California Laws and Incentives

Listed below are the summaries of all current California laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:

State Incentives

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Incentives

The Institute of Transportation Studies at University of California Irvine administers the Natural Gas Vehicle Incentive Project (NGVIP) to provide funding for qualified NGVs. Eligible vehicles include new on-road natural gas light-, medium-, or heavy-duty vehicles that are fully warrantied and meet California Air Resources Board requirements. Each applicant must complete a NGVIP reservation form and receive a confirmed reservation before purchasing an eligible NGV. Each applicant may apply for up to 30 incentives. Vehicles must operate on natural gas at least 90% of the time for three years after purchase. Incentive amounts are based on the NGV's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) as follows:

GVWRIncentive Amount
Up to 8,500 pounds (lbs.)$1,000
8,501 lbs. - 16,000 lbs.$6,000
16,001 lbs. - 26,000 lbs.$11,000
26,001 lbs. - 33,000 lbs.$20,000
33,001 lbs. & greater$25,000

The California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (ARFVTP) funds the NGVIP. Funding availability is based on confirmed reservations. For more information, including vehicle eligibility requirements and exclusions, see the NGVIP website.

Low Emission Truck and Bus Purchase Vouchers

Through the Hybrid and Zero Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project (HVIP) and Low NOx Engine Incentives, the California Air Resources Board provides vouchers to eligible fleets to reduce the incremental cost of qualified electric, hybrid, or natural gas trucks and buses at the time of purchase. Vouchers are available on a first-come, first-served basis and range from $2,000 to $315,000. Only fleets that operate vehicles in California are eligible. Voucher amounts vary depending on whether the vehicles are located in a disadvantaged community. For more information, including a list of qualified vehicles and other requirements, see the HVIP website.

Plug-In Hybrid and Zero Emission Light-Duty Vehicle Rebates

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. Qualified vehicles are light-duty zero emission vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. The rebates are for up to $5,000 for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), $2,500 for battery electric vehicles, $1,500 for PHEVs, and $900 for zero emission motorcycles. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. Residents of San Diego County may be eligible for a preapproved rebate through the CVRP Rebate Now pilot. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the CVRP.

Individuals are eligible for the rebate based on gross annual income, as stated on the individual's federal tax return. Individuals with a gross annual income above the following thresholds are only eligible for rebates for FCEVs:

  • $150,000 for single filers
  • $204,000 for head-of-household filers
  • $300,000 for joint filers
For individuals with low and moderate household incomes of less than or equal to 300% of the federal poverty level, rebates are increased by $2,000, for a total rebate amount of up to $7,000. Increased rebates are available for ARB-approved FCEVs, PHEVs, and battery electric vehicles. ARB must provide outreach to low income households and communities to raise awareness about CVRP. Through January 1, 2022, ARB must prioritize rebate payments for low income applicants.

ARB determines annual funding amounts for the CVRP, which is expected to be effective through 2023. ARB must submit a report to the State Legislature on the environmental and economic impacts of the CVRP by December 31, 2018. For more information, including information on income verification, a list of eligible vehicles, and instructions on how to apply, see the CVRP website.

(Reference Assembly Bill 2885, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive Program Support

The California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), funded by the California Energy Commission, provides guidance and funding for local governments and organizations to develop and implement EVSE incentive programs that help meet regional needs for Level 2 and direct current (DC) fast chargers. CALeVIP evaluates proposed EVSE incentive programs and solicits input from stakeholders to guide the development and implementation of the programs. CALeVIP also provides the incentive funding for each program. For more information, see the CALeVIP website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Loan and Rebate Program

The Electric Vehicle Charging Station Financing Program (Program), part of the California Capital Access Program (CalCAP), provides loans for the design, development, purchase, and installation of EVSE at small business locations in California. The Program may provide up to 100% coverage to lenders on certain loan defaults. Lenders must apply to the California Pollution Control Financing Authority (CPCFA) to participate and enroll each qualified EVSE loan through CalCAP. Upon approval, CPCFA will pay a premium into the lender's loan loss reserve account for up to 20% of the loan amount and contribute an additional 10% for installations in multi-unit dwellings and disadvantaged communities.

Small businesses are eligible for a rebate of 50% of the loan loss reserve amount after the small business repays the loan in full or meets monthly payment deadlines over a 48-month period. Eligible borrowers must be small businesses with 1,000 or fewer employees and must maintain legal control of the EVSE for the entire loan period. The maximum loan amount is $500,000 per qualified small business and can be insured for up to four years.

The California Energy Commission funds the Program. For more information, including EVSE technical requirements and eligibility requirements for both borrowers and lenders, see the Program website.

Plug-In Hybrid and Zero Emission Light-Duty Public Fleet Vehicle Fleet Rebates

The Public Fleet Pilot Project (PFPP) offers rebates to eligible state and local public entities for the purchase of qualified light-duty fleet vehicles. The rebates are for up to $3,500 for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, $4,500 for battery electric vehicles, and $7,000 for fuel-cell electric vehicles the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has certified. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the PFPP. Each entity may receive up to 30 rebates annually and cannot receive California Vehicle Rebate Project incentives for the same vehicle. Public fleets located in disadvantaged communities are eligible for increased incentives. For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles, locations, and entities, see the PFPP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)

Alternative Fuel and Vehicle Incentives

The California Energy Commission (CEC) administers the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (ARFVTP) to provide financial incentives for businesses, vehicle and technology manufacturers, workforce training partners, fleet owners, consumers, and academic institutions with the goal of developing and deploying alternative and renewable fuels and advanced transportation technologies. The CEC must prepare and adopt an annual Investment Plan for the ARFVTP to establish funding priorities and opportunities that reflect program goals and to describe how program funding will complement other public and private investments. Funded projects include:

  • Commercial alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) demonstrations and deployment;
  • Alternative and renewable fuel production;
  • Research and development of alternative and renewable fuels and innovative technologies;
  • AFV manufacturing;
  • Workforce training; and
  • Public education, outreach, and promotion.
The program will be available until January 1, 2024. For more information, see the ARFVTP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44270-44274.7 and California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Chapter 8.1)

Zero and Near-Zero Emission Vehicle Weight Exemption

Zero and near-zero emission vehicles may exceed the state's gross vehicle weight limits by an amount equal to the difference of the weight of the near-zero emission or zero emission powertrain and the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling system, up to 2,000 pounds. A zero emission vehicle is defined as a vehicle that produces no criteria pollutant, toxic air contaminant, or greenhouse gas emissions when stationary or operating. A near-zero emission vehicle is a vehicle that uses zero emission technologies, uses technologies that provide a pathway to zero emission operations, or incorporates other technologies that significantly reduce vehicle emissions. (Reference Assembly Bill 2061, 2018, California Business and Professions Code 12725, California Vehicle Code 3551, and California Health and Safety Code 44258)

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption

Compressed natural gas, hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. DMV issues Red Clean Air Vehicle stickers to applicants that have not already been issued a White or Green Clean Air Vehicle sticker, with the exception of the instances mentioned below. Stickers are valid through the following dates:

  • Stickers issued for Model Year 2004 or earlier vehicles, regardless of the issue date, expire January 1, 2019;
  • Stickers issued before March 1, 2018, expire January 1, 2019;
  • Stickers issued between March 1, 2018, and January 1, 2019, expire January 1, 2022;
  • Stickers issued on or after March 1, 2018, for a vehicle that had previously been issued a sticker between January 1, 2017, and March 1, 2018, expire January 1, 2022; and
  • Stickers issued on or after January 1, 2019, expire January 1, 2023.
DMV may issue stickers on or after January 1, 2020, only for applicants that have a household income at or below 80% of the state median income, which will expire January 1, 2024. The California Department of Transportation must publish a report between January 1, 2023, and June 1, 2023, detailing the number of stickers issued under this program.

Vehicles with stickers are also eligible for reduced rates on or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. For more information and restrictions, including a list of qualifying vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Lane Use Stickers website.

