maximum Rebate per Connector|
|150 kilowatts (kW) to 274 kW||$55,000|
|Greater than 274 kW||$100,000|
Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profit organizations, tribal governments, or government entities. Applicants may receive rebates for a maximum of 20 DCFC connectors. Qualifying installation sites must be accessible to the public 24 hours a day in underserved and low-income census tracts located in Central or Eastern California. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements, see the CALeVIP Golden State Priority Project website.
The Energy Infrastructure Incentives for Zero-Emission Commercial Vehicles (EnergIIZE), funded by the California Energy Commission, offers grants for the purchase and installation of ZEV infrastructure for MHD electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. Eligible applicants include commercial fleets and station owners. Incentive amounts vary based on project type. Increased incentive amounts are available for commercial fleets that operate in low-income and underserved communities. For more information, including eligible project types and funding amounts, see the EnergIIZE website.
The Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project (HVIP) Public Bus Set-Aside Program, funded by the California Air Resources Board and the California Energy Commission, offers grants for the purchase of new zero emission school buses to replace fossil fuel-powered buses. Grants awards vary based on vehicle type and are available in the following amounts:
|School Bus Type||Maximum Grant Amount Without a Wheelchair Lift||Maximum Grant Amount With a Wheelchair Lift|
Eligible applicants include public school districts, public charter schools, joint power authorities, county offices of education, and the Division of State Special Schools of the California Department of Education. For more information, including funding priorities and availability, see the HVIP Program Public School Bus Set-Aside website.
MCE offers residential customers an incentive of $50 for enrolling in MCE’s managed charging program. Participants in this program may receive a monthly rebate of up to $10. For more information, including participation and eligibility requirements, see the MCE EV Smart Charging App website.
Every three years, the California Council on Science and Technology must assess clean energy projects, including the deployment of, or upgrades to, alternative fueling infrastructure and low carbon fuels.
(Reference Assembly Bill 585, 2023)
Beginning January 1, 2035, school districts may only purchase or lease zero emission school buses. Exemptions may apply if zero-emission school bus use is not feasible due to terrain or route constraints.
(Reference Assembly Bill 579, 2023)
The California State Transportation Agency (CalSTA) is authorized to establish the Zero-Emission Transit Capital Program to provide funding for zero-emission transit equipment, including zero emission vehicles and infrastructure. By October 31, 2025, and annually thereafter, funding recipients must submit a report to CalSTA on how funds were utilized. For more information, see the CalSTA SB 125 Transit Program website.
(Reference Senate Bill 775, 2023)
By January 1, 2026, California Energy Commission, California Air Resources Board, and California Department of Motor Vehicles must assess the economic equity of fee structures for ZEV and propose to the Legislature alternative fee structures for funding ZEV infrastructure.
(Reference Assembly Bill 126, 2023)
UI offers residential customers a rebate of up to $1,000 for the purchase and installation of a qualified Level 2 EV charging station. Customers may also receive an additional $100 by creating a charging schedule and enrolling in a managed charging program. For more information, see the UI EV Programs website.
UI offers rebates to commercial, municipal, workplace, and multi-unit dwelling customers who purchase and install qualified Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Customers may also receive an additional on-going rebate by creating a charging schedule and enrolling in a managed charging program. Rebates are available for 50% of EV charging station purchase costs and 100% of make-ready installation costs, up to the following amounts:
|EV Charging Station Type||Maximum Rebate||Maximum Rebate for Underserved Communities|
For more information, including eligibility requirements and a list of qualifying underserved communities, see the UI EV Programs website.
UI offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Eligible applicants must be UI customers and include any commercial, private, or public fleet with light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles. For more information, see the UI EV Programs website.
UI offers a TOU rate for commercial customers that own or lease eligible EVs. For more information, including how to enroll, see the UI EV Programs website.
In October 2022, the Connecticut Department of Administrative Services (DAS) set requirements for accessible EV charging stations by adopting the 2021 International Building Code by the International Council Code (ICC), 2017 ICC A117.1, and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Section 502.11.
Accessible EV charging stations must have an accessible route from the aisle adjacent to the parking space to the clear floor space. The accessible route must be unobstructed from bollards, curbs, or wheels stops, and remain unobstructed during charging. Meters and pay stations associated with EV charging stations must have displays and information visible from a point located no more than 40 inches above the center of the clear space in front of the parking meter or parking pay station.
