Georgia Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current Georgia laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Job Creation Tax Credit
A business that manufactures alternative energy products for use in battery, biofuel, and electric vehicle enterprises may claim an annual tax credit for five years. The amount of the tax credit is based on the number of eligible new full-time employee jobs. Qualified entities must be defined as business enterprises, which do not include retail businesses. Credit amounts differ depending on how the county in which the business is located ranks based on unemployment rates and income levels. Other conditions apply. (Reference Georgia Code 48-7-40)
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Tax Credit
An eligible business enterprise may claim an income tax credit for the purchase or lease of qualified EVSE provided that the EVSE is located in the state and accessible to the public. The amount of the credit is 10% of the cost of the EVSE, up to $2,500. For more information, see the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Alternative Fuels and Tax Credits website. (Reference Georgia Code 48-7-40.16)
Point of Contact
Georgia Environmental Protection Division
Phone: (404) 363-7046
Idle Reduction Weight Exemption
Any motor vehicle equipped with idle reduction technology may exceed the state gross, axle, and tandem weight limits by up to 400 pounds to account for the weight of the technology. To be eligible for the weight exemption, the vehicle operator must be able to present written certification of the weight of the idle reduction technology and demonstrate or certify that the technology is fully functional at all times. (Reference Georgia Code 32-6-27)
Emissions Reduction Tax Credit
An income tax credit is available to individuals who install eligible diesel particulate emissions reduction equipment at any truck stop, depot, or other facility. The amount of the tax credit is equal to 10% of the total equipment and installation costs and is allowed for the taxable year in which the taxpayer first places the equipment in use. The equipment must meet Georgia Regional Transportation Authority standards and must provide for heat, air conditioning, light, and communications for the driver's compartment of a heavy-duty commercial motor vehicle parked at a truck stop, depot, or other facility. The use of the technology must enable the driver to turn off the vehicle's engine, with a corresponding reduction of particulate emissions. (Reference Georgia Code 48-7-40.19)
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption
Alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) displaying the proper alternative fuel license plate may use HOV and HOT lanes, regardless of the number of passengers. Qualified AFVs may also use the HOT lanes toll-free. AFVs include plug-in electric vehicles and bi-fuel or dual-fuel vehicles that operate on natural gas or propane. Applicants must provide proof they have paid registration fees in full before receiving the license plate. This exemption expires September 30, 2019. For more information on fees and eligibility for the AFV license plate, see the Georgia Department of Revenue and the Georgia Department of Public Safety websites. (Reference Georgia Code 32-9-4, 40-2-86.1, and 40-6-54)
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Georgia Power
Georgia Power offers a rebate to residential customers, businesses, and builders who install Level 2 (208/240 volt) EVSE. Customers are eligible for a $250, $500, and $100 rebate, respectively, for each dedicated circuit installed through December 31, 2018. Other conditions may apply. For more information, see the Georgia Power Electric Vehicles and Electric Vehicles & Your Business websites.
Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Rate Incentive - Georgia Power
Georgia Power offers a Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) time-of-use electricity rate for residential customers who own an electric or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The PEV rate is optional and does not require a separate meter. For more information, see the Georgia Power Electric Vehicles website.
Laws and Regulations
Autonomous Vehicle Operation
A person can operate a fully autonomous vehicle with the automated driving system engaged without a driver being present in the vehicle, if the vehicle is in compliance with federal motor vehicle safety standards and is registered as a fully autonomous vehicle. Other conditions may apply. (Reference Georgia Code 40-1-1 and 40-5-21).
Ethanol Blending Regulation
Gasoline suppliers who provide fuel to distributors in the state must offer gasoline that is suitable for blending with fuel alcohol. Suppliers may not prevent or inhibit a gasoline distributor from being a blender or from qualifying for any federal or state tax credit offered to blenders. (Reference Georgia Code 10-1-234.1)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Annual Fee
PEV owners are required to pay an annual license fee of $213.69 for non-commercial PEVs and $320.54 for commercial PEVs. The Georgia Department of Revenue may adjust fees annually based on vehicle fuel economy and the Consumer Price Index through July 1, 2019. (Reference Georgia Code 40-2-151)
Biodiesel produced or sold in the state, including for the purpose of blending with petroleum diesel, must meet ASTM specification D6751. (Reference Georgia Code 10-1-151.1)
Alternative Fuel Excise Tax
Distributors who sell or use motor fuel, including special fuels, are subject to an excise tax of $0.26 per gallon. Motor fuels that are not commonly sold or measured by the gallon and are used in motor vehicles on public highways are taxed according to their gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). The Georgia Department of Revenue may adjust tax rates annually based on vehicle fuel economy and the Consumer Price Index through July 1, 2018. A GGE of compressed natural gas (CNG) must be at least 110,000 British thermal units and a GGE of liquefied natural gas (LNG) must be at least 6.06 pounds. CNG is defined as a mixture of hydrocarbon gases and vapors, consisting principally of methane in gaseous form that has been compressed for use as a motor fuel. LNG is defined as methane or natural gas in the form of a cryogenic or refrigerated liquid for use as a motor fuel. Propane and special fuels sold in bulk to a licensed consumer distributor are exempt from this tax. The Georgia Department of Revenue may assess, levy, and collect tax for any other motor fuels used on public highways using a GGE rate. (Reference Georgia Code 48-9-1 and 48-9-3)
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit
Individuals or businesses dispensing CNG for use in vehicles must obtain a permit from the Georgia Safety Fire Commissioner and pay a one-time fee of $150. (Reference Georgia Code 25-2-4.1)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Infrastructure Incentives Study
The Georgia Joint Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Study Committee evaluated how providing market incentives for AFV fueling infrastructure may lead to AFV and infrastructure deployment. The Committee published a summary report of its main findings. For more information, see the Joint Study Committee website.