(Reference Senate Bill 957, 2018, and California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)

Voluntary Vehicle Retirement Incentives

Through the California Bureau of Automotive Repair's (Bureau) Consumer Assistance Program (CAP), the owner of a personal motor vehicle may receive $1,000 to retire the vehicle early from operation. Applicants must provide proof of a failed smog test and may only retire one vehicle annually. Low-income eligible applicants may receive $1,500 to retire the vehicle and must provide proof of a completed smog test, pass or fail. An eligible vehicle must be registered in the state without substantial lapse for at least two years prior to retirement. The owner must retire the vehicle at a dismantler under contract with the Bureau. The Bureau also offers financial assistance of up to $500 toward emissions-related repairs for vehicles remaining in service that cannot pass the biennial smog check inspection. For more information, additional eligibility requirements and, application materials, see the CAP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44062.3 and 44125)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants

The Motor Vehicle Registration Fee Program (Program) provides funding for projects that reduce air pollution from on- and off-road vehicles. Eligible projects include purchasing AFVs and developing alternative fueling infrastructure. Contact local air districts and see the Program website for more information about available grant funding and distribution from the Program. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44220 (b))

Emissions Reductions Grants

The Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program (Program) provides incentives to cover the incremental cost of purchasing engines and equipment that are cleaner than required by law. Eligible projects include heavy-duty fleet modernization, light-duty vehicle replacements and retrofits, idle reduction technology, off-road vehicle and equipment purchases, and alternative fuel and electric vehicle infrastructure projects. The Program provides funds for significant near-term reductions in nitrogen oxide emissions, reactive organic gases, and particulate matter emissions. Funding is available until January 1, 2024. The California Air Resources Board, in consultation with local air districts, must convene working groups to evaluate the Program's policies and goals.

Contact local air districts and see the Program website for more information about grant funding availability and distribution.

(Reference California Health and Safety Code 44275-44299.2)

Point of Contact
Diesel Hotline
California Air Resources Board
Phone: (866) 6DIESEL (634-3735)
8666diesel@arb.ca.gov

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants

The Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program (Program) provides funding for projects that reduce emissions from freight movement in the state, including heavy-duty truck replacement, repower, or retrofit; and truck stop electrification infrastructure development. For more information about funding application opportunities, see the Program website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 39625-39627.5)

Point of Contact
Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program
California Air Resources Board
Phone: (916) 44-GOODS (444-6637)
gmbond@arb.ca.gov
http://www.arb.ca.gov/gmbond

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Pilot Programs

The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) may provide funding for pilot utility programs to install EVSE at school facilities, other educational institutions, and state parks or beaches. Priority must be given to locations in disadvantaged communities, as defined by the California Environmental Protection Agency. For more information, see the PUC project guidance and the PUC Zero Emission Vehicles website. (Reference California Public Utilities Code 740.13-740.14)

Advanced Transportation Tax Exclusion

The California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority (CAEATFA) provides a sales and use tax exclusion for qualified manufacturers of advanced transportation products, components, or systems that reduce pollution and energy use and promote economic development. Incentives are available until December 31, 2020. For more information, including application materials, see the CAEATFA Sales and Use Tax Exclusion Program website. (Reference California Public Resources Code 26000-26017)

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use

CNG and electricity that local agencies or public transit operators use as motor vehicle fuel to operate public transit services is exempt from applicable user taxes a county imposes. (Reference California Revenue and Taxation Code 7284.3)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Financing Program

Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing allows property owners to borrow funds to pay for energy improvements, including purchasing and installing EVSE. The borrower repays the financing over a defined period of time through a special assessment on the property. Local governments in California are authorized to establish PACE programs. Property owners must agree to a contractual assessment on the property tax bill, have a clean property title, and be current on property taxes and mortgages. Financing limits are 15% of the first $700,000 of the property value and 10% of the remaining property value. For more information, see the California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority PACE website. (Reference California Public Resources Code 26004-26082)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Southern California

The Southern California Incentive Project (SCIP), funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates of up to $70,000 per direct current (DC) fast charger for installations at new sites and 75% of total project costs, up to $40,000, per DC fast charger for installations at replacement or make-ready sites. Installations in disadvantaged communities are eligible for rebates for 80% of the total project cost, up to $80,000, per DC fast charger, regardless of installation site type. Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profit organizations, California Native American Tribes listed with the Native American Heritage Commission, or public or government entities. Qualifying installation sites must be accessible 24 hours a day and be located in Los Angeles County, Orange County, Riverside County, or San Bernardino County. For more information, see the SCIP website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Rebate - Antelope Valley

The Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District’s (AVAQMD) AFV Program offers rebates of up to $1,000 to residents toward the purchase or lease of a new AFV. Qualifying technologies include, but are not limited to, all-electric, plug-in hybrid electric, and compressed natural gas. AFVs purchased or leased outside of the AVAQMD jurisdiction are eligible for half of the rebate amount. For more information, including how to apply, see the AVAQMD AFV Program website.

Clean Vehicle Rebate - El Dorado County

The El Dorado County Air Quality Management District (AQMD) offers rebates of up to $1,000 to residents toward the purchase or lease of a new zero emission vehicle or partial zero emission vehicle, as defined by the California Air Resources Board. To qualify, vehicles must be owned or leased for at least three years within El Dorado County. For more information, see the AQMD Grants and Incentives website.

Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento

The Sacramento Emergency Clean Air and Transportation (SECAT) Program provides grants to offset the costs of zero emission heavy-duty vehicles that reduce on-road emissions within the counties of El Dorado, Placer, Sacramento, Sutter, Yolo, and Yuba in California. Eligible projects include the purchase of battery electric or hydrogen fuel cell trucks, buses, and shuttles. Other advanced technology implementation projects may also qualify. For more information, including current funding opportunities, see the SECAT website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44299.50-44299.55)

Point of Contact
Kristian Damkier
Associate Air Quality Engineer
Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District
Phone: (916) 874-4892
kdamkier@airquality.org
http://www.airquality.org/residents/incentive-programs/truck-replacement-secat-program

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Fresno County

The Fresno County Incentive Project (FCIP), funded by the California Energy Commission, offers rebates of up to $4,000 for single port EVSE and up to $7,000 for dual port EVSE toward the purchase and installation of the unit. Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profit organizations, or government entities based in California, or with a California-based affiliate, as well as property owners or entities with property owner authorization to install EVSE. Qualifying installation sites are commercial, workplace, multi-unit dwelling, or public facilities located in Fresno County. For more information, see the FCIP website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - South Coast and MSRC

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) and the Mobile Source Air Pollution Reduction Review Committee's (MSRC) Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Incentive Pilot Program offers rebates of up to $250 towards the purchase of a qualified residential Level 2 EVSE. Additional rebates of up to $250 are available for low-income residents. Funding is available on a first-come, first-served basis to residents within the SCAQMD jurisdiction. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Residential EV Charging Incentive Pilot Program website.

Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) administers the Air Quality Investment Program (AQIP). AQIP provides funding to allow employers within SCAQMD's jurisdiction to make annual investments into an administered fund to meet employers' emissions reduction targets. The revenues collected are used to fund alternative mobile source emissions and trip reduction programs, including alternative fuel vehicle projects, on an on-going basis. Programs such as low emission, alternative fuel, or zero emission vehicle procurement and old vehicle scrapping may be considered for funding. For more information, including current requests for proposals and funding opportunities, see the AQIP website.

Point of Contact
Vasken Yardemian
Program Supervisor
South Coast Air Quality Management District
Phone: (909) 396-3296
vyardemian@aqmd.gov
http://www.aqmd.gov/home/programs/business/business-detail?title=air-quality-investment-program

Technology Advancement Funding - South Coast

The South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) Clean Fuels Program provides funding for research, development, demonstration, and deployment projects that are expected to help accelerate the commercialization of advanced low emission transportation technologies. Eligible projects include powertrains and energy storage or conversion devices (e.g., fuel cells and batteries), and implementation of clean fuels, including the necessary infrastructure. Qualified clean fuels include, but are not limited to, natural gas, propane, and hydrogen. Projects are selected via specific requests for proposals on an as-needed basis or through unsolicited proposals. For more information, see the SCAQMD Research, Development, and Demonstration website.

Voluntary Vehicle Retirement Incentives - San Joaquin Valley and South Coast

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and the South Coast Air Quality Management District administer the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program (EFMP) Pilot Retire and Replace program, providing incentives to replace a vehicle eligible for retirement with a more fuel-efficient vehicle. Used vehicles must be no more than eight years old and applicants must live in the San Joaquin Valley or South Coast air basins. Eligible replacement vehicles must meet a minimum fuel economy average by model year or average at least 35 miles per gallon (mpg). Alternative fuel vehicles are also eligible, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Funding for alternative transportation mobility options, such as public transportation or car sharing, is also available in lieu of purchasing another vehicle. The incentive amounts vary by income level as compared to the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) and replacement vehicle type.

