Electricity Laws and Incentives in Hawaii
The list below contains summaries of all Hawaii laws and incentives related to electricity.
Laws and Regulations
Alternative Fuel Standard Development
The state of Hawaii is responsible for facilitating the development of alternative fuels and supporting the attainment of a statewide alternative fuels standard. According to this standard, alternative fuels will provide 20% of highway fuel demand by 2020 and 30% by 2030. For the purposes of the alternative fuels standard, cellulosic ethanol is equivalent to 2.5 gallons of non-cellulosic ethanol.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-42)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Registration
Owners of electric vehicles and AFVs must pay an annual fee of $50, in addition to standard registration fees. Fees contribute to the State Highway Fund.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-31)
Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Rental Requirements
State agencies must coordinate vehicle acquisition efforts to transition light-duty state fleet vehicles to 100% zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) by 2035. To support the state fleet transition to ZEVs, state and county agencies must purchase light-duty vehicles that reduce petroleum consumption. Vehicle purchasing priority is as follows:
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs);
- Other alternative fuel vehicles; and
- Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
Exemptions may apply. State agencies must purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicle available that meets agency needs, use alternative fuels and ethanol blended gasoline when available, evaluate a purchase preference for biodiesel blends, and promote the efficient operation of vehicles. For the purpose of this requirement, an alternative fuel is defined as an alcohol fuel, an alcohol fuel blend containing at least 85% alcohol, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, biodiesel, a biodiesel blend containing at least 20% biodiesel, a fuel derived from biological materials, or electricity generated from off-board energy sources.
State employees renting a vehicle for government business must rent either EVs or HEVs. Rental rates for EVs and HEVs must be comparable to that of a conventional internal combustion engine vehicle equivalent.
For more information, see the [Hawaii State Energy Offices Vehicle Purchasing Guidelines website.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 103D-412 and 196-9)
Clean Transportation Promotion
The state of Hawaii has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the U.S. Department of Energy to collaborate to produce 70% of the state’s energy needs from energy-efficient and renewable sources by 2030 and 100% of the state’s energy needs from energy-efficient and renewable sources by 2045. This effort is part of the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative. The goals of the partnership include defining the structural transformation required to transition the state to a clean energy-dominated economy; demonstrating and fostering innovation in the use of clean energy, including alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies; creating opportunities for the widespread distribution of clean energy benefits; establishing an open learning model for other states and entities to adopt; and building a workforce with cross-cutting skills to support a clean energy economy in the state. For more information, see the MOU and Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative website.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-10.5)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Policies for Multi-Family Residences
A multi-family residential dwelling or townhouse owner may install EV charging stations on or near a parking stall at the dwelling as long as the EV charging station is in compliance with applicable rules and specifications, the EV charging station is registered with the private entity within 30 days of installation, and the homeowner receives consent from the private entity if the EV charging station is placed in a common area. Private entities may adopt rules that restrict the placement and use of EV charging station but may not charge a fee for the placement. The EV charging station owner is responsible for any damages resulting from the installation, maintenance, repair, removal, or replacement of the EV charging station. A private entity includes associations of homeowners, community associations, condominium associations, cooperatives, or any nongovernmental entity with covenants.
A working group within the Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism identified and examined the issues regarding multi-family dwelling EV charging station requests to private entities. The group reported its findings and recommendations to the state legislature in December 2015.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-7.5)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate Program Authorization
The Hawaii Public Utility Commission (PUC) is authorized to establish an EV charging station rebate program. The PUC may contract with a third-party, non-government entity to administer, operate, and manage the rebate program. The PUC must prioritize rebate awards for EV charging stations that are publicly available; serve fuel cell electric vehicle fleets; serve multiple tenants, employees, or customers; support tourism; or serve low- or moderate-income or environmental justice communities. The Hawaii Legislature established a special fund within the PUC to support the EV Charging Station Rebate Program. The special fund receives $0.03 of the tax collected from each barrel of petroleum product sold by a distributor to any retail dealer or end user in Hawaii.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Deployment Support
The Hawaii Legislature recommends that the Hawaii Department of Transportation, Department of Accounting and General Services, and Hawaii State Energy Office develop, implement, administer, and manage transportation system programs at public facilities, including constructing EV charging stations at public parking locations and ensuring EV infrastructure exceeds anticipated charging demand.
