New Hampshire Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current New Hampshire laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Diesel Emissions Reduction Grants
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) provides U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) funding for projects that reduce diesel emissions in New Hampshire. Funding for up to 80% of eligible project costs is available for businesses, individuals, and local or state agencies that reduce diesel emissions by converting engines to alternative fuels, retrofitting exhaust controls, purchasing new vehicles, or adding idle reduction equipment. For more information, including funding amounts and how to apply, see the NHDES New Hampshire DERA Project website.
Idle Reduction Weight Exemption
Any heavy-duty vehicle equipped with an auxiliary power unit or other qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the state gross, axle, tandem, or bridge formula weight limits by up to 550 pounds. To qualify for this exemption, drivers must be able to provide proof of the idle reduction technology's weight through written certification. Drivers must also be able to prove through demonstration or certification that the idle reduction technology is fully functional at all times. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 266:18-c)
Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - New Hampshire Electric Co-op (NHEC)
NHEC offers rebates for commercial and municipal customers for the purchase and installation of up to two Level 2 or direct current fast EVSE. Customers may receive an incentive of 50% of the installed costs, up to $2,500 for each charger. For more information, see the NHEC Drive Electric website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebates - New Hampshire Electric Co-op (NHEC)
NHEC offers rebates of $1,000 for the purchase or lease of a new or used electric vehicle (EV), $600 for the purchase or lease of a new or used plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, and $300 for the purchase or lease of a new or used electric motorcycle. The PEV must be purchased or leased between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2020. For more information, including how to apply, see the NHEC Drive Electric website.
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - New Hampshire Electric Co-op (NHEC)
NHEC offers rebates for residential customers to install up to two Level 2 EVSE. Customers may receive a rebate of up to $300 per EVSE and a separate electric meter. For more information, including how to apply, see the NHEC Drive Electric website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - New Hampshire Electric Co-op (NHEC)
NHEC offers a residential off-peak rate program for electricity purchased to charge PEVs. The electricity used for vehicle charging is metered separately from all other electricity use. For more information, see the NHEC Drive Electric website.
Laws and Regulations
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Hydrogen Fueling Station Signage
The New Hampshire Department of Transportation (DOT) must coordinate with the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to ensure that EVSE signage on federal highways in the state is uniform. In addition, DOT must develop signage for EVSE and hydrogen fueling stations that is consistent with FHWA's Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for use on state roads. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 236:133)
Public Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Requirements and Restriction Authorization
EVSE that is available for public use must meet the following requirements:
- If publicly funded by a settlement, federal or other competitive grant program, or the Volkswagen Trust, must be equipped to enable universal access, as defined by the New Hampshire Department of Transportation;
- If the owner or operator requires payment for use of the EVSE, must accept multiple payment options; and
- Must not require users to pay a subscription fee or obtain a membership at any organization to use the equipment.
Public Utility Definition
An owner of electric vehicle supply equipment is not defined as a utility, public utility, or public service company. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 236:133)
Public Utility Requirements
Public utilities must consider whether to implement plug-in electric vehicle time-of-use rates for residential and commercial customers. In their determination, they must consider whether implementing these rates would encourage energy conservation, optimal use of facilities and resources by an electric company, and equitable rates for customers. (Reference New Hampshire Revise Statutes 236:134)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Requirement
An individual may not park a motor vehicle in a parking space equipped with a public electric vehicle charging station unless the vehicle is a PEV. (Reference New Hampshire Revise Statutes 236:134)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Charging Infrastructure Promotion
The New Hampshire Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Infrastructure Commission (Commission) promotes the use of PEVs in the state. The Commission must make recommendations on the following:
- The development of zero emission vehicle (ZEV) technology and infrastructure, including the installation of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) for residential, business, and municipal use;
- The availability of high-speed EVSE and the feasibility of installing high-speed EVSE on public property;
- The development of EVSE installations, including high-speed chargers, along state and federal highway corridors, at public transportation hubs, and in parking garages;
- New Hampshire joining the Multi-State ZEV Task Force or other interstate agreement to support the installation of EVSE;
- Tax credit legislation for the installation of residential and commercial EVSE;
- Changes to state laws and regulations that encourage the development of ZEV technology and infrastructure;
- Potential funding sources for ZEV technology and infrastructure; and
- State agency workplace charging.
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Advisory Commission
The AV Advisory Commission (Commission) was established to advise state agencies on AV legislation, develop training curriculum for law enforcement and first responders, propose modifications to the AV testing and development pilot program, and maintain up-to-date information on AV technology, statuses, and unique challenges posed by roads in New Hampshire. The Commission reports findings and recommendations for proposed legislation on or before November 1 of each year. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 241:1-5)
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Deployment Pilot Program
The Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) will establish a pilot program to test AV technologies on public roads in New Hampshire. A testing entity may test automated driving system equipped vehicles, with or without a test driver, on public roads if they have been approved by the DMV. The DMV will provide regular updates on the AV testing pilot program to the transportation council. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 242:1)
Fossil Fuel Use Reduction
The state will reduce aggregate fossil fuel use across all state-owned facilities, as compared to a 2005 baseline, by 30% by 2020, 40% by 2025, and 50% by 2030. A State Government Energy Committee (SGEC) will advise the state energy manager and the state fleet manager about energy management within state buildings, operations, and fleets. The state passenger vehicle fleet must also reach the 30% reduction target compared to the 2010 metric ton baseline by 2030. The state energy manager, state fleet manager, and SGEC have developed performance metrics, and agencies and departments will report on progress in their fiscal year 2018 Energy Conservation Plans. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)
Regional Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI)
Delaware, District of Columbia (D.C.), Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virginia signed a Declaration of Intent to create the TCI, a regional initiative to improve transportation, develop a clean energy economy, and reduce carbon emissions and air pollutants from the transportation sector. The signatory states and D.C. agree to explore and develop policies and programs that result in greater energy efficiency of regional transportation systems and reduce emissions. Additionally, states support the deployment of clean vehicles and fueling infrastructure, such as electric vehicle supply equipment, to maximize the economic opportunities and emissions reductions. For more information, see the TCI website.