Income EligibilityVehicle <8 YearsFuel Economy >35 mpgPHEV or ZEVAlternative Transportation Mobility Option
Low Income (<225% FPL)$4,000$4,500$4,500$4,500 Value
Moderate Income (<300% FPL)Not Eligible$3,500$3,500$3,500 Value
Above Moderate Income (<400% FPL)Not EligibleNot Eligible$2,500$2,500 Value

Residents living in disadvantaged communities may be eligible for higher incentive amounts. For more information, including eligible vehicles and applicable requirements, see the California Air Resources Board EFMP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44062.3 and 44125)

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Rebate - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Drive Clean! Rebate Program, which provides rebates for the purchase or lease of eligible new vehicles, including qualified natural gas, hydrogen fuel cell, propane, battery electric, neighborhood electric, and plug-in electric vehicles, and zero emission motorcycles. The program offers rebates of up to $3,000, which are available on a first-come, first-served basis for residents and businesses located in the SJVAPCD. For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles and other requirements, see the SJVAPCD Drive Clean! Rebate Program website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Incentives - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District administers the Public Benefit Grant Program, which provides funding to cities, counties, special districts (such as water districts and irrigation districts), and public educational institutions for the purchase of new AFVs, including electric, hybrid electric, natural gas, and propane vehicles. The maximum grant amount allowed per vehicle is $20,000, with a limit of $100,000 per agency per year. Projects are considered on a first-come, first-serve basis. For more information, see the Public Benefit Grant Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District administers the Charge Up! Program, which provides funding for public agencies and businesses for the purchase and installation of new, publicly accessible EVSE. A single port Level 2 station is eligible for up to $5,000 per unit, a dual port Level 2 station may receive up to $6,000 per unit, and, with a 30% minimum cost share, a direct current (DC) fast charger may receive up to $25,000 per unit. There is an annual funding cap of $50,000 per applicant. For more information, including application requirements and restrictions, see the Charge Up! Program website.

Heavy-Duty Truck Emission Reduction Grants - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Truck Replacement Program, which provides funding for fleets to replace old vehicles with lower emitting vehicles or to purchase new zero emission, hybrid, or low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) vehicles. Funding is available for the following projects:

  • Replacement of model year (MY) 2009 or older diesel trucks with new trucks that meet or exceed the 2010 NOx emissions standard;
  • Replacement of MY 2010 or newer trucks with new zero emission, hybrid, or low NOx trucks; and
  • Purchase of new zero emission, hybrid, or low NOx trucks.
Incentive amounts vary by weight class and fuel type. Fleets may receive up to 35% of the vehicle cost for new diesel trucks. To qualify, eligible trucks for replacement must be garaged in the SJVAPCD and have operated at least 75% of the time in California and 50% of the time in the SJVAPCD for the previous two years. New replacement trucks must be operated in California 90% to 100% of the time and within the SJVAPCD 50% of the time. For more information, including application requirements, see the SJVAPCD Truck Replacement Program website.

Vehicle Emissions Reduction Incentives - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Vanpool Voucher Incentive Program (VVIP), which provides funding for residents to participate in vanpools and reduce or replace single occupant vehicle commutes in the San Joaquin Valley. Residents may receive up to $360 per year. Vanpool agencies interested in participating in the program must submit an application to SJVAPCD and sign a contract to become a VVIP partner. For more information, see the SJVAPCD VVIP website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Mechanic Training Program, which provides incentives to educate personnel on the mechanics, operation safety, and maintenance of AFVs, fueling stations, and tools involved in the implementation of alternative fuel technologies. For more information, see the AFV Mechanic Training Component website.

Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County

The Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (VCAPCD) administers the Clean Air Fund, which provides grants for qualified air quality improvement projects located in Ventura County. The Clean Air Fund Advisory Committee is interested in projects that will have significant emissions reduction impacts or support innovative air pollution reduction technologies. For more information, see the VCAPCD Clean Air Fund website.

Point of Contact
Tyler Harris
Air Quality Engineer
Ventura County Air Pollution Control District
Phone: (805) 645-1407
tyler@vcapcd.org

Utility/Private Incentives

All-Electric Vehicle Rebate - Pacific Power

Pacific Power customers and employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan Leaf. To receive the rebate, applicants must show proof of Pacific Power employment or a copy of a Pacific Power bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Fleet Certification Code B65280. Rebates are available through January 2, 2019. For more information, see Pacific Power's Efficiency & Environment website.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - SMUD

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) customers are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan Leaf. To receive the rebate, applicants must show a copy of a SMUD bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Fleet Certification Code G64001. Rebates are available through January 2, 2019. For more information, see SMUD’s Residential EVs website.

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - SMUD

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers residential customers a $599 rebate or a free Level 2 (240 volt) EVSE. Rebates or chargers are available to SMUD residential customers with the purchase or lease of a new plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). To be eligible for the rebate or charger, completed applications must be postmarked within 180 days of the date of purchase or lease of the PEV. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the rebate application, please see SMUD's Drive Electric Incentive website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates for Businesses - SMUD

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers rebates for commercial customers to purchase and install Level 2 EVSE and direct current (DC) fast chargers at their business. Eligible applicants may receive up to $120,000 per project for public access DC fast chargers and up to $1,500 per Level 2 EVSE installed at multi-unit dwellings or workplaces. Up to 20 Level 2 EVSE may be installed per business location. For more information, including how to apply, see the SMUD Business Electric Vehicles website.

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) and Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric's (PG&E) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charge Network Program provides installation support and funding for multi-unit dwellings and workplaces in the PG&E territory to install PG&E approved EVSE in parking areas. To qualify, facilities must equip at least ten adjoining parking spaces with EVSE. Eligible expenses include the cost of installation and a portion of the EVSE unit cost, up to $1,500 per port. For more information, including how to apply, see the PG&E EV Charge Network Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - PG&E

Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) provides rebates of $500 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household or their tenant in a multifamily household with the vehicle owner's permission. For more information, see the PG&E Clean Fuel Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - SCE

Southern California Edison's (SCE) Charge Ready Home Installation Rebate Program offers rebates for residential customers of up to $1,500 toward the installation and permitting costs for a residential Level 2 EVSE. Eligible expenses include the costs associated with electrical upgrades and permit fees, not the cost of the EVSE unit. To qualify, customers must be enrolled in a SCE time-of-use (TOU) rate. Rebate amounts vary depending on the TOU rate in which the customer is enrolled. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Charge Ready Home Installation Rebate Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate for Businesses - SCE

Southern California Edison's (SCE) Charge Ready Program offers rebates for commercial customers toward the purchase and installation of a minimum of ten Level 1 or Level 2 EVSE, or a minimum of five Level 1 or Level 2 EVSE in disadvantaged communities. To qualify, customers must own, lease, or operate a site where vehicles are typically parked for at least four hours. Eligible expenses include the costs associated with electrical upgrades and part or all of the costs of the EVSE and installation. Rebate amounts vary. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Charge Ready Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - SCE

Southern California Edison (SCE) provides rebates of $450 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or preowned PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household. For more information, see the SCE Clean Fuel Rewards Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Pasadena Water and Power (PWP)

PWP provides rebates of $250 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or used PEV. An additional $250 is available for eligible PEVs purchased or leased from a Pasadena dealership. Customers participating in PWP's income-qualifying programs may also qualify for an additional $250 rebate, for a total of $750. Rebates are available for PEVs purchased or leased on or after August 1, 2018. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the PWP Residential Electric Vehicle and Charger Incentive Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Credit - SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) offers an annual credit ranging from $50 to $200 to customers who own or lease a PEV. The credit is available to qualified customers through 2020. For more information, including how to apply, see the SDG&E Electric Vehicle Climate Credit website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Charging Incentives - Sonoma Clean Power

Qualified Sonoma Clean Power (SCP) customers are eligible to receive a free EVSE that can be connected to Wi-Fi and communicate with the SCP GridSavvy Community. Customers are responsible for shipping and installation costs. Customers may also receive $5 per month for connecting the EVSE to the GridSavvy Community. Other terms and conditions may apply. For more information, including frequently asked questions, see SCP's GridSavvy website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alameda Municipal Power (AMP)

AMP provides rebates of up to $500 to residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Customers may apply for multiple rebates at a time. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the AMP Level 2 Electric Vehicle Charger website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Anaheim Public Utilities

Anaheim Public Utilities provides rebates of up to $500 for residential, commercial, and industrial customers that install EVSE at their home or business. Eligible expenses include the cost of the charger and installation. Anaheim Public Utilities will also pay for any associated permit fees. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charger Rebate Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Burbank Water and Power (BWP)

BWP provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE can receive up to $2,000 for each charger and up to four rebates per fiscal year. Residential customers who install a charger can receive up to $500 and will be placed on BWP's time-of-use electric rate. Applications must be submitted no later than four months from the date of purchase. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charging Station Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Glendale Water and Power (GWP)

GWP provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE can receive up to $2,000 for each charger and up to four rebates. Residential customers who install a charger can receive up to $500. Applications must be submitted no later than four months from the date of purchase. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the GWP Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Pasadena Water and Power (PWP)

PWP provides rebates of $600 for residential customers toward the installation of a WiFi enabled EVSE, or $200 toward the installation of a non-WiFi enabled EVSE. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the PWP Residential Electric Vehicle and Charger Incentive Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - LADWP

