Electric vehicle (EV)
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)
Eligible EVs and PHEVs may not have a retail price above $50,000. Eligible applicants include Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebates are limited to six vehicles per fleet. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines and participating dealerships, see the DNREC Clean Vehicle Rebate Program website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates
As part of the Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers Delaware businesses, non-profit organizations, state and local governments, and fleets rebates of up to $2,500 per port for the purchase of Level 2 EV charging stations for use at public, workplace, and fleet locations. Rebates are available for up to 60% commercial project costs and up to 80% of government and non-profit project costs. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including application guidelines, see the DNREC EV Charging Equipment Rebates website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates for Multi-Unit Dwellings (MUDs)
As part of the Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers new and existing MUDs rebates of up to $3,500 for the purchase of Level 2 EV charging stations. Existing MUDs are also eligible to receive rebates for the cost to install the EV charging stations. Increased rebate amounts are available for projects in underserved communities. Rebates are available per port and on a first-come, first-served basis. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including underserved communities and application guidelines, see the DNREC EV Charging Equipment Rebates website.
Delaware's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT) to submit an annual EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office of Energy and Transportation (Joint Office), describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. The submitted plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
For more information about Delaware’s NEVI planning process, see the DelDOT Delaware’s Vehicle Electrification Future website. To review Delaware’s NEVI plan, see the Joint Office State Plans for EV Charging website.
Vehicle-to-Grid Energy Credit
Retail electricity customers with at least one grid-integrated electric vehicle (EV) may qualify to receive kilowatt-hour credits for energy discharged to the grid from the EV’s battery at the same rate that the customer pays to charge the battery. A grid-integrated EV is defined as a battery-powered motor vehicle that has the ability for two-way power flow between the vehicle and the electric grid as well as communications hardware and software that allow for external control of battery charging and discharging.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 26, Chapter 10, Section 1001 and 1014h)
Idle Reduction Weight Exemption
Any motor vehicle equipped with qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the state gross, axle, tandem, or bridge weight limits by up to 400 pounds to account for the weight of the technology. The additional weight may not exceed the actual weight of the idle reduction unit. To qualify for the exemption, the vehicle operator must also be able to prove the weight of the idle reduction technology and demonstrate that the technology is fully functional.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 21, Chapter 45, Section 4503f)
Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption
Taxes imposed on alternative fuels used in official vehicles for the United States government or any Delaware state government agency, including volunteer fire and rescue companies, are waived. Alternative fuel retailers must obtain a fuel supplier’s license from the Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT), and operators or owners of vehicles using alternative fuel must obtain either a special fuel user’s license from DelDOT or pay the special fuel tax.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 30, Chapter 51, Subchapter II)
Electric Vehicle (EV) and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Rebates
The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of an EV or PHEV. EVs may receive a rebate of up to $2,500, and PHEVs may receive a rebate of up to $1,000. Individuals may receive a maximum of two rebates. Businesses, non-profit organizations, government entities, educational institutions, and other organizations may receive a maximum of six rebates. For more information, including program eligibility and requirements, see the DNREC Drive Electric website.
(Reference House Bill 12, 2023 and Delaware Revised Statutes 29-80.64)
Utility / Private Incentives
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate– Delmarva Power
Delmarva Power offers a TOU rate option to residential customers that own EVs. For more information, see the Delmarva Power EV Programs website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Delaware Electric Cooperative (DEC)
DEC offers a one-time $100 rebate, in the form of a bill credit and an additional $5 monthly bill credit to customers if they do not charge their EVs during Beat the Peak alerts. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the DEC Beat the Peak website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Support
Delaware utilities joined the National Electric Highway Coalition (NEHC), committing to create a network of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations connecting major highway systems from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific of the United States. NEHC utility members agree to ensure efficient and effective fast charging deployment plans that enable long distance EV travel, avoiding duplication among coalition utilities, and complement existing corridor DCFC sites. For more information, including a list of participating utilities and states, see the NEHC website.
Laws and Regulations
Public Utility Definition
An entity that owns, operates, controls, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge plug-in electric vehicles is not defined as a public utility.
