Electricity Laws and Incentives in California

The list below contains summaries of all California laws and incentives related to electricity.

Laws and Regulations

Establishment of Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Near-ZEV Component Rebates

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will establish the Zero Emission Assurance Project (ZAP) to offer rebates for the replacement of a battery, fuel cell, or other related vehicle component for eligible used ZEVs and near-ZEVs. Rebates will be limited to one per vehicle. By January 1, 2024, ARB must publish a report to the legislature detailing the number of rebates awarded, the emissions benefits of the ZAP, and the impacts of the ZAP on low-income consumer decisions to purchase zero and near-zero emissions vehicles. A ZEV is defined as a vehicle that produces no criteria pollutant, toxic air contaminant, or greenhouse gas emissions when stationary or operating. A near-ZEV is a vehicle that uses zero emission technologies, uses technologies that provide a pathway to zero emission operations, or incorporates other technologies that significantly reduce vehicle emissions. Rebates will be available through July 31, 2025. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274.9)

Access to Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Registration Records

The California Department of Motor Vehicles may disclose to an electrical corporation or local publicly owned utility a PEV owner's address and vehicle type if the information is used exclusively to identify where the PEV is registered. (Reference California Vehicle Code 1808.23)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Parking Incentive Programs

The California Department of General Services (DGS) and California Department of Transportation (DOT) must develop and implement AFV parking incentive programs in public parking facilities operated by DGS with 50 or more parking spaces and park-and-ride lots owned and operated by DOT. The incentives must provide meaningful and tangible benefits to drivers, such as preferential spaces, reduced fees, and fueling infrastructure. Fueling infrastructure built at park-and-ride lots is not subject to restricted use by those using bicycles, public transit, or ridesharing. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25722.9)

Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Retrofit Regulations

Converting a vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel in lieu of the original gasoline or diesel fuel is prohibited unless the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has evaluated and certified the retrofit system. ARB will issue certification to the manufacturer of the system in the form of an Executive Order once the manufacturer demonstrates compliance with the emissions, warranty, and durability requirements. A manufacturer is defined as a person or company who manufactures or assembles an alternative fuel retrofit system for sale in California; this definition does not include individuals wishing to convert vehicles for personal use. Individuals interested in converting their vehicles to operate on an alternative fuel must ensure that the alternative fuel retrofit systems used for their vehicles have been ARB certified. For more information, see the ARB Alternative Fuel Retrofit Systems website.

A hybrid electric vehicle that is Model Year 2000 or newer and is a passenger car, light-duty truck, or medium-duty vehicle may be converted to incorporate off-vehicle charging capability if the manufacturer demonstrates compliance with emissions, warranty, and durability requirements. ARB issues certification to the manufacturer and the vehicle must meet California emissions standards for the model year of the original vehicle.

(Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2030-2032, and California Vehicle Code 27156)

Alternative Fuel and Vehicle Policy Development

The California Energy Commission (CEC) must prepare and submit an Integrated Energy Policy Report (IEPR) to the governor on a biannual basis. The IEPR provides an overview of major energy trends and issues facing the state, including those related to transportation fuels, technologies, and infrastructure. The IEPR also examines potential effects of alternative fuels use, vehicle efficiency improvements, and shifts in transportation modes on public health and safety, the economy, resources, the environment, and energy security. The IEPR's primary purpose is to develop energy policies that conserve resources, protect the environment, ensure energy reliability, enhance the state's economy, and protect public health and safety. For the current IEPR, see the CEC California's Energy Policy website.

As of November 1, 2015, and every four years thereafter, the CEC must also include in the IEPR strategies to maximize the benefits of natural gas in various sectors. This includes the use of natural gas as a transportation fuel. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25302 and 25303.5)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Assessment

The California State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Commission), in partnership with the California Air Resources Board and the California Public Utility Commission, must publish a statewide assessment of the EVSE infrastructure needed to support the levels of plug-in electric vehicle adoption required for at least five million zero emission vehicles to operate on California roads by 2030. The Commission must consider the EVSE infrastructure needs for all vehicle categories, including on-road, off-road, port, and airport vehicles. In addition, the assessment must analyze the existing and future infrastructure needs across California, including in low-income communities. The assessment must be updated at least once every two years. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25229)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Local Permitting Policies

Cities and counties must adopt an ordinance that creates an expedited and streamlined permitting process for EVSE. Each city or county must consult with the local fire department or district and the utility director to develop the ordinance, which must include a checklist of all requirements for EVSE to be eligible for expedited review. A complete application that is consistent with the city or county ordinance must be approved, and entities submitting incomplete applications must be notified of the necessary required information to be granted expedited permit issuance. (Reference California Government Code 65850.7)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Location Assessment

The State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Commission), in partnership with the California Air Resources Board (ARB), must assess whether EVSE in California is located disproportionately by population density, geographical area, or population income level. If the Commission and ARB determine that EVSE has been disproportionately installed, the Commission must use funding from the Clean Transportation Program, as well as other funding sources, to proportionately install new EVSE, unless it is determined that the current locations of EVSE are reasonable and further California’s energy or environmental policy goals. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25231)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Open Access Requirements

EVSE service providers may not charge a subscription fee or require membership for use of their public charging stations. In addition, providers must disclose the actual charges for using public EVSE at the point of sale; allow at least two options for payment; and disclose the EVSE geographic location, schedule of fees, accepted methods of payment, and network roaming charges to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Exceptions apply.

The California Air Resources Board may adopt interoperability billing standards for network roaming payment methods for EVSE. Providers would be required to meet these standards within one year of adoption.

(Reference California Health and Safety Code 44268 and 44268.2)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Multi-Unit Dwellings

A common interest development, including a community apartment, condominium, and cooperative development, may not prohibit or restrict the installation or use of EVSE or a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)-dedicated time-of-use (TOU) meter in a homeowner's designated parking space or unit. These entities may put reasonable restrictions on EVSE, but the policies may not significantly increase the cost of the EVSE or significantly decrease its efficiency or performance. Restrictions may be placed on TOU meter installations if they are based on the structure of or available space in the building. If installation in the homeowner's designated parking space or unit is not possible, with authorization, the homeowner may add EVSE or a PEV-dedicated TOU meter in a common area. The homeowner must obtain appropriate approvals from the common interest development association and agree in writing to comply with applicable architectural standards, engage a licensed installation contractor, provide a certificate of insurance, and pay for the electricity usage, maintenance, and other costs associated with the EVSE or TOU meter.

Any application for approval should be processed by the common interest development association without willful avoidance or delay. The homeowner and each successive homeowner of the parking space or unit equipped with EVSE or a TOU meter is responsible for the cost of the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the equipment, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE, TOU meter, or surrounding area. The homeowner must also maintain a $1 million umbrella liability coverage policy and name the common interest development as an additional insured entity under the policy. If EVSE or a PEV-dedicated TOU meter is installed in a common area for use by all members of the association, the common interest development must develop terms for use of the EVSE or TOU meter.

