Oregon Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current Oregon laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Oregon's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) to submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office by August 1, 2022, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. Plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
For more information about Oregon’s NEVI planning process, see the ODOT Oregon’s Five-year EV Charging Infrastructure Roadmap website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate
The Charge Ahead Rebate Program offers low- and medium-income Oregon residents a rebate of up to $5,000 for the purchase or lease of a new or used EV, including plug-in hybrid vehicles. Residents purchasing a new EV may combine this rebate with the Clean Vehicle Rebate to receive a maximum rebate of $7,500. Qualifying residents are considered households with income levels that do not exceed 400% of the federal poverty line. For more information, see the Charge Ahead Rebate Program website. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 468.442 and 468.446)
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle Rebates
The Clean Vehicle Rebate Program provides rebates to Oregon residents, businesses, non-profit organizations, and government agencies for the purchase or lease of a new electric vehicle (EV), including a PHEV, electric motorcycle, or fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). New EVs and FCEVs with a battery capacity greater than 10 kilowatt-hours (kWh) are eligible for a rebate of $2,500. EVs and FCEVs with a battery capacity of less than 10 kWh are eligible for a rebate of $1,500.
Electric motorcycles are eligible for a rebate of $750. EVs may not have an MSRP of more than $50,000, and eligible FCEVs may not have an MSRP of more than $60,000. For more information, see the Clean Vehicle Rebate Program website.
Alternative Fuel Loans
The Oregon Department of Energy administers the Small-Scale Local Energy Loan Program which offers low-interest loans for qualifying projects. Eligible alternative fuel projects include fuel production facilities, dedicated feedstock production, fueling infrastructure, and fleet vehicles. Loan recipients must complete a loan application and pay a loan application fee. For more information, see the Energy Loan Program website. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 470)
Clean School Bus Grants
The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality must use funds awarded to Oregon through the Volkswagen (VW) Environmental Mitigation Trust and deposited in the Clean Diesel Engine Fund, to award grants to owners and operators of at least 450 school buses powered by diesel engines. Eligible vehicles include buses that have at least three years of remaining useful life. Grants will be available for 30%, up to $50,000, for the purchase of a new bus or up to 100% of the cost to retrofit a school bus with emissions-reducing parts or technology that reduce diesel particulate matter emissions by at least 85%. Any money not expended under this Clean Diesel Engine Fund will fund grants for the reduction of diesel engine emissions as matching funds under the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act program. For more information, see the VW Settlement website. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 468A.795 through 468A.807)
Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption
Property used to produce biofuels, including ethanol and biodiesel, may be eligible for a property tax exemption if it is located in a designated Rural Renewable Energy Development Zone. The Oregon Business Development Department must receive and approve an application from a qualified rural area to designate the area as a Rural Renewable Energy Development Zone. For more information, see the Business Oregon Rural Renewable Energy Development Zone website. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 285C.350 through 285C.370)
Alternative Fuel Technology Weight Exemption
A vehicle equipped with a fully functional idle reduction system designed to reduce fuel use and emissions from engine idling may exceed the maximum weight limitations by up to 550 pounds (lbs.) to accommodate the added weight of the idle reduction technology. Any natural gas vehicle or electric vehicle may exceed the limits by up to 2,000 lbs. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 818.030)
Pollution Control Equipment Exemption
Dedicated original equipment manufacturer natural gas vehicles and all-electric vehicles are not required to be equipped with a certified pollution control system. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 815.300)
Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE)
PGE offers commercial customers rebates for the installation of Level 2 EV charging stations. Rebates are available in the following amounts:
|Location||Maximum Rebate Amount per Port|
For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Business Electric Vehicle Charging Rebates website.
Propane Vehicle Rebate – Pacific Propane Gas Association (PPGA)
PPGA offers commercial customers a rebate of $1,500 for the purchase of a new propane vehicle or propane conversion. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis or until December 31, 2022. Eligible vehicles must be purchased in 2022. For more information, see the PPGA Pacific Runs on Propane website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates - Eugene Water & Electric Board (EWEB)
EWEB offers rebates for residential and commercial customers to install EV charging stations. Residential customers may receive a rebate of up to $500 for one Level 2 EV charging station.