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE for employee and public use can receive up to $5,000 for each charger, with up to $750 in additional rebate funds per extra charge port. Rebates do not cover the cost of installation. Eligible customers may qualify for up to 40 rebate awards depending on the number of parking spaces at the installation site. Residential customers who install wall-mounted chargers can receive up to $500. EVSE must be installed within the LADWP service area. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis through June 30, 2021, or until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charge Up L.A.! website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - LADWP

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) offers a $0.025 per kilowatt-hour discount for electricity used to charge PEVs during off-peak times. Residential customers who install a separate time-of-use meter panel will also receive a $250 credit. For more information, see the LADWP Electric Vehicle Incentives website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - SCE

Southern California Edison (SCE) offers a discounted rate to customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. Two rate schedules are available for PEV charging during on- and off-peak hours. For more information, see the SCE Electric Vehicle Residential Rates website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Alameda Municipal Power (AMP)

AMP offers a discounted rate to customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. Discounts vary depending on the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle. For more information, see the AMP Electric Vehicle Charging Discount website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Azusa Light & Water

Azusa Light & Water offers a $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) discount for electricity used to charge PEVs during off peak times. Customers must use a minimum of 50 kWh to receive the discount. For more information, see the Azusa Light & Water Schedule EV website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Burbank Water and Power (BWP)

BWP offers a discounted rate to residential or multi-family customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. Customers must remain on the PEV time-of-use rate for a minimum of one year. For more information, see the BWP Electric Vehicles website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - SMUD

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers a discounted rate to residential customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. For more information, see the SMUD Time-of-Day Rate website.

Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) offers discounted residential time-of-use rates for electricity used for plug-in electric vehicle charging. Discounted rates are also available for compressed or uncompressed natural gas used in natural gas vehicle (NGV) home fueling appliances. For more information, see the PG&E Electric Vehicle Rate Plans and NGV Rates websites.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Natural Gas Infrastructure Charging Rate Reduction - SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) offers lower rates to customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. SDG&E's EV Time-of-Use rates are available in three variations: EV-TOU-2 and EV-TOU-5 bill home and vehicle electricity use on a single meter; and EV-TOU bills vehicle electricity use separately, requiring the installation of a second meter. Lower rates are also available to customers who own a natural gas vehicle (NGV) and use a qualified compressed natural gas fueling appliance at home. For more information about EV Time-of-Use rates, see the SDG&E EV Pricing Plans and NGV Rates website.

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) and Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric's (SDG&E) Power Your Drive program provides EVSE equipment, installation, and maintenance support for MUDs and workplaces in the SDG&E territory. Site hosts must make a one-time participation payment and be able to dedicate at least five parking spaces at residential locations or at least ten parking spaces at workplaces for EVSE. MUDs and workplaces located in disadvantaged communities may qualify for the program at no cost to the site host. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the Power Your Drive website.

Natural Gas Vehicle Loan - SoCalGas

Southern California Gas Company’s (SoCalGas) Truck Loan Program provides short-term loans of up to two weeks for medium- and heavy-duty compressed natural gas vehicles at no cost to qualifying customers. For more information, see the Truck Loan Program announcement.

Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas

Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) offers natural gas at discounted rates to customers fueling natural gas vehicles (NGVs). G-NGVR, Natural Gas Service for Home Fueling of Motor Vehicles, is available to residential customers; G-NGV, Natural Gas Service for Motor Vehicles, is available to commercial customers. For more information, see the SoCalGas NGVs website.

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Credit - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) administers the Clean Fuel Rebate program, which offers an annual bill credit for CNG account holders that purchase CNG as a transportation fuel from a PG&E station. Customers must have an active CNG transportation fueling account. The program is available through 2020, or until funds are exhausted. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the Clean Fuel Rebate website.

Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels

Propel Fuels offers a rebate to qualified fleet customers for monthly purchases of more than 500 gallons of biodiesel blends and E85. Fleet customers must purchase the fuel directly from Propel public retail locations using the Propel CleanDrive Fleet Card. The program offers a rebate of $0.03 per gallon for purchases of less than 1,000 gallons of biofuel per month, and $0.05 per gallon for purchases of 1,000 gallons or more per month. The rebate is applied at the end of each monthly billing cycle. For more information, see the Propel Clean Fleet Solution website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount

Farmers Insurance provides a discount of up to 10% on all major insurance coverage for HEV and AFV owners. To qualify, the automobile must be a dedicated AFV using ethanol, compressed natural gas, propane, or electricity, or be a HEV. A complete vehicle identification number is required to validate vehicle eligibility. For more information, see the Farmers Insurance California Insurance Discounts website.

Laws and Regulations

Establishment of a Zero Emission Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program

The California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program (Program) will provide funding for development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilot, and early commercial implementation projects for zero and near-zero emission trucks, buses, and off-road vehicles and equipment. Eligible projects include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Technology development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilots, and early commercial implementation projects for zero and near-zero emission truck technology;
  • Zero and near-zero emission bus technology development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilots, and early commercial deployments, including pilots of multiple vehicles at one site or region;
  • Purchase incentives for commercially available zero and near-zero emission truck, bus, and off-road vehicle and equipment technologies and fueling infrastructure; and
  • Projects that support greater commercial motor vehicle and equipment freight efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions reductions, including autonomous vehicles, grid integration technology, and charge management solutions.
Remanufactured and retrofitted vehicles meeting warranty and emissions requirements may also qualify for funding. The Program is expected to provide $12 million to $20 million in funding annually through December 31, 2020. At least 20% of allocated funds must go towards early commercial deployment of eligible vehicles and equipment. The California Air Resources Board and the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission will develop and administer the Program.

(Reference Assembly Bill 2145, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 39719.2)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Residential and Commercial Renters

The lessor of a dwelling or commercial property must approve written requests from a lessee to install EVSE at a parking space allotted for the lessee on qualified properties. Certain exclusions apply to residential dwellings and commercial properties. All modifications and improvements must comply with federal, state, and local laws and all applicable zoning and land use requirements, covenants, conditions, and restrictions. The lessee of the parking space equipped with EVSE is responsible for the cost of the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the equipment, electricity consumption, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE or surrounding area. The lessee must also maintain a $1 million umbrella liability coverage policy and name the common interest development as an additional insured entity under the policy. (Reference California Civil Code 1947.6 and 1952.7)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Initiative

The California Air Resources Board's (ARB) Charge Ahead California Initiative was established to help place into service at least 1 million ZEVs and near-zero emission vehicles in California by January 1, 2023. In consultation with the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, ARB prepared a funding plan that includes a market and technology assessment, assessments of existing zero and near-zero emission funding programs, and programs that increase access to disadvantaged, low-income, and moderate-income communities and consumers. Potential programs under the initiative include those involving innovative financing, car sharing, charging infrastructure in multi-unit dwellings located in disadvantaged communities, public transit, and agricultural vanpool programs. The funding plan must be updated at least every three years through January 1, 2023. (Reference Assembly Bill 2006, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 44258.4)

Volkswagen Group of America's (VW) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) approved the VW California ZEV Investment Plan. As required by the October 2016 2.0-Liter Partial Consent Decree, VW must invest $800 million over ten years to support the increased adoption of ZEV technology in California. VW will submit a series of four 30-month cycle ZEV investment plans to ARB for approval. EPA has approved the Cycle 1 plan, covering Quarter 1, 2017, through Quarter 2, 2019. The Cycle 1 plan includes building a basic charging network, launching a multi-lingual public outreach and education campaign, and beginning ZEV access projects. ZEV infrastructure rollouts will be focused in six metropolitan areas: Fresno, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, San Diego, and Sacramento. VW has also designated Sacramento as the first "Green City," with the goal of offering residents a better quality of life through enhanced mobility and improved air quality.

On October 3, 2018, VW released its Cycle 2 plan, covering investments made from July 2019 through December 2021. Cycle 2 focuses on community charging in metropolitan and rural areas, the installation of direct current (DC) fast chargers on highways and regional routes, residential charging, infrastructure for electrified buses and shuttles, and charging for autonomous vehicles.

For more information, see the Electrify America Investment Plan website and ARB's Volkswagen Settlement website.