State Agency Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Procurement
The state must pursue PEV procurement opportunities for use in the state fleet and must install EVSE for use by state agencies. Where feasible and recommended by the State Government Energy Committee, state offices with more than 50 employees may also make EVSE available for employees, as long as energy cost is reimbursed by users. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)
School District Emissions Reduction Policies
Each school district must develop and implement a policy to minimize or eliminate emissions from buses, cars, delivery vehicles, maintenance vehicles, and other motor vehicles used on school property. Policies must take into account existing anti-idling and clean air zone regulations that the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services established. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 200:48)
Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement
Diesel fuel that the New Hampshire Department of Transportation (DOT) purchases through the Motor Fuel Inventory Fund must contain at least 5% biodiesel (B5). Compliance with this requirement is at DOT's discretion only if the fuel is unavailable or more expensive than 100% petroleum diesel. DOT is encouraged to purchase diesel fuel containing up to 20% biodiesel (B20) when the fuel is acceptable for use. DOT may sell the fuel to all state departments and institutions, political subdivisions of the state, eligible non-profit corporations under contract with DOT to transport the general public, and federal government agencies. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 228:24-a)
Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 259:6-a)
Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements
Any person who refines, distills, prepares, blends, manufactures, or purchases biodiesel on which the road tax has not been paid and who is not a licensed and bonded distributor must become licensed with the New Hampshire Department of Safety (DOS). An annual license fee of $25 applies. Any licensed biodiesel refiner, distiller, blender, manufacturer, or purchaser of more than 10,000 gallons of biodiesel per month must file a bond with DOS. All biodiesel distributors must maintain and keep records for a period of four years to verify all biodiesel sold within the state meets ASTM D6751 specifications. Failure to demonstrate compliance may result in loss of the license. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 260:36-d, 260:38, and 260:43-b)
Alternative Fuel Dealer License
Any person who sells natural gas and propane on which the road tax has not been paid and who is not licensed and bonded must become licensed through the New Hampshire Department of Safety. The alternative fuel dealer must collect and remit road taxes and will be subject to a penalty for noncompliance. Failure to obtain a license and demonstrate compliance may result in fines and loss of the license, respectively. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 260:36, 260:38, and 260:40)
Alternative Fuels Road Tax
Alternative fuels including, but not limited to, natural gas or propane sold by a licensed alternative fuel dealer and used in on-road vehicles is subject to a $0.222 per gallon equivalent road tax. The New Hampshire Department of Safety will define rules for the applicable conversion rates for natural gas and propane based on nationally recognized standards for weights and measures. Certain exemptions apply, including sales to government entities, between duly licensed distributors, and sales of exported motor fuel. For taxation purposes, electricity is not considered an alternative fuel. For more information, see the Road Toll Bureau website. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 259:3-d, 259:58-b, 260:32c, 260:47, and 260:52)
Idle Reduction Requirement
The owner or operator of a diesel-powered vehicle must limit the length of time their vehicle remains idle. The limit is based on the outside temperature, as follows: Above 32 degrees Fahrenheit, 5 minute limit in any 60 minute period; between 32 and -10 degrees Fahrenheit, 15 minute limit in any 60 minute period; below -10 degrees Fahrenheit, no limit. Certain vehicles are exempt from the regulation, including vehicles in traffic, emergency vehicles, vehicles providing power take-off for refrigeration or lift gate pumps, vehicles idling for required maintenance or diagnostic purposes, and vehicles supplying heat or air conditioning for passenger comfort during transportation. (Reference New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Administrative Rules Env-A 1102.02 and 1102.03)
Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Access to Roadways
A NEV is any four-wheel electric vehicle capable of achieving a top speed between 20 and 25 miles per hour (mph), and complies with the federal equipment and safety standards in Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. NEVs may only operate on roads that have a posted speed limit of 35 mph or less, but are not restricted from crossing roadways with speeds limits greater than 35 mph. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 259:66-b, 265:158, and 266:114)
State Energy Strategy Development
The New Hampshire Office of Energy Planning (Office), in consultation with the New Hampshire Energy Advisory Council, prepared a 10-year energy strategy for the state that addresses the impact of transportation policies and programs on electricity energy needs in the state in 2018. Strategy recommendations include enabling and encouraging adoption of plug-in electric vehicles and reducing unnecessary idling. The Office will review and update the strategy triennially. For more information, including the final strategy, visit the Energy Strategy Revision website. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 4:E1)
Low Carbon Fuel Standards Program Regulation
New Hampshire must receive legislative and executive council approval to participate in any state, regional, or national low carbon fuel standards (LCFS) program or similar program that requires quotas, caps, or mandates on any transportation, industrial, or home heating fuels. The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services may participate in regional or national LCFS discussions and report all expenses incurred as a result of those discussions. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21-O:23).
Low Carbon Fuels Standard Collaboration
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services may engage in regional and national discussions related to potential low carbon fuel standard programs. (Reference New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21-O:23)