Electricity Laws and Incentives in New York
The list below contains summaries of all New York laws and incentives related to electricity.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Research and Development Funding
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's (NYSERDA) Clean Transportation Program provides funding for projects that enhance mobility, improve efficiency, reduce congestion, and diversity transportation methods and fuels through research and development of advanced technologies. NYSERDA offers annual solicitations that support new product development and demonstration as well as research on new transportation policies and strategies. NYSERDA also supports projects that demonstrate the benefits of commercially available products that are underutilized in New York State. Once developed, NYSERDA provides incentives to accelerate the market introduction of emerging technologies through its Alternative Fuel Vehicle Program. For more information and funding opportunities, see the NYSERDA Clean Transportation Program website.
Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit
An income tax credit is available for 50% of the cost of alternative fueling infrastructure, up to $5,000. Qualifying infrastructure includes electric vehicle supply equipment and equipment to dispense fuel that is 85% or more natural gas, propane, or hydrogen. Unused credits may be carried over into future tax years. The credit expires December 31, 2022. For additional information, including information on how to claim the credit, please see the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance page. (Reference New York Tax Law 187-b)
Electric Vehicle Emissions Inspection Exemption
Vehicles powered exclusively by electricity are exempt from state motor vehicle emissions inspections. For more information, see the New York Vehicle Inspection Program (NYVIP2) website. (Reference New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulations Chapter III, Part 217-6)
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's (NYSERDA) Charge Ready NY program offers rebates for public and private entities toward the purchase and installation of Level 2 EVSE at public parking facilities, workplaces, and multi-unit dwellings. Rebates are available for $4,000 per port. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the NYSERDA Charge Ready NY website.
Heavy-Duty Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Purchase Vouchers
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provides incentives for alternative fuel trucks, alternative fuel buses, and diesel emission controls. Incentives are released on a staggered schedule and are distributed based on the following criteria:
|Technology Type||Garage Location||Eligible Entities||Incentive Amount|
|Class 3-8 Battery Electric Trucks & Buses||Statewide nonattainment or maintenance area||Public, private, and non-profit fleets||80% of the incremental cost, up to $150,000 per vehicle|
|Class 2-8 Battery Electric Trucks & Buses||New York City||Private and non-profit fleets||80% of the incremental cost, up to $60,000 per vehicle|
|Class 3-8 Compressed Natural Gas Trucks & Buses||New York City||Private and non-profit fleets||80% of the incremental cost, up to $50,000 per vehicle|
|Class 3-8 Hybrid Electric Trucks & Buses||New York City||Private and non-profit fleets||80% of the incremental cost, up to $40,000 per vehicle|
|Diesel Emission Reduction Equipment||New York City||Private and non-profit fleets||80% of the cost of purchase and installation, up to $500,000 per recipient|
Eligible vehicles must be in operation 70% of the time and be garaged in the program area. Funding for this program is not currently available (verified November 2018). For information about voucher availability and vehicle eligibility, see the NYSERDA New York Truck Voucher Incentive Program website.
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption
Through the Clean Pass Program, eligible plug-in electric vehicles may use the Long Island Expressway HOV lanes, regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. Vehicles must display the Clean Pass vehicle sticker, which is available from the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles. This exemption expires September 30, 2025. For a list of eligible vehicles and Clean Pass sticker application instructions, see the Clean Pass Program website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate Program
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provides rebates of up to $2,000 for the purchase or lease of a new eligible PEV. An eligible vehicle must:
- Be a four-wheeled motor vehicle manufactured for use on public streets, roads, and highways,
- Have a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 8,500 pounds,
- Have a maximum speed of at least 55 miles per hour, and
- Be propelled at least in part by an electric motor and associated power electronics that draws electricity from a hydrogen fuel cell or from a battery that has a battery capacity of at least four kilowatt-hours, and is capable of being charged from an external source of electricity.
Rebate amounts vary based on a vehicle's all-electric range and manufacturer's suggested retail price. For more information, see NYSERDA's Drive Clean Rebate website.
Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Toll Discount Program
Vehicles eligible for the New York Clean Pass Program, including PEVs and hybrid electric vehicles, receive a discounted toll rate on all Port Authority of New York & New Jersey (PANYNJ) off-peak hour crossings. Vehicles must register with E-ZPass New York. Drivers of qualified vehicles may also receive a 10% discount on established E-ZPass accounts with proof of registration. This exemption expires September 30, 2019. For more information, including a complete list of eligible vehicles and application instructions, see the PANYNJ E-ZPass and Green Pass Discount Plan websites.
Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Incentives
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority is offering employers in the greater New York City region $8,000 rebate per dual-connector EVSE installed. Employees of organizations that receive the rebate are eligible for a $500 rebate toward the purchase or lease of a qualified PEV. For more information, see the Charge to Work NY website.