(Reference California Civil Code 4745 and 6713)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Policies for Residential and Commercial Renters

The lessor of a dwelling or commercial property must approve written requests from a lessee to install EVSE at a parking space allotted for the lessee on qualified properties. Certain exclusions apply to residential dwellings and commercial properties. All modifications and improvements must comply with federal, state, and local laws and all applicable zoning and land use requirements, covenants, conditions, and restrictions. The lessee of the parking space equipped with EVSE is responsible for the cost of the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the equipment, electricity consumption, as well as any resulting damage to the EVSE or surrounding area. Unless the EVSE is certified by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory and electrical upgrades are performed by a licensed electrician, the lessee must also maintain a personal liability coverage policy in an amount of up to 10 times the annual rent of the dwelling. (Reference Senate Bill 638, 2019 and California Civil Code 1947.6, 1952.7, and 6713)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Signage Authorization on Highways

EVSE facilities located at roadside businesses are eligible to be included on state highway exit information signs. Signage must be consistent with California's Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. (Reference California Streets and Highway Code 101.7)

Establishment of a Zero Emission Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program

The California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program (Program) will provide funding for development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilot, and early commercial implementation projects for zero and near-zero emission trucks, buses, and off-road vehicles and equipment. Eligible projects include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Technology development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilots, and early commercial implementation projects for zero and near-zero emission truck technology;
  • Zero and near-zero emission bus technology development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilots, and early commercial deployments, including pilots of multiple vehicles at one site or region;
  • Purchase incentives for commercially available zero and near-zero emission truck, bus, and off-road vehicle and equipment technologies and fueling infrastructure; and
  • Projects that support greater commercial motor vehicle and equipment freight efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions reductions, including autonomous vehicles, grid integration technology, and charge management solutions.
Remanufactured and retrofitted vehicles meeting warranty and emissions requirements may also qualify for funding. The Program is expected to provide $12 million to $20 million in funding annually through December 31, 2020. At least 20% of allocated funds must go towards early commercial deployment of eligible vehicles and equipment. The California Air Resources Board and the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission will develop and administer the Program.

(Reference Assembly Bill 2145, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 39719.2)

Fleet Vehicle Procurement Requirements

When awarding a vehicle procurement contract, every city, county, and special district, including school and community college districts, may require that 75% of the passenger cars and/or light-duty trucks acquired be energy-efficient vehicles. By definition, this includes hybrid electric vehicles and alternative fuel vehicles that meet California's advanced technology partial zero emission vehicle standards. Vehicle procurement contract evaluations may consider fuel economy and life cycle factors for scoring purposes. (Reference California Public Resources Code 25725-25726)

Freight Efficiency Action Plan

The California State Transportation Agency, the California Environmental Protection Agency, the Natural Resources Agency, and relevant state departments, including the California Air Resources Board, the California Department of Transportation, the California Energy Commission, and the Governor's Office of Business and Economic Development, implemented the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan (Plan), which establishes targets to improve freight efficiency and transition to zero emission technologies. The Plan identifies state policies, programs, and investments to achieve the following targets:

  • Improve freight system efficiency by 25% by 2030; and
  • Deploy over 100,000 zero emission freight vehicles and associated equipment, maximizing the number of vehicles powered by renewable energy, by 2030.
The involved parties have also initiated corridor-level freight pilot projects to integrate advanced technologies, alternative fuels, freight and fuel infrastructure, and local economic development opportunities based on the Plan. For more information, see the Transportation Planning website. (Reference Executive Order B-32-15, 2015)

Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

California's LEV II exhaust emissions standards apply to Model Year (MY) 2004 and subsequent model year passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles meeting specified exhaust standards. The LEV II standards represent the maximum exhaust emissions for LEVs, Ultra LEVs, and Super Ultra LEVs, including flexible fuel, bi-fuel, and dual-fuel vehicles when operating on an alternative fuel. MY 2009 and subsequent model year passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles must meet specified fleet average greenhouse gas (GHG) exhaust emissions requirements. Each manufacturer must comply with these fleet average GHG requirements, which are based on California Air Resources Board (ARB) calculations. Bi-fuel, flexible fuel, dual-fuel, and grid-connected hybrid electric vehicles may be eligible for an alternative compliance method.

In December 2012, ARB finalized regulatory requirements, referred to as LEV III, which allow vehicle manufacturer compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's GHG requirements for MY 2017-2025 to serve as compliance with California's adopted GHG emissions requirements for those same model years. For more information, see the ARB LEVII and LEV III Program websites for more information. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1961-1961.3)

Mandatory Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Building Standards

The California Building Standards Commission (Commission) published mandatory building standards for EVSE installation in parking spaces at one- and two-family dwellings with attached private garages, multi-family dwellings, and non-residential developments in the California Green Building Standards Code within the California Building Standards Code. For more information, see the California Building Codes Standards Commission website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 18941.10)

Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements

Through its Mobile Sources Program, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has developed programs and policies to reduce emissions from on-road heavy-duty diesel vehicles through the installation of verified diesel emission control strategies (VDECS) and vehicle replacements.

The on-road heavy-duty diesel vehicle rule (i.e., truck and bus regulation) requires the retrofit and replacement of nearly all privately owned vehicles operated in California with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 14,000 pounds (lbs.). School buses owned by private and public entities and federal government owned vehicles are also included in the scope of the rule. By January 1, 2023, nearly all vehicles must have engines certified to the 2010 engine standard or equivalent. The drayage truck rule regulates heavy-duty diesel-fueled vehicles that transport cargo to and from California's ports and intermodal rail facilities. The rule requires that certain drayage trucks be equipped with VDECS and that all applicable vehicles have engines certified to the 2007 emissions standards. By January 1, 2023, all applicable vehicles must have engines certified to 2010 standards. The solid waste collection vehicle rule regulates solid waste collection vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 14,000 lbs. or more that operate on diesel fuel, have 1960 through 2006 engine models, and collect waste for a fee. The fleet rule for public agencies and utilities requires fleets to install VDECS on vehicles or purchase vehicles that run on alternative fuels or use advanced technologies to achieve emissions requirements by specified implementation dates.

(Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, 2021-2027)

Point of Contact
Diesel Hotline
California Air Resources Board
Phone: (866) 6DIESEL (634-3735)
8666diesel@arb.ca.gov

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Access

Municipalities may not restrict the types of PEVs, such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, that may access a PEV charging station that is public, intended for passenger vehicle use, and funded in any part by the state or utility ratepayers. (Reference California Government Code 65850.9)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Electricity Exemption

Electricity used to charge PEVs at a state-owned parking facility is exempt from California law prohibiting gifting public money or items of value. (Reference California Government Code 14678)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Requirements

New PEVs must be equipped with a conductive charger inlet port that meets the specifications contained in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standard J1772. PEVs must be equipped with an on-board charger with a minimum output of 3.3 kilowatts (kW). These requirements do not apply to PEVs that are only capable of Level 1 charging, which has a maximum power of 12 amperes (amps), a branch circuit rating of 15 amps, and continuous power of 1.44 kW. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962.3)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Grid Integration Requirements

By December 31, 2020, in an existing proceeding, the California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) must establish strategies and metrics to maximize the use of PEV grid integration for a ten-year plan. The PUC must also consider how to limit cost increases for all ratepayers. PEV grid integration refers to any action that optimizes when or how a PEV is charged. Electrical corporations and community choice aggregators serving more than 700 gigawatt-hours of annual electrical demand, must provide the PUC with information relating to PEV integration strategies. Additional terms and conditions apply. (Reference Senate Bill 676, 2019)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Information Resource

The California Energy Commission, in consultation with the Public Utilities Commission, must develop and maintain a website containing specific links to electrical corporations, local publicly owned electric utilities, and other websites that contain information specific to PEVs, including the following:

  • Resources to help consumers determine if their residences will require utility service upgrades to accommodate PEVs;
  • Basic charging circuit requirements;
  • Utility rate options; and
  • Load management techniques.
(Reference California Public Resources Code 25227)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation

An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any on- or off-street parking space specifically designated by a local authority for parking and charging PEVs unless the vehicle is a PEV fueled by electricity. Eligible PEVs must be in the process of charging to park in the space. A person found responsible for a violation is subject to traffic violation penalties.

PEV parking spaces count as at least one space toward minimum parking requirements.

(Reference Assembly Bill 1100, 2019, and California Vehicle Code 22511)

Public Utility Definition

A corporation or individual that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge light-duty battery electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, compressed natural gas to fuel natural gas vehicles, or hydrogen as a motor vehicle fuel is not defined as a public utility. (Reference California Public Utilities Code 216)

State Agency Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installation

California state agencies must actively identify and pursue opportunities to install EVSE, and accommodate future EVSE demand, at state employee parking facilities in new and existing agency buildings. (Reference Executive Order B-18-12, 2012)

State Agency Low Carbon Fuel Use Requirement

At least 3% of the aggregate amount of bulk transportation fuel purchased by the state government must be from very low carbon transportation fuel sources. The required amount of very low carbon transportation fuel purchased will increase by 1% annually until January 1, 2024. Some exemptions may apply, as determined by the California Department of General Services (DGS). Very low carbon fuel is defined as a transportation fuel having no greater than 40% of the carbon intensity of the closest comparable petroleum fuel for that year, as measured by the methodology in California Code of Regulations Title 17, Sections 95480-95486. DGS will submit an annual progress report to the California Legislature. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 43870, and California Code of Regulations Title 17, Section 95480-95486)

State Transportation Plan

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) must update the California Transportation Plan (Plan) by December 31, 2020, and every five years thereafter. The Plan must address how the state will achieve maximum feasible emissions reductions, taking into consideration the use of alternative fuels, new vehicle technology, and tailpipe emissions reductions. Caltrans must consult and coordinate with related state agencies, air quality management districts, public transit operators, and regional transportation planning agencies. Caltrans must also provide an opportunity for general public input. Caltrans must submit a final draft of the Plan to the legislature and governor. A copy of the 2016 report is available on the Caltrans website. Caltrans must also review the Plan and prepare a report for the legislature and governor that includes actionable, programmatic transportation system improvement recommendations every five years. (Reference California Government Code 65070-65073)

Support for Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEVs)

The Public Utilities Commission must consider the following to support PEVs in California:

  • Strategies to facilitate the development of technologies that promote grid integration, including technologies with submetering capabilities for residential PEV chargers, if implementing these technologies is in the interest of ratepayers;
  • Policies that support the development of technologies and rate strategies that reduce the impact of demand charges of PEV drivers and fleets and to accelerate the adoption of PEVs; and
  • A tariff specific to heavy-duty PEV fleets that encourages PEV charging when there is excess grid capacity.
(Reference California Public Utilities Code 740.15)

Support for Zero-Emission and Autonomous Vehicle Infrastructure

Cities and counties that receive funding from the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Program are encouraged to use funds towards advanced transportation technologies and communication systems, including, but not limited to, zero-emission vehicle fueling infrastructure and infrastructure-to-vehicle communications for autonomous vehicles. (Reference California Streets and Highways Code 2030)

Utility Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Allowance

The California Public Utilities Commission allows investor-owned utilities to own and operate charging stations, with approval provided on a case-by-case basis. (Reference California Public Utilities Commission Decision 14-12-079, 2014)

Vehicle Acquisition and Petroleum Reduction Requirements

The California Department of General Services (DGS) is responsible for maintaining specifications and standards for passenger cars and light-duty trucks that are purchased or leased for state office, agency, and department use. These specifications include minimum vehicle emissions standards and encourage the purchase or lease of fuel-efficient and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). Specifically, DGS must reduce or displace the fleet's consumption of petroleum products by 20% by January 1, 2020, as compared to the 2003 consumption level. Beginning in fiscal year 2024, DGS must also ensure that at least 50% of the light-duty vehicles purchased by the state are zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Further, at least 15% of DGS' fleet of new vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 19,000 pounds or more must be ZEVs by 2025, and at least 30% by 2030.

On an annual basis, DGS must compile information including, but not limited to, the number of AFVs and hybrid electric vehicles acquired, the locations of the alternative fuel pumps available for those vehicles, and the total amount of alternative fuels used. Vehicles the state owns or leases that are capable of operating on alternative fuel must operate on that fuel unless the alternative fuel is not available. DGS is also required to:

  • Take steps to transfer vehicles between agencies and departments to ensure that the most fuel-efficient vehicles are used and to eliminate the least fuel-efficient vehicles from the state's motor vehicle fleet;
  • Submit annual progress reports to the California Department of Finance, related legislative committees, and the general public via the DGS website;
  • Encourage other agencies to operate AFVs on the alternative fuel for which they are designed, to the extent feasible;
  • Encourage the development of commercial fueling infrastructure at or near state vehicle fueling or parking sites;
  • Work with other agencies to incentivize and promote state employee use of AFVs through preferential or reduced-cost parking, access to electric vehicle charging, or other means, to the extent feasible; and
  • Establish a more stringent fuel economy standard than the 2007 standard.

(Reference California Public Resources Code 25722.5-25722.11 and 25724)

Volkswagen Group of America's (VW) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) approved the VW California ZEV Investment Plan. As required by the October 2016 2.0-Liter Partial Consent Decree, VW must invest $800 million over ten years to support the increased adoption of ZEV technology in California. VW will submit a series of four 30-month cycle ZEV investment plans to ARB for approval. ARB has approved the Cycle 2 plan, covering July 2019 through December 2021. The Cycle 2 plan includes building a basic charging network, public outreach, education, and marketing, and ZEV access projects. ZEV infrastructure rollouts will be focused in nine metropolitan areas. VW will continue access efforts in Sacramento, with the goal of offering residents a better quality of life through enhanced mobility and improved air quality.