For more information, see the DAS Building and Fire Code Adoption Process website.
As part of the Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers Delaware businesses, non-profit organizations, state and local governments, and fleets rebates of up to $2,500 per port for the purchase of Level 2 EV charging stations for use at public, workplace, and fleet locations. Rebates are available for up to 60% commercial project costs and up to 80% of government and non-profit project costs. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including application guidelines, see the DNREC EV Charging Equipment Rebates website.
The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of an EV or PHEV. EVs may receive a rebate of up to $2,500, and PHEVs may receive a rebate of up to $1,000. Individuals may receive a maximum of two rebates. Businesses, non-profit organizations, government entities, educational institutions, and other organizations may receive a maximum of six rebates. For more information, including program eligibility and requirements, see the DNREC Drive Electric website.
Beginning July 1, 2025, the Delaware Department of Education (DOE) must purchase an increasing share of electric school buses with annual school bus acquisitions. Electric school bus acquisitions must increase according to the following schedule:
|Fiscal Year (FY)||Percentage of school bus purchases that must be electric|
DOE must report on these targets annually to the Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Secretary of the Senate, the Director of the Division of Research, and the Public Archives. By January 31, 2030, DOE must submit a report detailing recommendations for future changes in the percentage targets for electric school bus purchases.
As part of the Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers new and existing MUDs rebates of up to $3,500 for the purchase of Level 2 EV charging stations. Existing MUDs are also eligible to receive rebates for the cost to install the EV charging stations. Increased rebate amounts are available for projects in underserved communities. Rebates are available per port and on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including underserved communities and application guidelines, see the DNREC EV Charging Equipment Rebates website.
Beginning January 1, 2024, new construction of single-family homes must include at least one EV-capable parking spot.
Beginning January 1, 2025, at least 5% of total parking spaces at newly constructed multi-unit dwellings (MUDs) must have EV charging stations installed. In addition, at least 10% of the total parking spaces at newly constructed MUDs must be EV-capable.
EV-capable parking spaces have electric panel capacity and space for a branch circuit that enables the future installation of EV charging stations. Additional restrictions apply.
District of Columbia
Pepco offers support to commercial and municipal fleets installing Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations for taxi rideshare programs or electric buses. All charging stations intended to serve electric buses must be 125 or 500 kilowatts (kW). Eligible charging stations must be used for public transportation-related EV charging only. Applicants are responsible for installing, operating, and maintaining the EV charging station. For more information, including eligibility requirements and application guidelines, see the Pepco EVsmart website.
The Hawaii Department of Transportation must develop a long-term mileage-based road usage fee implementation plan for EVs and submit it to the Hawaii Legislature prior to the 2026 legislative session.
(Reference Senate Bill 1534, 2023)
Hawaii established state goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50% below 2005 levels by 2030 and achieve zero emissions across all transportation sectors by 2045. To support these goals, the Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) must establish a Clean Ground Transportation Working Group and an Interisland and Transpacific Clean Transportation Working Group. HDOT and the Hawaii State Energy Office (HSEO) must develop plans in coordination with both working groups to ensure sufficient EV charging capacity to support the growing use of electric modes of transportation in Hawaii. HDOT and HSEO must:
- Develop a plan to increase the State’s electric charging capacity at a rate that exceeds state electric vehicle (EV) sales and projected charging needs;
- Allow EVs to access high-occupancy vehicle lanes until EVs constitute at least 40% of all new vehicle sales; and,
- Develop and implement other options to accelerate the transition to zero-emission transportation.
The working groups must submit an annual report to the Hawaii Legislature on progress made and recommendations.
Beginning January 1, 2024, new construction of single-family homes must include a minimum of one EV-capable parking spot. New single-family homes or small multifamily dwellings that qualify as affordable housing must have one EV-capable parking space per dwelling.
Beginning March 31, 2024, all parking spaces at newly constructed or renovated large multifamily dwellings must be EV-capable.
Building permits for affordable single-family and multifamily developments must meet the following benchmarks to support the development of EV-capable parking spaces:
Beginning January 1, 2026, 40% of parking spaces must be EV-capable;
Beginning January 1, 2029, 50% of parking spaces must be EV-capable; and,
Beginning January 1, 2034, 70% of parking spaces must be EV-capable.