(Reference Delaware Public Service Commission 19-0377)
State Agency Electric Vehicle (EV) Fee Authorization
State agencies may charge a use fee for EV charging station operated on state-owned or -leased property. The fee may not exceed the combined costs of electricity used by the EV charging station and EV charging station maintenance.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 29, Chapter 80, Subchapter 2, Section 8062)
Electric School Bus Acquisition Requirement
Beginning July 1, 2025, the Delaware Department of Education (DOE) must purchase an increasing share of electric school buses with annual school bus acquisitions. Electric school bus acquisitions must increase according to the following schedule:
Fiscal Year (FY)
Percentage of school bus purchases that must be electric
DOE must report on these targets annually to the Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Secretary of the Senate, the Director of the Division of Research, and the Public Archives. By January 31, 2030, DOE must submit a report detailing recommendations for future changes in the percentage targets for electric school bus purchases.
(Reference House Bill 10, 2023 and Delaware Revised Statutes 29-80.63)
Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards
All Model Year (MY) 2014 and later passenger cars and light- and medium-duty vehicles must meet California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Certain exceptions apply, including the zero emission vehicle sales requirements.
(Reference Delaware Administrative Code Title 7, Sections 1140-6.0)
Low-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle, other than a truck, with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 2,500 pounds that is capable of operating at a speed of at least 20 miles per hour (mph) but not greater than 25 mph on a paved surface. A low-speed vehicle may not operate on roads with a posted speed limit greater than 35 mph but may cross a highway that has a posted speed limit greater than 35 mph. The vehicle must comply with safety standards contained in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500, and meet state insurance, titling, and registration requirements.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 21, Chapter 21, Subchapter I, Section 2113A)
Idle Reduction Requirement
On-road heavy-duty motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of greater than 8,500 pounds may not idle for more than three consecutive minutes when the vehicle is stationary. Violators are subject to penalties of up to $500 for each offense. Heavy-duty vehicles subject to this regulation include long-haul and delivery trucks as well as transit and school buses. Emergency fire, rescue, and lifesaving vehicles are exempt. Additional exemptions may also apply.
(Reference Delaware Administrative Code Title 7, Section 1145-5.0)
Electric Cooperative Investments
Unclaimed electric cooperative capital credits may be used on transportation electrification investments. Credit allocation reports are required annually by January 20.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 26, Chapter 9, Subchapter I, Section 909)
Smart Grid Infrastructure Development
All grid-integrated, plug-in electric vehicles in use by eligible customers must meet applicable safety and performance standards put forth by the National Electric Code, Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers, UL, and the Society of Automotive Engineers to ensure that net metering customers comply with the electric supplier’s interconnection tariffs and operating guidelines.
(Reference Delaware Code Title 26, Chapter 10, Section 1014e)
Climate Action Plan
The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) released the Delaware Climate Action Plan(Plan) with strategies and actions the state can take to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% to 28% from 2005 levels by 2025. The Plan includes reducing transportation sector GHG emissions by promoting the shift to zero emission vehicles and expanding access to vehicle charging infrastructure. The Plan also recommends a goal of 17,000 electric vehicle sales per year by 2030. For more information, see the DNREC Climate Action Plan page.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Local Permitting Policies
Municipalities with a population of more than 30,000 people must have a permitting procedure for the installation of curbside residential EV charging stations. The ordinance must
- Require EV charging station installation is completed by a licensed electrician;
- Require the written permission of the owner of the property on which the EV charging station will be installed;
- Establish reasonable restrictions on the type of EV charging stations that may be installed;
- Provide that the municipality must approve or deny a permit within 90 days of receipt of a permit application; and,
- Provide that an EV charging station may not affect a proposed State right-of-way or easement area without approval by the Department of Transportation.
(Reference Senate Bill 187, 2022 and Delaware Administrative Code Title 22, Chapter 1, Section 119)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Building Standards for Residential Developments
Beginning January 1, 2024, new construction of single-family homes must include at least one EV-capable parking spot.
Beginning January 1, 2025, at least 5% of total parking spaces at newly constructed multi-unit dwellings (MUDs) must have EV charging stations installed. In addition, at least 10% of the total parking spaces at newly constructed MUDs must be EV-capable.
EV-capable parking spaces have electric panel capacity and space for a branch circuit that enables the future installation of EV charging stations. Additional restrictions apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 103, 2023 and Delaware Code Title 16, Chapter 80)