Nevada Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current Nevada laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants
The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) administers Nevada’s portion of the Volkswagen (VW) Environmental Mitigation Trust through the Nevada Diesel Emission Mitigation Fund. The fund assists publicly- and privately-owned fleets with the replacement or repower of model year 2009 or older medium- and heavy-duty diesel-powered vehicles. Funding amounts vary based on vehicle, applicant, and fuel type. For more information, including application periods and guidelines, see the NDEP VW Settlement Funds website.
Idle Reduction Technology, Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV), and Electric Vehicle (EV) Weight Exemption
Any motor vehicle equipped with an auxiliary power unit or other qualified idle reduction technology may exceed the maximum gross vehicle weight limit by up to 550 pounds (lbs.) to compensate for the additional weight of the idle reduction technology. NGVs and EVs may exceed the maximum gross vehicle weight limit for comparable conventional fuel vehicles by up to 2,000 lbs.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484D.635)
Nevada's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) to submit an annual EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office of Energy and Transportation (Joint Office) describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. The submitted plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
For more information about Nevada’s NEVI planning process, see the NDOT Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Plan website. To review Nevada’s NEVI plan, see the Joint Office State Plans for EV Charging website.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption
AFVs are exempt from Nevada’s emissions testing requirements. A new HEV is exempt from emissions inspection testing for the first five model years, after which the vehicle must comply with emissions inspection testing requirements on an annual basis. For more information, see the Nevada Emissions Control Program website.
Utility / Private Incentives
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) - NV Energy
NV Energy offers a TOU rate to residential and commercial customers who own or lease EVs. For more information, see the NV Energy EV Rate website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Support
Nevada utilities joined the National Electric Highway Coalition (NEHC), committing to create a network of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations connecting major highway systems from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific of the United States. NEHC utility members agree to ensure efficient and effective fast charging deployment plans that enable long distance EV travel, avoiding duplication among coalition utilities, and complement existing corridor DCFC sites. For more information, including a list of participating utilities and states, see the NEHC website.
Laws and Regulations
Zero Emission Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Incentive Authorization
The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) must administer the Clean Trucks and Buses Incentive Program (Program) to provide incentives for the purchase of zero emission medium- and heavy-duty trucks and buses. Eligible entities must own or operate diesel- or gasoline-powered medium- and heavy-duty vehicles or fleets and include local governments, state agency fleets, school districts, nonprofit organizations, commercial fleets, and independent truck operators. Incentive amounts must be based on gross vehicle weight rating, and NDEP must offer increased incentive amounts for underserved communities. The State Environmental Commission must adopt regulations to guide the NDEP’s administration of the Program. Additional requirements apply.
Transportation Electrification Investment Authorization
Utilities must file a plan to accelerate transportation electrification in Nevada with the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) by September 1, 2021. Two or more utilities that share common ownership or transmission systems must include a plan to allocate up to $100,000,000 on transportation electrification. Plans must be designed to accelerate transportation electrification between January 1, 2022, and December 31, 2024. All plans must include:
- An Interstate Corridor Charging Depot Program to increase the availability of public charging infrastructure along state highways and support tourism;
- An Urban Charging Depot Program to help customers that are unable to charge vehicles at home or work;
- A Public Agency Electric Vehicle Charging Program to serve the public, workplace, and government fleet charging needs;
- A Transit, School Bus, and Transportation Electrification Custom Program to serve the needs of transit agencies, public schools, planning organizations, and commercial entities; and,
- An Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Program to support tourism and outdoor recreation entities.
Nevada Power Company, Nevada Energy (NV Energy), and Sierra Pacific Power Company submitted a joint plan to the PUC in 2021. For more information, see the NV Energy Economic Recovery Transportation Electrification Plan website.
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards
Nevada adopted the California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements, beginning with model year 2025. These regulations apply to all passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles. For more information, see the Clean Cars Nevada website.