EV-capable parking spaces have electric panel capacity and conduit to support a Level 2 EV charging station. Additional requirements apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 40, 2023)
Beginning January 1, 2024, condominium or common interest associations may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EV charging stations in a unit owner’s designated parking space. Associations may put reasonable restrictions on EV charging stations, but the policies may not increase the cost of the EV charging station or decrease its performance. Homeowners must comply with applicable health and safety codes and architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, and provide a certificate of insurance. The unit owner is responsible for the cost of electricity consumption; the installation, operation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the station in their parking space; and any resulting damage to the EV charging station or surrounding area. Associations may also install EV charging stations in common areas for all unit owners and members of the association to use. Additional requirements apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 40, 2023)
Beginning January 1, 2024, a tenant may install a Level 1 or Level 2 EV charging station at a parking space allotted for the lessee. Landlords may require reimbursement for EV charging station electricity consumption, charge a fee for access if a networked EV charging station, and charge a security deposit to cover the cost of restoring the property to its original condition if the tenant removes the EV charging station. The landlord may also require reimbursement for any wiring or electrical upgrades necessary to support the EV charging station. Renters must comply with applicable health and safety codes and architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, and provide a certificate of insurance. Additional requirements apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 40, 2023)
Prior to January 1, 2024, majority blended ethanol fuel is defined as a blend of gasoline and denatured ethanol that contains between 10% and 30% gasoline and 70% and 90% ethanol by volume. Beginning January 1, 2024, majority blended ethanol fuel is defined as a blend of gasoline and denatured ethanol that contains between 17% and 49% gasoline and 50% and 82% ethanol by volume.
Mid-range ethanol blend is defined as a blend of gasoline and denatured ethanol that contains between 20% and 50% denatured ethanol. Ethanol blended fuels must comply with ASTM Standard D5798-11.
(Reference Senate Bill 1963, 2023)
School boards may only enter school transportation contracts up to 10 years in length. Beginning January 1, 2024, school boards are authorized to enter transportation contracts for up to 15 years if the school transportation service utilizes a significant number of electric vehicles.
Efficiency Maine’s EV Accelerator provides rebates to Maine residents, businesses, government entities, and tribal governments for the purchase or lease of a new EV or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at participating Maine dealerships. Rebate amounts are based on participant type:
|Type of Vehicle||Individuals||Qualified Moderate-Income Individuals||Qualified Low-Income Individuals||Businesses and Organizations||Government Entity, Tribal Government, and Non-Profits|
Qualified low-income residents are also eligible for a rebate of up to $2,500 for the purchase of a used EV or PHEV. Eligible vehicles must be purchased or leased between December 21, 2020, and December 31, 2023. The program is funded by Maine’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including eligible vehicles and preapproval requirements, see Efficiency Maine’s EV Initiatives website.
(Reference Maine Revised Statutes Title 35-A, Section 10126)
The Commissioner of Transportation must establish a working group to study EV charging station accessibility. The working group must develop a document that simplifies the United States Access Board’s Design Recommendations for Accessible EV Charging Stations report for individuals interested in the design and installation of EV charging stations. Additionally, the working group must recommend EV charging stations accessibility standards and how those standards should be incorporated into local code standards. The Commissioner of Transportation must submit a report that includes that working group’s recommendations by January 3, 2024.
(Reference House Bill 467, 2023)
Maine Governor’s Energy Office (Office) may petition the Maine Public Utilities Commission (MPUC) to procure energy from renewable resources to achieve emission reduction and renewable energy goals to meet electricity demand. MPUC must also conduct a study on cost-effective consumer financing of beneficial electrification productions, including EV charging station equipment. The study must analyze the advantages and disadvantages of various financing methods, and MPUC must submit a report of their findings to the Joint Standing Committee on Energy, Utilities and Technology by January 5, 2024.
(Reference Senate Bill 1724, 2023)
Efficiency Maine must assess the feasibility of implementing a V2G pilot project for electric school buses within the Wells-Ogunquit Community School District. Efficiency Maine must evaluate the cost effectiveness of the pilot project, ways to minimize costs and maximize ratepayer benefits, the cost of grid interconnection, and whether a V2G pilot project could be implemented within Efficiency Maine’s budget. By January 15, 2024, Efficiency Maine must submit a report of their findings and recommendations to the Joint Standing Committee on Energy, Utilities, and Technology.
