Hydrogen Fueling Stations
The increased number of retail hydrogen fueling locations in select markets is supporting the initial rollout of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). Manufacturers including Honda, Hyundai, and Toyota are currently offering production FCEVs for sale or lease to customers in markets where hydrogen fuel is available, primarily in California. With careful planning, the focus has been to add hydrogen fuel at existing gasoline stations covering regions in northern California near San Francisco and southern California near Los Angeles, with additional connector and destination stations.
Mobile hydrogen fuelers, where liquefied or compressed hydrogen and dispensing equipment is stored onboard a trailer, are also being developed to support the expansion of hydrogen infrastructure. These efforts are giving early FCEV adopters confidence that they can drive normally and have access to hydrogen fuel wherever they go within these regions. Efforts are also underway to expand hydrogen fueling locations in Hawaii and across the East coast, with other markets expected to develop as consumer demand increases. By 2019, there are expected to be more than 50 retail stations available nationwide, although most are concentrated in California. In addition to the retail stations available for all FCEVs, there are also stations supporting fleets and some primarily used for demonstration and/or research. As the demand for FCEVs grows, the business case for building more stations with higher capacities improves and the volume in production of station components will bring station costs down.
Hydrogen infrastructure is also developing for buses, medium- and heavy-duty fleets, and material handling equipment. Unlike consumer stations for FCEVs, however, fleet fueling stations can be centrally located to meet private fleet needs.
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Learn about developing hydrogen fueling infrastructure.