For more information, see the Electrify America Investment Plan website and ARB's Volkswagen Settlement website.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support

California joined Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs.

In June 2018, the Task Force published a new ZEV Action Plan for 2018-2021. Building on the 2014 Action Plan, the 2018 Action Plan makes recommendations for states and other key partners in five priority areas:

  • Raising consumer awareness and interest in electric vehicle technology;
  • Building out a reliable and convenient residential, workplace and public charging/fueling infrastructure network;
  • Continuing and improving access to consumer purchase and non-financial incentives;
  • Expanding public and private sector fleet adoption; and
  • Supporting dealership efforts to increase ZEV sales.

For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Fee

Beginning July 1, 2020, ZEV owners must pay an annual road improvement fee of $100 upon vehicle registration or registration renewal for ZEVs model year 2020 and later. The California Department of Motor Vehicles will increase the fee annually to account for inflation, equal to the increase in the California Consumer Price Index for the prior year. (Reference California Vehicle Code 9250.6)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Initiative

The California Air Resources Board's (ARB) Charge Ahead California Initiative was established to help place into service at least 1 million ZEVs and near-zero emission vehicles in California by January 1, 2023. In consultation with the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, ARB prepared a funding plan that includes a market and technology assessment, assessments of existing zero and near-zero emission funding programs, and programs that increase access to disadvantaged, low-income, and moderate-income communities and consumers. Potential programs under the initiative include those involving innovative financing, car sharing, charging infrastructure in multi-unit dwellings located in disadvantaged communities, public transit, and agricultural vanpool programs. The funding plan must be updated at least every three years through January 1, 2023. (Reference Assembly Bill 2006, 2018, and California Health and Safety Code 44258.4)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) certifies new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles as ZEVs if the vehicles produce zero exhaust emissions of any criteria pollutant (or precursor pollutant) under any and all possible operational modes and conditions. For manufacturers with annual sales greater than 60,000 vehicles, at least 14% of the vehicles they produce and deliver for sale in California must meet ZEV requirements for Model Years (MY) 2015 through 2017.

Manufacturers with annual sales between 4,501 and 60,000 vehicles may comply with the ZEV requirements through multiple alternative compliance options that include producing low emission vehicles and obtaining ZEV credits. Manufacturers with annual sales of 4,500 vehicles or less are not subject to this regulation.

ARB's emissions control program for MY 2017 through 2025 combines the control of smog, soot, and greenhouse gases (GHGs) and requirements for ZEVs into a single package of standards called Advanced Clean Cars. In December 2012, ARB finalized new regulatory requirements that allow vehicle manufacturer compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's GHG requirements for MY 2017-2025 to serve as compliance with California's adopted GHG emissions requirements for those same model years.

The accounting procedures for MY 2018-2025 are based on a credit system as shown in the table below. The minimum ZEV requirement for each manufacturer includes the percentage of passenger cars and light-duty trucks produced by the manufacturer and delivered for sale in California. The regulation also includes opportunities for compliance with transitional zero emission vehicles, which must demonstrate certain exhaust emissions standards, evaporative emissions standards, on-board diagnostic requirements, and extended warranties.

MYZEV Requirement
20184.5%
20197%
20209.5%
202112%
202214.5%
202317%
202419.5%
2025 and later22%

For more information, see the ZEV Program website. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962 -1962.2)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Programs Report

The California Air Resources Board (ARB), in partnership with its stakeholders, must complete a report that reviews each of ARB's ZEV-related programs by July 1, 2019. Specifically, the report must include an analysis of the greenhouse gas and air quality goals of each ZEV program, the progress of each program towards meeting its goals, and a cost-benefit analysis of each program. In this report, ARB must also propose recommendations for improvements to these programs and on how to encourage the cost-effective deployment of ZEVs in fleets across the state. For more information, see the ARB ZEV Program website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 43018.8)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan

All California state agencies must support and facilitate the rapid commercialization of ZEVs in California. In particular, the Air Resources Board, Energy Commission (CEC), Public Utilities Commission, and other relevant state agencies must work with the private sector to establish benchmarks to achieve targets for ZEV commercialization and deployment. These targets include:

  • By 2020, the state will have established adequate infrastructure to support one million ZEVs;
  • By 2025, there will be 1.5 million ZEVs on the road in California and clean, efficient vehicles will displace 1.5 billion gallons of petroleum fuels annually;
  • By 2025, there will be 200 hydrogen fueling stations and 250,000 plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargers, including 10,000 direct current fast chargers, in California;
  • By 2030, there will be 5 million ZEVs on the road in California; and
  • By 2050, greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector will be 80% less than 1990 levels.
State agencies must also work with their stakeholders to accomplish the following:
  • Develop new criteria for clean vehicle incentive programs to encourage manufacturers to produce clean, affordable cars;
  • Update the 2016 ZEV Action plan, with a focus on low income and disadvantaged communities;
  • Recommend actions to increase the deployment of ZEV infrastructure through the Low Carbon Fuel Standard;
  • Support and recommend policies that will facilitate the installation of PEV infrastructure in homes and businesses; and
  • Ensure PEV charging and hydrogen fueling are affordable and accessible to all drivers.
The ZEV promotion plan additionally directs the state fleet to increase the number of ZEVs in the fleet through gradual vehicle replacement. By 2020, ZEVs should make up at least 25% of the fleet's light-duty vehicles. Vehicles with special performance requirements necessary for public safety and welfare are exempt from this requirement. For more information about the plan, see CEC's ZEVs and Infrastructure Update.

(Reference Executive Orders N-19-19, 2019, B-48, 2018, and B-16, 2012)

Zero-Emission Airport Shuttle Requirement

By 2035, all airport fixed-route shuttle fleets must transition to 100% zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). Zero-emission shuttle technologies include all-electric or fuel cell electric technologies. Starting in 2022, shuttle fleets must report the details of their vehicles to the California Air Resources Board (ARB). Starting in 2023, if fleets replace a ZEV shuttle, the replacement must be a ZEV. For additional terms and conditions, see ARB’s Zero-Emission Airport Shuttle website. (Reference Resolution Number 19-8, 2019)

Zero-Emission Transit Bus Requirement

By 2040, all public transit agencies must transition to 100% zero-emission bus fleets. Zero-emission bus technologies include all-electric or fuel cell electric. Transit agencies must purchase or operate a minimum number of zero-emission buses according to the following schedules:

Large Transit AgencySmall Transit Agency
January 1, 202325% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission busesNo requirement
January 1, 202650% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission buses25% of the total number of new bus purchases in each calendar year must be zero-emission buses
January 1, 2029All new bus purchases must be zero-emission busesAll new bus purchases must be zero-emission buses

Each transit agency will submit a plan demonstrating how it will purchase clean buses, develop infrastructure, train personnel, and other required details. Large transit agencies must submit a plan in 2020 and small agencies must submit a plan in 2030. Additional rules and requirements apply.

For more information, including definitions of large and small transit agencies and additional terms and conditions, see the California Air Resources Board’s Innovative Clean Transit website.

(Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 2023.1)

State Incentives

Advanced Transportation Tax Exclusion

The California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority (CAEATFA) provides a sales and use tax exclusion for qualified manufacturers of advanced transportation products, components, or systems that reduce pollution and energy use and promote economic development. Incentives are available until December 31, 2020. For more information, including application materials, see the CAEATFA Sales and Use Tax Exclusion Program website. (Reference California Public Resources Code 26000-26017)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Incentives - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District administers the Public Benefit Grant Program, which provides funding to cities, counties, special districts (such as water districts and irrigation districts), and public educational institutions for the purchase of new AFVs, including electric, hybrid electric, natural gas, and propane vehicles. The maximum grant amount allowed per vehicle is $20,000, with a limit of $100,000 per agency per year. Projects are considered on a first-come, first-serve basis. For more information, see the Public Benefit Grant Program website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Rebate - Antelope Valley

The Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District’s (AVAQMD) AFV Program offers rebates of up to $1,000 to residents toward the purchase or lease of a new AFV. Additional rebates of up to $1,500 are available for income-eligible residents. Qualifying technologies include, but are not limited to, all-electric, plug-in hybrid electric, and compressed natural gas. AFVs purchased or leased outside of the AVAQMD jurisdiction are eligible for half of the rebate amount. For more information, including how to apply, see the AVAQMD AFV Program website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Mechanic Training Program, which provides incentives to educate personnel on the mechanics, operation safety, and maintenance of AFVs, fueling stations, and tools involved in the implementation of alternative fuel technologies. For more information, see the AFV Mechanic Training Component website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants

The Motor Vehicle Registration Fee Program (Program) provides funding for projects that reduce air pollution from on- and off-road vehicles. Eligible projects include purchasing AFVs and developing alternative fueling infrastructure. Contact local air districts and see the Program website for more information about available grant funding and distribution from the Program. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44220 (b))

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Rebate - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Drive Clean! Rebate Program, which provides rebates for the purchase or lease of eligible new vehicles, including qualified natural gas, hydrogen fuel cell, propane, all-electric, plug-in electric vehicles, and zero emission motorcycles. The program offers rebates of up to $3,000, which are available on a first-come, first-served basis for residents and businesses located in the SJVAPCD. For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles and other requirements, see the SJVAPCD Drive Clean! Rebate Program website.

Alternative Fuel and Vehicle Incentives

The California Energy Commission (CEC) administers the Clean Transportation Program (Program) to provide financial incentives for businesses, vehicle and technology manufacturers, workforce training partners, fleet owners, consumers, and academic institutions with the goal of developing and deploying alternative and renewable fuels and advanced transportation technologies. The CEC must prepare and adopt an annual Investment Plan for the Program to establish funding priorities and opportunities that reflect program goals and to describe how program funding will complement other public and private investments. For more information, see the Program website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44270-44274.7 and California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Chapter 8.1)

Clean Vehicle Rebate - El Dorado County

The El Dorado County Air Quality Management District (AQMD) offers rebates of up to $1,000 to residents toward the purchase or lease of a new zero emission vehicle (ZEV) or partial-ZEV, as defined by the California Air Resources Board. To qualify, vehicles must be owned or leased for at least three years within El Dorado County. For more information, see the AQMD Grants and Incentives website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive Program Support

The California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), funded by the California Energy Commission, provides guidance and funding for local governments and organizations to develop and implement EVSE incentive programs that help meet regional needs for Level 2 and direct current (DC) fast chargers. CALeVIP evaluates proposed EVSE incentive programs and solicits input from stakeholders to guide the development and implementation of the programs. CALeVIP also provides the incentive funding for each program. For more information, see the CALeVIP website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District administers the Charge Up! Program, which provides funding for public agencies and businesses for the purchase and installation of new, publicly accessible EVSE. A single port Level 2 station is eligible for up to $5,000 per unit, a dual port Level 2 station may receive up to $6,000 per unit, and, with a 30% minimum cost share, a direct current fast charger may receive up to $25,000 per unit. There is an annual funding cap of $50,000 per applicant. For more information, including application requirements and restrictions, see the Charge Up! Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Loan and Rebate Program

The Electric Vehicle Charging Station Financing Program (Program), part of the California Capital Access Program (CalCAP), provides loans for the design, development, purchase, and installation of EVSE at small business locations in California. The Program may provide up to 100% coverage to lenders on certain loan defaults. Lenders must apply to the California Pollution Control Financing Authority (CPCFA) to participate and enroll each qualified EVSE loan through CalCAP. Upon approval, CPCFA will pay a premium into the lender's loan loss reserve account for up to 20% of the loan amount and contribute an additional 10% for installations in multi-unit dwellings and disadvantaged communities.

Small businesses are eligible for a rebate of 50% of the loan loss reserve amount after the small business repays the loan in full or meets monthly payment deadlines over a 48-month period. Eligible borrowers must be small businesses with 1,000 or fewer employees and must maintain legal control of the EVSE for the entire loan period. The maximum loan amount is $500,000 per qualified small business and can be insured for up to four years.

The California Energy Commission funds the Program. For more information, including EVSE technical requirements and eligibility requirements for both borrowers and lenders, see the Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Pilot Programs

The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) may provide funding for pilot utility programs to install EVSE at school facilities, other educational institutions, and state parks or beaches. Priority must be given to locations in disadvantaged communities, as defined by the California Environmental Protection Agency. For more information, see the PUC project guidance and the PUC Zero Emission Vehicles website. (Reference California Public Utilities Code 740.13-740.14)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Fresno County

The Fresno County Incentive Project (FCIP), funded by the California Energy Commission, offers rebates of up to $4,000 for single port EVSE and up to $7,000 for dual port EVSE toward the purchase and installation of the unit. Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profit organizations, or government entities based in California, or with a California-based affiliate, as well as property owners or entities with property owner authorization to install EVSE. Qualifying installation sites are commercial, workplace, multi-unit dwelling, or public facilities located in Fresno County. Funding is not currently available at this time (Verified February 2020). For more information, see the FCIP website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Sacramento County

The Sacramento County Incentive Project (SCIP), funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates in the following amounts for installations at new, replacement, or make-ready sites:

Project TypeMaximum Rebate - in disadvantaged communities (DACs)Maximum Rebate - outside DACs
Direct current (DC) fast charger80% of the total project cost, up to $80,00075% of total project costs, up to $70,000
Level 2 EVSE$5,500$5,000
Level 2 EVSE (multi-unit dwelling)$6,500$6,000

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and applicants must reserve rebates prior to purchasing and installing EVSE. Eligible applicants include businesses, California Native American Tribes listed with the Native American Heritage Commission, or government entities. Qualifying installation sites must be located in Sacramento County and DC fast charger installations must be publicly accessible 24 hours a day. Additional site requirements apply. For more information, including funding availability, see the SCIP website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - South Coast and MSRC

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) and the Mobile Source Air Pollution Reduction Review Committee's (MSRC) Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Incentive Pilot Program offers rebates of up to $250 towards the purchase of a qualified residential Level 2 EVSE. Additional rebates of up to $250 are available for low-income residents. Funding is available on a first-come, first-served basis to residents within the SCAQMD jurisdiction. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Residential EV Charging Incentive Pilot Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Southern California

The Southern California Incentive Project (SCIP), funded by the California Energy Commission as part of the California Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Project (CALeVIP), offers rebates of up to $70,000 per direct current (DC) fast charger for installations at new sites and 75% of total project costs, up to $40,000, per DC fast charger for installations at replacement or make-ready sites. Installations in disadvantaged communities are eligible for rebates for 80% of the total project cost, up to $80,000, per DC fast charger, regardless of installation site type.