Low-Level Ethanol Blend Support
Regulations adopted by the State Board of Agriculture (Board) must allow the sale of motor vehicle fuel containing no more than 15% ethanol (E15) by volume. The Board must adopt rules governing the sale of E15 by July 2022.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 590.070)
Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Use and Cost Recovery Authorization
The Public Utilities Commission of Nevada must adopt regulations authorizing a public utility that purchases natural gas for resale to engage in RNG activities and to recover reasonable costs associated with RNG activities that provide certain environmental benefits. RNG activities include but are not limited to, investing in or building and operating an RNG facility, extending the transmission or distribution system of a public utility, or purchasing RNG. Additionally, a public utility which purchases natural gas for resale must attempt to incorporate RNG into its gas supply portfolio. Additional terms and conditions apply. RNG is defined as processed biogas that meets quality standards to be injected into the natural gas pipeline.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Infrastructure Grants Authorization
The Nevada Office of Energy administers the Nevada Clean Energy Fund to fund qualified clean energy projects, including any program, technology, product, or service that supports the deployment of AFVs and related infrastructure. Technologies that involve the combustion of fossil fuels are not eligible for funding. For more information, see the Nevada Clean Energy Fund website.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 701B.930-995)
Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan
In 2017, Nevada joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States’ major transportation corridors.
In 2019, the Signatory States signed a revised REV West MOU to update their EV corridor goals based on progress to date. Signatory States are committed to:
- Educate consumers and fleet owners to raise EV awareness, reduce range anxiety, and increase EV adoption;
- Coordinate on EV charging station locations to achieve a consistent user experience across Signatory States;
- Use and promote the REV West Voluntary Minimum Standards for EV charging stations and explore opportunities for implementing the standards in Signatory States;
- Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
- Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States;
- Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the plan; and
- Support the build-out of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations along EV corridors through investments, partnerships, and other mechanisms.
The Signatory States maintain a coordination group composed of senior leadership from each state who meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. For more information, see the REV West website.
Electric Vehicle Manufacturer Franchise Exemption
A vehicle manufacturer is not required to sell its vehicles through franchised dealers if the manufacturer:
- Only produces passenger cars powered solely by at least one electric motors;
- Only sells new or used passenger cars that it manufactures; and
- Was selling such passenger cars in Nevada on or before January 1, 2016.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482.36349)
Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Sales Requirements
It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel, biomass-based diesel, or biomass-based diesel blend unless it meets applicable registration requirements for fuels and additives. Biodiesel must meet Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and ASTM Standard D6751. Biomass-based diesel and biomass-based diesel blends must meet the requirements in Title 42 U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 7545.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 590.070)
Biodiesel Producer Requirements
Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives of Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and conforms to ASTM Standard D6751. A biodiesel blend is a blend of biodiesel and petroleum-based product suitable for use in a motor vehicle. A special fuel manufacturer is a person who manufactures, blends, produces, refines, prepares, distills, or compounds only special fuel containing biodiesel or biodiesel blends in Nevada for personal use in the state or for sale or delivery in or outside of the state. Special fuel manufacturers must obtain a license from the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and report quantities of biodiesel fuel produced or blended in the state as well as contact information for biodiesel purchasers or recipients. Manufacturers must ensure that biodiesel blends produced do not exceed total volumes the DMV has established.
Public Utility Definition
A person who owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to charge electric vehicles is not defined as a public utility.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 704.021)
Funds for School District Alternative Fuel Use
A portion of any penalty assessed for violations of air pollution control laws must be deposited in the county school district fund where the violation occurred. The local air pollution control board must approve expenditures from the fund, which are limited to education programs on topics relating to air quality and projects to improve air quality, including the purchase and installation of equipment to retrofit district school buses to operate on biodiesel, compressed natural gas, or a similar fuel that reduces emissions.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 445B.500)
Medium- and Heavy-Duty (MHD) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington (signatory states) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of MDHD ZEVs through involvement in a Multi-State ZEV Task Force (Task Force).