(Reference House Bill 519, 2023)
Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) Trucks Program offers rebates for the purchase or lease of all-electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric trucks, buses, and vans to reduce air pollution and vehicle emissions in Massachusetts. Eligible vehicles must have a manufacturer’s suggested retail price of less than $2,000,000. Rebate amounts are available in a declining three block rate structure, determined by the number of trucks per weight group. Rebates are offered in the following amounts:
|Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (lbs.)||Block 1||Block 2||Block 3|
Applicants may apply for a voucher to reserve a rebate at the current rebate block value. A voucher may be provided to an applicant who has demonstrated an intent to purchase, which may be evidenced by a completed purchase order. Applicable vehicles that are registered or operate with an environmental justice community at least 50% of the time are eligible for an increased rebate amount.
Applicants must apply for a rebate following the purchase and registration of the truck in Massachusetts and must retain ownership of the truck for a minimum of 48 months. MOR-EV Trucks rebates cannot be combined with funds from the Department of Environmental Protection Volkswagen Settlement-Funded Grant & Incentive Programs or Massachusetts Diesel Emissions Reduction Act programs.
Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the number of currently available rebates, see the MOR-EV Rebate Program website.
SELCO offers $1,000 rebates to residential and commercial customers for the purchase of a new or pre-owned EV, $400 for the purchase of a new or pre-owned plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), $800 for the lease of a new EV, and $320 for the lease of a new PHEV. Additional rebates are available based on the vehicle battery size, and low- and moderate-income residential customers are eligible for an increased rebate amount. For more information, including income qualification and eligibility criteria, see the SELCO EV Rebate and Commercial EV Rebate websites.
SELCO offers residential customers a rebate for the purchase and installation of a qualified Level 2 EV charging station. The rebate amount is based on the vehicle type and are available in the following amounts:
|Vehicle Type||Rebate Amount|
|Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) with less than 15 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of battery capacity||$200|
|PHEV with 15 kWh of battery capacity or greater||$300|
For more information, see the SELCO EV Charger Rebate Program website.
SELCO provides rebates to commercial customers for the purchase of Level 1, Level 2, or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Commercial customers who purchase and install EV charging stations may receive $250 for each Level 1 port, $1,000 for each Level 2 port, and $3,000 for each DCFC port, up to a maximum rebate of $5,000 per site. For more information, including program guidelines and application materials, see the SELCO Commercial EV Charger Rebate website.
Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) Program offers low-income residents a rebate of up to $3,500 for the purchase or lease of eligible pre-owned ZEVs. Pre-owned vehicle purchase price must be below $40,000. An additional $1,500 rebate is available to applicants participating in an eligible income-qualified state assistance program. For more information, including application, income, and eligibility requirements, see the MOR-EV website.
Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) Program offers residents, nonprofits, local and state government fleets, educational institutions, and businesses rebates of up to $7,500 toward either:
- The purchase or lease of eligible new all-electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric pick-up trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) between 6,000 pounds (lbs.) and 10,000 lbs.; or,
- The purchase or lease of eligible new all-electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles of any body type with a GVWR between 8,501 lbs. and 10,000 lbs.
Eligible vehicles must have a manufacturer’s suggested retail price of less than $80,000. For more information, see the MOR-EV Pick-Ups and Class 2b Vehicles website.
A commercial electric customer that installs or modifies electrical wiring or outlets for EV charging is exempt from energy optimization charges. Additional terms and conditions apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 303, 2023)
The Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) provides schools districts, businesses, local government entities, nonprofit organizations, tribal organizations, and other qualifying entities with grants to replace medium- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles with hybrid, alternative fuel, and zero emission vehicles. Eligible projects include on-road, non-road, and marine vehicle, engine, and equipment replacements. Priority will be given to applicants located in environmental justice communities. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements, see the EGLE Michigan Clean Diesel Program website.
In addition to standard vehicle registration fees, EV owners must pay an annual fee of $100 and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $50.
(Reference House Bill 2, 2023)
The New Hampshire Department of Energy must establish a Hydrogen Advisory Committee (Committee). The Committee, among other things, must:
- Identify opportunities to integrate hydrogen in the transportation, energy, industrial, and other sectors;
- Consider the construction of a dedicated hydrogen pipeline or network of pipelines to support power generation, transportation, manufacturing, and energy storage facilities; and,
Consider facilities that result in the blending of hydrogen into existing natural gas transmission and distribution systems that serve transportation and other uses.