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis, and applicants must reserve rebates prior to purchasing and installing EVSE. Eligible applicants include businesses, non-profit organizations, California Native American Tribes listed with the Native American Heritage Commission, or public or government entities. Qualifying installation sites must be accessible 24 hours a day and be located in Los Angeles County, Orange County, Riverside County, or San Bernardino County. For more information, including funding availability, see the SCIP website.

Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) administers the Air Quality Investment Program (AQIP). AQIP provides funding to allow employers within SCAQMD's jurisdiction to make annual investments into an administered fund to meet employers' emissions reduction targets. The revenues collected are used to fund alternative mobile source emissions and trip reduction programs, including alternative fuel vehicle projects, on an on-going basis. Programs such as low emission, alternative fuel, or zero emission vehicle procurement and old vehicle scrapping may be considered for funding. For more information, including current requests for proposals and funding opportunities, see the AQIP website.

Point of Contact
Vasken Yardemian
Program Supervisor
South Coast Air Quality Management District
Phone: (909) 396-3296
vyardemian@aqmd.gov
http://www.aqmd.gov/home/programs/business/business-detail?title=air-quality-investment-program

Heavy-Duty Truck Emission Reduction Grants - San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) administers the Truck Replacement Program, which provides funding for fleets to replace old vehicles with lower emitting vehicles or to purchase new zero emission, hybrid, or low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) vehicles. Funding is available for the following projects:

  • Replacement of model year (MY) 2009 or older diesel trucks with new trucks that meet or exceed the 2010 NOx emissions standard;
  • Replacement of MY 2010 or newer trucks with new zero emission, hybrid, or low-NOx trucks; and
  • Purchase of new zero emission, hybrid, or low-NOx trucks.
Incentive amounts vary by weight class and fuel type. Fleets may receive up to 35% of the vehicle cost for new diesel trucks. To qualify, eligible trucks for replacement must be garaged in the SJVAPCD and have operated at least 75% of the time in California and 50% of the time in the SJVAPCD for the previous two years. New replacement trucks must be operated in California 90% to 100% of the time and within the SJVAPCD 50% of the time. For more information, including application requirements, see the SJVAPCD Truck Replacement Program website.

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption

Compressed natural gas, hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. DMV issues Red Clean Air Vehicle stickers to applicants that have not already been issued a White or Green Clean Air Vehicle sticker, with the exception of the instances mentioned below. Stickers are valid through the following dates:

  • Stickers issued before March 1, 2018, or for Model Year 2004 or earlier vehicles, regardless of the issue date, expired January 1, 2019;
  • Stickers issued between March 1, 2018, and January 1, 2019, expire January 1, 2022;
  • Stickers issued on or after March 1, 2018, for a vehicle that had previously been issued a sticker between January 1, 2017, and March 1, 2018, expire January 1, 2022; and
  • Stickers issued on or after January 1, 2019, expire January 1, 2023.
DMV may issue stickers on or after January 1, 2020, only for applicants that have a household income at or below 80% of the state median income, which will expire January 1, 2024. The California Department of Transportation must publish a report between January 1, 2023, and June 1, 2023, detailing the number of stickers issued under this program.

Vehicles with stickers are also eligible for reduced rates on or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. For more information and restrictions, including a list of qualifying vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Stickers website.

(Reference California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)

Low Emission Truck and Bus Purchase Vouchers

Through the Hybrid and Zero Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project (HVIP) and Low NOx Engine Incentives, the California Air Resources Board provides vouchers to eligible fleets to reduce the incremental cost of qualified electric, hybrid, or natural gas trucks and buses at the time of purchase. Vouchers are available on a first-come, first-served basis and range from $2,000 to $315,000. Only fleets that operate vehicles in California are eligible. Voucher amounts vary depending on whether the vehicles are located in a disadvantaged community. For more information, including a list of qualified vehicles and other requirements, see the HVIP website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Grant - Bay Area

The Bay Area Air Quality Management District’s (BAAQMD) Clean Cars for All program offers grants up to $9,500 to income-eligible residents to replace a vehicle eligible for retirement with a PEV or HEV. Eligible vehicles for replacement should have a model year 15 years or older than the current year. Recipients may buy or lease a new or used PEV or HEV. Grants vary depending on the household income and vehicle technology. Vehicles that are replaced must be turned in at an authorized dismantler.

Individuals that purchase an all-electric vehicle are eligible to receive up to $2,000 for the purchase and installation of a Level 2 electric vehicle supply equipment.

For more information, including additional eligibility requirements and how to apply, see the BAAQMD Clean Cars for All website.

Plug-In Hybrid and Zero Emission Light-Duty Public Fleet Vehicle Fleet Rebates

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates to eligible state and local public entities for the purchase of qualified light-duty fleet vehicles. The rebates are for up to $3,500 for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, $4,500 for battery electric vehicles, and $7,000 for fuel-cell electric vehicles the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has certified. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles considered for rebate eligibility. Each entity may receive up to 30 rebates annually and cannot receive CVRP incentives for the same vehicle. Public fleets located in disadvantaged communities are eligible for increased incentives. Funding is only available for qualified fleets located in disadvantaged communities (verified October 2019). For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles, locations, and entities, see the For Public Fleets website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)

Plug-In Hybrid and Zero Emission Light-Duty Vehicle Rebates

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. Qualified vehicles are light-duty zero emission vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. The rebates are for up to $4,500 for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), $2,000 for battery electric vehicles, $1,000 for PHEVs, and $750 for zero emission motorcycles. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. Residents of San Diego County may be eligible for a preapproved rebate through the CVRP Rebate Now pilot. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the CVRP.

Individuals are eligible for the rebate based on gross annual income, as stated on the individual's federal tax return. Individuals with a gross annual income above the following thresholds are only eligible for rebates for FCEVs:

  • $150,000 for single filers
  • $204,000 for head-of-household filers
  • $300,000 for joint filers
For individuals with low and moderate household incomes of less than or equal to 300% of the federal poverty level, rebates are increased by $2,500. Increased rebates are available for ARB-approved FCEVs, PHEVs, and battery electric vehicles. ARB must provide outreach to low income households and communities to raise awareness about CVRP. Through January 1, 2022, ARB must prioritize rebate payments for low income applicants.

