Electricity Laws and Incentives in Minnesota
The list below contains summaries of all Minnesota laws and incentives related to electricity.
Laws and Regulations
All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Fee
EVs are subject to an additional registration fee of $75.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 168.013)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Requirements
EV charging stations installed in Minnesota must:
- Be able to be used by any make, model, or type of EV;
- Comply with state safety standards and standards set by the Society of Automotive Engineers; and
- Be capable of bi-directional charging once electrical utilities achieve a cost-effective ability to draw electricity from EVs connected to the utility grid.
These requirements may not apply if the installations require significant upgrades.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 325F.185 and 326B.35)
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Tariff
Each public utility selling electricity for retail must file a tariff with the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to allow a customer to purchase electricity solely for the purpose of charging a EV, neighborhood electric vehicle, or medium-speed electric vehicle. The tariff must:
- Contain either a time-of-day or off-peak electricity rate;
- Allow the customer to purchase electricity from the utility’s current mix of energy supply sources or from entirely renewable energy sources; and
- Be available to the residential customer class.
The public utility will make the tariff available to customers within 60 days of PUC approval. At any time, the utility may make revisions to the tariff based on changing costs or conditions. Each public utility providing an EV charging tariff must report quarterly to the PUC on the number of customers who have participated in the tariff, the total amount of electricity sold under the tariff, and any other data the PUC requires.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 216B.1614)
Electric Vehicle (EV) and Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Initiatives
All solicitation documents that include the purchase of passenger automobiles issued under the jurisdiction of the Minnesota Department of Administration must assert the intention of the state to begin purchasing all-electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), neighborhood electric vehicles, and natural gas vehicles (NGVs). For this requirement to apply, vehicles must meet the state’s performance specifications and have a total life-cycle cost of ownership less than or comparable to that of gasoline-powered vehicles.
An EV is defined as a motor vehicle that can be powered by an electric motor drawing current from rechargeable storage batteries, fuel cells, or other portable sources of electrical current, and meets or exceeds applicable requirements in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571, and future regulations. A PHEV is defined as an EV that contains an internal combustion engine and uses a battery-powered electric motor to deliver power to the drive wheels. When connected to the electrical grid via an electrical outlet, the vehicle must be able to recharge its battery. The vehicle must have the ability to travel at least 20 miles powered substantially by electricity. An NGV is defined as motor vehicle that is capable of being propelled by natural gas, including compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 16C.138 and 169.011)
Public Utility Definition
An individual, corporation, or other legal entity that resells compressed natural gas as a vehicular fuel or electricity to recharge a battery that powers an electric vehicle is not defined as a public utility.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 216B.02)
Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) Midwest Plan
Minnesota joined Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin (Signatory States) in signing the REV Midwest memorandum of understanding (MOU) to accelerate vehicle electrification in the Midwest. Signatory States are committed to:
- Accelerate medium- and heavy-duty fleet electrification;
- Collaborate on regional electric vehicle (EV) charging station siting and deployment analyses with a focus on commercial routes;
- Standardize regulations, messaging, and customer experience related to EVs across state lines;
- Evaluate opportunities for workforce development;
- Identify historically disadvantaged communities for equitable EV charging station development and EV adoption; and,
- Educate consumers and fleet owners to raise EV awareness, reduce range anxiety, and increase EV adoption.
The Signatory States maintain a coordination group composed of senior leadership from each state who meet and report on the above actions. For more information, see the REV Midwest Partnership Announcement.
State Agency Sustainability Plan and Requirements
Each state department or agency must prepare an annual sustainability plan that includes ways to modify vehicle use practices and report annually on progress towards implementing their plan. Each state agency plan must be based on following targets and mandates: - When reasonably possible, state agencies must purchase on-road vehicles that use alternative fuels, including biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) or greater, compressed or liquefied natural gas, ethanol blends of 70% (E70) or greater, hydrogen, propane, or electricity, or (with the exception of buses, snowplows, and construction vehicles) have a fuel economy rating that exceeds 30 miles per gallon (mpg) in the city and 35 mpg on the highway; - When reasonably possible, state employees must fuel vehicles capable of operating on an alternative fuel with that fuel; - State agencies must increase the use of renewable fuels derived from agricultural products or waste products; and - State agencies must increase the use of technology for delivering information and services in order to reduce reliance on the state’s fleet.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 16C.135 and 16C.137)
State Agency Vehicle Procurement and Management Requirement
When purchasing a motor vehicle, a state agency must select one that is capable of being powered by cleaner fuels, including electricity and natural gas, if the total life cycle cost of ownership is less than or comparable to that of a gasoline-powered vehicle.
A committee of representatives from the Minnesota Departments of Administration, Agriculture, Commerce, Natural Resources, and Transportation, as well as the Pollution Control Agency, will implement a state fleet reporting and information management system. The committee will submit findings to the governor and appropriate legislative committees on a bi-yearly basis with recommendations for goals, directives, or legislative initiatives to meet these objectives.
(Reference Minnesota Statutes 16C.137 and 16C.138)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards
Minnesota has adopted the California motor vehicle emissions standards and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Beginning January 1, 2024, these regulations apply to all passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements. For more information, see the Clean Cars Minnesota website.