Emissions Reduction Requirements for Transportation Network Companies

Through the California Clean Miles Standard and Incentive Program (Program), the California Air Resources Board (ARB) will establish annual emissions reduction targets for transportation network companies, including goals for increasing the number of miles traveled using zero emission vehicles. ARB must adopt targets and goals for the Program by January 1, 2021, to be implemented beginning in 2023. By January 1, 2022, and every two years thereafter, each transportation network company must develop a greenhouse gas emissions reduction plan, including proposals on how the company will meet the Program’s requirements. A transportation network company is defined as an organization that provides prearranged transportation services for compensation using an online application or platform to connect passengers with drivers using a personal vehicle. (Reference Senate Bill 1014, 2018, California Health and Safety Code 44274.4, and California Public Utilities Code 5431 and 5450)

Establishment of Zero and Near-Zero Emission Vehicle Component Rebates

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will establish the Zero Emission Assurance Project (ZAP) to offer rebates for the replacement of a battery, fuel cell, or other related vehicle component for eligible used zero and near-zero emission vehicles. Rebates will be limited to one per vehicle. By January 1, 2024, ARB must publish a report to the legislature detailing the number of rebates awarded, the emissions benefits of the ZAP, and the impacts of the ZAP on low-income consumer decisions to purchase zero and near-zero emissions vehicles. A zero emission vehicle is defined as a vehicle that produces no criteria pollutant, toxic air contaminant, or greenhouse gas emissions when stationary or operating. A near-zero emission vehicle is a vehicle that uses zero emission technologies, uses technologies that provide a pathway to zero emission operations, or incorporates other technologies that significantly reduce vehicle emissions. Rebates will be available through July 31, 2025. (Reference Assembly Bill 193, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 44274.9)

Hydrogen Fueling Station Evaluation

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) may not enforce any element of regulations that would require a supplier to construct, operate, or provide funding to construct or operate a publicly available hydrogen fueling station.

Annually, ARB must aggregate and share the number of hydrogen vehicles that manufacturers project will be sold or leased over the next three years and the total number of hydrogen vehicle registered in the state. Based on this information, ARB must evaluate the need for additional publicly available hydrogen fueling stations for the subsequent three years and report findings to the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Commission) including the of number of stations, geographic areas where stations are needed, and minimum operating standards, such as number of dispensers and filling pressures.

The Commission will allocate up to $20 million per year to fund the number of stations deemed necessary based on ARB's evaluation and reports. The Commission may stop funding new stations if it determines, in consultation with ARB, that the private sector is developing publicly available stations without the need for government support.

The Commission and ARB must annually issue a report on progress toward establishing a hydrogen fueling station network that meets the needs of vehicles being used in the state. The review will determine the remaining cost and time required to establish a network of 100 publicly available hydrogen fueling stations and whether funding from the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program is necessary to achieve this goal. For more information see ARB's Hydrogen Transportation Initiatives website.

(Reference California Health and Safety Code 43018.9)

Mandatory Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Building Standards

The California Building Standards Commission (Commission) published mandatory building standards for EVSE installation in parking spaces at one- and two-family dwellings with attached private garages, multi-family dwellings, and non-residential developments in the California Green Building Standards Code within the California Building Standards Code. For more information, see the California Building Codes Standards Commission website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 18941.10)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Open Access Requirements

EVSE service providers may not charge a subscription fee or require membership for use of their public charging stations. In addition, providers must disclose the actual charges for using public EVSE at the point of sale; allow at least two options for payment; and disclose the EVSE geographic location, schedule of fees, accepted methods of payment, and network roaming charges to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Exceptions apply.

The California Air Resources Board may adopt interoperability billing standards for network roaming payment methods for EVSE. Providers would be required to meet these standards within one year of adoption.

(Reference California Health and Safety Code 44268 and 44268.2)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Access

Municipalities may not restrict the types of PEVs, such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, that may access a PEV charging station that is public, intended for passenger vehicle use, and funded, at least in part, by the state or money from utility ratepayers. (Reference Senate Bill 1000, 2018, and California Government Code 65850.9)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Location Assessment

The State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Commission), in partnership with the California Air Resources Board (ARB), must assess whether EVSE in California is located disproportionately by population density, geographical area, or population income level. If the Commission and ARB determine that EVSE has been disproportionately installed, the Commission must use funding from the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Fund, as well as other funding sources, to proportionately install new EVSE, unless it is determined that the current locations of EVSE are reasonable and further California’s energy or environmental policy goals. (Reference Senate Bill 1000, 2018, and California Public Resources Code 25231)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Parking Incentive Programs

The California Department of General Services (DGS) and California Department of Transportation (DOT) must develop and implement AFV parking incentive programs in public parking facilities operated by DGS with 50 or more parking spaces and park-and-ride lots owned and operated by DOT. The incentives must provide meaningful and tangible benefits to drivers, such as preferential spaces, reduced fees, and fueling infrastructure. Fueling infrastructure built at park-and-ride lots is not subject to restricted use by those using bicycles, public transit, or ridesharing. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25722.9)

Voluntary Vehicle Retirement and Replacement Grants

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will administer the Clean Cars 4 All Program (Program) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, and benefit low-income residents through the retirement and replacement of high-emission motor vehicles. The Program will be focused on funding projects for the voluntary early retirement and replacement from operation of passenger vehicles and light- and medium-duty trucks primarily in disadvantaged communities, when possible, as defined by the California Environmental Protection Agency. Low-income eligible applicants may receive compensation towards a replacement vehicle or mobility option of no less than $2,500. Compensation for other eligible applicants may not exceed the compensation received by low-income recipients. Eligible applicants that have received funding for voluntary vehicle retirement under the California Bureau of Automotive Repair's Consumer Assistance Program are eligible for vehicle replacement funding under the Program. ARB must establish the Program guidelines by January 1, 2019. For more information, see the ARB Clean Cars 4 All website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44124.5-44125.5)

Public Utility Definition

A corporation or individual that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge light-duty battery electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, compressed natural gas to fuel natural gas vehicles, or hydrogen as a motor vehicle fuel is not defined as a public utility. (Reference California Public Utilities Code 216)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Electricity Exemption

Electricity used to charge PEVs at a state-owned parking facility is exempt from California law prohibiting gifting public money or items of value. (Reference California Government Code 14678)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation

An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any on- or off-street parking space specifically designated by a local authority for parking and charging PEVs unless the vehicle is a PEV fueled by electricity. Eligible PEVs must be in the process of charging to park in the space. A person found responsible for a violation is subject to traffic violation penalties. (Reference California Vehicle Code 22511)

Utility Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Allowance

The California Public Utilities Commission allows investor-owned utilities to own and operate charging stations, with approval provided on a case-by-case basis. (Reference California Public Utilities Commission Decision 14-12-079, 2014)

State Agency Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installation

California state agencies must actively identify and pursue opportunities to install EVSE, and accommodate future EVSE demand, at state employee parking facilities in new and existing agency buildings. (Reference Executive Order B-18-12, 2012)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Local Permitting Policies

Cities and counties must adopt an ordinance that creates an expedited, streamlined permitting process for EVSE. Each city or county must consult with the local fire department or district and the utility director to develop the ordinance, which must include a checklist of all requirements for EVSE to be eligible for expedited review. A complete application that is consistent with the city or county ordinance must be approved, and entities submitting incomplete applications must be notified of the necessary required information to be granted expedited permit issuance. (Reference California Government Code 65850.7)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Multi-Unit Dwellings

A common interest development, including a community apartment, condominium, and cooperative development, may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EVSE or a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)-dedicated time-of-use (TOU) meter in a homeowner's designated parking space or unit. These entities may put reasonable restrictions on EVSE, but the policies may not significantly increase the cost of the EVSE or significantly decrease its efficiency or performance. Restrictions may be placed on TOU meter installations if they are based on the structure of or available space in the building. If installation in the homeowner's designated parking space or unit is not possible, with authorization, the homeowner may add EVSE or a PEV-dedicated TOU meter in a common area. The homeowner must obtain appropriate approvals from the common interest development association and agree in writing to comply with applicable architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, provide a certificate of insurance, and pay for the electricity usage, maintenance, and other costs associated with the EVSE or TOU meter.

Any application for approval should be processed by the common interest development association without willful avoidance or delay. The homeowner and each successive homeowner of the parking space or unit equipped with EVSE or a TOU meter is responsible for the cost of the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the equipment, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE, TOU meter, or surrounding area. The homeowner must also maintain a $1 million umbrella liability coverage policy and name the common interest development as an additional insured entity under the policy. If EVSE or a PEV-dedicated TOU meter is installed in a common area for use by all members of the association, the common interest development must develop terms for use of the EVSE or TOU meter.

