Arizona Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current Arizona laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Arizona's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) to submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office by August 1, 2022, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. Plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
For more information about Arizona’s NEVI planning process, see the ADOT Arizona Electric Vehicle Program website. For more information about Arizona’s NEVI plan, see the Joint Office’s State Plans for EV Charging website.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Parking Incentive
An individual driving a dedicated AFV may park without penalty in parking areas that are designated for carpool operators, provided the vehicle is using alternative fuel. Recognized alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 28-877)
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption
The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) allows qualified alternative fuel vehicles (AFV) with an AFV license plate to use HOV lanes, regardless of the number of occupants. Qualified AFVs include vehicles powered exclusively by electricity, propane, natural gas, hydrogen, or a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas. This exemption expires September 20, 2025. For more information about vehicle eligibility and HOV access, visit the ADOT AFV website.
Reduced Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) License Tax
The vehicle license tax for an AFV registered in Arizona is $4 for every $100 in assessed value. The minimum amount of the annual AFV license tax is $5. AFV assessed values are determined as follows:
- For AFVs initially registered between January 1, 2022, and December 31, 2022, the assessed value of the AFV is 20% of the manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP);
- For each succeeding year, for the purpose of calculating the license tax, the assessed value of the AFV is reduced by 15% from the value from the preceding year.
For the purpose of this tax, AFVs include those powered exclusively by propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, or a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas. For more information, see the ADOT AFV website. The reduced alternative fuel vehicle license tax does not apply to any vehicle purchased on or after December 31, 2022.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215, 28-5801, 28-5805)
Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Use Tax Exemption
Arizona use taxes do not apply to natural gas or propane used in an AFV, AFVs converted to operate on alternative fuels, or the equipment used to convert a diesel vehicle to an AFV. Recognized alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 42-5159)
Idle Reduction and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Weight Exemption
A heavy-duty vehicle that is equipped with qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the state’s gross, total axle, or bridge formula vehicle weight limits by up to 550 pounds (lbs.) to accommodate the weight of the idle reduction technology. To qualify for the exemption, the vehicle operator must also be able to prove the weight of the idle reduction technology and demonstrate that the technology is fully functional. Any vehicles fueled by natural gas, electricity, or hydrogen may exceed the limits by up to 2,000 lbs.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 28-1100)
Zero Emission Vehicle Emissions Test Exemption
Electric vehicles registered in Arizona are not required to complete annual emissions testing. All alternative fuel vehicles, excluding electric and hydrogen vehicles, used to commute into Phoenix or Tucson are required to be emissions tested before they are registered. For more information, visit the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - Arizona Public Service Company (APS)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Arizona Public Service Company (APS)
APS offers residential customers a $250 rebate for the purchase of a qualifying Level 2 EV charging station. Additionally, customers who enroll in the APS Smart Charge Program may earn an $85 bill credit every year. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the APS EV Smart Charger Rebate and SmartCharge Rewards websites.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Pilot Program - Arizona Public Service Company (APS)
APS offers free EV charging stations, installation, maintenance, and educational services to its workplace, fleet, and multi-unit dwelling customers through the Take Charge AZ pilot program. For more information, including eligibility, see the APS Take Charge AZ website.
Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Salt River Project (SRP)
SRP offers residential customers a $250 rebate for the purchase of a qualifying Level 2 EV charging station. A $50 bill credit is available for customers who join the SRP EV Community. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the SRP EV Benefits and Savings website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - Salt River Project (SRP)
SRP offers a TOU rate for residential customers that own or lease an EV. For more information, including how to enroll, see the SRP EV Price Plan website.
Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Salt River Project (SRP)
SRP offers rebates to commercial customers who install networked Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Government, non-profit, school, and multifamily customers are eligible for higher rebate amounts. Rebates are available in the following amounts:
|EV Charging Station Type||Standard Rebate||Increased Rebate|
|Networked Level 2||$1,500 per port; up to 75 ports||$4,000 per port; up to 75 ports|
|DCFC||$15,000 per port; up to three ports||$20,000 per port; up to three ports|
EV charging stations must be installed between May 1, 2022, and April 30, 2023. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including how to apply, see the SRP Business EV Charger Rebate website.