(Reference Minnesota Administrative Rules Chapter 7023)
Electric School Bus Grants
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) provides matching funds for eligible entities that receive grants from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean School Bus program for the replacement of diesel-powered school buses with an electric school bus . MPCA provides grants up to $125,000 per eligible school bus and up to $7,000 per charging station. This program is funded by Minnesota’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the MPCA Electric School Bus Match Dollars website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Toll Credit Pilot Program
The Minnesota Department of Transportation is piloting a three-year program to give a one-time MnPass account credit to eligible EV drivers for use in MnPass toll lanes. Drivers who purchase or lease a new or used plug-in hybrid electric vehicle receive a $125 credit or a $250 credit for an all-electric vehicle. Eligible vehicles must be purchased or leased between November 1, 2019, and October 31, 2022. For more information, visit the MnPass website.
Minnesota’s National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Planning
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) NEVI Formula Program requires the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) to submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan (Plan) to the DOT and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Office by August 1, 2022, describing how the state intends to distribute NEVI funds. Plans must be established according to NEVI guidance.
Off-Road Diesel Replacement Grants
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) provides funding to public, private, and nonprofit fleet owners for the replacement of eligible off-road diesel equipment. Eligible equipment includes trailer refrigeration units, terminal tractors/drayage trucks, and more. This program is partially funded by Minnesota’s portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. For more information, including funding availability, see the MPCA Diesel Emission Reduction Act website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Great River Energy
Great River Energy provides rebates for the purchase or lease of Level 2 EV chargers. Rebates are available for public, workplace, multifamily, and fleet charging stations. Leased charges must have a minimum lease term of 5 years. For more information, see the Great River Energy EV Charging website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate - Runestone Electric Association
Runestone Electric Association offers rebates to residential customers of up to $500 for the installation of Level 2 EV charging station. To receive the full rebate, eligible applicants must enroll EV charging stations on a time-of-use rate (TOU). EV charging stations not installed on TOU rate will receive $250. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the Runestone Electric Association EV website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate and Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - DEA
Dakota Electric Association (DEA) offers a TOU rate to members with electric vehicles (EVs) enrolled in the ChargeWise program. To be eligible for the TOU rate, a ChargeWise circuit is required. DEA’s Revolt initiative offers customers the ability to power an EV with 100% wind energy for the lifetime of the vehicle.
Dakota Electric also offers a rebate of up to $500 for the installation of Level 1 or Level 2 EV charging station. To be eligible for the rebate, EVs must use a separate sub-metered circuit.
For more information, visit the Dakota Electric ChargeWise website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate and Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - LREC
Lake Region Electric Cooperative (LREC) offers a TOU rate to members with EVs enrolled in the ChargeWise program. To be eligible for the TOU rate, vehicles must use a separate sub-metered circuit. LREC offers customers the ability to power an EV with 100% wind energy for the lifetime of the vehicle.
LREC also offers a rebate of up to $500 for the installation of Level 1 or Level 2 EV charging station.
For more information, see the LREC ChargeWise website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate and Time-Of-Use Rate - Otter Tail Power
Otter Tail Power Company offers a TOU rate to residential customers with electric vehicles (EV). The TOU rate only applies to electricity used to charge the EV.
Otter Tail Power Company also offers a $400 rebate for the installation of a Level 2 EV charging station.
For more information, see the Otter Tail Power Company EVs website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Support
Minnesota utilities joined the National Electric Highway Coalition (NEHC), committing to create a network of direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations connecting major highway systems from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific of the United States. NEHC utility members agree to ensure efficient and effective fast charging deployment plans that enable long distance EV travel, avoiding duplication among coalition utilities, and complement existing corridor DCFC sites. For more information, including a list of participating utilities and states, see the NEHC website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate - Connexus Energy
Connexus Energy offers residential customers with EVs a TOU rate. A separate meter is required.
Connexus Energy also offers customers who enroll in the TOU rate the ability to power an EV with 100% wind energy for the lifetime of the vehicle.
For more information, see the Connexus Energy EV website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rate – Runestone Electric Association
Runestone Electric Association offers a TOU rate to residential customers that own an EV. Customers must separately meter electricity used for EV charging. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the Runestone Electric Association EV website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Time-Of-Use (TOU) Rates - Xcel Energy
Xcel Energy offers two TOU rate options for residential customers that own an EV. The EV Accelerate at Home rate requires customers to choose an eligible, separately metered Level 2 charger that Xcel Energy installs and maintains. The Separate Meter rate only requires customers to install a separate meter to measure electricity used for EV charging. For rate information, including eligibility requirements, see Xcel Energy’s EV Rate Options website.
Electric Vehicle (EV) Wind Energy Promotion - Great River Energy
Great River Energy’s Revolt initiative offers customers the ability to power an EV with 100% wind energy for the lifetime of the vehicle. The program requires no additional cost, however standard or off-peak rates still apply for the electricity used. For more information, see the Great River Energy Revolt website.
Non-Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebate – Connexus Energy
Connexus Energy offers commercial customers a rebate of up to $2,000 for the purchase and installation of Level 2 EV charging station. Eligible applicants include public entities, workplaces, multifamily units, and fleets. For more information, see the Conexus Energy EV website.
Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Pilot Program - Xcel Energy
Xcel Energy offers a pilot program for residential customers who own or lease an EV. The program provides discounted Level 2 EV charging equipment, installation, and charging costs. Qualified EV chargers may be leased or purchased from Xcel Energy. For more information, including enrollment information, see the Xcel Energy EV Service Pilot website.
Residential Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Station Rebates - Connexus Energy
Connexus Energy offers a rebate of up to $500 to residential customers toward the installation of a qualified Level 2 EV charging station. Eligible applicants must enroll in a time-of-use rate.
Connexus Energy also offers a $800 discount on EV charging stations purchased from the EnergyWise Minnesota store.
For more information, see the Conexus Energy EV website
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