(Reference Senate Bill 1016, 2018, and California Civil Code 4745 and 6713)

Access to Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Registration Records

The California Department of Motor Vehicles may disclose to an electrical corporation or local publicly owned utility a PEV owner's address and vehicle type if the information is used exclusively to identify where the PEV is registered. (Reference California Vehicle Code 1808.23)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Information Resource

The California Energy Commission, in consultation with the Public Utilities Commission, must develop and maintain a website containing specific links to electrical corporations, local publicly owned electric utilities, and other websites that contain information specific to PEVs, including the following:

  • Resources to help consumers determine if their residences will require utility service upgrades to accommodate PEVs;
  • Basic charging circuit requirements;
  • Utility rate options; and
  • Load management techniques.
(Reference California Public Resources Code 25227)

Biomethane Promotion

The California Public Utility Commission must adopt policies and programs to promote in-state production and distribution of biomethane to meet energy and transportation needs. (Reference California Public Utilities Code 399.24)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan

All California state agencies must support and facilitate the rapid commercialization of ZEVs in California. In particular, the Air Resources Board, Energy Commission (CEC), Public Utilities Commission, and other relevant state agencies must work with the private sector to establish benchmarks to achieve targets for ZEV commercialization and deployment. These targets include:

  • By 2020, the state will have established adequate infrastructure to support one million ZEVs;
  • By 2025, there will be 1.5 million ZEVs on the road in California and clean, efficient vehicles will displace 1.5 billion gallons of petroleum fuels annually;
  • By 2025, there will be 200 hydrogen fueling stations and 250,000 plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargers, including 10,000 direct current fast chargers, in California;
  • By 2030, there will be 5 million ZEVs on the road in California; and
  • By 2050, greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector will be 80% less than 1990 levels.
State agencies must also work with their stakeholders to accomplish the following:
  • Update the 2016 ZEV Action plan, with a focus on low income and disadvantaged communities;
  • Recommend actions to increase the deployment of ZEV infrastructure through the Low Carbon Fuel Standard;
  • Support and recommend policies that will facilitate the installation of PEV infrastructure in homes and businesses; and
  • Ensure PEV charging and hydrogen fueling are affordable and accessible to all drivers.
The ZEV promotion plan additionally directs the state fleet to increase the number of ZEVs in the fleet through gradual vehicle replacement. By 2020, ZEVs should make up at least 25% of the fleet's light-duty vehicles. Vehicles with special performance requirements necessary for public safety and welfare are exempt from this requirement. For more information about the plan, see CEC's ZEVs and Infrastructure Update.

(Reference Executive Orders B-48, 2018, and B-16, 2012)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support

California joined Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs.

In June 2018, the Task Force published a new ZEV Action Plan for 2018-2021. Building on the 2014 Action Plan, the 2018 Action Plan makes recommendations for states and other key partners in five priority areas:

  • Raising consumer awareness and interest in electric vehicle technology;
  • Building out a reliable and convenient residential, workplace and public charging/fueling infrastructure network;
  • Continuing and improving access to consumer purchase and non-financial incentives;
  • Expanding public and private sector fleet adoption; and
  • Supporting dealership efforts to increase ZEV sales.

For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Requirements

New PEVs must be equipped with a conductive charger inlet port that meets the specifications contained in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standard J1772. PEVs must be equipped with an on-board charger with a minimum output of 3.3 kilowatts (kW). These requirements do not apply to PEVs that are only capable of Level 1 charging, which has a maximum power of 12 amperes (amps), a branch circuit rating of 15 amps, and continuous power of 1.44 kW. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962.3)

Low Carbon Fuel Standard

California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Program requires a reduction in the carbon intensity of transportation fuels that are sold, supplied, or offered for sale in the state by a minimum of 10% by 2020. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) regulations require transportation fuel producers and importers to meet specified average carbon intensity requirements for fuel. In the regulations, carbon intensity reductions are based on reformulated gasoline mixed with 10% corn-derived ethanol and low-sulfur diesel fuel. Propane is exempt from LCFS requirements, as are non-biomass-based alternative fuels that are supplied in California for use in transportation at an aggregated volume of less than 3.6 million gasoline gallon equivalents per year. Other exemptions apply for transportation fuel used in specific applications. The LCFS Program allows producers and importers to generate, acquire, transfer, bank, borrow, and trade credits. Fuel producers and importers regulated under the LCFS must meet quarterly and annual reporting requirements. For more information, see the LCFS Program website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 17, Section 95480-95490; Executive Order S-01-07, 2007; and California Health and Safety Code 38500-38599)

State Agency Low Carbon Fuel Use Requirement

At least 3% of the aggregate amount of bulk transportation fuel purchased by the state government must be from very low carbon transportation fuel sources. The required amount of very low carbon transportation fuel purchased will increase by 1% annually until January 1, 2024. Some exemptions may apply, as determined by the California Department of General Services (DGS). Very low carbon fuel is defined as a transportation fuel having no greater than 40% of the carbon intensity of the closest comparable petroleum fuel for that year, as measured by the methodology in California Code of Regulations Title 17, Sections 95480-95486. DGS will submit an annual progress report to the California Legislature. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 43870, and California Code of Regulations Title 17, Section 95480-95486)

Support for Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEVs)

The Public Utilities Commission must consider the following to support PEVs in California:

  • Strategies to facilitate the development of technologies that promote grid integration, including technologies with submetering capabilities for residential PEV chargers, if implementing these technologies is in the interest of ratepayers;
  • Policies that support the development of technologies and rate strategies that reduce the impact of demand charges of PEV drivers and fleets and to accelerate the adoption of PEVs; and
  • A tariff specific to heavy-duty PEV fleets that encourages PEV charging when there is excess grid capacity.
(Reference Senate Bill 1000, 2018, and California Public Utilities Code 740.15)

Support for Zero Emission and Autonomous Vehicle Infrastructure

Cities and counties that receive funding from the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Program are encouraged to use funds towards advanced transportation technologies and communication systems, including, but not limited to, zero emission vehicle fueling infrastructure and infrastructure-to-vehicle communications for autonomous vehicles. (Reference California Streets and Highways Code 2030)

Support for Idle Reduction Efforts

The California Legislature urges motorists to not idle their vehicles in spaces where children congregate, such as schools and parks. (Reference Assembly Concurrent Resolution 160, 2016)

State Transportation Plan

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) must update the California Transportation Plan (Plan) by December 31, 2020, and every five years thereafter. The Plan must address how the state will achieve maximum feasible emissions reductions, taking into consideration the use of alternative fuels, new vehicle technology, and tailpipe emissions reductions. Caltrans must consult and coordinate with related state agencies, air quality management districts, public transit operators, and regional transportation planning agencies. Caltrans must also provide an opportunity for general public input. Caltrans must submit a final draft of the Plan to the legislature and governor. A copy of the 2016 report is available on the Caltrans website. Caltrans must also review the Plan and prepare a report for the legislature and governor that includes actionable, programmatic transportation system improvement recommendations every five years. (Reference California Government Code 65070-65073)

Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

California's LEV II exhaust emissions standards apply to Model Year (MY) 2004 and subsequent model year passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles meeting specified exhaust standards. The LEV II standards represent the maximum exhaust emissions for LEVs, Ultra Low Emission Vehicles, and Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicles, including flexible fuel, bi-fuel, and dual-fuel vehicles when operating on an alternative fuel. MY 2009 and subsequent model year passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles must meet specified fleet average greenhouse gas (GHG) exhaust emissions requirements. Each manufacturer must comply with these fleet average GHG requirements, which are based on California Air Resources Board (ARB) calculations. Bi-fuel, flexible fuel, dual-fuel, and grid-connected hybrid electric vehicles may be eligible for an alternative compliance method.

In December 2012, ARB finalized regulatory requirements, referred to as LEV III, which allow vehicle manufacturer compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's GHG requirements for MY 2017-2025 to serve as compliance with California's adopted GHG emissions requirements for those same model years. See the LEVII and LEV III Program websites for more information. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1961-1961.3)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) certifies new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles as ZEVs if the vehicles produce zero exhaust emissions of any criteria pollutant (or precursor pollutant) under any and all possible operational modes and conditions. For manufacturers with annual sales greater than 60,000 vehicles, at least 14% of the vehicles they produce and deliver for sale in California must meet ZEV requirements for Model Years (MY) 2015 through 2017.

Manufacturers with annual sales between 4,501 and 60,000 vehicles may comply with the ZEV requirements through multiple alternative compliance options that include producing low emission vehicles and obtaining ZEV credits. Manufacturers with annual sales of 4,500 vehicles or less are not subject to this regulation.

ARB's emissions control program for MY 2017 through 2025 combines the control of smog, soot, and greenhouse gases (GHGs) and requirements for ZEVs into a single package of standards called Advanced Clean Cars. In December 2012, ARB finalized new regulatory requirements that allow vehicle manufacturer compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's GHG requirements for MY 2017-2025 to serve as compliance with California's adopted GHG emissions requirements for those same model years.

The accounting procedures for MY 2018-2025 are based on a credit system as shown in the table below. The minimum ZEV requirement for each manufacturer includes the percentage of passenger cars and light-duty trucks produced by the manufacturer and delivered for sale in California. The regulation also includes opportunities for compliance with transitional zero emission vehicles (TZEVs), which must demonstrate certain exhaust emissions standards, evaporative emissions standards, on-board diagnostic requirements, and extended warranties.