ARB determines annual funding amounts for the CVRP, which is expected to be effective through 2023. For more information, including information on income verification, a list of eligible vehicles, and instructions on how to apply, see the CVRP website.

(Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Financing Program

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Loss Reserve Program financing allows property owners to borrow funds to pay for energy improvements, including purchasing and installing EVSE. The borrower repays the financing over a defined period of time through a special assessment on the property. Local governments in California are authorized to establish PACE programs. Property owners must agree to a contractual assessment on the property tax bill, have a clean property title, and be current on property taxes and mortgages. Financing limits are 15% of the first $700,000 of the property value and 10% of the remaining property value. For more information, see the California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority PACE Loss Reserve Program website. (Reference California Public Resources Code 26004-26082)

Technology Advancement Funding - South Coast

The South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) Clean Fuels Program provides funding for research, development, demonstration, and deployment projects that are expected to help accelerate the commercialization of advanced low-emission transportation technologies. Eligible projects include powertrains and energy storage or conversion devices, including fuel cells and batteries, and implementation of clean fuels, including the necessary infrastructure. Qualified clean fuels include, but are not limited to, natural gas, propane, and hydrogen. Projects are selected via specific requests for proposals on an as-needed basis or through unsolicited proposals. For more information, see the SCAQMD Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment website.

Voluntary Vehicle Retirement Incentives - San Joaquin Valley and South Coast

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and the South Coast Air Quality Management District administer the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program (EFMP) Pilot Retire and Replace program, providing incentives to replace a vehicle eligible for retirement with a more fuel-efficient vehicle. Used vehicles must be no more than eight years old and applicants must live in the San Joaquin Valley or South Coast air basins. Eligible replacement vehicles must meet a minimum fuel economy average by model year or average at least 35 miles per gallon (mpg). Alternative fuel vehicles are also eligible, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Funding for alternative transportation mobility options, such as public transportation or car sharing, is also available in lieu of purchasing another vehicle. The incentive amounts vary by income level as compared to the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) and replacement vehicle type.

Income EligibilityVehicle <8 YearsFuel Economy >35 mpgPHEV or ZEVAlternative Transportation Mobility Option
Low Income (<225% FPL)$4,000$4,500$4,500$4,500 Value
Moderate Income (<300% FPL)Not Eligible$3,500$3,500$3,500 Value
Above Moderate Income (<400% FPL)Not EligibleNot Eligible$2,500$2,500 Value

Residents living in disadvantaged communities may be eligible for higher incentive amounts. For more information, including eligible vehicles and applicable requirements, see the California Air Resources Board EFMP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44062.3 and 44125)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Near-ZEV Weight Exemption

ZEVs and near-ZEVs may exceed the state's gross vehicle weight limits by an amount equal to the difference of the weight of the near-zero emission or zero emission powertrain and the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling system, up to 2,000 pounds. A ZEV is defined as a vehicle that produces no criteria pollutant, toxic air contaminant, or greenhouse gas emissions when stationary or operating. A near-ZEV is a vehicle that uses zero emission technologies, uses technologies that provide a pathway to zero emission operations, or incorporates other technologies that significantly reduce vehicle emissions. (Reference California Business and Professions Code 12725 and California Vehicle Code 35551)

Zero-Emission Transit Bus Tax Exemption

Zero-emission transit buses are exempt from state sales and use taxes when sold to public agencies eligible for the Low Emission Truck and Bus Purchase Vouchers. This exemption expires January 1, 2024. (Reference Assembly Bill 784, 2019)

Utility/Private Incentives

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - MCE

The MCEv Program offers a $3,500 rebate for the purchase or lease of a new EV for income-qualifying customers. To be eligible for the rebate, an applicant must live in MCE’s service area, be a MCE customer, and meet at least one of the qualifying income requirements. For more information, including how to apply, see the MCE EV Rebates website.

Commercial Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Pasadena Water and Power (PWP)

PWP provides rebates of $3,000 per port for commercial, workplace, multi-unit dwelling (MUD), and fleet customers for the installation of networked Level 2 EVSE, or rebates of $1,500 per port for non-networked Level 2 EVSE. PWP also provides rebates of $6,000 for the installation of direct-current (DC) fast EVSE or Level 2 EVSE installed at select sites. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the PWP Commercial Electric Vehicle and Charger Incentive Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives for Commercial Customers - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric’s (PG&E) EV Fast Charge Program offers competitive incentives to facilitate the installation of direct current (DC) fast charger EVSE. PG&E will cover the cost to make-ready a site for DC fast charging. Projects must involve the purchase of a DC fast charger from the approved EVSE list. To qualify, sites must receive electric service from PG&E and the DC fast charger must be available to the public 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Sites located in disadvantaged communities may receive a rebate for the purchase of the EVSE. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the application, see the PG&E EV Fast Charge Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Fleets - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric’s (PG&E) EV Fleet Program offers competitive incentives to facilitate the installation of EVSE for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fleets. PG&E offers dedicated electrical infrastructure design and construction services and reduced costs for electrical infrastructure work. Sites located in disadvantaged communities may be eligible to receive a rebate for the purchase of the EVSE. Eligible electric fleet vehicles include transit or school buses, medium-duty vehicles, forklifts, truck stop electrification, transportation refrigeration units, port cargo trucks, airport ground support equipment, or other Class 8 vehicles. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the PG&E EV Fleet Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alameda Municipal Power (AMP)

AMP provides rebates of up to $800 to residential customers and up to $5,000 to commercial customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Customers may apply for multiple rebates at a time. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the AMP Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Azusa Light & Water

Azusa Light & Water offers a $150 rebate to customers for the purchase of an ENERGY STAR certified Level 2 EVSE. For more information, see Azusa’s Plug-in Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Burbank Water and Power (BWP)

BWP provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE can receive up to $2,000 for each charger and up to four rebates per fiscal year. Residential customers who install a charger can receive up to $500 and will be placed on BWP's time-of-use electric rate. Applications must be submitted no later than four months from the date of purchase. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charging Station Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Glendale Water and Power (GWP)

GWP provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial or multi-unit dwelling customers who purchase and install EVSE can receive up to $2,000 for each charger and up to four rebates. Residential customers who install a charger can receive up to $500. Applications must be submitted no later than four months from the date of purchase. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the GWP Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - LADWP

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) provides rebates to commercial customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE for employee and public use can receive up to $5,000 for each charger, with up to $750 in additional rebate funds per extra charge port. Eligible customers may qualify for up to 40 rebate awards depending on the number of parking spaces at the installation site. EVSE must be installed within the LADWP service area. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis through June 30, 2021, or until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charge Up L.A.! website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate for Businesses - SCE

Southern California Edison's (SCE) Charge Ready Program offers rebates for commercial customers toward the purchase and installation of a minimum of ten Level 1 or Level 2 EVSE, or a minimum of five Level 1 or Level 2 EVSE in disadvantaged communities. To qualify, customers must own, lease, or operate a site where vehicles are typically parked for at least four hours. Eligible expenses include the costs associated with electrical upgrades and part or all of the costs of the EVSE and installation. Rebate amounts vary. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including funding availability, see the Charge Ready Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates - Anaheim Public Utilities (APU)

APU provides rebates of up to $500 for residential, commercial, and industrial customers for the purchase and installation of EVSE at their home or business. Customers are eligible for up to five rebates.