(Reference Senate Resolution 91, 2023)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Parking Requirement
All parking facilities that are available for use by the general public and include at least 100 parking spaces must designate at least one parking space specifically for EVs, provided that no parking spaces required by the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines are reduced or displaced. Spaces must be clearly marked and equipped with EV charging stations. All EV charging stations installed must be Level 2 or direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. An owner of multiple parking lots may designate and install EV charging stations in fewer parking spaces than required in one or more parking lots, as long as the owner meets the requirement for total number of aggregate spaces for all parking lots. A fee of $50-100 applies for non-EVs that park in spaces designated for EVs.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-71 and 291-72)
Medium- and Heavy-Duty (MHD) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington (signatory states) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of medium- and heavy-duty (MHD) ZEVs through involvement in a Multi-State ZEV Task Force (Task Force).
In July 2022, the Task Force published a multi-state action plan to support electrification of MHD vehicles. The action plan includes strategies and recommendations to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including limiting all new MHD vehicle sales in the signatory states to ZEVs by 2050, accelerating the deployment of MHD ZEVs, and ensuring MHD ZEV deployment also benefits disadvantaged communities.
For more information, see the Medium- and Heavy-Duty ZEVs: Action Plan Development Process website.
Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Deployment Assessment
The Hawaii State Energy Office must convene a working group to evaluate opportunities and barriers for installing EV charging stations in MUDs. The working group must:
- Assess barriers to EV charging stations at MUDs;
- Consider changes to state statutes and administrative code to support EV charging station deployment at MUDs;
- Identify best practices for EV charging station installations at MUDs;
- Create guidelines for EV charging stations in MUDs;
- Develop solutions for EV charging cost recovery and electrical capacity management; and,
- Develop recommendations for installing shared-use EV charging stations at MUDs.
The working group must prepare a report of its findings, recommendations, and proposed legislation and submit it to the Hawaii Legislature 20 days prior to the 2023 legislative session.
Public Utility Definition
An entity that owns, controls, operates, or manages a plant or facility primarily used to charge or discharge a vehicle battery that provides power for vehicle propulsion is not defined as a public utility.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 269-1)
Road Usage Charge Program
Beginning July 1, 2025, the owner of an all-electric vehicle (EV) may elect to pay an annual mileage-based road usage fee in lieu of paying an additional registration fee. The fee is $0.08 per mile, up to $50 per year.
Beginning June 30, 2028, the additional registration fee expires, and all EV owners must pay the state mileage-based road usage charge. Additional conditions apply. For more information, see the Hawaii Department of Transportation Road Usage Charge Demonstration website.
(Reference Senate Bill 1534, 2023)
Vehicle Performance Contracts
State agencies must identify and evaluate energy efficiency program contracts to implement, including vehicle and related infrastructure programs, as well as vehicle maintenance or fuel cost savings as they relate to a fleet’s energy efficiency program. Energy performance contracts may include installation of electric vehicle supply equipment infrastructure.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 36-42)
Diesel Emission Reduction Funding
The Hawaii State Energy Office (HSEO) and the Hawaii Department of Heath offers rebates of up to 45% for the replacement of qualified medium- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles with zero emission vehicles. Eligible vehicles include medium- and heavy-duty trucks; school, shuttle, tour, and transit buses; airport and port cargo handling equipment; and farm tractors. Rebates may also cover up to 45% of the cost of a electric vehicle charging station. Applicants must provide a 55% cost match from non-federal funding sources. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. The program is funded by Hawaii’s portion of the Volkswagen (VW) Environmental Mitigation Trust and the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act. For more information, including program guidance and application, see the HSEO Diesel Replacement Rebate Program website.
Hawaii's National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) to submit an annual EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office of Energy and Transportation (Joint Office), describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. The submitted plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-62.5 and 196-65)
Transportation Electrification Loan Program
The Hawaii Green Infrastructure Authority (HGIA) provides a revolving credit line of up to $50,000,000 to state government entities for the purchase or lease of electric vehicles and the installation of electric vehicle supply equipment. For more information, see the HGIA website.
(Reference Hawaii Revised Statutes 196-62.5 and 196-65)
Utility / Private Incentives
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates – Hawaii Energy
Hawaii Energy administers the EV Charging Station rebate program on behalf of the Hawaii Public Utilities Commission, which offers rebates to commercial entities, workplaces, and multifamily dwellings for the installation of Level 2 and direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations. Eligible applicants include individuals, non-profit organizations, private businesses, government entities, and homeowner associations or authorized entities on behalf of multifamily dwellings. Rebates are available for new and retrofitted EV charging stations and award amounts vary based on project type, charging station technology, and port count. Rebates are awarded on a first-come, first-served basis while funding lasts. For more information, including program eligibility and requirements, see the Hawaii Energy EV Charging Station website.
More Laws and Incentives
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