MYZEV Requirement
20184.5%
20197%
20209.5%
202112%
202214.5%
202317%
202419.5%
2025 and later22%

For more information, see the ZEV Program website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962 -1962.2)

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation Requirements

AVs may be operated on public roads for testing purposes, if there is a licensed vehicle operator seated in the driver's seat monitoring the safe operation of the AV and capable of taking immediate manual control of the vehicle in the event that the automated driving system fails. AVs may not be operated on public roads for purposes other than testing unless the vehicle manufacturer submits an application to the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), the application is approved, and the AV meets, at minimum, the following requirements:

  • It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
  • It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
  • It has a means to alert the driver when the autonomous driving system has failed and either allows the driver to take manual control of the vehicle, or is capable of bringing itself to a complete stop;
  • It meets all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; and
  • It has a separate mechanism to capture and save the vehicle's sensor data at least 30 seconds before a collision involving the vehicle occurs.
An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver. For more information, including how to apply for a testing permit, see the DMV's Driverless Testing of AVs website.

(Reference California Vehicle Code38750)

Livermore Amador Valley Transit Authority (LAVTA) Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Pilot Authorization

LAVTA was authorized to conduct a pilot to test shared AVs, without a driver in the driver's seat, that are not equipped with a steering wheel, brake pedal, or accelerator. The AVs must operate at speeds of less than 35 miles per hour at all times, and can only be tested within the City of Dublin. For more information about the pilot, see the LAVTA Wheels Shared AV Demonstration Project website. (Reference California Vehicle Code 38756)

Contra Costa Transportation Authority (CCTA) Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Pilot Authorization

CCTA was authorized to conduct a pilot to test AVs, without a driver in the driver's seat, that are not equipped with a steering wheel, brake pedal, or accelerator. The AVs must operate at speeds of less than 35 miles per hour at all times, and can only be tested at a privately owned business park designated by CCTA and at GoMentum Station. For more information about the pilot, see the CCTA Shared AV Pilot Program website. (Reference California Vehicle Code 38755)

Alternative Fuel and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Retrofit Regulations

Converting a vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel in lieu of the original gasoline or diesel fuel is prohibited unless the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has evaluated and certified the retrofit system. ARB will issue certification to the manufacturer of the system in the form of an Executive Order once the manufacturer demonstrates compliance with the emissions, warranty, and durability requirements. A manufacturer is defined as a person or company who manufactures or assembles an alternative fuel retrofit system for sale in California; this definition does not include individuals wishing to convert vehicles for personal use. Individuals interested in converting their vehicles to operate on an alternative fuel must ensure that the alternative fuel retrofit systems used for their vehicles have been ARB certified. For more information, see the ARB Alternative Fuel Retrofit System website.

A hybrid electric vehicle that is Model Year 2000 or newer and is a passenger car, light-duty truck, or medium-duty vehicle may be converted to incorporate off-vehicle charging capability if the manufacturer demonstrates compliance with emissions, warranty, and durability requirements. ARB issues certification to the manufacturer and the vehicle must meet California emissions standards for the model year of the original vehicle.

(Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2030-2032, and California Vehicle Code 27156)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process

The California Department of Health and Safety may adopt a process by which state designated referees inspect vehicles that present prohibitive inspection circumstances, such as vehicles equipped with alternative fuel retrofit systems. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44014)

Alternative Fuel Tax

The excise tax imposed on compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and propane used to operate a vehicle can be paid through an annual flat rate sticker tax based on the following vehicle weights:

Unladen WeightFee
All passenger cars and other vehicles 4,000 pounds (lbs.) or less$36
More than 4,000 lbs. but less than 8,001 lbs.$72
More than 8,000 lbs. but less than 12,001 lbs.$120
12,001 lbs. or more$168

Alternatively, owners and operators may pay an excise tax on CNG of $0.0887 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) measured at standard pressure and temperature, $0.1017 for each diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) of LNG, and $0.06 per gallon of propane. One GGE is equal to 5.66 lbs. of CNG and one DGE is equal to 6.06 lbs. of LNG. The excise tax on ethanol and methanol fuel blends containing up to 15% gasoline or diesel fuel is one-half the tax on gasoline and diesel prescribed by California Revenue and Taxation Code section 8651.

(Reference California Revenue and Taxation Code 8651-8651.8, and California Business and Professions Code 13404 and 13470)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Fee

Beginning July 1, 2020, ZEV owners must pay an annual road improvement fee of $100 upon vehicle registration or registration renewal for ZEVs model year 2020 and later. The California Department of Motor Vehicles will increase the fee annually to account for inflation, equal to the increase in the California Consumer Price Index for the prior year. (Reference California Vehicle Code 9250.6)

Fleet Vehicle Procurement Requirements

When awarding a vehicle procurement contract, every city, county, and special district, including school and community college districts, may require that 75% of the passenger cars and/or light-duty trucks acquired be energy-efficient vehicles. By definition, this includes hybrid electric vehicles and alternative fuel vehicles that meet California's advanced technology partial zero emission vehicle (AT PZEV) standards. Vehicle procurement contract evaluations may consider fuel economy and life cycle factors for scoring purposes. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25725-25726)

Vehicle Acquisition and Petroleum Reduction Requirements

The California Department of General Services (DGS) is responsible for maintaining specifications and standards for passenger cars and light-duty trucks that are purchased or leased for state office, agency, and department use. These specifications include minimum vehicle emissions standards and encourage the purchase or lease of fuel-efficient and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). Specifically, DGS must reduce or displace the fleet's consumption of petroleum products by 20% by January 1, 2020, as compared to the 2003 consumption level. Beginning in fiscal year 2024, DGS must also ensure that at least 50% of the light-duty vehicles purchased by the state are zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Further, at least 15% of DGS' fleet of new vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 19,000 pounds or more must be ZEVs by 2025, and at least 30% by 2030.

On an annual basis, DGS must compile information including, but not limited to, the number of AFVs and hybrid electric vehicles acquired, the locations of the alternative fuel pumps available for those vehicles, and the total amount of alternative fuels used. Vehicles the state owns or leases that are capable of operating on alternative fuel must operate on that fuel unless the alternative fuel is not available. DGS is also required to:

  • Take steps to transfer vehicles between agencies and departments to ensure that the most fuel-efficient vehicles are used and to eliminate the least fuel-efficient vehicles from the state's motor vehicle fleet;
  • Submit annual progress reports to the California Department of Finance, related legislative committees, and the general public via the DGS website;
  • Encourage other agencies to operate AFVs on the alternative fuel for which they are designed, to the extent feasible;
  • Encourage the development of commercial fueling infrastructure at or near state vehicle fueling or parking sites;
  • Work with other agencies to incentivize and promote state employee use of AFVs through preferential or reduced-cost parking, access to electric vehicle charging, or other means, to the extent feasible; and
  • Establish a more stringent fuel economy standard than the 2007 standard.

(Reference Executive Order S-14-09, 2009, and California Public Resources Code 25722.5-25722.11, and 25724)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Programs Report

The California Air Resources Board (ARB), in partnership with its stakeholders, must complete a report that reviews each of ARB's ZEV-related programs by July 1, 2019. Specifically, the report must include an analysis of the greenhouse gas and air quality goals of each ZEV program, the progress of each program towards meeting its goals, and a cost-benefit analysis of each program. In this report, ARB must also propose recommendations for improvements to these programs and on how to encourage the cost-effective deployment of ZEVs in fleets across the state. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 43018.8)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Assessment

The California State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Commission), in partnership with the California Air Resources Board and the California Public Utility Commission (PUC), must publish a statewide assessment of the EVSE infrastructure needed to support the levels of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption required for at least five million zero emission vehicles to operate on California roads by 2030. The Commission must consider the EVSE infrastructure needs for all vehicle categories, including on-road, off-road, port, and airport vehicles. In addition, the assessment must analyze the existing and future infrastructure needs across California, including in low-income communities. The assessment must be updated at least once every two years. (Reference Assembly Bill 2127, 2018, and California Public Resources Code 25229)

Alternative Fuel and Vehicle Policy Development

The California Energy Commission (CEC) must prepare and submit an Integrated Energy Policy Report (IEPR) to the governor on a biannual basis. The IEPR provides an overview of major energy trends and issues facing the state, including those related to transportation fuels, technologies, and infrastructure. The IEPR also examines potential effects of alternative fuels use, vehicle efficiency improvements, and shifts in transportation modes on public health and safety, the economy, resources, the environment, and energy security. The IEPR's primary purpose is to develop energy policies that conserve resources, protect the environment, ensure energy reliability, enhance the state's economy, and protect public health and safety. For the current IEPR, see the CEC California's Energy Policy website.