APU offers rebates to commercial, industrial, and municipal customers of up to $5,000 per charger to purchase or install publicly-available Level 2 EVSE, or up to $10,000 to purchase or install Level 2 EVSE at schools or affordable housing, or publicly-available direct current (DC) fast chargers. Rebates are limited to a maximum of four EVSE per customer per year. Additional terms and conditions apply.

APU will also pay for any associated permit fees. For more information, including how to apply, see the Personal EV Charger Rebate and Public EV Charger Rebate websites.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates for Businesses - SMUD

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers rebates for commercial customers to purchase and install Level 2 EVSE and direct current (DC) fast chargers at their business or multi-unit dwelling (MUD). Eligible applicants may receive up to $70,000 per DC fast charger and up to $6,000 per connector for a Level 2 EVSE installed at MUDs or workplaces. Installations located in disadvantaged communities are eligible for increased rebate amounts. For more information, including how to apply, see the SMUD Business Electric Vehicles website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Charging Incentives - Sonoma Clean Power

Qualified Sonoma Clean Power (SCP) customers are eligible to receive a free EVSE that can be connected to Wi-Fi and communicate with the SCP GridSavvy Community. Customers are responsible for shipping and installation costs. Customers may also receive $5 per month for connecting the EVSE to the GridSavvy Community. Other terms and conditions may apply. For more information, including frequently asked questions, see SCP's GridSavvy website.

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) and Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric's (SDG&E) Power Your Drive program provides EVSE equipment, installation, and maintenance support for MUDs and workplaces in the SDG&E territory. Site hosts must make a one-time participation payment and be able to dedicate at least five parking spaces at residential locations or at least ten parking spaces at workplaces for EVSE. MUDs and workplaces located in disadvantaged communities may qualify for the program at no cost to the site host. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including funding availability, see the Power Your Drive website.

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) and Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric's (PG&E) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charge Network Program provides installation support and funding for multi-unit dwellings and workplaces in the PG&E territory to install PG&E approved EVSE in parking areas. To qualify, facilities must equip at least ten adjoining parking spaces with EVSE. Eligible expenses include the cost of installation and a portion of the EVSE unit cost, up to $1,500 per port. For more information, including funding availability, see the PG&E EV Charge Network Program website.

Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) and Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - MCE

MCE provides installation support and funding for installation of approved EVSE at MUD and workplaces in MCE territory. To qualify, facilities must install at least two charging ports. Eligible expenses include the cost of installation and a portion of the EVSE unit cost, up to $3,000 per port. For more information, including how to apply and eligible EVSE, see the MCE Electric Vehicle Charging & Rates website.

Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Grants - Pacific Power

Pacific Power offers non-residential customers quarterly grants for up to 100% of eligible purchase and installation costs of EVSE. Twenty-five percent of funds will be earmarked for workplace charging and fleet electrification projects. Additional requirements may apply. For more information, visit the Pacific Power Electric Vehicle website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Azusa Light & Water

Azusa Light & Water offers a $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) discount for electricity used to charge PEVs during off peak times. Customers must use a minimum of 50 kWh to receive the discount. For more information, see the Azusa Light & Water Schedule EV website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Burbank Water and Power (BWP)

BWP offers a discounted rate to residential or multi-family customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. Customers must remain on the PEV time-of-use rate for a minimum of one year. For more information, see the BWP Electric Vehicles website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - LADWP

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) offers a $0.025 per kilowatt-hour discount for electricity used to charge PEVs during off-peak times. Residential customers who install a separate time-of-use meter panel will also receive a $250 credit. For more information, see the LADWP Electric Vehicle Incentives website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - SCE

Southern California Edison (SCE) offers a discounted rate to customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. Two rate schedules are available for PEV charging during on- and off-peak hours. For more information, see the SCE Electric Vehicle Plans website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - SMUD

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers a discounted rate to residential customers for electricity used to charge PEVs. For more information, see the SMUD Time-of-Day Rate website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - PG&E

Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) provides rebates of $800 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household or their tenant in a multifamily household with the vehicle owner's permission. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements and how to apply, see the PG&E Clean Fuel Rebate website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Pasadena Water and Power (PWP)

PWP provides rebates of $250 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or used PEV. An additional $250 is available for eligible PEVs purchased or leased from a Pasadena dealership. Customers participating in PWP's income-qualifying programs may also qualify for an additional $250 rebate, for a total of $750. Rebates are available for PEVs purchased or leased on or after August 1, 2018. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the PWP Residential Electric Vehicle and Charger Incentive Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - SCE

Southern California Edison's (SCE) Clean Fuel Reward Program provides rebates of up to $1,000 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or used PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household. For more information, including additional eligibility requirements and how to apply, see the SCE Clean Fuel Reward Program website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Rate Reduction - PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) offers discounted residential time-of-use rates for electricity used for PEV charging during off-peak hours. Discounted rates are also available for CNG or uncompressed natural gas used in vehicle home fueling appliances. For more information, see the PG&E Electric Vehicle Rate Plans and CNG for Vehicles websites.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Natural Gas Infrastructure Charging Rate Reduction - SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) offers three PEV Time-of-Use (TOU) rates to customers, using a single meter or requiring the installation of a second meter. Lower natural gas rates are available to customers who own a natural gas vehicle (NGV) and use a qualified compressed natural gas fueling appliance at home. For more information about rates, see the SDG&E EV Plans and NGV Rates websites.

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Reduction - Bear Valley Electric Service (BVES)

BVES offers three PEV time-of-use (TOU) rates to customers enrolled in the Transportation Electrification Pilot Program. The discounted TOU rate is for the super off-peak hours. For more information, including how to apply and eligibility, see the BVES Rate Structures website.

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - SMUD

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers residential customers a $599 rebate or a free Level 2 (240 volt) EVSE. Rebates or chargers are available to SMUD residential customers with the purchase or lease of a new plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). To be eligible for the rebate or charger, completed applications must be postmarked within 180 days of the date of purchase or lease of the PEV. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the rebate application, please see SMUD's PEV Incentive website.

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Pasadena Water and Power (PWP)

PWP provides rebates of $600 for residential customers toward the installation of a WiFi enabled EVSE, or $200 toward the installation of a non-WiFi enabled EVSE. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the PWP Residential Electric Vehicle and Charger Incentive Program website.

Used Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate Program - LADWP

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) offers rebates up to $1,500 to residential electric customers for the purchase of eligible used PEVs. Additional terms and conditions apply. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charge Up L.A.! website.

More Laws and Incentives

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