Commercial customers may receive rebates up to 50% of equipment and installation costs for publicly available Level 2 EV charging stations and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Maximum rebate awards are $1,500 for Level 2 EV charging stations and $15,000 for DCFC stations.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Registration Incentive - Emerald People’s Utility District (EPUD)
EPUD customers are eligible for a $100 incentive to register their new or used EV with EPUD. For more information, including eligibility requirements and application, visit the EPUD website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Installation Rebate - Central Lincoln
Central Lincoln offers residential and commercial customers a rebate of $250 to purchase a Level 2 EV charging station. Eligible EV charging stations must be purchased on or after July 1, 2018. Applicants are limited to one rebate per location. For more information, including the application, please visit the Central Lincoln website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - Portland General Electric (PGE)
PGE offers a TOU electricity rate for customers with an EV. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the PGE TOU Pricing website.
Fleet Electrification Support – Portland General Electric (PGE)
The PGE Fleet Partner Program offers commercial customers a fleet analysis, recommendations for electrification infrastructure, and a custom incentive and turnkey design for electric vehicle supply equipment siting and installation. For more information, see the PGE Fleet Partner Program website.
Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Portland General Electric (PGE)
PGE offers residential customers a rebate of $500 for the purchase of a Level 2 EV charging station. Customers that earn up to 80% median income for their household size are eligible for a rebate of $1,000. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the PGE Home EV Charging Rebates website.
Commercial Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Grant – Consumers Power Inc. (CPI)
CPI offers commercial customers a grant for 50% of the cost of a Level 2 EV charging stations, up to $5,000 per unit, and 50% of the cost for a direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations, up to $20,00 per site. Customers may receive up to $10,000 per year for Level 2 EV charging stations and up to $20,000 per year for DCFC stations. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the CPI Commercial Electric Vehicle Charger Grant website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Consumers Power Inc. (CPI)
CPI offers customers a $200 rebate for qualifying EV charging stations installed after April 1, 2020. For more information, including eligibility requirements and qualifying EV charging stations, see the CPI Electric Vehicle Charger Rebate website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Support
Oregon utilities joined the National Electric Highway Coalition (NEHC), committing to create a network of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations connecting major highway systems from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific of the United States. NEHC utility members agree to ensure efficient and effective fast charging deployment plans that enable long distance EV travel, avoiding duplication among coalition utilities, and complement existing corridor DCFC sites. For more information, including a list of participating utilities and states, see the NEHC website.
Laws and Regulations
Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Requirement
Oregon has adopted the California Advanced Clean Trucks requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations requiring manufacturers to meet California’s ZEV production and sales requirements. Beginning with model year 2025, manufacturers will be required to sell zero-emission trucks as an increasing percentage of their annual sales for Class 2b through Class 8 vehicles in Oregon. ZEVs include all-electric and fuel cell electric vehicles. For more information, see the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality Clean Truck Rules 2021 website.
Diesel Emissions Reductions Registration Requirement
The Oregon Department of Motor Vehicles (ODMV) will phase out registrations for certain medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) trucks powered by diesel engines in Multnomah, Clackamas, or Washington Counties unless vehicles have been retrofitted or repowered with approved technologies. ODMV will no longer issue certificates of titles on or after the following dates:
|Date||Vehicle and model year|
|January 1, 2023||
|January 1, 2029||
The Oregon Department of Transportation must submit an annual report to the Legislative Assembly on the effects of the titling restrictions of MD and HD diesel trucks annually by September 15.
Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Support
The Oregon Public Utility Commission (PUC) will develop rules for RNG distribution programs for both small and large utilities. Rules must include reporting requirement guidelines and a rate recovery costs process. The PUC must establish rate caps for small natural gas utilities.