The Committee must publish a report of its activities, findings, and recommendations by October 1 of each year.
(Reference House Bill 139, 2023)
The New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission and the New Hampshire Department of Energy may establish requirements, standards, and rate mechanisms for net metering, advanced metering, time-based electricity rates, demand response practices, and EV charging programs. Additional requirements apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 166, 2023)
The New Hampshire Legislature must establish a committee to study funding mechanisms for EV charging stations. The committee, among other things, must:
- Review currently available funding for EV charging stations;
- Identify additional, and determine the feasibility of, non-ratepayer sources of funding for EV charging stations; and,
Review non-ratepayer funding mechanisms for EV charging stations utilized in other states.
The committee must report its findings and any policy recommendations by November 1, 2024.
(Reference Senate Bill 52, 2023)
New Mexico has adopted the California motor vehicles emissions standards and compliance requirements in the Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements, beginning with model year (MY) 2026. These regulations apply to new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
In November 2023, New Mexico adopted the California vehicle emissions standards and compliance requirements set forth in the California Air Resources Board Advanced Clean Cars II regulation. These new emissions standards and requirements will begin with MY 2027 and require that 82% of new passenger vehicles sold in New Mexico must be ZEVs by 2032.
For more information, see the New Mexico Environment Department Transportation website.
State agencies must prepare fleet decarbonization plans for state fleet vehicles. A light-duty vehicle (LDV) decarbonization plan must be complete by December 31, 2023, and a medium- and heavy-duty vehicle (MHDV) decarbonization plan must be complete by December 31, 2025. Fleet decarbonization plans must meet the following schedule:
- All state LDVs must be ZEVs by December 31, 2035
- All state MHD vehicles must be ZEVs by December 31, 2040
To support state fleet vehicle acquisition goals, state agencies must file their LDV fleet decarbonization plans with the GreenNY Council (GreenNY). Emergency vehicles are exempt from these requirements, but agencies must evaluate emergency ZEV technologies for adoption on an annual basis. Decarbonization plans must include interim targets to achieve decarbonization goals. State agencies must update their fleet decarbonization plans every three years. Additional conditions apply. For more information, see the New York Office of General Services GreenNY website.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) New York School Bus Incentive Program (NYSBIP) offers point-of-sale vouchers to school districts for the incremental cost to purchase or repower zero emission school buses to meet state acquisition requirements. Eligible zero emission school buses include all-electric or hydrogen fuel cell electric school buses. Associated charging or fueling infrastructure may also be eligible to receive funding. Rebate amounts vary based on school bus and project type. Applicants located in underserved communities are eligible for increased funding amounts. For more information, including eligibility and voucher amounts, see the NYSERDA NY School Bus Incentive Program Overview website.
Beginning December 28, 2023, new construction of parking facilities that can accommodate between 50 and 200 parking spaces must designate at least 10% of parking spaces as EV make-ready parking spaces. New construction of parking facilities that can accommodate over 200 parking spaces must designate at least 20% of parking as EV make-ready parking spaces. EV make-ready parking spaces must be equipped with a minimum of 40 amps and 208 volts of electrical capacity. Requirements only apply to publicly funded construction projects and non-residential parking facilities. Additional requirements and exemptions may apply.
The New York State Public Service Commission (PSC) authorizes the Demand Charge Rebate program to provide operating cost relief for commercial EV charging customers. Investor-owned utilities must file plans with the PSC to implement a series of programs provide demand charge relief for EV charging station operators, terminate per-plug incentive programs, and implement a commercial managed charging program. For more information, including program details, see the PSC Order Implementing Immediate Solutions Programs.
(Reference PSC Case 22-E-0236)
By May 15, 2023, the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (NCDEQ) must propose a rule to adopt the California Advanced Clean Trucks requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations, requiring manufacturers to meet California ZEV production and sales requirements. The NCDEQ may collaborate with local governments, electric utilities, and other stakeholders to develop this proposed rule and analyze potential impacts.
(Reference Executive Order 271, 2022)
The North Carolina Department of Transportation must establish a North Carolina ZEV Infrastructure Needs Assessment in partnership with other agencies. The assessment must evaluate charging and fueling needs to support the adoption and implementation of the California Advanced Clean Trucks program and the achievement of state ZEV adoption and greenhouse gas emissions goals.