Commercial Electrification Rebates - Salt River Project (SRP)
SRP offers commercial customers rebates for the purchase or lease of electric forklifts, electric truck refrigeration units (TRUs) charging infrastructure, truck charging bays, electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, and custom electrification projects. Equipment must be installed between May 1, 2021 and April 30, 2022. Rebate amounts for each technology type are as follows:
|Class 1 or 2 Electric Forklift||Up to $2,000 per forklift|
|Electric Forklift Charger||$150 per charger|
|Scrubbers and Sweepers||$450 per scrubber or sweeper|
|Scissor and Boom Lift||$750 per scissor or boom lift|
|Electric TRU Charger||$1,000 per port|
|Truck Stop and Truck Fleet Charging Bay||$1,000 per bay|
|Custom Electrification Project||$0.10 per annual kilowatt-hour load added by each piece of medium- or heavy-duty equipment|
Applicants may receive up $50,000 in rebates. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the SRP Electrification Rebates website.
Commercial Electrification Assessment Incentives - Salt River Project (SRP)
SRP offers commercial customers rebates of up to $20,000 for completing an electrification fleet assessment through the Fleet Advisory Services Program. Eligible fleets include may include light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles. Rebate amounts vary by fleet size and vehicle classification. For more information, including eligibility requirements, visit the Electrification Rebates and Business EV Charger Rebate website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Tucson Electric Power (TEP)
TEP offers residential customers a rebate of up to $500 for the purchase of a Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) station. Rebate amounts vary by EV charging station amperage. For more information, including how to apply, see the TEP EV Rebates website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Rates - Tuscon Electric Power (TEP)
TEP offers three time-of-use (TOU) rates for residential customers with EVs. For more information, see the TEP Rates for EV Owners website.
Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Tucson Electric Power (TEP)
TEP offers rebates and technical support to businesses, multifamily dwellings, and non-profit customers that purchase and install between two to six EV charging station ports. TEP will evaluate the electrical capacity and supporting EV charging station infrastructure at locations that install six or more ports on a case-by-case basis. Higher rebates are available for commercial customers located in low-income areas. Low-income areas are defined as U.S. Census tracts where the average household income does not exceed 80% of the median Arizona household income. Rebates are available in the following amounts:
|EV Charging Station Type||Location||Rebate||Low-Income Area Rebate|
|Level 2||Workplace||$4,000 per port; up to 75% of project cost||$6,000 per port; up to 75% of project cost|
|Level 2||Multi-Family Dwelling or Non-profit Organization||$5,400 per port; up to 85% of project cost||$9,000 per port; up to 85% of project cost|
|Direct Current (DC) Fast Charger||All||$20,500 per port; up to 75% of project cost||$40,000 per port; up to 75% of project cost|
For more information, including project eligibility and how to apply, see the TEP Smart EV Charging Program website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Mohave Electric Cooperative (MEH)
MEH offers residential and commercial customers rebates for the purchase of networked Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Residential and commercial customers are eligible for rebates of $1,000 and $2,750, respectively. For more information, see the MEH EV Charging Rebate website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Infrastructure Support
Arizona utilities joined the National Electric Highway Coalition (NEHC), committing to create a network of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations connecting major highway systems from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific of the United States. NEHC utility members agree to ensure efficient and effective fast charging deployment plans that enable long distance EV travel, avoiding duplication among coalition utilities, and complement existing corridor DCFC sites. For more information, including a list of participating utilities and states, see the NEHC website.
