Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Trends

The U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fueling Station Locator contains information on public and private non-residential alternative fueling stations in the United States and Canada and currently tracks ethanol (E85), biodiesel, compressed natural gas, electric vehicle (EV) charging, hydrogen, liquefied natural gas, and propane stations. Of these fuels, EV charging continues to experience rapidly changing technology and growing infrastructure.

The quarterly reports on electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) trends from the Alternative Fueling Station Locator provide snapshots of the state of EV charging infrastructure in the United States. Using data from the Station Locator, these reports break down the growth of public and private charging infrastructure by charging level, network, and location and assess the current state of charging infrastructure in the United States.

These reports are intended to help transportation planners, policymakers, researchers, infrastructure developers, and other transportation stakeholders understand the rapidly changing landscape for EV charging.

First Quarter 2021

In Q1 of 2021, the Station Locator reached an important milestone of 100,000 EVSE ports. All categories of EVSE grew, except for public Level 1 EVSE, which decreased by 2.4%. Overall, there was a 7.3% increase in the number of EVSE ports in the Station Locator, with Level 2 EVSE ports contributing to the majority of that growth. The South Central region had the largest increase in public charging infrastructure in Q1, but California continues to lead the country in the number of available public EVSE ports.

Read the First Quarter 2021 report.

Fourth Quarter 2020

In Q4 of 2020, all categories of EVSE grew, except for public and private Level 1 EVSE, which decreased by 1.7% and 0.3%, respectively, and private Level 2 EVSE, which decreased by 1.0%. Overall, there was a 7.7% increase in the number of EVSE ports in the Station Locator. The majority of EVSE ports in the Station Locator are Level 2, but the number of DC fast charging EVSE ports grew by the largest percentage in Q4.

Read the Fourth Quarter 2020 report.

Third Quarter 2020

In Q3 of 2020, all categories of EVSE grew, except for public and private Level 1 EVSE, which decreased by 2.1% and 0.7%, respectively. The number of public DC fast charging EVSE ports increased at the fastest rate with 8.4% growth. Overall, there was a 6.6% increase in the number of EVSE ports in the Station Locator.

Read the Third Quarter 2020 report.

Second Quarter 2020

In Q2 of 2020, all categories of EVSE grew, except for public Level 1 EVSE, which decreased by 1.1%. Overall, there was a 3.4% increase in the number of EVSE ports in the Station Locator. The number of DC fast charging EVSE ports grew by the largest percentage in Q2. The South Central region had the largest increase in public charging infrastructure in Q2.

Read the Second Quarter 2020 report.

First Quarter 2020

In Q1 of 2020, all categories of EVSE grew. Overall, there was a 6.9% increase in the number of EVSE ports in the Station Locator. The majority of EVSE ports in the Station Locator are Level 2, but the number of both public and private direct-current (DC) fast charging EVSE ports grew by the largest percentage in Q1. The Northeast region saw the largest increase in public charging infrastructure in Q1, but California continues to lead the country in the number of available public EVSE ports.

Read the First Quarter 2020 report.