(Reference Executive Order 271, 2022)
Beginning January 1, 2017, qualified biodiesel and ethanol facilities are eligible for an income tax credit of $0.075 per gallon for new production of biodiesel and ethanol. Biodiesel and ethanol facilities may claim the tax credit for up to 10 million gallons of ethanol and biodiesel produced during a 12-consecutive month period, up to 36 months. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the South Carolina Energy Office Funding website.
A taxpayer that purchases, constructs, or installs, and places into service a qualified commercial facility for distributing or dispensing biofuels is eligible for an income tax credit of up to 25% for purchase, construction, property, and installation costs. Eligible infrastructure includes pumps, storage tanks, and related equipment used exclusively for distributing, dispensing, and storing biofuels. A qualified facility must clearly label the equipment used to store or dispense the fuel as being associated with biofuel. The credit must be taken in three equal annual installments beginning with the taxable year in which the facility is placed into service. Qualifying fuels include blends containing at least 70% ethanol (E70) dispensed at the retail level for use in motor vehicles, and pure ethanol or biodiesel fuel dispensed by a distributor or facility that blends these non-petroleum liquids with gasoline or diesel fuel for use in motor vehicles.
For more information, see the South Carolina Energy Office Funding website.
(Reference South Carolina Code of Laws 12-6-3620)
Dominion Energy offers commercial and industrial customers a rebate for 50% of the cost to install Level 2 EV charging stations through the Commercial Level 2 Charging Program. Dominion Energy will provide maintenance support for stations installed through the program. For more information, including eligibility and application requirements, see the Dominion Energy Level 2 Charging Program website.
Dominion Energy will install and maintain residential Level 2 EV charging stations for a fixed monthly fee. For more information, including eligibility and application requirements, see the Dominion Energy Residential Charger Program website.
The Washington State Department of Commerce offers grants for the purchase and installation of Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations for use at public, workplace, tribal, and multi-unit dwelling (MUD) locations. Grants are available in the following amounts:
|EV Charging Station Type||Maximum Number of Connectors||Base Reward Amount Per Connector||Additional Rebate for Equity Areas||Additional Rebate for Future Proofing|
|Level 2||20||$7,500||2,500||$1,000 per parking spot, up to $3,000|
|DCFC||6||$85,000||$25,000||$1,000 per parking spot, up to $3,000|
Eligible applicants include MUDs, retail electric utilities, non-profits, government entities, and tribal governments. Low-income applicants will be given funding priority. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Washington State Department of Commerce Washington State EV Charging Program website.
The Washington State Department of Ecology offers grants for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EV charging stations for use at public, workplace, tribal, and multi-unit dwelling (MUD) locations. The maximum grant award is $10,000 per plug, up to 10 plugs. Eligible applicants include MUDs, nonprofit organizations, state and local government entities, businesses, and tribal governments. Applicants located in environmental justice communities will be given funding priority. Additional terms and conditions apply. This program is funded by Washington’s portion of the Volkswagen (VW) Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Washington State Department of Ecology VW Enforcement Action Grants website.
The Washington State Department of Ecology offers grants for the replacement or repower of medium- and heavy-duty diesel refuse trucks, street sweepers, freight switcher locomotives, port cargo handling equipment, and forklifts with zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) and associated infrastructure. Grants are available in the following amounts:
|Eligible ZEVs||Maximum Grant Amount|
|Zero Emission Refuse Vehicles and Street Sweepers||80% of project costs, up to $750,000|
|Zero Emission Freight Switcher Locomotives||60% of project costs, up to $3,500,000|
|All-electric Port Cargo Handling Equipment and Forklifts||80% of project costs, up to $400,000|
Eligible applicants include local and state government entities, utilities, port authorities, school districts, universities, and tribal governments. Applicants located in environmental justice communities will be given funding priority. Additional terms and conditions apply. This program is funded by Washington’s portion of the Volkswagen (VW) Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Washington State Department of Ecology VW Enforcement Action Grants website.
Seattle City Light offers advisory services to fleets to analyze fleet electrification opportunities. Additionally, Seattle City Light provides per-port rebates for Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Customers located in environmental justice communities may also receive electric vehicle charging station make-ready rebates. For more information, see the Seattle City Light Fleet Electrification Program website.
Appalachian Power Company offers a TOU rate to residential customers who own an EV. Eligible customers must have a meter that is capable of separately identifying EV usage. For more information, see the Appalachian Power Company Electric Rates website.