Expired, Repealed, and Archived New York Incentives and Laws
The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality.
The New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) may approve demonstrations of AVs on public roads for the purpose of evaluating the potential impacts of AV technology on safety, traffic control, traffic enforcement, emergency services, and other areas the DMV identifies. To be considered, a proposed AV demonstration must meet, at minimum, the following requirements:
- The demonstration application includes a law enforcement interaction plan, which provides information for law enforcement and first responders regarding how to interact with the AV in an emergency or traffic enforcement situation;
- The demonstration takes place under the supervision of the New York State Police and in a manner consistent with their direction;
- A licensed vehicle operator is seated inside the AV while it is being operated on public highways; and
- The AV meets all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and New York State Motor Vehicle Inspection Standards.
An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver.
On or before June 1, 2019, the DMV, in partnership with the State Police, must submit a report to the governor and other relevant government officials including information about each of the demonstrations that have been authorized. For more information, including how to apply for a testing and demonstration permit, see the DMV AV Technology website. (Reference Senate Bill 7508-C, 2018)
Each investor-owned utility selling electricity was required to file a tariff with the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) by April 1, 2018, to allow a customer to purchase electricity solely for the purpose of charging a PEV. The utility must make the tariff available to customers within 60 days of PSC approval. At any time, the utility may make revisions to the tariff based on changing costs or conditions. Each utility providing a PEV charging tariff must report periodically to the PSC on the number of customers who have participated in the tariff, the total amount of electricity sold under the tariff, and any other data required by the PSC. (Reference New York State Public Service Law Section 66-O)
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, in partnership with EV Connect, offers rebates for municipalities, businesses, workplaces, retail locations, universities, schools, hospitals, and public parking facilities to purchase and install General Electric EVSE. Rebate amounts are up to $8,000 per EVSE unit. EV Connect will also provide EVSE management services. EVSE must be installed within the state of New York. For more information, including application instructions, see the EV Connect New York State of Opportunity website.
EZ-EV, an Exelon program, offers discounts for the purchase or lease of select PEVs through participating dealers. For information on discount amounts, eligible makes and models, and availability, see the EZ-EV website.
The New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) administers the Municipal ZEV and Infrastructure Rebate Program (Program). Municipalities may apply for rebates for the purchase or lease of eligible plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles, and the installation of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) or hydrogen fueling infrastructure. Funding is available on a first-come, first-served basis through March 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. To be eligible for funding, municipalities must purchase or lease vehicles on or after April 1, 2016, and must match 20% of the funds for EVSE and hydrogen fueling infrastructure. Rebates are available as follows:
|Required All-Electric Range||Rebate Amount for Vehicle||Maximum Rebate Amount per Municipality|
|At least 50 miles||$2,500||$375,000|
|Rebate Amount per Facility||Maximum Rebate Amount per Municipality|
|EVSE||Up to $250,000||$625,000|
|Hydrogen||Up to $250,000||$750,000|
Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the Program website.