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates for Municipalities
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's (DEC) Municipal ZEV Rebate Program offers rebates to cities, towns, villages, counties, and New York City boroughs for the purchase or lease of eligible ZEVs and the installation of eligible ZEV fueling infrastructure. To qualify, ZEVs must be purchased or leased on or after May 1, 2018, at a dealership within the state, and leases must be at least 36 months in length. ZEV fueling infrastructure must be installed primarily for public use. Rebate amounts are as follows:
|Maximum Rebate Amount|
|ZEV Purchase or Lease||$5,000 per vehicle (50 miles or greater electric range); $2,500 per vehicle (10 to 50 mile electric range)|
|Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)||$250,000 per facility|
|Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure||$250,000 per facility|
A single municipality may receive up to 50% of the total available funds towards ZEVs and EVSE, and up to 75% of the total available funds for hydrogen fueling infrastructure. Additional rules and conditions apply. For more information, including eligible projects and application instructions, see the DEC Grant Funding for Municipalities website.
Laws and Regulations
Clean Truck Port Requirements
Port drayage trucks must meet or exceed Model Year 2007 engine federal emissions standards to access the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey (PANYNJ) marine terminals. Drayage trucks operating on liquefied or compressed natural gas, electricity, or hybrid electric technology are exempt from these requirements. For purposes of this rule, drayage trucks are defined as on-road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 33,001 pounds or greater and intended to load, unload, or transport cargo from PANYNJ terminals. Additional rules apply. For more information, see the PANYNJ website.
Electric Corporation Definition
According to the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations are not defined as electric plants and owners and operators of charging stations are not defined as electric corporations. The PSC does not have jurisdiction over publicly available PEV charging stations, the owners and operators of the stations, or the transactions between the owners and operators of the stations, as long as the owners and operators do not fall within the definition of an electric corporation. (Reference New York State Department of Public Service Case 13-E-0199)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Tariff
Each investor-owned utility selling electricity was required to file a tariff with the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) by April 1, 2018, to allow a customer to purchase electricity solely for the purpose of charging a PEV. The utility must make the tariff available to customers within 60 days of PSC approval. At any time, the utility may make revisions to the tariff based on changing costs or conditions. Each utility providing a PEV charging tariff must report periodically to the PSC on the number of customers who have participated in the tariff, the total amount of electricity sold under the tariff, and any other data required by the PSC. (Reference New York State Public Service Law Section 66-O)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Charging Infrastructure Support
The New York Power Authority's (NYPA) EVolve NY program has allocated up to $250 million to support PEVs and address charging infrastructure gaps throughout the state. EVolve NY will implement this funding in phases. The initial phase directs $40 million to fund three initiatives through 2019, including programs for interstate direct current (DC) fast chargers, airport charging hubs, and PEV model communities. For more information, see NYPA's EVolve NY website.
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
New York joined California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs.
In June 2018, the Task Force published a new ZEV Action Plan for 2018-2021. Building on the 2014 Action Plan, the 2018 Action Plan makes recommendations for states and other key partners in five priority areas:
- Raising consumer awareness and interest in electric vehicle technology;
- Building out a reliable and convenient residential, workplace and public charging/fueling infrastructure network;
- Continuing and improving access to consumer purchase and non-financial incentives;
- Expanding public and private sector fleet adoption; and
- Supporting dealership efforts to increase ZEV sales.
For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Voluntary Time of Use (TOU) Rate Price Guarantee - Con Edison
Under the voluntary TOU rate, residential customers will pay a reduced price for electricity used during the designated off-peak period. Customers who register a PEV with Con Edison and are participating in the voluntary TOU rate are guaranteed to pay no more than the standard electric rate for one year after registration with Con Edison. For more information, including how to enroll, see the Electric Vehicles & Your Bill website.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Rate Incentive for Businesses - Con Edison
Con Edison offers an electric rate reduction ranging from 34% to 39% for businesses in New York City and Westchester County that install a publicly accessible direct current (DC) fast charger. To qualify, the charger must have a power output of at least 100 kilowatts. Additional terms apply. The rate reduction is available through April 2025. For more information, including how to apply, see the Con Edison Business Incentive Rate website.
Smart Charging and Time-of-Use Incentives – Con Edison
Eligible plug-in electric vehicle customers can receive up to $500 in incentives annually by installing a connected car device provided by Con Edison that tracks driving and charging habits, and by charging during off-peak hours. For more information, including how to apply, see the SmartCharge New York website.
Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - PSEG Long Island
Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG) Long Island offers rebates of 80% of the invoice price, up to $4,000 per port, for customers toward the purchase of up to ten Level 2 workplace EVSE units. For more information, including application guidelines, see the PSEG Long Island Workplace Charging Rebate website.
More Laws and Incentives
To find laws and incentives for other alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, search all laws and incentives.