The PUC has established voluntary RNG target distribution goals for large utilities that participate in the RNG program under the following schedule:
|Calendar Years||Percent RNG|
(Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 757.396)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment
The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) will monitor state ZEV adoption goal progress for registered vehicles, new vehicle purchases, and the state fleet. The state established the following goals for vehicle registrations:
- By 2020, 50,000 vehicles will be ZEV;
- By 2025, 250,000 vehicles will be ZEV; and
- By 2030, 25% of vehicles will be ZEV.
In addition, the state established the following goals for new vehicle purchases:
- By 2030, 50% of all new vehicle purchases will be ZEV; and
- By 2035, 90% of all new vehicle purchases will be ZEV.
By 2029, all state fleet vehicles should be ZEVs. ODOE must submit a biennial report by September 15 on the status of ZEV adoption. If ZEV adoption goals are not met, ODOE report must include strategies for increased adoption rates.
(Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 283.327 and 283.398)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Adoption Support
To support the state goal of at least 50,000 EVs registered and operating in Oregon by 2020, the Zero-Emission Vehicle Working Group (Working Group) will develop goals and progress metrics for EV adoption. The Working Group will include representatives from the Departments of Administrative Services, Energy, Transportation, and Environmental Quality, and the Oregon Public Utility Commission. The Working Group will aim to remove barriers to EVs and EV charging stations and share information about their efforts with the public. For more information, see the ODOT Zero Emission Vehicle Working Group and Go Electric Oregon websites. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)
Volkswagen (VW) Settlement Allocation
The Department Environmental Quality (DEQ), with the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE), and Oregon Health Authority Public Health Division, engaged stakeholders and received public comments to inform the development of a plan to leverage up to 15% of the VW Environmental Mitigation Trust to support vehicle electrification. The plan includes the development and maintenance of electric vehicle charging stations, with a focus on rural and low-income communities.
ODOT, with ODOE, DEQ, the Public Utility Commission, and local governments, must develop proposals for future 30-month investment periods of Electrify America's Zero-Emission Vehicle Investment Plan. More information can be found on the Go Electric Oregon website.(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Building Standards for New Construction
By July 1, 2022, the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services, Building Code Division, must amend the state building code to require that 20% of parking spaces at all newly constructed commercial buildings, multifamily residences with five or more units, and mixed-use developments have the electrical capacity to support Level 2 EV charging stations. New residential construction must be able to support the installation of one Level 2 EV charging stations. (Reference House Bill 2180, 2021)
Zero-Emission Buses Support
The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE), with the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Public Utility Commission (PUC), Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), and the Department of Education, must develop tools and provide assistance for school districts considering zero-emission bus options when replacing school buses.
ODOT, with ODOE, PUC, and DEQ, must develop tools and best practices to help transit agencies when making decisions about using zero-emission buses in transit fleets. ODOT must also work with transit agencies, ODOE, DEQ, and the Oregon Health Authority Public Health Division to access the environmental, public health, and financial benefits of an accelerated transition to zero-emission buses. For more information, see ODOE's Guide to School Bus Electrification and the ODOT Transit Fleet Electrification website.
(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)
Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington (signatory states) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of medium- and heavy-duty ZEVs through involvement in a Multi-State ZEV Task Force (Task Force).
By January 2021, the Task Force will develop a multi-state action plan to support electrification of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. The Task Force will consider actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including limiting all new medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales in the signatory states to ZEVs by 2050. The signatory states will also seek to accelerate the deployment of medium- and heavy-duty ZEVs to benefit underserved communities and explore opportunities to coordinate and partner with key stakeholders.
For more information, see the Medium- and Heavy-Duty ZEVs: Action Plan Development Process website.