In March 2022, the Task Force released a draft multi-state action plan to support electrification of MDHD vehicles. The Task Force will consider actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including limiting all new MDHD vehicles sales in the signatory states to ZEVs by 2050. The signatory states will also seek to accelerate the deployment of MDHD ZEVs to benefit disadvantaged communities and explore opportunities to coordinate and partner with key stakeholders.
For more information, see the MDHD ZEVs: Action Plan Development Process website.
Authorization for High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption
The Nevada Department of Transportation, in consultation with the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, may establish a program allowing federally certified alternative fuel vehicles to operate in HOV lanes regardless of the number of passengers.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484A.460 and 484A.463)
Alternative Fuel Tax
Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), have a reduced tax rate of $0.27 per gallon. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) and compressed natural gas (CNG) are taxed at a rate of $0.064 and $0.21 per gallon, respectively. For taxation purposes, a gallon is measured as 5.66 pounds (lbs.) or 126.67 cubic feet of CNG, 4.2 lbs. or 36.3 cubic feet of LPG, or 6.06 lbs. of LNG. These tax rates are only applicable in counties with populations between 100,000 and 700,000 residents.
Idle Reduction Requirement
Diesel truck or bus engines may not idle for more than 15 consecutive minutes. Exemptions apply to diesel trucks or buses for which the Nevada State Environmental Commission has issued a variance from this requirement, or diesel trucks and buses that are emergency vehicles; are used for removal of snow or to repair or maintain other vehicles; are stopped due to traffic congestion; are undergoing repair or maintenance; produce emissions contained and treated according to State Environmental Commission methods; or must idle to perform a specific task.
(Reference Nevada Administrative Code 445B.576)
Autonomous Technology Funding Authorization
A regional transportation commission that operates in a Nevada county with a population of 700,000 or more may provide grants to fund projects that promote innovative transportation and transit technology, including autonomous technology. Autonomous technology is defined as technology that is installed on a motor vehicle and has the capability to drive the vehicle without the active control or monitoring of a human operator.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 277A.430 and 482A.025)
Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation Requirements
An autonomous vehicle may not be tested or operated on a highway in Nevada unless it is capable of operating in compliance with all applicable motor vehicle and traffic laws, it has been granted an exemption by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), and it meets the following requirements:
- It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
- It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
- It has a means to alert the driver to take manual control of the vehicle should the autonomous driving system fail; and
- If operated without the direct control of the driver, it is capable of reaching a reasonably safe state as determined by the DMV, such as bringing the vehicle to a complete stop, in the event that the automated driving system fails.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Parking Space Regulation
An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for charging EVs. To use the parking space, EVs must be actively charging. Violators may receive a fine of up to $750.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484B.468)
Low-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle with an unladen weight of 3,000 pounds or less, that is capable of operating at a speed of at least 20 miles per hour (mph) but not greater than 25 mph, and that complies with Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. Low-speed vehicles may not operate on any roadway with a speed limit greater than 35 mph, except to cross a highway at an intersection.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482.480 and 484B.637)
State Fleet Vehicle Acquisition and Fuel Use Requirements
State agencies must transition light-duty vehicles to zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by 2040 and medium- and heavy-duty vehicles to ZEVs by 2050. To support these goals, state agencies must prioritize low emission vehicles when purchasing light-duty motor vehicles. State agencies that purchase a diesel vehicle must ensure the vehicle can use biodiesel fuel blends of at least 20%. When refueling gasoline and diesel vehicles, agencies must prioritize the purchase of ethanol and biodiesel fuel. Exceptions may apply.
(Reference Senate Bill 262, 2023)
Hydrogen Production, Storage, and Use Study
The Joint Interim Standing Committee on Growth and Infrastructure must study hydrogen production, storage, and technologies. The study must, among other things, assess the feasibility of using hydrogen as a transportation fuel in Nevada. The Committee must publish a report of their findings by January 1, 2025.
(Reference Senate Bill 451, 2023)