All new light-duty vehicles that state agencies and other affected entities procure must be AFVs, with the exception of designated specialty, police, or emergency vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles qualify under these requirements. State agencies and other affected entities that operate medium- and heavy-duty vehicles must implement strategies to reduce petroleum consumption and emissions by using alternative fuels and improving vehicle fleet fuel efficiency. State agencies and other affected entities may substitute the use of 450 gallons of 100% biodiesel (B100) for the acquisition of one AFV. Alternatively, using 2,250 gallons of biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) or 9,000 gallons of biodiesel blends of 5% (B5) may also be substituted in place of purchasing one AFV. No more than 50% of a given state agency fleet's AFV purchase requirement may be met by substituting B100, B20, or B5. (Reference Executive Order 111, 2001; Executive Order 142, 2005; and Executive Order 4, 2008)
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administers the Clean Air School Bus Program, which provides funds to municipalities, departments, public authorities, and school districts to cover the cost of purchasing alternative fuel school buses or installing emissions control retrofit devices on school buses. Eligible vehicles include compressed natural gas, electric, and hybrid electric buses. Eligible emissions control devices include California Air Resources Board- and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-verified diesel particulate filters, diesel oxidation catalysts, and closed crankcase filter systems. Idle reduction technology, such as diesel fuel-fired coolant heaters, is also eligible. The current round of funding expires on December 30, 2014, or when all funds are exhausted (verified October 2014). For more information, see the NYSERDA Clean Air School Bus Program website.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provides financial and technical assistance to public, private, and not-for-profit organization fleet managers who want to evaluate the feasibility and cost of adding AFVs and fueling facilities to their operations. NYSERDA also provides support to encourage the use of emission reduction and anti-idling technologies for diesel vehicles. Low-cost training for vehicle mechanics is also available through certified institutions. For more information and specific opportunities, see the NYSERDA Funding Opportunities websites.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administers the Biofuel Station Initiative Program, which provides funding to retail fueling stations offering E85 in the state. NYSERDA provides a reimbursement of $35,000 to cover new biofuel dispensing installation costs, including equipment, storage tanks, and associated piping equipment. NYSERDA accepts applications from public access retail fueling station owners and operators in the state. Funding is limited, does not cover facility permitting or engineering costs, and expires on July 5, 2015. For more information, see the NYSERDA Biofuel Station Initiative Program Opportunity Notice.
E85, compressed natural gas, and hydrogen fuel that is used exclusively to operate a motor vehicle engine is exempt from state sales and use taxes. Additionally, cities and counties may reduce the sales and use tax imposed on 20% biodiesel (B20) to 80% of the diesel fuel tax rate. The exemption and rate reduction are in effect until September 1, 2016. For more information, see the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance website. (Reference New York Tax Law 1101, 1102, 1111, and 1115)
All public school districts must ensure that every school bus or other school vehicle driver turns off the vehicle's engine while waiting for passengers to load or unload. Exceptions apply, including when idling is necessary for heating, mechanical, or emergency circumstances. School districts must also provide an annual notice to school personnel, including an overview of the regulations and available education materials. For more information, see the State Education Department website. This regulation is in effect through June 30, 2013. (Reference New York Education Law 3637)
LIPA offers residential customers a one-time $500 mail-in rebate for qualifying plug-in hybrid electric or all-electric vehicles. Vehicles must be purchased, registered, and owned by the LIPA customer during the period beginning January 1, 2012, and ending December 31, 2012.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administers the Clean Fueled Bus Program, which provides funds to state and local transit agencies, municipalities, and schools for up to 100% of the incremental cost of purchasing new alternative fuel buses and associated infrastructure. For the purposes of this program, an alternative fuel bus is any motor vehicle with a seating capacity of at least 15 passengers used to transport passengers on public highways that is powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) (including dual-fuel technology that is factory built and certified or a new diesel engine with a minimum of 75% use of CNG during typical operation), propane, methanol, hydrogen, biodiesel, or ethanol, or uses electricity as a primary fuel source (e.g., hybrid electric). Eligible infrastructure projects include fueling equipment installations including, but not limited to, electric vehicle battery charging stations and natural gas fueling stations and depots. A qualified infrastructure project must be necessary to introduce or expand an alternative fuel bus fleet and the funding only covers the cost for items directly associated with making the facility capable of dispensing the fuel. For more information, see the NYSERDA Transportation Programs website.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) manages the New York State Clean Cities Sharing Network (Network), which provides technical, policy, and program information about AFVs. Membership is open to all organizations, businesses, and individuals interested in AFVs and members are notified about upcoming funding opportunities and events. The Network publishes information about tax incentives, fueling stations, case studies, and contact information for the Clean Cities program and other industry leaders. The Network also organizes and sponsors technical workshops. For more information, see the NYSERDA Transportation Programs website.
Coulomb Technologies' ChargePoint America program offers EVSE at no cost to individuals or entities in the New York City metropolitan area. To be eligible for free home charging stations, individuals living within the specified area must purchase a qualified plug-in electric vehicle. Application information is available on the ChargePoint America website. In most cases, installation will be paid for by the EVSE owner; some cities, states, and utilities, however, will provide funding towards installation costs. All participants in the ChargePoint America program must agree to anonymous data collection after installation. Additional restrictions may apply.