Establishment of Recognition Programs for Electric Vehicle (EV) Adoption
The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must design and establish Governor's Awards for automobile dealerships to encourage sales of EVs. ODOE must also design and establish Governor's Awards for businesses and organizations that support EV adoption through installing charging infrastructure and using EVs in their fleets. More information, including nomination forms, can be found on the Go Electric Oregon website. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)
Electric Vehicle and Vehicle Efficiency Fees
All-electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $115 or a per-mile road use fee of $0.019 per mile through the OReGo program. Medium-speed EV owners must pay an annual fee of $63. Hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles must pay an annual fee in the following amounts:
|Vehicle Efficiency||Annual Fee|
|Vehicles with a rating of 0-19 miles per gallon (mpg)||$20|
|Vehicles with a rating of 20-39 mpg||$25|
|Vehicles with a rating of 40 mpg or greater||$35|
These fees are in addition to standard registration fees. Drivers with electric vehicles or vehicles with ratings over 40 mpg are exempt from additional registration fees if they enroll in the OReGo program. For more information, including how to apply, visit the OReGo program website.
(Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 803.420 through 803.422)
State Agency Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Installation
State agencies may install publicly accessible EV charging stations on their premises or contract with a vendor to do so. The Oregon Department of Administrative Services (DAS) will establish criteria to determine the appropriate number of locations for EV charging stations at each agency. A state agency may establish and adjust a uniform price for charging, provided that the price recovers, to the extent practicable, the cost of operating the EV charging station and does not exceed 110% of the average market price for the use of public EV charging stations. DAS will report to the Legislative Assembly on the number, cost, and utilization of EV charging stations installed by state agencies by February 2019, February 2021, and February 2023.
DAS must add electric vehicle (EV) charging capacity for employee and public visitor parking lots, develop contracts to procure and install charging infrastructure, and incorporate EV charging as a tenant improvement for state-leased buildings.
Public Utility Definition
A corporation, company, partnership, individual or association of individuals that supplies electricity for use in motor vehicles is not defined as a public utility. (Reference Oregon Revised Statues 757.005)
Transportation Electrification Acceleration Programs
The Oregon Public Utility Commission must direct electric utilities to file applications for programs to accelerate transportation electrification. Eligible programs include investments in or customer rebates for electric vehicle (EV) charging station. Among other criteria, programs must stimulate innovation, competition, and customer choice in EV charging stations and EV charging.
Additionally, the Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must engage with publicly and investor-owned utilities on how to improve transportation electrification plans and increase EV adoption in their service territories. ODOE must also provide the utilities with technical assistance on how to accommodate increased electric system loads from EVs.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Rate Regulations
Regulated electric utilities must provide customers with a choice of flat rate or time of use electricity rates specific to EV owners. Investor-owned utilities may own and operate EV charging equipment using its own funds or petition the Oregon Public Utilities Commission for rate recovery. (Reference Public Utility Commission of Oregon Order No. 12-013, 2012)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Policies for Rental Properties
The tenant of a commercial space may apply to install EV charging stations for the use of the tenant, employees of the tenant, and customers of the tenant. Unless the premises does not have at least one parking space per rental unit, the landlord must approve a completed application no more than 60 days after the tenant submits the application. In the absence of a different tenant-landlord agreement, the EV charging stations will be personal property of the tenant and the tenant is responsible for all costs associated with installation and use of the EV charging station. The tenant is responsible for maintaining a renter’s liability insurance policy of at least $100,000. Upon the termination of the rental agreement, the landlord may require the tenant to remove the charging station and restore the premises. Additional requirements and restrictions apply. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 90.462)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Policies for Associations
The owner of a lot in a planned community or unit in a condominium may apply to install EV charging stations for their personal use in a parking space subject to the exclusive use of the owner. The homeowners association (HOA) must approve a complete application within 60 days. The owner is responsible for all costs associated with the EV charging station installation and use, must disclose the existence of the EV charging station and related responsibilities to a prospective buyer, and must ensure that the infrastructure meets insurance and safety requirements. EV charging stations installed under these regulations on or before June 4, 2015, is considered to be the personal property of the lot or unit owner with which the EV charging station is associated, unless the owner and HOA have negotiated a different outcome. Additional requirements and restrictions apply. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 94.762 and 100.627)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Parking Space Regulation
An individual is not allowed to park a motor vehicle within any parking space specifically designated for public parking and fueling of AFVs unless the motor vehicle is an AFV fueled by electricity, natural gas, methanol, propane, gasoline blended with at least 85% ethanol (E85), or other fuel the Oregon Department of Energy approves. Eligible AFVs must also be in the process of fueling or charging to park in the space. A person found responsible for a violation is subject to traffic violation penalties. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 811.587 and 469B.100)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
Oregon joined California, Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle (EV) charging station and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs.