As of November 1, 2015, and every four years thereafter, the CEC must also include in the IEPR strategies to maximize the benefits of natural gas in various sectors. This includes the use of natural gas as a transportation fuel. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25302 and 25303.5)

Hydrogen Fuel Specifications

The California Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) requires that hydrogen fuel used in internal combustion engines and fuel cells must meet the SAE International J2719 standard for hydrogen fuel quality. For more information, see the DMS Hydrogen Fuel website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 4, Section 4180-4181)

Heavy-Duty Truck Idle Reduction Requirement

A driver of a diesel-fueled vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds may not idle the vehicle's primary engine for more than five consecutive minutes at any location, and is not allowed to operate a diesel-fueled auxiliary power system (APS) on the vehicle for more than five minutes when located within 100 feet of a restricted area. Exceptions apply in certain situations and for certain vehicles. Any internal combustion APS used in California must comply with applicable state off-road and/or federal non-road emissions standards and test procedures for its fuel type and power category to ensure that emissions do not exceed the emissions of a truck engine operating at idle. Model Year 2008 and newer heavy-duty diesel engines must be equipped with non-programmable engine shutdown systems that automatically shut down the engine after five minutes of idling or optionally meet a stringent nitrogen oxide idling emissions standard. A heavy-duty diesel engine certified for optional idling emissions standards must have a "certified clean idle" label, issued by the engine manufacturer, affixed permanently on the driver's side hood of the truck. Similarly, off-road diesel engine APSs fitted with a proper, verified level 3 diesel particulate filter must have a "verified clean APS" label, issued by the APS manufacturer, affixed permanently on the driver's side hood of the truck.

Operators of trucks equipped with sleeper berths are required to shut down the engine manually when idling more than five minutes at any location within California and are subject to fines for violation. The California Department of Motor Vehicles will not register, renew, or transfer registration for any vehicle operator who has received a violation until the violation is cleared.

For more information, see the California Air Resources Board Heavy-Duty Vehicle Idling Emission Reduction Program website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2485)

Idle Reduction Requirement at Schools

A school bus driver must turn off the engine upon stopping at a school, or within 100 feet of a school, and may not turn the engine on more than 30 seconds before departing from the location. When the bus is at least 100 feet away from a school, the driver may not idle the engine for more than five consecutive minutes, or for periods totaling more than five minutes during any one hour period. Transit and commercial vehicle operators may not idle for more than five consecutive minutes at each stop within 100 feet of a school, or for periods totaling more than five minutes during any one hour period. Exemptions apply for necessary idling while stopped in traffic, at traffic signals, and at the direction of law enforcement personnel. For more information, see the California Air Resources Board School Bus Idling Airborne Toxic Control Measure website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2480)

Freight Efficiency Action Plan

The California State Transportation Agency, the California Environmental Protection Agency, the Natural Resources Agency, and relevant state departments, including the California Air Resources Board, the California Department of Transportation, the California Energy Commission, and the Governor's Office of Business and Economic Development, implemented the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan (Plan), which establishes targets to improve freight efficiency and transition to zero emission technologies. The Plan identifies state policies, programs, and investments to achieve the following targets:

  • Improve freight system efficiency by 25% by 2030; and
  • Deploy over 100,000 zero emission freight vehicles and associated equipment, maximizing the number of vehicles powered by renewable energy, by 2030.
The involved parties have also initiated corridor-level freight pilot projects to integrate advanced technologies, alternative fuels, freight and fuel infrastructure, and local economic development opportunities based on the Plan. For more information, see the Plan website. (Reference Executive Order B-32-15, 2015)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Regulations

Box-type trailers that are at least 53 feet long and the heavy-duty tractors that pull these trailers must be equipped with fuel-efficient tires and aerodynamic trailer devices that improve fuel economy and lower GHG gas emissions. Tractors and trailers subject to the regulation must either use U.S. Environmental Protection Agency SmartWay certified tractors and trailers or retrofit existing equipment with SmartWay verified technologies. Vehicle owners must comply with these regulations when operating on California highways regardless of where the vehicles are registered. Exemptions apply for some local- and short-haul tractors and trailers. The compliance schedule depends on the type and age of the tractor or trailer. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 17, Section 95300-95311)

Point of Contact
Diesel Hotline
California Air Resources Board
Phone: (866) 6DIESEL (634-3735)
8666diesel@arb.ca.gov

Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements

Through its Mobile Sources Program, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has developed programs and policies to reduce emissions from on-road heavy-duty diesel vehicles through the installation of verified diesel emission control strategies (VDECS) and vehicle replacements.

The on-road heavy-duty diesel vehicle rule (i.e., truck and bus regulation) requires the retrofit and replacement of nearly all privately owned vehicles operated in California with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 14,000 pounds (lbs.). School buses owned by private and public entities and federal government owned vehicles are also included in the scope of the rule. By January 1, 2023, nearly all vehicles must have engines certified to the 2010 engine standard or equivalent. The drayage truck rule regulates heavy-duty diesel-fueled vehicles that transport cargo to and from California's ports and intermodal rail facilities. The rule requires that certain drayage trucks be equipped with VDECS and that all applicable vehicles have engines certified to the 2007 emissions standards. By January 1, 2023, all applicable vehicles must have engines certified to 2010 standards. The public transit agency fleet rule regulates public transit fleets and sets emissions reduction standards for new transit vehicles. The solid waste collection vehicle rule regulates solid waste collection vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 14,000 lbs. or more that operate on diesel fuel, have 1960 through 2006 engine models, and collect waste for a fee. The fleet rule for public agencies and utilities requires fleets to install VDECS on vehicles or purchase vehicles that run on alternative fuels or use advanced technologies to achieve emissions requirements by specified implementation dates.

A summary of the requirements for diesel truck and equipment owners can be found in the ARB Multi-Rule Summary fact sheet. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, 2021-2027)

Point of Contact
Diesel Hotline
California Air Resources Board
Phone: (866) 6DIESEL (634-3735)
8666diesel@arb.ca.gov

Tire Inflation Requirement

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) enforces regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles operating inefficiently with under inflated tires. These regulations apply to vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds (lbs.) or less. Automotive service providers performing or offering to perform automotive maintenance or repair services in the state must:

  • Check and inflate vehicle tires to the manufacturer recommended tire pressure rating, with air or nitrogen as appropriate, using a tire pressure gauge with a total permissible error of no more than plus/minus two lbs. per square inch, when performing maintenance or repair;
  • Indicate on the vehicle service invoice that a tire inflation service was completed and specify the resulting pressure measurements;
  • Have access to a tire inflation reference published within the last three years; and
  • Keep a copy of the service invoice for at least three years and make the invoice available to ARB or an authorized representative upon request.
For more information, see the ARB Tire Inflation Regulation website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 17, Section 95550)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Signage Authorization on Highways

EVSE facilities located at roadside businesses are eligible to be included on state highway exit information signs. Signage must be consistent with California's Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. (Reference California Streets and Highway Code 101.7)

Low-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways

A low-speed EV, also known as a neighborhood electric vehicle, is defined as a motor vehicle with four wheels, a gross vehicle weight rating of 3,000 pounds or less, and capable of achieving a minimum speed of 20 miles per hour (mph) and a maximum speed of 25 mph. Low-speed EVs are subject to all provisions applicable to a motor vehicle and must meet federal safety standards established in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. Drivers of low-speed EVs must comply with all provisions applicable to drivers of motor vehicles. The operator of a low-speed EV may not operate the vehicle on any roadway with a posted speed limit greater than 35 mph except to cross a roadway at an intersection. (Reference California Vehicle Code 385.5 and 21250-21266)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Transportation Plan

The Ranch Plan Planned Community in Orange County is required to publish a NEV transportation report by November 1, 2020, and a NEV transportation plan by January 1, 2022, that focus on reducing vehicle emissions and offering cleaner, more affordable transportation options in the area. Orange County published an updated Ranch Plan NEV Transportation and Sustainable Circulation Plan in October 2017. (Reference California Streets and Highways Code 1965-1965.7)

Vehicle Miles Traveled Tax Feasibility Study Committee

The California Transportation Commission (Commission) and the California Transportation Agency (Agency) formed a Road Usage Charge (RUC) Technical Advisory Committee (Committee) to study RUC alternatives to the gas tax and assess the potential for mileage-based revenue collection. Based on the recommendations of the Committee, the Agency implemented a pilot program to identify and evaluate issues related to potential implementation of an RUC program. The Agency submitted a final report of its findings to the California State Legislature on December 1, 2017. For more information, see the Agency's Road Charge Pilot Program website. (Reference California Vehicle Code 3090-3093)

Fleet Emissions Reduction Requirements - South Coast

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) requires government fleets and private contractors under contract with public entities to purchase non-diesel lower emission and alternative fuel vehicles. The rule applies to transit bus, school bus, refuse hauler, and other vehicle fleets of at least 15 vehicles that operate in Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside, and Orange counties. (Reference SCAQMD Rules 1186.1 and 1191-1196)