Laws and Regulations
Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan
Arizona joined Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors.In 2019, the Signatory States signed a revised REV West MOU to update their EV corridor goals based on progress to date. Signatory States are committed to:
- Educate consumers and fleet owners to raise EV awareness, reduce range anxiety, and increase EV adoption;
- Coordinate on EV charging station locations to achieve a consistent user experience across Signatory States;
- Use and promote the REV West Voluntary Minimum Standards for EV charging stations and explore opportunities for implementing the standards in Signatory States;
- Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
- Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States;
- Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the plan; and
- Support the build-out of direct current (DC) fast charging stations along EV corridors through investments, partnerships, and other mechanisms.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Special License Plate
The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) must issue a special license plate to dedicated AFVs. Dedicated AFVs include vehicles powered exclusively by propane, compressed natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas. AFVs may not be capable of operating on any other fuel type. There is no limit to the number of AFV license plates ADOT can issue. The Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) must inspect vehicles converted to operate solely on alternative fuel and issue an Alternative Fuel Certificate before converted vehicles may receive the AFV special plate. State or agency directors who conduct activities of a confidential nature and use AFVs are exempt from the requirement to display an AFV special license plate. For more information, see the ADOT Specialty Plates website.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 28-2416)
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Council
The governor established the Institute of Automated Mobility (IAM) to bring together public and private partners to advance AV technology. IAM provides facilities to test AV technology and develop safety and security policies and guidelines. IAM will research and develop consistent AV guidelines and recommend infrastructure requirements. State agencies will coordinate with IAM to develop a report of public policy recommendations to update and modernize Arizona laws for connected and AV technologies. For more information, see the IAM website.
(Reference Executive Order 2018-09, 2018)
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Operation Requirements
An AV may be operated without a driver physically present in the vehicle if a law enforcement interaction plan is submitted to the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and the Department of Public Safety. Additionally, a written statement must be submitted to ADOT acknowledging the AV meets the following requirements:
- It is in compliance with applicable federal laws and federal motor vehicle safety standards;
- It can achieve a minimal risk condition if the vehicle is unable to perform an intended task or exists its operational design domain;
- It is in compliance with applicable state traffic and motor safety laws;
- It meets all applicable certificate of title, registration, licensing, and insurance requirements.
An AV is defined as a motor vehicle that is equipped with the hardware and software that is collectively capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 28-9601 and 28-9602)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Parking Space Regulation
An individual is not allowed to stop, stand, or park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for parking and charging EVs unless the motor vehicle is an EV and has been issued an alternative fuel vehicle special plate or sticker. Violators may be subject to a civil penalty of at least $350.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 28-876)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Definition and Implementation Plan
The Arizona Corporation Commission (Commission) defines EVs as transportation vehicles that use electricity for propulsion. The Commission issued an EV policy statement that provides guidelines on EVs, charging infrastructure, and transportation electrification to utilities the Commission regulates. The policy addresses the state of EVs in Arizona, EV benefits, and barriers to adoption. This policy purposefully does not define the Commission’s role with respect to EV charging infrastructure operated by non-utilities at this time, but the Commission will explore it in the future. For more information, see the Commission’s EV policy statement and the Corporation Commission website.
(Reference Docket RU-00000A-18-0284 decision number 77044)
Biofuels Definitions and Specifications
Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is produced from nonpetroleum renewable resources and meets ASTM Standard D6751 and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established in Section 211 of the Clean Air Act. E85 is defined as a blend of fuel ethanol and gasoline that meets ASTM Standard D5798. The Arizona Department of Weights and Measures must adopt rules to establish and enforce federal standards and ASTM test methods for biofuels and biofuel blends, and blenders of biodiesel must follow the established reporting requirements.
Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure
To the extent practical, an Arizona state agency or political subdivision that operates an alternative fueling station must allow vehicles, other state agencies, or political subdivisions to fuel at the station. For the purpose of this requirement, alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 49-572)
Municipal Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements
Local governments in Maricopa, Pinal, and Yavapai counties with a population of more than 1.2 million people must develop and implement vehicle fleet plans to encourage and increase the use of alternative fuels in municipal fleets. At least 75% of the total municipal fleet must operate on alternative fuels. Alternatively, municipal fleets may meet AFV acquisition requirements through biodiesel or other alternative fuel use or apply for waivers. Local governments in counties with populations of more than 500,000 people with bus fleets must purchase or convert buses to operate on alternative fuels. For the purpose of these requirements, alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, qualified diesel fuel substitutes, E85, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
Municipal Alternative Fuel Tax Regulation
A taxing jurisdiction may not levy a tax or fee, however denominated, on natural gas or propane used to propel a motor vehicle.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 42-6004)
Federal Fleet Operation Regulations
Federal fleets based in Arizona that operate primarily in counties with a population of more than 1.2 million people must be comprised of at least 90% alternative fuel vehicles. Alternatively, federal fleets may meet acquisition requirements through alternative fuel use or apply for waivers. For the purpose of these requirements, alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, qualified diesel fuel substitutes, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 49-573)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Dealer Information Dissemination Requirement
New motor vehicle dealers must make information about AFVs and Arizona-based incentives for purchasing or leasing AFVs available to the public. For the purpose of these requirements, alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 1-215 and 28-4414)
Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee
The Arizona Department of Weights and Measures collects license fees for certain propane and CNG fueling devices used for commercial purposes. A penalty equal to 20% of the fee may be imposed for late license fee payments.
(Reference Recodified as Arizona Revised Statutes 3-3452)
Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Access to Roadways
NEVs may not operate at speeds greater than 25 miles per hour (mph). An NEV may not operate on a roadway with a speed limit greater than 35 mph, except to cross that roadway. NEVs must display a notice of the operational restrictions (either painted or otherwise permanently attached) on the vehicle in a location that is in clear view of the driver.
(Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 28-966 and 28-2157)
School Bus Idle Reduction Pilot Program
As part of the Children’s Environmental Health Project, the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) administers the School Bus Idling Pilot Program (Program) to reduce bus idling near schools. ADEQ has worked with school districts to develop a draft bus idling policy, which many of the school districts involved in the pilot program have implemented. The Program’s best practices include: having drivers turn off buses upon reaching a school or other location and not turn on the engine until the vehicle is ready to depart; parking buses at least 100 feet from a school air intake system; and posting appropriate signage advising drivers to limit idling near the school. For more information, refer to the ADEQ School Bus Idling Pilot Program website.
Public Utility Definition
A company that sells electricity for the purpose of electric vehicle charging is not considered a public service corporation. Companies may charge a flat or time-based fee for this electricity.
(Reference House Bill 2586, 2022)
School Transportation Advisory Council
The Student Transportation Advisory Council must advise the Arizona Department of Administration on increasing public safety, transportation efficiencies, and transportation options related to modernizing and innovating K-12 student transportation. Recommendations may include electric transportation and charging infrastructure.
Electric School Bus Purchase Authorization
School districts may establish contracts for vehicles and other transportation services as an alternative to maintaining and operating a transportation program. A school district may select a pre-approved or private contractor that:
- Provides electric school buses, electric school bus infrastructure, charging and charging management services, or electric school bus services; and,
- Is approved by the Arizona School Bus Advisory Council.
Hydrogen Fuel Production Support
The Hydrogen Study Committee (Committee) must evaluate existing state and federal laws, regulations, and funding sources for hydrogen fuel and recommend legislation related to the production, use, distribution, and storage of hydrogen. The Committee must review the following topics:
- The impacts of hydrogen production from various fuel sources;
- The construction of a dedicated hydrogen pipeline for transportation fuel;
- Long-term opportunities for carbon capture and sequestration;
- Streamlined permitting processes for hydrogen facilities and infrastructure;
- Cost-effective industrial rates for hydrogen production;
- Safety standards regarding the production, use, distribution and storage of hydrogen by state agencies; and
- Economic impacts of the potential hydrogen value chain in Arizona.
The committee must submit a report of their evaluation and recommendations to the Arizona legislature by September 1, 2023.
(Reference Senate Bill 1396, 2022)