In June 2018, the Task Force published a new ZEV Action Plan for 2018-2021. Building on the 2014 Action Plan, the 2018 Action Plan makes recommendations for states and other key partners in five priority areas:
- Raising consumer awareness and interest in electric vehicle technology;
- Building out a reliable and convenient residential, workplace and public charging/fueling infrastructure network;
- Continuing and improving access to consumer purchase and non-financial incentives;
- Expanding public and private sector fleet adoption; and
- Supporting dealership efforts to increase ZEV sales.
For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.
Clean Transportation Fuel Standards
The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers the Oregon Clean Fuels Program (Program), which requires fuel producers and importers to register, keep records of, and report the volumes and carbon intensities of the fuels they provide in Oregon. Phase 2 of the Program, implemented in 2016, requires fuel suppliers to reduce the carbon content of transportation fuels.
In 2020, a new goal was implemented to reduce the carbon content of transportation fuels by 20% below 2015 levels by 2030, and 25% below 2015 levels by 2035.
DEQ must conduct rulemaking for the Program to support greater electric vehicle (EV) adoption. DEQ must also develop a method to aggregate and monetize all eligible EV credits in the Program to assist in achieving the state goal of 50,000 registered EVs in Oregon by 2020. For more information, see the DEQ Oregon Clean Fuels Program website.
Public Electric Utility Cost Recovery Authorization
A public electric utility may seek cost recovery from retail electricity consumers for transportation electrification infrastructure. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 757.357)
Public Natural Gas Utility Cost Recovery Authorization
A public natural gas utility may seek cost recovery from retail natural gas customers for infrastructure investments that supports alternative fuel vehicles powered by renewable natural gas or hydrogen. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 757.398)
Renewable Fuels Mandate
All gasoline sold in the state must be blended with at least 10% ethanol (E10). Gasoline with an octane rating of 91 or above is exempt from this mandate, as is gasoline sold for use in certain non-road applications. Gasoline that contains at least 9.2% agriculturally derived ethanol that meets ASTM Standard D4806 complies with the mandate. For the purpose of the mandate, ethanol must meet ASTM Standard D4806. The governor may suspend the renewable fuels mandate for ethanol if the Oregon Department of Energy finds that a sufficient amount of ethanol is not available.
All diesel fuel sold in the state must be blended with at least 5% biodiesel (B5). For the purpose of this mandate, biodiesel is defined as a motor vehicle fuel derived from vegetable oil, animal fat, or other non-petroleum resources, that is designated as B100 and complies with ASTM Standard D6751. Renewable diesel qualifies as a substitute for biodiesel in the blending requirement. In addition, diesel fuel blends sold between October 1 and February 28 may contain additives to prevent congealing or gelling. At any time, the Oregon Department of Energy may request a certificate of fuel analysis for biodiesel sold at any non-retail and wholesale biodiesel dealer.