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administers the New York State Clean Cities Challenge, which awards funds to New York Clean Cities Coalition members that acquire AFVs or install AFV fueling or charging infrastructure. Funds are awarded on a competitive basis and may be used to cost-share up to 75% of the proposed project, including the incremental cost of purchasing AFVs, fueling and charging equipment installation costs, and the incremental costs associated with bulk alternative fuel purchases. Consideration will be given to projects that result in new fueling or charging facilities, benefit more than one fleet, provide a high level of visibility and innovation, and/or comprise unique public/private partnerships. For more information, see the NYSERDA Transportation Programs Web site.
A state tax credit is available for alternative fuel vehicle fueling infrastructure installed in the state. The tax credit is equal to 50% of the infrastructure cost. This includes infrastructure for storing or dispensing an alternative fuel into a motor vehicle's fuel tank, as well as infrastructure used for charging electric vehicles. Eligible alternative fuels include natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen, electricity, and any other fuel that is a least 85% ethanol or other alcohol. This credit expires December 31, 2010. (Reference New York Tax Law 187-b)
To the extent that gasoline powered state agency vehicles use central fueling stations, all state agencies and public authorities must use E85 in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) whenever it is feasible to do so. The Governor's Clean Fueled Vehicles Council, chaired by the Commissioner of the Office of General Services (OGS) and comprised of the fleet managers of state agencies and public authorities, has taken steps to ensure that, to the greatest extent possible, all FFVs in the state fleet that can use E85 will do so. At least 10% of fuels used in the state fleet must be biodiesel by 2012. The OGS statewide biodiesel contract enables state vehicles to obtain biodiesel fuel in 41 counties. All E85 and biodiesel fueling locations available to New York State vehicles are listed on the OGS Alternative Fueled Vehicles Program Web site. (Reference Executive Order 9, 2008, and Executive Order) 142, 2005)
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the New York State Thruway Authority, and the New York Department of Environmental Conservation have undertaken a study regarding the feasibility and construction of alternative fueling facilities at gasoline stations located along the New York State Thruway. Once finalized, NYSERDA will prepare and deliver to the governor a report that will include, but not be limited to, the following: 1) the current availability of the various alternative fuels and associated technologies which use alternative fuels for transportation purposes; 2) the projected growth in the availability and use of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) for the next 10 years; 3) the current and projected price of the various alternative fuels, AFVs, and alternative fueling equipment for the next 10 years as well as the current and projected cost of operation of alternative fuel vehicles, including incremental cost comparisons; 4) the feasibility of each thruway public facility containing a gasoline station to accommodate one or more alternative fueling facilities. (Reference Assembly Bill 11331, 2005)
New York provides a partial sales and use tax exemption for the incremental cost of new AFVs and for vehicles that are converted to run on alternative fuels. This exemption is effective through October 1, 2006. (Reference New York Tax Law Article 28, Section 1115)
New York's Alternative Fuel (Clean Fuel) Vehicle Tax Incentive Program offers tax credits for the purchase of new HEVs, EVs, AFVs, and the installation of clean fuel vehicle refueling property. Purchasers of qualified HEVs are eligible for a tax credit of $2,000. To qualify, a vehicle must draw propulsion energy from both an internal combustion engine (or heat engine that uses combustible fuel) and an energy storage device; and must employ a regenerative braking system that recovers waste energy to charge that device, and, for model year 2004 and later, must meet or exceed the California LEV II emission standard. Purchasers of EVs are eligible for a tax credit of 50% of the incremental cost, up to $5,000 per vehicle. Purchasers of AFVs are eligible for a tax credit worth 60% of the incremental cost of the vehicle. The maximum value of the incentive is $5,000 for vehicles with less than 14,000 pounds (lbs.) gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), and up to $10,000 for vehicles over 14,000 lbs. GVWR. The tax credit for clean-fuel vehicle refueling property is equal to 50% of the cost of the property. This includes property for storing or dispensing a clean-burning fuel into the fuel tank of a motor vehicle propelled by that fuel, as well as property used for recharging electric vehicles.