Nevada Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current Nevada laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants
The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) administers Nevada's portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust through the Nevada Diesel Emission Fund. The fund assists publicly- and privately-owned fleets with the replacement or repower of model year 2009 or older medium- and heavy-duty diesel powered vehicles. Funding amounts vary based on vehicle type, applicant type (e.g., government or non-government), and the replacing or repowering fuel. For more information, including application guidelines, see the NDEP Nevada Diesel Emission Mitigation Fund website.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption
AFVs are exempt from Nevada's emissions testing requirements. A new HEV is exempt from emissions inspection testing for the first five model years, after which the vehicle must comply with emissions inspection testing requirements on an annual basis. For more information, see the Nevada Emissions Control Program website. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 445B.770 through 445B.825)
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - NV Energy
Nevada Energy (NV Energy) provides rebates for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE and DC fast charging stations. Eligible projects include charging for fleet, workplace, and multi-unit dwellings. NV Energy offers rebates of 75% of project costs, up to $3,000 per connector, for Level 2 EVSE. Level 2 EVSE projects must include at least two but no more than 10 connectors. DC fast chargers are eligible for up to $15,000 per station, with no more than five stations per project. Applicants must reserve funds prior to beginning construction and complete the project within one year, at which point they will receive the rebate.
NV Energy also funds projects that do not fall within the scope of fleet, workplace, or multi-unit dwelling charging through the Electric Vehicle Custom Grant program.
For more information, see the Electric Vehicle Charging Station Incentives Program Handbook and the NV Energy Electric Vehicles website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - NV Energy
Nevada Energy (NV Energy) offers discounted electricity rates to residential customers in the northern and southern service territories who charge PEVs during off-peak hours. The discounted rate applies to all electricity use on the premises during off-peak hours. To participate, customers must allow NV Energy access to their electric meters. For more information, see the Electric Vehicle Rate website.
Laws and Regulations
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Infrastructure Grants Authorization
The Nevada Office of Energy will establish the Nevada Clean Energy Fund to fund qualified clean energy projects, including any program, technology, product, or service that supports the deployment of AFVs and related infrastructure. Technologies that involve the combustion of fossil fuels are not eligible for funding. (Reference Senate Bill 407, 2017)
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Demonstration Program Requirements
The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Demonstration Program (Program) requires Nevada utilities to promote and incentivize the deployment of EVSE. Utilities must submit an annual plan for implementing the Program in their service areas to the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN). Plans may include, but are not limited to, the following measures:
- Payment of incentives to customers that install EVSE;
- Time-of-use rates for electricity used to charge plug-in electric vehicles;
- EVSE education and awareness programs for customers; and
- Technical assistance programs for government fleets and private organizations.
Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan
Nevada joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:
- Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
- Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
- Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
- Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
- Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
Electric Vehicle Manufacturer Franchise Exemption
A vehicle manufacturer is not required to sell its vehicles through franchised dealers if the manufacturer:
- Only produces passenger cars powered solely by one or more electric motors;
- Only sells new or used passenger cars that it manufactures; and
- Was selling such passenger cars in Nevada on or before January 1, 2016.
Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Sales Requirements
It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel, biomass-based diesel, or biomass-based diesel blend unless it meets applicable registration requirements for fuels and additives. Biodiesel must meet Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and ASTM Standard D6751. Biomass-based diesel and biomass-based diesel blends must meet the requirements in Title 42 U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 7545. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 590.070)
Biodiesel Producer Requirements
Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives of Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and conforms to ASTM Standard D6751. A biodiesel blend is a blend of biodiesel and petroleum-based product suitable for use in a motor vehicle. A special fuel manufacturer is a person who manufactures, blends, produces, refines, prepares, distills, or compounds only special fuel containing biodiesel or biodiesel blends in Nevada for personal use in the state or for sale or delivery in or outside of the state. Special fuel manufacturers must obtain a license from the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and report quantities of biodiesel fuel produced or blended in the state as well as contact information for biodiesel purchasers or recipients. Manufacturers must ensure that biodiesel blends produced do not exceed total volumes the DMV has established. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 366)
Funds for School District Alternative Fuel Use
A portion of any penalty assessed for violations of air pollution control laws must be deposited in the county school district fund where the violation occurred. The local air pollution control board must approve expenditures from the fund, which are limited to education programs on topics relating to air quality and projects to improve air quality, including purchasing and installing equipment to retrofit district school buses to operate on biodiesel, compressed natural gas, or a similar fuel that reduces emissions. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 445B.500)
Authorization for High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption
The Nevada Department of Transportation, in consultation with the Federal Highway Administration and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, may establish a program allowing federally certified low emission, energy-efficient, and alternative fuel vehicles to operate in HOV lanes regardless of the number of passengers. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484A.463)
Alternative Fuel Tax
Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), have a reduced tax rate of $0.27 per gallon. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) and compressed natural gas (CNG) are taxed at a rate of $0.064 and $0.21 per gallon, respectively. For taxation purposes, a gallon is measured as 126.67 cubic feet of CNG, 36.3 cubic feet (4.2 pounds (lbs.)) of propane or 6.06 lbs. of LNG. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 366.190, 366.197, and 373.066)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirement
Fleets containing 50 or more vehicles that are owned, leased, or operated by the state, a state agency, or a political subdivision of the state in a county with a population of 100,000 or more must acquire AFVs or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency certified Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs). Covered fleets are required to purchase either AFVs or certified ULEVs for 20% of new vehicles obtained. A fleet may meet the acquisition requirements by converting existing or newly acquired vehicles to operate on alternative fuels. An AFV acquired in compliance with this mandate must operate solely on the alternative fuel except when operating in an area where the appropriate alternative fuel is unavailable. Fleets with buses or heavy-duty vehicles are included. Parties that do not comply with the requirements may be subject to fines. (Reference Nevada Administrative Code 486A.010 through 486A.250, and Nevada Revised Statutes 486A.010 through 486A.180)
Idle Reduction Requirement
Diesel truck or bus engines may not idle for more than 15 consecutive minutes. Exemptions apply to diesel trucks or buses for which the Nevada State Environmental Commission has issued a variance from this requirement, or diesel trucks and buses that are emergency vehicles; are used for removal of snow or to repair or maintain other vehicles; are stopped due to traffic congestion; are undergoing repair or maintenance; produce emissions contained and treated according to State Environmental Commission methods; or must idle to perform a specific task. (Reference Nevada Administrative Code 445B.576)
Autonomous Technology Funding Authorization
A regional transportation commission that operates in a Nevada county with a population of 700,000 or more may provide grants to fund projects that promote innovative transportation and transit technology, including autonomous technology. Autonomous technology is defined as technology that is installed on a motor vehicle and has the capability to drive the vehicle without the active control or monitoring of a human operator. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 277A and 482A.025)
Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation Requirements
An autonomous vehicle may not be tested or operated on a highway in Nevada unless it is capable of operating in compliance with all applicable motor vehicle and traffic laws, it has been granted an exemption by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), and it meets the following requirements:
- It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
- It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
- It has a means to alert the driver to take manual control of the vehicle should the autonomous driving system fail; and
- If operated without the direct control of the driver, it is capable of reaching a reasonably safe state as determined by the DMV, such as bringing the vehicle to a complete stop, in the event that the automated driving system fails.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482A.025 through 482A.080 and 482A.100)
Low-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle with an unladen weight of 3,000 pounds or less, that is capable of operating at a speed of at least 20 miles per hour (mph) but not greater than 25 mph, and that complies with Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. Low-speed vehicles may not operate on any roadway with a speed limit greater than 35 mph, except to cross a highway at an intersection. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482.480 and 484B.637)