Propane License Requirement
Any individual or business doing propane work in Oregon must obtain a license from the Oregon Office of State Fire Marshal. For additional information on license types, see the Liquefied Petroleum Gas website. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 480.432)
Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement
A driver of a commercial vehicle may not idle the engine for more than five minutes in any sixty-minute period, unless the vehicle is using an auxiliary power unit, generator set, cargo temperature control unit, or other idle reduction technology that maintains heat or air conditioning or provides electrical power. Exceptions apply in certain situations and for certain vehicles. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 825.605 and 825.610)
Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures
Each biodiesel or other renewable diesel producer, distributor, or importer must retain the certificate of analysis for each batch or production lot of B100 sold or delivered in the state for at least one year. The Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) or authorized agents may examine these records as necessary. The ODA or authorized agents may also perform on-site testing or obtain samples of biodiesel or other renewable diesel from any producer, bulk facility, or retail location that sells, distributes, transports, hauls, delivers, or stores biodiesel or other renewable diesel. The related testing cost is the responsibility of the business providing the sample. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 646.923)
Biofuels Program Impact Studies
The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must conduct periodic impact studies related to the biofuels industry in the state. These studies should evaluate such criteria as: jobs created; current and projected feedstock availability; amount of biofuels blends produced and consumed in the state; cost comparison of biofuels blends and petroleum fuel; environmental impacts; and the extent to which Oregon producers import biofuels or biofuels feedstocks from outside the state. ODOE issued the first Biofuels Impact Study in 2010 and will conduct a study every two years through January 1, 2025. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 469B.400)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards
Under the Oregon LEV Program, all new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles sold, leased, licensed, or delivered for sale in the state must meet California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Exemptions may apply. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements. The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) must work with the Environmental Quality Commission to maintain consistency with California's zero ZEV regulation, including any ZEV sales requirement increases. DEQ must also work with the Oregon Department of Justice and take appropriate steps to retain California's exemption for vehicle standards that are more protective of air quality under the Federal Clean Air Act. For more information, see the Oregon Clean Car Standards website. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017, Oregon Revised Statutes 468A.360, and Oregon Administrative Rules 340-257)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Fuel Use Requirements
All state agencies must purchase or lease zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs), including all-electric, plug-in hybrid electric, or hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, for at least 25% of new state light-duty vehicles to the maximum extent possible.
If ZEVs are not feasible, the state agency may purchase or lease AFVs and use alternative fuels to operate those vehicles, except in regions where it is not economically or logistically possible to fuel an AFV. Each state agency must develop and report a greenhouse gas reduction baseline and annual reduction targets to the Oregon Department of Administrative Services (DAS). Reports to DAS must include the number of purchases or leases of ZEVs, AFVs, and AFV conversions and the quantity of each type of alternative fuel used annually by state agency fleets. DAS published a plan to reduce costs for state agency ZEV purchases in September 2020.
State Emissions Reductions and Reporting Requirements
Oregon will pursue transportation electrification as part of greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets of at least 45% below 1990 levels by 2035, and at least 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. Select state agencies must report actions to reduce emissions annually. The Oregon Department of Transportation published a report on statewide transportation electrification infrastructure analysis in June 2021. Additional requirements apply. (Reference Executive Order 20-04, 2020)
Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle capable of reaching speeds of more than 20 miles per hour (mph) but not more than 25 mph. A low-speed vehicle may not operate on a highway that has a posted speed limit of more than 35 mph. A medium-speed EV is defined as a four-wheeled electric motor vehicle that is equipped with a roll cage or a crushproof body design and is capable of reaching speeds of up to 35 mph. A medium-speed EV may not operate on a highway that has a posted speed limit of more than 45 mph. A city or county may adopt ordinances that allow the operation of low-speed vehicles or medium-speed EVs on city streets or county roads that have posted speed limits greater than 35 mph and 45 mph, respectively. Low-speed vehicles and medium-speed EVs must comply with certain standards contained in Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. (Reference Oregon Administrative Rules 737-010-0010, and Oregon Revised Statutes 801.331, 801.341, 811.512, and 811.513)
Alternative Fuel Excise Tax
Compressed natural gas motor fuel is subject to the state fuel excise tax at the rate of $0.34 per 120 cubic feet, measured at 14.73 pounds per square inch and 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Propane motor fuel is subject to the excise tax $0.34 per 1.3 gallons at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 319.530)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Authorization at State Parks
The Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department allows the installation and use of state-owned public EV charging stations at parking spaces on state park property. EV charging station installations may be paid for through the Parks and Recreation Transportation Electrification Fund. (Reference Oregon Revised Statutes 283.401)